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Enclosure: Francis Adrian Van der Kemp’s Synopsis of a Proposed Book, [ca. 18 February 1812]

Enclosure

Francis Adrian Van der Kemp’s Synopsis of a Proposed Book

Contemplated work1

“Moral and Physical causes of the Revolutionarÿ Spirit, in the latter part of the 18th centurÿ, with their probable issue on both Continents 

Ardua quæ pulcra

(Rough outlines dotted)2  

    General observations (Preliminarÿ)
Previous Situation3 of Europe and America 1750
General Sketch of Europe—Since its invasion bÿ the Northern Nations.4
Establishment of the Feudal System
Its5 extent and ramifications—even thro the church-establishments. Its nature Strength,6 means, advantages, abuses, consequences. Its partial overthrow. Means, communes, corporations.7 Its consequences in various parts of Europe, mediate, immediate—in England on the Continent.
    Henrÿ vii—Ferdinand & IsabellaLouis xii8 Henrÿ iv.
  SullÿRichelieuMazarin.
 
ParliamentsNat: Assemblys9—England—France—Spain
origindesignpowerexistence10
    Coroll:
  Humbling of Vassals—increase of the Power of the People—
  In the citiescountrÿ.
  Resurrection of LettersBirth of the Spirit of inquirÿ
  Its causes—Monasteries—Learned Greeks in Italy—Lorenzo di Medicis—discoverÿ of the Pandects—effects11
consequences—Italy—Germanÿ—France—England.
  Lord BaconNewtonLeibnitzWolff.
  Reformation
  occasionmeansSuccess. Its consequences
  Italÿ—Germanÿ—France—England.
  Discoverÿ of AmericaDoubling of the cape the good Hope
 circumnavigation of the globe
Colonisation—its nature, in what different from that of the Ancientsmannerviewsconsequences
CommerceGold—SilverBanksPublic creditBills of exchange
View of Europe under Louis xiv. xv. Cromwell—William iii—Anne LouvoisColbertWalpoleAlberoni.
  State of ReligionmoralsSciences.
      Papal12 Power—Since the reformation till the annihilation of the Jesuits
PopeclergÿmendicantsJesuits
Benedict xiv. Clement xiv— BourbonsAustria Bavaria
Protestantshierarchÿ
continent13 calvinistsBernGenevaHolland14 Lutherans15 Saxonÿ16
EnglandEpiscopacÿPuritansDissenters Prognostic.
Tolerance Advocatesprinciples17
MoralsSciencesmen of LettresViewseffortsSuccess
General Observations18
      Civilians (Publicists)
  GrotiusPuffendorfBurlamaquiDu VattelBynkershoek
  ConringHeineccius.
Eccles: LawErastusHobbesThomasiusBoehmer19
  General bent on the continent of Europe, to imitate French fashions, manners, Language, admire their Literature, and adopt their principles.
Spirit of Philosophising and levelling in Europe. Its Spread—its disguises
        FranceGermanÿEngland.
  Libertÿ of the pressAdvocatesprinciplesabusesmeans
    Particular—Typographÿ
Modern Philosophÿ
  Oeconomists. Principles, views, methodical plans, means, Success.
  La RiviereMirabeauVaubanSt. Pierre
EphemeridesCadastreVictor Amadeus 1732 Dooms-day Book
Encÿclopedists D’Alembert, Diderot, Helvetius—&c.
views means—open—clandestine, zeal, intriguesintolerance.
ProtectorsFrederic iiCatherine iiLeopold &c.20
  Generality of the revolutionarÿ Seeds in both Continents. Proofs
Stupend21 effects, above human conception, execution, calculation.22 Proofs.
Particular consideration of the principal hotbeds—AmericaFrance
    their proprietÿ23
Coroll24 Proofs of an overruling providence.
  Diffusion of incorrect information among the lower classes in the cities—without an adequate counterpoise of an improvement in morals
  Prevalence of Political disquisitions and discussions
Studÿ of antiq: first Nation: then Eccles: civil in everÿ countrÿ—followed by that of Nat: HistorÿNatu: rights of menorigin of SocietyGovernment &c
  MontesquieuRousseauCondorcetTurgotMablÿAdams.
Knowledge of the English ConstitutionBooks
Lockede LolmeSidneÿBurghPrice
  Commerce
  EnglandHollandFranceNorth of Europe:
  Consequences
  Abuse of Power: Exertions to extend it: ContinentEngland
Loose principles in Religion and morals
Sapping of the throne and church—confounding ranks
ridiculing orders
  ProofsEngland continent.
Clubs—(Political)—of the middle and lower classes.
   Revolutionarÿ Hotbeds in miniature—25
Mercenarÿ writers, anonÿmous Pamphleteers
  Diminution of pomp and Splendour of Royalty—replaced by confidence in a numerous Armÿ
    Standing armies
  Originmeansfinal tendencÿ—without, within—
Consequences on the mass of the Nation—LibertÿPopulationcommerceagricultureFinances
  Pectore Si fratris gladium26
  Diminished influence of the Clergÿcausesconsequences
    Nobility
Dependance on court favour—by which even the Shadow of an intermediate power between the King and its Subjects was removed.
Increased Luxe and corruption of moralsProofs
Insolence of the common People
  General view of Europe in 1763—EnglandFrancePrussia, Russia &c
  Peace between the powers engaged in the 7 years war,27
Revolutions
  Geneve
  Situation from the middle of the 18th centurÿ—the intentions yet good, the manners28 visiblÿ declining—Its causesmeans.
FactionsFranceAristocratic29 Swiss cantonsMediation
Venice
Since long in a State—approaching dissolution—causes means
  annihilated without resistance.
  GenoaTuscanÿ30Lucca31LombardÿSicilys32
 
