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To George Washington from Christopher Ludwick, January 1780

From Christopher Ludwick

Morris Town Jany 1780

May it please your Excellency

Permit me to lay before you a matter of the greatest importance to an Army, viz. that of supplying it with Bread.

With two ovens, now at this place, we can furnish 1500 Loaves, of Bread daily, one of said ovens, is out of repair and ready to fall, which can be prevented by building a new one adjoining it, this will support the old one, and enable me to furnish 750 loaves more ⅌ day, and amount to 2250 loaves, which at 5 lb. each, woud nearly Supply the Army.

Now for the want of this Oven, the best flour is Issued to the Army in lieu of Bread, consequently the bad only, together with Buck wheat and Indian Meal is sent to the Bake house, from which it is impossible to make good Bread, whereas if the whole was mix’d and bak’d we shoud have passable Bread and no flour Condem’d and wasted as is to frequently the case.

I would beg leave to recommend that no flour be condem’d in the Army, but sent to the nearest Magazine as it will all with proper care make good Bread.

I must further beg leave to recommend that a Committee of Inspection be appointed in the Ar⟨my⟩ whose business it shall be to Inspect the Magazines of Provision, Bake house &c. and to furnish such necessaries from time to time as may be found wan⟨t⟩ing for the safety and convenience there of. as the Bake house particularly has for some time past entirely neglected. I have the honour to be with the greatest respect Your Excellencies Most Obedt & Most Humble Servt

Christoffal Ludwick
Backer [Baker] mahster

LS, PPAmP: Nathanael Greene Papers.

On 25 Feb., GW’s aide-de-camp Tench Tilghman wrote from headquarters to Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene: “Mr Ludwig represents that his Ovens are so much out of repair that his Business goes on very badly and slowly—he says four or five hundred Bricks would be sufficient to mend them—His Excellency therefore desires you to give orders to have that number brought up as expeditiously as possible, as a great deal of Meal of different kinds is daily wasted, which might be baked up into Bread” (PPAmP: Nathanael Greene Papers).

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