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In my letter of the 7 th November last I mentioned the loss I was to sustain in my friend mr Gwathmey ’s being about to return to Virginia : this is intended to be delivered to you by that friend, whom I request you to favor with your civilities. Tobacco is falling in price & so is Flour, which had been at 80/. but is now about 50/. ⅌ barrel: Cotton, contrary to all expectation, is high: of...
I am lately arrived here and settling in the Virginia Business. In July I left Fredericksburg, not long before when I had been in Albemarle at the Election, where I saw many of your Friends. They made a good Choice, and indeed I am happy to inform you the people have generally chosen more judiciously this year than last. At least I think so, several of Mr. Madison’s most powerful opponents...
My son William returned about a fortnight ago; and this is the third son who has been treated by my antient friend with such flattering marks of kindness, for which we all present you our particular thanks. This young man, as well as the two, who went before him in their visit, to the land of their father, are so attached to it that I think it highly probably they will return at some future...
I had great pleasure in the execution of the commission you honored me with. Mr Roscoe, besides being an author, is also (what you would hardly suppose) a banker, and happens to be mine. If you do not already know it, I take great pleasure in telling you he is, in all the relations of life, one of the most amicable of men. I am glad to find the alarm for the crops of grain had ceased. How...
Liverpool, 26 Nov. 1792. Despite the proclamation prohibiting the exportation of British wheat and flour that he advised of on 13 Nov., this port continues shut. News of the disaster to the American tobacco crop is generally known, but has not yet had any effect. RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD ); 1 p.; at foot of text: “Thos Jefferson Esqre. Secretary of State to the United States”; endorsed by TJ as...
My last letter was of the 9 th Sep r 15. A State of war, for about twenty five years, appears to have so disqualified us for the sober habits of peace as to have occasioned great reverses in the affairs of many classes of persons in this country:—much so, even with the owners of the Soil; but, particularly, with merchants & Bankers, the failures of which last, I consider almost u n...
Liverpool, 19 Sep. 1792. Acknowledging TJ’s letter of 31 May 1792, he encloses the bond required by the Consular Act which he desires his brother Fontaine Maury and other friends to endorse for him. He has begun a correspondence with the American minister to London, but has not settled his account with him and will lay any disallowed expenses before TJ. He encloses the price current for this...
I now resume the conveyance of public information to you in the old way, and will, from time to time, have that pleasure. The peace appears to have given in the United States a more general satisfaction than in this country ; where indeed it, at first , was by no means palatable to many; but now is, I believe, un i versally welcome: and I cannot help confidently hoping that, even should this...
Liverpool, 10 Nov. 1791 . Since his of 14 Sep. he has received TJ’s of 30 Aug. 1791, and now attends to it. “The Irregularity of the Masters of our Vessells, as I have mentioned before, prevented my furnishing the particulars you required.” Trade with this port increases greatly, ninety-six American vessels having sailed from here this year. Only half that number have left other ports in his...
I recieved the letter you honored me with of the 21st November, inclosing one for Mr Eccleston, which I forwarded. This Town, so long famed for its immence commerce with the U.S.A., in all probability, is shortly to experience a sad reverse. Last year no less than 489 American ships cleared out at this port with cargoes to an amount far beyond precedent. We have no information later dated than...
Captain Woodhouse takes charge of a small parcel, recieved with a letter which is inclosed. I well remember what you said some years past of the awful times. The corresponding crisis now seems fast approaching: and, altho’ I would fain hope all Europe is not again to be under one sovereign; yet the present prospect looks something like it. The crops of wheet in this country are promising:—in...
Liverpool, 13 Nov. 1792. He informs TJ of a proclamation forbidding “the Export of British Wheat and Flour from this Kingdom.” RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD ); 1 p.; at foot of text: “Thos. Jefferson Esqr Secretary of State to the United States Philadelphia”; endorsed by TJ as received 1 Feb. 1793 and so recorded in SJL .