Swisserland Dissentions—civil—religious
  depopulation—causes—consequences—
French influencedismembrement Mediatorship33
Sweden DissentionsVergennesRevolutionSudermanland
Expulsion of GustavusBernadotte34
Corsica Struggle—conquest.35
Poland Dissidentsconfederatesmediating PowersPartition 177236
  Catharine ii Frederic ii Maria Theresia
Revolutionarÿ trial37—issue 1793
Progress of the revolutionarÿ Spirit among crowned heads.
  Pretext of resusutating the Republics of Greece.
  Catherine ii Joseph ii
RussiaTartarsPrognostic38
Revolutionarÿ Spirit in America
  First Congress in Albanÿ 1754 a Federal representative39 Government in Embryo.
causespretendedremoteoccasionalefficient
origineprogressviews of both parties—Great Brittain
N. America
France Holland
Situation of France
  Louis xvi40Power of the crown—ParliamentsOpposition
Lawÿers (gens de robe) Lettres de cachetVergennes
Finances Henrÿ iv Louis xiv. xvi—SullÿColbertNeckar
   Its causes41means of redressissue.
ClergÿSituation—arch-bishop of42 Toulouse—Toleration
  Edict of 1786.
Nobilitynumerous—Duc’s D’EpernonSullÿ Henrÿ IV
Pedigrees in the Royal Librarÿ 1785—La maison du Roi—Battles of LawfeldRouceux.
Luxurious indolence
Enormous civil List:43 Prodigality of the courtPrinces
Ministerscupidity of the Courtiers—influence of women—Pusillanimity of the best part of the Communalty44 in the beginning of the contest.
Profligacÿ of morals in the CapitalPopulacePolice
Remediesmeans—inefficacÿ by their want in energÿ
proprietÿ inadequacÿ
Views of the court and Nation at the origin of the American Contest.45
Revolution in Holland
  Situation in 1700–1748—StadhouderatWilliam46 V—Louis of Brunswick ViewsArmÿ W. India Regiments47 Navÿ Amsterdam Van Berckal 1766–1775. militarÿ Jurisdiction Extentabolishment. van der CapellenScotch-Brigade
corveesabolishmentoppositionarmed volunteersclubs organisedillimited convoysNaval StoresFrench48 intrigues
La VauguionBerenger BrittishYorke.
Provisional Treaty with N. America. 1782
The Scheldt—Peace bought by moneÿ, advicedShared by France.
 
