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    • Washington, George
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Upon a presumption that a part of the intended operations against the Indians will be carried on by a Body of Men from the Waters of the Susquehannah it will be necessary to be well informed of the Situation of the principal Villages of the hostile tribes and the number of fighting Men that each may contain. We will suppose Chemung on the Cayuga Branch the first post to be attacked and...
I received last night your favour of the 8th Instant. I hope General Clinton is now moving by the Routes and according to the Orders he has received from General Sullivan, under whose command he has been entirely placed for some time past—and of which I advised him by Two different conveyances, besides writing to him through the hands of General Sullivan: As it was conceived best, that the...
Since mine of this Date, in order the more effectually to enable you to give the Enemy a seasonable Check, I have come to a Resolution to send a further Reinforcement and have accordingly directed Genl Putnam immediately to forward General Glover’s Brigade to you. I have been informed of a fresh Arrival of Tents at Peek’s Kill, and have desired that every one which can possibly be spared from...
Since Writing the Letter herewith, I received a Copy of a Letter from General Howe, transmitted me by General McDougall, in which he very modestly makes a Proposition for Major Edmisstons being permitted to go to Canada. Your own Reflections will immediately convince You of the Impropriety of Complying with It, and confirm what I before suggested, that the whole has been a Contrivance for...
Congress having been pleased to request My Attendance at Philadelphia to advise with them on the Situation of our Affairs, & of such Measures as may be Necessary to adopt for this Campaign, I had got thus far on my Journey, where I called to View the Ground & such Places on Staten Island contiguous to It, which may be proper for Works of Defence, when Your Favor of the 16th instant, with Its...
On Monday I received your Favor of the 16th inst. with Its several Inclosures. The Time You were in Treaty I can readily conceive, was sufficiently irksome & disagreeable. However, If the Good Consequences Which You meant should be produced from It, You will think It was extremely well spent. General Carlton’s Orders for their Indecent, Illiberal Scurrility, are equal If not superior to any...
By a Letter from Genl Hand of the 13th, which came to hand to day, I received the disagreable intelligence that the Enemy had proceeded to the settlement of Cherry Valley—surprised and slain Colonel Alden, who was stationed there and committed many outrages. I wish it may not turn out, that the whole of his Regimt has been cut off, as the accounts seem to have left matters in a very doubtful &...
Fredericksburg [ New York ] November 20–21, 1778 . Discusses details of proposed Canadian expedition. Asks for information about geography of area involved. Df , in writings of George Washington and H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Although the letter is dated November 20, 1778, there is a postscript dated November 21, 1778.
Smiths Clove [ New York ] July 22, 1777. Is sending Brigadier General John Glover’s brigade to reinforce Schuyler. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Although the partially erased signature of H can be seen on the draft, this is without a doubt a Washington letter.
I received Your Favor of the 27th Ulto Yesterday Evening with Its several Enclosures, & in Part Answer thereto refer You to mine of the 29th which probably will have come to Hand e’re now, But lest any Accident has prevented It, I will again inform You that in Obedience to an Order of Congress I have detached six more Regiments under General Sullivan in Addition to those with General Thompson,...
Your Favors of the 14th 17. 20 & 24th have been duly received, & I am extremely happy to find that You have discovered & apprehended some of the Ring leaders of a dangerous Plot, You say, was forming in the Neighbourhood of Albany. Nor do I hear with little Pleasure of the Harmony & Good Agreement between You & General Gates, knowing how Essential they are to the Service. Agreeable to Your...
I was favored with Yours of the 10th instant with Its several Inclosures. The stroke meditating by the Indians against our Frontier Inhabitants, is what I have long thought would happen, as they were not Engaged in our Interest; But I am in full Hopes You will be able to repel their hostile Designs & Convince them of their Imprudence in Joining our Enemies without the least Cause of Quarrell....
I had closed the within letter, but had retained it for a conveyance when I received yours of the 24th ultimo. The disposition of the Cayugas to peace at this juncture is rather embarrassing—and would appear to proceed more from fear, than a desire of permanent friendship. They dread operations of which they must have heard, and wish to escape their effects. On the whole, however it may be...