On the 6th Instant I had the Honor to inform you of the Convention between Spain and this Country. On this Day the ports of Britain are Shut against the Importation of foreign Wheat and Flour at the low Duties until the 28th February:—after which they will remain so or be opened as prices shall govern. I have the Honor to be with much Respect Sir your most obt St, RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD );...
Liverpool, 30 Apr. 1792 . He wrote to TJ on 9 Apr.—Eleven days later the National Assembly approved Louis XVI’s proposal to declare war on the King of Hungary and that evening the Assembly’s decree received royal approbation. Stocks here fell by 6 to 7 ⅌ Cent from apprehension of British involvement in the war. American mariners coming to British ports should have “regular Testimonials of...
I am honored with your Letter of 15th June inclosing the Commission of Consul for this Port with which his Excellency the President has been pleased to honor me. For this flattering Mark of his Confidence I beg Leave, thro’ you, Sir, most respectfully to offer my profound Acknowlegements. But as the powers appertaining to the Consuls of the United States have not been particularly defined to...
[ Place unknown, 19 Apr. 1784. Noted in SJL as received 23 Apr. 1784. Not found.]
Liverpool, 4 July 1793 . There has been no material change since the price current of 3 June enclosed in his last letter. He will pay special attention to the orders about the American flag in TJ’s 21 Mch. letter. His brother Fontaine informs him the bond has been effected. On 23 June the Aerial of Philadelphia, Stephen Decatur master, was seized and brought here by the Liverpool privateer...
I was honored on the 4th. past with your letter of 23rd. Decr. covering packets for Joshua Johnston Esqr. of London, and Messrs. Willink, Staphorst & Hubbard of Amsterdam, which were forwarded in the manner you directed. I am in great hopes of soon receiving the Act you allude to in your letter of 26th. August; untill then I shall remain in doubt as to many things. I am frequently applied to...
Liverpool, 29 July 1791 . His last was of the 12th. He had expected to complete his six months’ report, but “the Irregularity of the Masters” prevents. He cannot furnish properly until he has “authority to compel,” and he asks TJ’s express instructions.—The two American vessels remain under seizure and arrivals still increase, having decided preference for freights in trade to U.S. though...
Liverpool, 22 Aug. 1791 . In response to his application to the Treasury in behalf of vessels mentioned in his last letter, he has received and encloses their decision.—[P.S.] 9 Sep. 1791 . Morning’s post brings London Gazette with information dated at Petersburg 17 Aug. of signing of preliminaries of peace between emissaries of Empress and King of Sweden, the only condition being that the...
Liverpool, 14 Sep. 1791 . He last wrote to TJ on 22 Aug.—British ports are closed to foreign wheat, and in this district many American vessels have experienced difficulties primarily because of “excess of spirits.” All but three of them have been released without great expence, though not without injury to their owners. The brig Betsey , commanded by Captain Salter of Portsmouth, New...
I request you to have it made known that no Tobacco-laden Vessel whatever, under one hundred and fifty Tons Register, can enter an Irish port with out being subject, with Cargo, to Confiscation; even only touching for orders to a Market, this is precisely the predicament of the Defiance Cap: Hatton touching at Cork the 26th. past for the orders of the Consignee now under seizure for being...
When my son James lately left this place it so happened that I could not write to you as I intended: he is gone out with the intention of remaining for good . I must promise to you that this son of mine has, for many years, labored under nervous affections to such a degree as greatly to have impeded his progress in acquirements equal to my original expectations: a circumstance which makes him...
In passing a Porcelain Warehouse the other day, I was so struck with a correct likeness of W m Roscoe in a small Bust that I thought it would be pleasing to you to have the opportunity of giving it a place in your Collection at Monticello & I have requested M r Poll gud of Richmond to forward it, of which I pray your acceptance with the best wishes of your old obliged friend DLC : Papers of...
I had the honor to write to you the 17th Septr. informing you of my arrival and fixing here in the Mercantile Line; to which having had no answer and imputing it to miscarriage, the Contents were to inform you of the State of Things in Virginia. I have late letters thence advising of the Crop of Corn being so uncommonly abundant that the price was expected to be a dollar the Barrel, of Tobacco...
