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Reflections on the Slavery of the Negroes by Mr. Schwartz, praetor of the holy gospel at Brienne, Member of the Economical society of B—— Epistle dedicatory to the Negro slaves. Tho’ not of your colour, my friends, I have ever considered you as my brethren. Nature has endowed you with the same genius, the same judgment, the same virtues as the Whites. I mean the Whites of Europe, for I would...
Je recois Mr. la lettre que vous vous etes donné la peine de m’ecrire pour me demander ma protection auprès de M———. Ma protection ne vous serviroit à rien, car quoique je sois ———. je ne le vois que très rarement, parceque je ——— et d’ailleurs je ne fais jamais demande ni de recommendation à M———. Trouvez donc bon Monsr. que je me dispense d’une pareille demarche qui seroit une indiscretion...
Comparative view of France and the British islands in Europe. France. British islands. Extent. 150,000 square miles 104,000 square miles. Souls 17,000,000.   5¾ acres to each person 6¾ acres to each person. Ecclesiastics 500,000. Paris 600,000. London. 1,000,000. Rental 52,800,000  32,000,000. Plate, jewels &c. 52,500,000  20,000,000
4Memorandum Books, 1789 (Jefferson Papers)
Jan. 1. Paid Petit servants wages and etrennes as follows wages etrennes total   Petit 72 ₶  +  24 ₶ 
The operation mentioned in my letter of Feb. 4. is going on. Montmorin has proposed to Ternant to go as Chargé des affaires. Ternant called on me a few days ago to know whether I thought his appointment would be agreeable to us. Tho he is obliged to give up his regiment, which is a certainty for life, he will do it. Perhaps Otto may be left awhile longer to put Ternant into the train of...
Press copies of my public accounts to be left in France in case any accident of shipwreck happens to the vessel in which I go to America. MS ( DLC ); in TJ’s hand. This may have been a directive to Short or TJ’s reminder to himself. On TJ’s concern for the safety of his public accounts, see note to TJ to Trumbull, 25 Nov. 1789 .
I have now the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 14th. inst. I am in hopes Mr. Paradise will be persuaded to remain here till the deed comes, tho’ it will be with difficulty. I have not yet received my permission to go to America: but I expect it daily. However I may very likely be not gone the middle of May, and consequently may receive my books from Pinetti’s sale before...
In answer to the letter of Messieurs Nicholas & Jacob Van Staphorst announcing your association to their house I take the liberty of tendering you my sincere felicitations and assurances that I shall ever see with great pleasure whatever tends to promote your interests. I am the more happy on this occasion as your successes will be connected with those of two gentlemen for whom I have so...
I have duly received your favors of the 16th. and 24th. of April and am obliged to you for your information of the ships arriv[ing] in your port which I beg you to continue to give me. [I] am in daily expectation of receiving my permission, and having all my baggage already packed I need not stay here more than a week after I receive it. I am determined to embark from Havre. I return you many...
Yours of Apr. 28. from Bordeaux came to hand yesterday as did Mr. Rutledge’s of the 27th. (for I must still have the privilege of acknoleging both together). The incertainty you express whether you come by Nantes, and of course whether this letter (a copy of which goes there) may not get into other hands will very much shorten it. Madame de Tessé, whose constancy to you is above reproach, has...
Les livres que vous avez eu la bonté de m’expedier me sont parvenus avanthier en assez bon etat. J’ai l’honneur de vous envoyer actuellement un ordre à Messieurs Van Staphorst de vous en payer le montant, c’est à dire la somme de cent soixante et dix florins quinze sols. Comme je compte de partir tout-de-suite pour l’Amerique, je vous prie de considerer comme non-avenues les parties des...
I have taken the liberty this day to draw on you in favor of Mr. Van Damme for 170ƒ -15s which be pleased to honour. Revising your several letters since the paiments to Turkheim & Peuchen your disbursements for me appear as follows.   ƒ    Court. By letter of 1788. May 22. Expences of boxes from Cologne  18- Do. Aug. 7. Paid Van Damme 148–11 The draught made this day in favor of Van Damme...
Your favor of April 16. covering bills to the amount of 15,500 florins came duly to hand, and should have been sooner acknoleged but that I wished at the same time to acknolege their actual paiment. I am now enabled to do this on information of yesterday from Mr. Grand’s office as to the three bills which were already due, and that the fourth will be paid as soon as due. I am happy that the...