I have been duly favoured with your letters of the 16th and 26th of last month, with their inclosures. I am sorry to observe, that the Disposition of the Indian nations is not generally so favourable, as could be wished; but it is not to be wondered at, when we consider, the advantages the enemy possess over us, in the means of supplying their wants, and rewarding their friendships. I doubt...
Your Favors of the 20th & 25th with their several Inclosures I received this Morning. The Letters for Congress with the Rest of the Papers I shall transmit them by the Earliest Opportunity. I cannot conceive That their Resolution of the 14th was Calculated or designed in the smallest Degree to give You Offence. The Application for Stores had been made, as a Requisition from General Gates,...
Your much esteemed Favour of the 22d Ultimo covering Colonel Arnold’s Letter, with a Copy of one to General Montgomery, and of his to you I received Yesterday Morning. It gave me the highest Satisfaction to hear of Colonel Arnold’s being at point Levi, with his Men in great Spirits after their long and fatiguing March, attended with almost insuperable Difficulties, and the discouraging...
Your Favor of the 20th Ult: came safely to Hand, and I should have dispatched the Express much sooner, but Colo. Arnold’s Expedition is so connected with your operations that I thought it most proper to detain him till I could give you the fullest account of his progress. This Morning the Express I sent him returned and the Inclosure No. 1. is a Copy of his Letter to me. No. 2. is a Copy of a...
Congress seem to have a strong desire to undertake an Expedition against Canada. The practicability, of it depends, upon the employment the Enemy intend to give us on the Sea board next Campaign—on their strength in Canada—the state of our resources—& other circumstances—some of which are too much buried in obscurity—others too much in the field of conjecture to form any decisive opinion of at...
I have received your Favor of 31st august and am much engaged in sending off the Detachmt under Col: Arnold upon the Plan contained in mine of the 20th Ultimo: A Variety of Obstacles have retarded us since the Express returned with your’s of the 27th August from Albany, but we are now in such Forwardness that I expect they will set out by Sunday next at farthest. I shall take Care in my...
It is of the greatest Importance to the Safety of a Country, involved in a defensive War, to endeavour to draw their Troops together, at some post, at the opening of a Campaign, so Central to the Theatre of War, that they may be sent to the Support of any Part of the Country, the Enemy may direct their Motions against. It is a Military Observation strongly supported by Experience, that “a...
Yesterday a Deputation from the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire attended me with a Request that three Companies raised in that province, and now posted on Connecticut River at and between the two Cohhess commanded by Capts. Timothy Reedle, James Osgood & John Parker might be continued for the Security of the Frontiers of that Province on the Continental Establishment. As it did not appear...
Your Favor of the 1st Instant I received last Night—Those of the 26h & 28th Ultimo came safe to Hand and in due Order. As Congress have advised you of their Inclination that you should come to Head Quarters, and as it is probable you will be on your Way when this reaches you I presume it unnecessary for me to enlarge upon the Subject of your several Letters or to add more at this Time than...
I this day receivd your favor of the 27th ultmo with a Letter from General Arnold. the enemy have quitted this Harbour Last week, we have no Certain account of their destination it is generally thought they are gon to Halifax if this shoud prove true, it is probable, they will attempt to penetrate into Canada, when the Communication by the River St Lawrence is open—by a Late Letter I received...
Congress having disapproved the Proceedings of the Commissioners at Albany on the 13th instant, transmitted them in my Letter of the 21st, so far as they relate to raising two Companies of Mohikander & stockbridge Indians; in Compliance with their Resolve, a Copy of which is inclosed, I am to request You to put the most Early & speedy Stop to the same. The Honble President observes in his...
Your Favour of the 26th Ulto with the Inclosures containing an account of the Surrender of Fort Chamblee was an excellent Repast, but somewhat incompleat for Want of Montgomery’s Letter which (a Copy) you omitted to inclose. On the Success of your Enterprize so far I sincerely congratulate you. as the acquisition of Canada is of unmeasurable Importance to the Cause we are engaged in—No acot of...