On the 24 th Ult o I recieved your letters of the 15 th & 16 th of June & present you my thanks for them. From what I have read in the public prints of the U.S.A. the peace appears generally to have been there hailed with a sincere welcome: here not; & so it continued until the Sovereign of Elba returned to France : then indeed the people of this country were truly pleased that peace had been...
Liverpool, 7 Sep. 1793 . He encloses a price current. On 3 Sep. the Sisters , Captain William Provoost, bound from New York to Le Havre, was brought here under suspicion of carrying French property—the fourth American ship brought here on that pretext. The courts have not determined the fate of any of their cargoes, though the ships Aerial of Philadelphia and George of Baltimore have been...
Liverpool, 1 Nov. 1790. Wrote him on 9 Sep. and on 25 Oct. received TJ’s letter of 26 Aug. Will pay particular attention to instructions and conform to them “as nearly as in my Power.” For some months they had expected to be relieved of the suspense “relative to the War with Spain. But now the warlike preparations, already so great, continuing to augment, the prevailing Opinion of the Day...
Liverpool, 23 June 1791 . He has received none of TJ’s letters since his of 2 Mch. Sends the corn law, just “finished.” Many expect it will be amended more favorably to foreign countries before it goes into operation. In accordance with TJ’s of 26 Aug. he has required particulars of masters. “Some conform, but many will not.” He will continue to make requisitions, but has not applied to civil...
Liverpool, 9 Apr. 1792. He has not written since 10 Nov. last because since then little material has happened and he has been unable to provide a better account of American trade in his district last year.—He has received his set of the acts of Congress and needs four more for the use of his agents at other ports.—This port still excludes foreign wheat and flour.—Masters of American vessels...
I lately had a letter from my relative T. W. Maury with a most pleasing report of the continuance of your excellent health, which indeed is gratifying: long may it be so! my own still is such that my daily habit of plunging into Cold Water agreed with me perfectly last winter, for which blessing I endeavor to be duly thankful. I have perused with much feeling the particulars of General La...
[ Philadelphia, 30 and 31 Mch. 1784. Entry in SJL reads: “[Apr. 6.] Received Jas. Maury’s Phila. Mar. 30. 31. Turnbull, Marmie & co. 200 D.—paid F. Hopk. for Dudley£5–2–6—paid Boinod & Gaill.” From this it is not clear whether Maury wrote two letters or merely added on 31 Mch. a postscript to the letter of the preceding day. The latter is more probable. On 6 Apr. TJ also noted in his Account...
The perusal of your kind letter of 25 th april affected me much; as indeed always do those pleasing testimonies of attachment from old friends: and, by the by, I rather think you now are the oldest I have; for our knowlege of each other must have commenced about 1756. The alternate fluctuations of prospect as to peace & war between the two countries has, for years past, been most tiresome &...
Last year I took the liberty of introducing to you my son Matthew , but it was & is rather uncertain whether he may have the opportunity of delivering my letter . This is intended for another son of mine , who contemplates remaining a considerable time in the United States , during which I hope he will have the honor of presenting this : I shall consider myself much obliged by any civilities...
Liverpool, 25 Oct. 1787. Acknowledges TJ’s letter of 8 July [i.e., 2 July] ; “the prospect of war having materially altered the Business of Insurance in favor of American property in British Bottoms,” he may need proofs that he is a citizen of the United States; asks TJ to provide him with such documents. Is concerned that the French are not inclined to continue their former prices for...
Liverpool, 16 Mch. 1793 . He encloses this month’s price current at Liverpool, which remains closed to foreign wheat and flour. He lately corresponded with Pinckney on whether the irregularity of American sea captains “in furnishing the particulars required in your Instructions of the 26. Augt. 1790” requires government intervention and was advised to mention it to TJ, of whom he requests...