Factions—animosity—dreams as if France and Great-Brittain courted, disputed her alliance, while the only question was, who Should become their master.
Germanÿ
  weakness of its chief—Power of the Members—Imperial capitulations
vain formularies. convulsionsSymptomsdissolutionConfederacÿ of the Rhine.
America. Individuals French, Dutch, German, Poles—
Peace 1783—American Independence49 Federal Constitution causes50
Troubles in Braband
  causesSuppression of monasteriesEdict of Toleration Joseph ii
Clergÿvan Eupenvan der Noot issue51
General view of Europe52 in 1783
  Progress of the Dutch Revolution—PrussiaEnglandFranceStadholderian, AristocraticDemocratic Faction  viewsmeansarms
issue 1787. coup de grace 1795 Revolutionarÿ mumerÿdeath
mockerÿremotion of the carcaseBurÿal 1 apr. 1810—
Java Daendals conquest. 181153
Revolution in France 1787.
  Assembly of Notables 1789. church Estates declared Nat: property
States GeneralNat: AssemblÿDouble representation of the CommonsDissention among the 3 orders—fluctuating policÿ of the courtRëunion of the 3 orders in one Deliberative Assemblÿ—Exclusion of the 3d order (Tier Etat) from their usual meetings. Nat: Assemblÿ at Tennis-court oath “not to Separate—till a constitution was formed”.—
issue
Revolutionarÿ Progressissue
Guardingarrestingimprisoningbeheading of the king—familÿ— massacres.54
Constitution of 1793—Gobel—Arch-Bishop of Paris abjures the Christian Religion—abolition of the Christian æra
FactionsFeuillansMountainGirondistsJacobins
Sanguinarÿ governmentRobespierre
victoriesviewsmeans
DirectorÿConsulsEmperorconquestsmeansend
Interior Situation of the Empire55
Fall of the Ecclesiastical56 Powers and Hierarchÿ
  Papal 1798 Roman Republic Pius vii 1802 concordat
geniusviewsfinal overthrow
Protestants Holland—abolishing of the Nat: church 179657
  EnglandHoadleÿ &c58
Portugal
   Internal Situation59Foreign relations—with Great-Brittain Since the Treatÿ of John Methuen in 1703—with France Since 1793. Treaty of Madrid 1801–1804—Taleyrand’s diplomatic engines—1808—Junot’s invasion—Flight of the Royal familÿBrazilsconquest expulsion of the Frenchissue
Spain
  Bourbon race of Faineants—Situation comparative under Philip ii with that of Philip vCharles IV—internalexternal
 
GriefsresourcesFerdinand vii NapoleonStruggle60
Revolutionarÿ attempt in Peru—Inca Tupac Amaruissue
 execution 1781—New insurrection 1801 in the plains of Riombamba
South-America (Spanish)
   Situation in 181261
Effects and Consequences in Both Hemispheres
EuropeFrench EmpireContinentGreat-Brittain
America United StatesSouth-AmericaW. Indies
Asia Indostan
Africa Slave tradeMissionariesCape the good HopeEurop: Settlement62
General Observations
  ReligionmannersSciencescommercePopulation
Conclusion. Situation in 18163

MS (DLC: TJ Papers, 195:34711–2); written entirely in Van der Kemp’s hand on both sides of two folio sheets; undated. Printed anonymously in Cambridge, Mass., General Repository and Review 4 (1813): 390–7; at head of text, with brackets in original: “Sketch of a desired work. [We insert the following at the request of a very respectable correspondent, who says—‘If this sketch deserve your approbation, I shall be gratified if you procure it a place, under the article of Intelligence, in the next number of the Repository. I am tired of copying it, and in my opinion it would be a valuable work if well executed.’].”

ardua quæ pulchra: “Things that are beautiful are difficult to achieve.” pectore si fratris gladium: the full quotation is from Lucan’s Pharsalia lines 376–8: “Pectore si fratris gladium iuguloque parentis Condere me iubeas plenaeque in viscera partu Coniugis, invita peragam tamen omnia dextra” (“if you bid me bury my sword in my brother’s breast or my father’s throat or the body of my teeming wife, I will perform it all, even if my hand be reluctant”) (Lucan, The Civil War [Pharsalia], trans. J. D. Duff, Loeb Classical Library [1928, repr. 1988], 30, 31).

1 General Repository: “SKETCH OF A DESIRED WORK.”

2Parenthetical phrase not in General Repository.

3Reworked from “Station.”

4 General Repository here adds “Value and necessity of studying the annals, records, ballads, romanzas, and other writings of the middle age.”

5 General Repository here adds “origin.”

6Manuscript: “Strenght.”

7Word preceded in General Repository by “gilden.”

8General Repository: “Louis XI.”

9 General Repository here adds “Cortes.”

10 General Repository here adds “fate.”

11 General Repository here adds “mediate, immediate.”

12Word preceded in General Repository by “Continent.”

13Word not in General Repository.

14 General Repository here adds “Calvin, Synod of Dort.”

15General Repository here adds “Denmark.”

16General Repository here adds “Brandenburg.”

17General Repository here adds “continent; England; Locke, Noodt, Bayle, Barbeyrac, Goodricke.”

18General Repository here adds “with regard to religion, commerce, learning, politics.”