Smiths Clove [ New York ] June 9, 1779 . Thanks Schuyler for information and reports capture of Stony Point and Verplanks Point by British. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Your Favour of the 5th Inst. inclosing Copies of General Montgomery’s and General Wooster’s Letters I received for which I return you my Thanks. It was from a full Conviction of your zealous Attachment to the Cause of our Country and Abilities to serve it, that I repeatedly pressed your Continuance in Command, and it is with much Concern Sir, that I find you have Reason to think your holding...
I Yesterday Evening received Your Favor of the 8th instant with Its Inclosures. You were right in supposing me unable to comply with General Gates’s Request; I am by no Means provided to supply so large a Demand & am Glad You Transmitted his Application immediately to Congress. The Papers You inclosed but too strongly indicate the Hostile Intentions of the Indians. However I trust if they...
Your Favours, the first of the 28th Ultimo and the two last of the 9th Instant with their Inclosures I received —I am happy to hear of your being better, and heartily wish that you may be soon perfectly recovered from your Indisposition. I should have been very glad, if Mr Carlton had not made his Escape, I trust e’re long he will be in our Hands, as I think we shall get possession of Quebec,...
I was a few Days ago favored with your’s of the 13th and Yesterday with that of the 15th. I immediately forwarded the Letter to Congress, who, I dare say, will be satisfied with your Reasons for remaining some little Time at Albany for the purposes you mention. I do not know that any particular Charges are exhibited against you, or in what way Congress intend to take the Matter up—I observe by...
The 17th Inst. Mr Bennet handed me your Favor of the 9th it mortifies me beyond Expression to find the Troops going to Canada so badly provided with arms—I have so often mentioned the Situation we are in from the same Cause, that I shall not trouble you more thereon—Indeed your Letters and mine seem Echo’s to each other enumerating our mutual Difficulties—Should Success crown our Labors the...
I wrote you Yesterday by way of New York, and in two Hours afterwards was favored with your’s of the 15th & 18th Inst: with their respective Inclosures. I was extremely glad to find your first apprehensions of an Incursion by the Indians in some Degree removed by the later Advices: at the same Time I think it evident from the Tenor and Spirit of Col: Johnson’s Letter, that no art or Influence...
Valley Forge, May 15, 1778 . Discusses Indian relations. Asks Schuyler to stop Lieutenant Colonel Jean Baptiste Gouvion and his party of Indians before they start for Camp. Presents arguments that might be used to explain why Indians are no longer needed. Will send notice of Schuyler’s trial as soon as it is received. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress....
I wrote You on the 24th instant & am now to inform You that in Addition to the four Regiments detached from hence under General Thompson, I am Ordered by Congress to send six More. This Detachment will be under the Command of General Sullivan & Consist of Two of the Eastern Regiments & of four of these Provinces. The two first will Embark to Day, the Others will be pushed forward as fast as...
I have Your several Favors of the 9th 12th & 16 instants with their Inclosures. I am particularly happy to find by the Copies of General Arnold and Colo. Dayton’s Letters, that Your Apprehensions of an Indian War in Your Quarter, have Entirely Vanished, & that You have disbanded the Militia in Consequence. I clearly see & have severely felt the Ill Effects of short Enlistments, & have...
From my Remote Situation, & my Ignorance of the Country in which the Army under Your Command to the Northward, is to act, it is impossible for me to give any Peremptory Orders or scarcely my Opinion as to the Direction of Matters in Your Quarter. I am Confident Your own good Sense, Zeal & Activity will suggest to You the most probable Means of making amends for the Heavy Loss we have sustained...
I received Your favor of the 7th some days ago and was extremely happy to hear that Our friend Colo. Lewis had returned. I really feared that some accident had befallen him—and that he might have been sacrificed for his attachment to our cause. His intelligence if well founded, is interesting; as we shall have little to apprehend from any force below—and I think not a great deal from the...
I wrote you this Day by Express and informed you therein the great Necessity I was in for Ordonance Stores & ammunition, and that [I woud Send] Henry Knox Esqr. to New York to procure there as much as can be spared, from thence to proceed to you, that Gentleman will deliver you this Letter, I recommend him and the Business he goes upon to your Attention, should he find more Money than he...
