James Madison Papers
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https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Madison/02-01-02-0247

To James Madison from James Leander Cathcart, 16 May 1801 (Abstract)

§ From James Leander Cathcart

16 May 1801, Tripoli. No. 6. Recounts further deterioration in U.S.-Tripolitan relations since 19 Apr. Reports pasha’s ceremonial declaration of war, when U.S. flagstaff was cut down. Encloses letter to pasha of 26 Apr. and message of 11 May protesting war threats and treatment of U.S. flag. Has reached an agreement (copy enclosed) with Danish consul, who will tend to American affairs, including care of any U.S. prisoners of war, during Cathcart’s absence. Plans to embark for Tunis as soon as possible.

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