19General Repository here adds “Vander Marck,” followed by a new section on “Diplomatic history. Treaties of Munster, Nymeguen, Ryswick, Utrecht, that of the Pyrenees, Tilsit. Prospect of a general solid treaty; its basis.Mabillon, Montfaucon, Muratin, Leibnitz, Datt, Vertot, Dumont.”

20General Repository here adds “British share in the general corruption; Bolingbroke, Hume, &c.”

21 General Repository: “Stupendous.”

22Preceding two words not in General Repository.

23Word replaced in General Repository by “peculiar influence.”

24Manuscript: “Corall.” General Repository: “Corollary.”

25Preceding four words interlined in manuscript and omitted in General Repository.

26Preceding four words not in General Repository.

27 General Repository here adds “Revolutionary spirit; its developements. Man—a rational, social, moral being. Scholium. Corollary. Progress of the human mind. Social compact; its basis, requisites, boundaries; unalienable rights—safety of life, security of property, civil and religious liberty. Theories to obtain and secure these possessions in the highest degree of perfection to all the associated. Means, obstacles. Contour of the Tableau. Its parts; executive, legislative, judicial; tribunal of correction. Their cement, ornaments, means of preservation; symptoms of disease, danger, remedies, crisis, encouragement, prospect.”

28 General Repository: “morals.”

29Word in front of “France” in General Repository.

30General Repository here adds “Leopold.”

31General Repository here adds “Sardinia.”

32General Repository here adds “St. Marino.”

33General Repository here adds “Denmark; revolution in 1660, Acta Regia, present situation.”

34General Repository here adds “Peace with England. Acknowledgment of Ferdinand VII. of Spain.”

35General Repository here adds “Paoli, Marboeuf.”

36 General Repository: “1792.”

37General Repository here adds “Kosciousco.”

38General Repository here adds “Project of an armed neutrality; its conception, birth, and death.”

39Manuscript: “representativ.”

40General Repository: “Louis XV.”

41General Repository here adds “of their derangement.”

42General Repository here adds “Aix; Autun.”

43General Repository here adds “golden book.”

44General Repository: “commonalty.”

45Preceding five words replaced in General Repository by “beginning of the American revolution.”

46General Repository here adds “IV.”

47General Repository here adds “commerce.”

48General Repository here adds “influence and.”

49General Repository here adds “Washington.”

50General Repository here adds “morbid features, cure, prognostic. Its finances, Hamilton; the United States considered as a naval power, its history, its prospects, as a commarcial [commercial], its regulations; as a continental power, its prospects, interests. Its manufacturing exertions, prospects, obstacles, Robert R. Livingston, Humphreys, Custis. Shoals and beacons. Its literary state, wants, means.”

51Section on Brabant not in General Repository.

52 General Repository here adds “and America.”

53Preceding four words not in General Repository.

54 General Repository here adds “general massacres, Paris, in the country.”

55General Repository here adds “external relations. Sweden, Denmark, Prussia; war in 1812–13.”

56Word replaced in General Repository by “Papal.”

57 General Repository here adds “Saxony, toleration, edict.”

58General Repository here adds “dissenters, catholic question” and inserts new section: “Russia. Situation, internal, relative, at the peace of Tilsit in 1805, Alexander, peace with England, acknowledgment of Ferdinand VII, war with Napoleon, treaty with Prussia, 1813. England. Situation, constitution, house of Stuart, Hanover; power;—priding herself in her strength as long she remains shielded by Providence; war with North America, its cause, 1812, motives, interests of both nations.”

59General Repository here adds “revolution in 1640.”

60General Repository here adds “Lord Wellington, issue.”

61 Section from “South America (Spanish)” to this point replaced in General Repository by “Caraccas, Buenos-Ayres, Carthagena, Mexico; situation in 1813.”

62Preceding two words not in General Repository.

63Final digit in year canceled and illegible. General Repository: “18**.”

