Adams Papers
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To John Adams from James Warren, 19 December 1774

From James Warren

Plymo: Decr. 19th:1774

Dear Sir

It always gives me pleasure to hear of the Existence and Health of my Friend and his Family and more especially to have it from his own hand.

The partiality discovered in yours of the 13th Instant1 is a strong Evidence of Friendship. I am sorry it should give you any Uneasiness, if the Elections you refer to are not Just such as you and I should Approve.2 I am Inclined to think they would not have been mended in the way you now think off. The drudgery of Application, with some little Experience may qualifie a man to make a tolerable, or at least not a despicable figure in my small Circle, but nothing can supply the want of those Abilities and that perticular Genius that alone must support his Character in the Other Station and perhaps be necessary to preserve even his Memory from Contempt if not Infamy. I have therefore no Uneasiness myself but what Arises from pride, which in An Officer may assume the Title of military Honour and may reduce me to the Dilemma of either forfeiting my Character by not doing my duty, or lessening it by doing it under Certain Curcumstances. I am pleased to find your Town makes such a figure in the military way, the Spirit is Catching and spreads into every Corner and Bids fair to Cherish the seeds and support the Stock of a riseing Empire. The last Vessel from England Arrived here last Fryday, left Bristol 8th Nov. I am told the Master says that near two thirds of the Members Chose are new ones, that the general Expectation was that the American Greivances would be redressed.3 He dined in Company with Mr. Burke 2 or 3 days before he came away, who was in high Expectation of A Committee from your Congress, which was looked for every day, and that Doctor Franklin had postponed his Voayge to America on the same Account. However they may be disappointed in this. I presume before now they have seen your demands, Extending so far beyond the repeal of the Acts of the last Session, that it will be hard work to Cure the wounds, without leaving A Splinter behind, and I hope if there be one left it will rankle till Extracted. Will the Continent be satisfied short of their demands? I hope not but sometimes hope with fear and Trembling.

I have been Extreamly Engaged since my return as a Citizen and Soldier.4 Civil and military matters Engage my whole Attention and Engross all my Time, to Execute the Resolves of the Congress, to settle my military matters and prevent the feuds and dissentions that generally arise from the Folly of some and the Ambition of Others, is my whole Business and has superceded the Delightful study of Agriculture and scarce left a Trace in my mind of Tulls, fine Phylosophical System of Vegetation.5 If these matters Continue I may as well Beat my plowshares into Swords and pruneing Hooks into Spears. I am sorry to find you half resolved not to Attend our Anniversary.6 Your Company would give me the greatest pleasure and Add much to the festivity of the day.

Do resolve to Come. Mrs. Warren gives her Love to Mrs. Adams, would be glad to see you both. She is well pleased with her letter7 and will Ask the favour of you to Inclose an Answer.

I wish Mrs. Pollys News was True but have not Abundance of faith in such Intelligence.8 I will form some Expectations of seeing you on Wednesday and am with Sincerity and Esteem Yr Friend and Humbl. Servt.,

Jas. Warren

RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To the Honbl. John Adams Esqr. att Braintree”; docketed in an unidentified hand: “Warren ’74 Dec 19.”

1Not found.

2Judging from Warren’s following remarks, which assess his own military qualifications, the reference is to the voting in the recent Provincial Congress for two general officers. Col. John Thomas and Col. William Heath were chosen (Mass. Provincial Congress, Jours. description begins William Lincoln, ed., The Journals of Each Provincial Congress of Massachusetts in 1774 and 1775, and of the Committee of Safety, Boston, 1838. description ends , p. 65). Apparently JA had expressed his sorrow that Colonel Warren was not promoted. Thomas was from Warren’s county.

3On 30 Sept. 1774, in an effort to strengthen the ministry’s position, the King dissolved Parliament and called a new one for 29 Nov. The outcome of the elections had little effect on the position or policies of the ministry (Gipson, Empire before the Revolution description begins Lawrence Henry Gipson, The British Empire before the American Revolution, Caldwell, Idaho and New York, 1936–1970; 15 vols. description ends , 12:270–271).

4That is, his return from the Provincial Congress.

5Jethro Tull, The New Horse-Houghing Husbandry: or an Essay on the Principles of Tillage and Vegetation, London, 1733. Highly controversial at first, Tull’s system of pulverizing the soil between rows won gradual acceptance, particularly after the French took it up. His work appeared in several English and French editions, but not, apparently, in an American one in the 18th century (DNB description begins Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds., The Dictionary of National Biography, New York and London, 1885–1900; 63 vols. plus supplements. description ends ). JA owned a copy of the 4th London edition (Catalogue of JA’s Library description begins Catalogue of the John Adams Library in the Public Library of the City of Boston, Boston, 1917. description ends ).

6See 22 Dec. 1773, note 6, above.

7Not found. Probably an invitation to attend the Plymouth anniversary.

8The reference remains obscure.

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