Morristown [ New Jersey ] March 12, 1777. Discusses necessity of concentrating forces. States that Philadelphia is enemy’s object. Weighs advantages of centralizing forces at Peekskill as against Ticonderoga. Df , in writings of John Walker, George Washington, and H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Schuyler was at this time in Albany in command of the Northern Department.
Your favor of the 7th of this Instt did not come to my hands before 9 o’clock last Night—It was accompanied by such a multitude of other letters (many of which required immediate attention) that it is not in my power—by General Greene, who sets out for Philadelphia in the morning—to give it such a perfect answer and approbation as I could wish; nor can I, on the other hand, consent to his...
I am favored with your’s of the 16h Instant from Fort Edward, but that of the 14th from Saratoga, to which you refer has not come to Hand—Supposing the plan mentioned in Amsbury’s Evidence to be true; I cannot concieve that it will be in the power of the Enemy to carry it into Execution. But to provide against all Events, I have ordered General Putnam to hold four Massachusetts Regiments in...
I last Night received your Favor of the 9th Inst. I wrote to you Yesterday by Express, informing you of what I had done towards furnishing you with such Supplies as are in my power to give and the Obstacles that at present lie in the Way of granting you others that your Situation demands—I have in Addition to that sent, by Express, to peek’s Kill to order on thence to you as speedily as...
Your Favor of the 30th Ulto was duly received. I should hope the Enemy will never carry the post at Tyonderoga, and that the Force now there (with such Aid as may be called in upon an Emergency) will be sufficient to check the progress of their Arms in that Quarter. In the present Situation of Things, I cannot detach, with any Degree of propriety, more Troops from peek’s Kill, than what I have...
It is some Time since I had the Pleasure [of writing] to or receiving a Letter from You. The Weight of Business, which has lain upon both our Hands, has I dare say hindered us from Writing Letters but when Absolutely Necessary. The Enemy by two lucky Strokes at Trenton and Princetown, have been obliged to abandon Every Part of Jersey Except Brunswick & Amboy & the small Tract of Country...
Your Favors of the 29th & 31st Ulto with their several Inclosures have been duly received. I sincerely Wish the Event of the Skirmish on Long Island had been as favorable as reported to You. Hurried & Involved in a Multiplicity of Buisiness, I cannot give You a particular Detail of It, I shall only add that we lost in killed wounded & Prisoners, from 700 to a thousand Men. Among the Prisoners...
Yesterday Evening I was favored with Yours of the 12th Inst. with Its several Inclosures. As to the Propriety or Impropriety of Giving up Crown Point & Vacating that Post, It is impossible for me to determine. My Ignorance of the Country, My Unacquaintance with Its Situation & a Variety of Circumstances, will not permit me to pronounce any certain Opinion upon the Subject, or to declare...
Some enquiries having been made of me by important Characters on the state of agriculture in America, comprehending its Several relations, and intended to ascertain the value of our lands, with their yield in the several kinds of grain, grass &ca—the prices of farming stock, the prices of produce &ca together with a list of the Taxes in the different States, which may in any way affect the...
I inclose you the opinion of Mr Pettit A.Q.M.G. and the Commissaries Mesrs Flint and Stuart, on that paragraph in your letter of the 22d In[s]t. which respects the purchasing the flour and wheat in those districts of Pennsylvania and Jersey, above Trenton, with their several sentiments how far a water conveyance can be conveniently adopted —Mr Stuart is particularly conversant in the...
It was not till the 5th instant I returned to this place—While in Philadelphia, what between Congress and a special committee of that body I was furnished with ample employment. I had few moments of relaxation, and could do little more than barely acknowlege the receipt of your obliging favors of the 27th of December & the 1st and 2d of January Ult: Even now I find it impossible to be as...
I have No Time to answer your two last Favors minutely, but only to acknowledge the receipt of them, being just returned from Philadelphia & the Post about to depart this Morning. The Situation of our Affairs in Canada, is truly allarming, & I greatly fear from the Intelligence transmitted from thence by Captn Wilkinson to General Greene, that ’ere this We have sustained further & greater...