Liverpool, 27 May 1792 . Transmitting an extract of a 27 May 1792 letter received from Joshua Johnson in London, which said: “I had one of Lord Hawsbury’s Runners with me yesterday who declares that Sir John Temple was not instructed to publish any notification and to day I have had a Message from Mr. Burgess telling me if I would call on him he would satisfy me that no such orders had been...
Liverpool, 2 Dec. 1787 . Thanks TJ for his letter of 13 Nov.; is pleased that so much progress has been made in the commercial negotiations with France; hopes he will receive further details on this subject. Has observed with satisfaction “that the Diffusion of American produce directly to the various Markets of Europe has, contrary to the predictions of a Sett of malicious prophets, increased...
I was truly concerned to hear of your having been so long ill: but, by a letter lately recieved from my sister Strahan, I have the satisfaction to know you had, in a great measure, recovered. My Son Matthew speaks with delight of his visit at Monticello: accept my thanks for those attentions to him. My son William was so unfortunate as not to find you at home, when he called at your house in...
Liverpool, 12 July 1791 . Since his of the 23rd he has received TJ’s of 1 and 13 May. He will attend particularly to the matter Mr. Coxe desired. Far from thinking himself neglected, he was aware TJ’s time was “much engrossed by more important concerns” than writing.—Two American vessels, chartered in Virginia for Guernsey, delivered their tobacco there and came here to take freights home,...
Liverpool, 7 Nov. 1792. He last paid his respects on 19 Sep. “Inclosed are the Returns of the prices of Corn copied from the London Gazette. This port, we expect, is not to open this Month to foreign Wheat.” For other articles of our produce there has been no material deviation from his last price current. RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD ); 1 p.; at foot of text: “Thos. Jefferson Esqre Secretary of State...
This paper contains the speech of the King of France just in time for the Newyork Packet ship. from your ob t serv t MHi .
I beg leave to congratulate you on your return to Monticello & hope you there enjoy that comfort in retirement which you had contemplated. I think the laws of the United States exempt from the expence of postage those who have served the high office you so lately filled: I therefore sent you a few days ago a packet of Newspapers: since the date of which the Duke of York has resigned . Annexed...
I have just now received the inclosed letter from Mr. James Maury which I send for your perusal. Any thing that you think in my power to do for him I will Chearfully perform it. Agreable to your desire I furnished him with every thing I thought necessary for his embarking and instructed him to take a passage from the E. Shore if he found any inconvenience in going from Hampton. The Money he...
Liverpool, 1 Dec. 1792. He annexes a copy of his last letter; the enclosed price current shows “the amazing Fall of Stocks.” This port will probably be opened to foreign wheat and flour on or before the next quarter day in February. He strongly recommends that American mariners in vessels bound for British ports be given “regular Documents of their Citizenship.” RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD ); 1 p.;...
I have recieved the letter of 20th July with which you have had the goodness to honor me. The bills shall be accepted whenever they appear. The perusal of this letter affected me exceedingly; and indeed, how could it be otherwise, since it is so flattering a testimony of that friendship you have invariably shewn for me from so early a period & brings to my mind the most pleasing recollections....
I had the Honor of your favor of the 24 December. Previous to this I Had been informed of the favorable Alterations you had procured in the Tobaccoe Contract, for which our Countrymen in particular are much indebted to you: as it has certainly been the Means of the Article’s maintaining, not only in Virginia, a better price than it otherwise would have done, but here also. For, as the...
Liverpool, 3 June 1793 . He encloses a price current for this place and regards the prices affixed as nominal because for three months there has scarcely been a sale of consequence as a result of the stagnation of business arising from the distresses of the commercial part of the community. RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD ); 1 p.; at foot of text: “Secretary of State to the United states of America...
Should my Son Matthew happen to be near Monticello , I have desired him to pay his respects to you: this son has already been in the United States , whence he lately returned; but it has been deemed prudent for him to spend this winter there also , on account of his health. I am your obliged friend & sevt RC ( DLC ); at foot of text: “ Thomas Jefferson Monticello ”; endorsed by TJ as received...