Index Entries

  • Adams, John; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Africa; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Albany Congress (1754); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Alberoni, Giulio; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Alembert, Jean Le Rond d’; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Alexander I, emperor of Russia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • American Revolution; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Amsterdam; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Anne, queen of Great Britain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Asia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Austria; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bacon, Francis; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Barbeyrac, Jean; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bayle, Pierre; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Benedict XIV, pope; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bérenger, Laurent; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules, crown prince of Sweden; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Böhmer, Justus Henning; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Brazil; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Louis Ernest, duke of; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Burgh, James; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Burlamaqui, Jean Jacques; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Bynkershoek, Cornelis van; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Calvin, John; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Cape of Good Hope; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Castel, Charles Irénée, abbé de Saint-Pierre; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Catherine II (“the Great”), empress of Russia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Charles IV, king of Spain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Clement XIV, pope; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Colbert, Charles, marquis de Croissy; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Conring, Hermann; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Constitution, U.S.; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Cromwell, Oliver; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Custis, George Washington Parke; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Daendels, Herman Willem; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Datt, Johann Philipp; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Delolme, Jean Louis; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Denmark; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Diderot, Denis; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Domesday Book; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Dort, Synod of (1618–19); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Dumont, Jean, baron de Carlscroon; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Edict of Tolerance (1781); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • education; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Epernon, Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette, duc d’; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Erastus, Thomas (Thomas Lüber); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Ferdinand II, king of Aragon and Castile; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Ferdinand VII, king of Spain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • feudalism; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Frederick II (“the Great”), king of Prussia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • French Revolution; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • General Repository and Review; and F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Germany; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Gobel, Jean Baptiste Joseph, archbishop of Paris; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Goodricke, Henry; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Great Britain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Greece, modern; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Grotius, Hugo; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Gustav IV Adolph, king of Sweden; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Heineccius, Johann Gottlieb; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Helvétius, Claude Adrien; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Henry IV, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Henry VII, king of England; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Hoadley, Benjamin; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Hobbes, Thomas; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Hume, David; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Humphreys, David; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • India (Hindustan; Indostan); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Isabella I, queen of Aragon and Castile; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Italy; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Junot, Andoche, Duc d’Abrantès; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Kosciuszko, Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Andrzej Bonawentura; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Latin America; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Lauffeld, Battle of; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • La Vauguyon, Paul François de Quélen de Stuer de Caussade, duc de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • law; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • law; Roman search
  • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Le Mercier de La Rivière, Paul Pierre; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Le Tellier, François Michel, marquis de Louvois; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Livingston, Robert R.; and F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Locke, John; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Louis XI, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Louis XII, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Louis XIV, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Louis XV, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Louis XVI, king of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Lucan; Pharsalia search
  • Mabillon, Jean; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Mably, Gabriel Bonnot de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Madrid, Treaty of (1801); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Marbeuf, Louis Charles René, comte de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Marck, Frederik Adolf van der; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Maria Theresa, archduchess of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Mazarin, Jules; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Medici, Lorenzo; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Methuen, John; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Methuen Treaty (1703); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Mirabeau, Victor Riqueti, marquis de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Montfaucon, Bernard de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Muratin, Mr.; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Napoleon I, emperor of France; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Necker, Jacques; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Newton, Sir Isaac; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Nijmegen, Treaty of (1678–79); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Noodt, Gerard; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Noot, Henri van der; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Paoli, Pasquale; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Pharsalia (Lucan) search
  • Philip II, king of Spain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Philip V, king of Spain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Pius VII, pope; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Poland; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Portugal; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Price, Richard (British author and philosopher); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Prussia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Pufendorf, Samuel von; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Pyrenees, Treaty of (1659); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • religion; and Christianity in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Richelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, cardinal and duc de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Roman law; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Roucoux, Battle of; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Rousseau, Jean Jacques; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Russia; and Treaty of Tilsit search
  • Russia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Ryswick, Treaty of (1697); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Sardinia; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Sidney, Algernon; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • slave trade; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Spain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Sweden; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Switzerland; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • The Netherlands; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Thomasius, Christian; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Tilsit, Treaty of (1807); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Tupac Amarú (José Gabriel Condorcanqui); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • United States; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Utrecht, Treaty of (1713); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Van Berckel, Pieter Johan; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Van der Capellen tot den Pol, Joan Derk, baron; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Van der Kemp, Francis Adrian; and proposed book search
  • Van der Kemp, Francis Adrian; and R. R. Livingston search
  • Van der Kemp, Francis Adrian; Synopsis of a Proposed Book search
  • Van Eupen, Pierre; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Vattel, Emmerich de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Vergennes, Charles Gravier, comte de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Vertot, René Aubert de; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Victor Amadeus II, duke of Savoy, king of Sicily and Sardinia-Piedmont; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Walpole, Sir Robert; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Washington, George; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of (formerly Viscount); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Westphalia, Treaty of (1648); in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • William III, king of Great Britain; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • William IV, stadtholder of the Netherlands; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • William V, stadtholder of the Netherlands; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Wolff, Christian von; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search
  • Yorke, Joseph; in F. A. Van der Kemp’s proposed book search