As it becomes more and more possible that the Noblesse will go wrong, I become uneasy for you. Your principles are decidedly with the tiers etat, and your instructions against them. A complaisance to the latter on some occasions and an adherence to the former on others, may give an appearance of trimming between the two parties which may lose you both. You will in the end go over wholly to the...
The whale oil which is the subject of the inclosed letter having been once delivered into the kingdom, the business of importation was completed, and what followed was merely a matter of internal regulation. Upon what conditions the government may allow a communication between it’s different ports, is for them alone to say. Foreigners seem to have no right to meddle as long as these conditions...
Your favor of Mar. 10. is come to hand. I am persuaded you will find greater advantage in sending rice to Havre than to l’Orient, because the latter not being a place of consumption it must be reexported 9. times out of 10. and for the most part to Paris where the consumption is immense and is growing. Heretofore this city has drawn all the Carolina rice it used from England. I shall be happy...
It is time I should inform you what has been done in pursuance of the commission you honored me with relative to the olive trees. My former letters have informed you that I immediately lodged orders at Marseilles to have sent a good number of olive plants of the best species and a great quantity of olives. The olives were to be sowed to raise stocks (which always yeild a bad fruit of their...
N’ayant pas encore reçu reponse à mes lettres ecrites en Amerique pour demander permission d’y aller pour quelques mois il est très possible que vous me trouverez à Paris si votre projet de venir ici les premiers jours de ce mois s’execute. Je serai bien aise de vous voir et de vous parler au sujet de votre fils. En m’expliquant vos idées à son sujet je saurai si je puis vous etre de quelque...
Your favor of Jan. 26. to Mar. 27. is duly received and I thank you for the interesting papers it contained. The answer of Don Ulloa, however, on the subject of the canal through the American isthmus, was not among them tho’ mentioned to be so. If you have omitted it through accident I shall thank you for it at some future occasion, as I wish much to understand that subject thoroughly. Our...
Your favor of Feb. 12. has been duly received, and in exchange for it’s information, I shall give you that which you desire relative to American affairs. Those of Europe you can learn from other sources. All our states acceded unconditionally to the new constitution except N. Carolina and Rhode island. The latter rejects it in toto. N. Carolina neither rejected nor received it, but asked...
Since my letter of Mar. 1. by the way of Havre and those of March 12th. and 15th. by the way of London no opportunity of writing has occurred till the present to London. There are no symptoms of accomodation between the Turks and two empires, nor between Russia and Sweden. The Emperor was on the 16th. of the last month expected to die certainly. He was however a little better when the last...
Since mine of Jan. 14. yours of Jan. 2. & Mar. 1. have been handed to me; the former by mr̃ Jones, whom I am glad to know on your recommendation and to make him the channel of evidencing to you how much I esteem whatever comes from you. the internal agitations of this country & the inactivity to which England is reduced by the State of imbecillity in which the madness of the king has...
I am now to acknolege the honor of your two letters of Nov. 27 and Feb. 13 both of which have come to hand since my last to you of Dec. 4 and 5. the details you are so good as to give me on the subject of the navigation of the waters of the Patowmac and Ohio are very pleasing to me, as I consider the union of those two rivers as among the strongest links of connection between the eastern &...
Since mine of Jan. 14. yours of Jan. 2. and Mar. 1. have been handed to me; the former by Mr. Jones, whom I am glad to know on your recommendation and to make him the channel of evidencing to you how much I esteem whatever comes from you.—The internal agitations of this country and the inactivity to which England is reduced by the state of imbecillity in which the madness of the king has...
I am now to acknolege the honor of your two letters of Nov. 27. and Feb. 13. both of which have come to hand since my last to you of Dec. 4. and 5. The details you are so good as to give me on the subject of the navigation of the waters of the Patowmac and Ohio are very pleasing to me, as I consider the union of those two rivers as among the strongest links of connection between the eastern...
My last to you was of the 15th. of March. I am now in hourly expectation of recieving my leave of absence. The delay of it a little longer will endanger the throwing my return into the winter, the very idea of which is horror itself to me. I am in hopes this is the last letter I shall have the pleasure of writing you before my departure. The madness of the king of England has gone off, but...
My last to you was of the 15th. of March. I am now in hourly expectation of recieving my leave of absence. The delay of it a little longer will endanger the throwing my return into the winter, the very idea of which is horror itself to me. I am in hopes this is the last letter I shall have the pleasure of writing you before my departure. The madness of the king of England has gone off, but...
I have the honor to acknolege the receipt of your letter of Feb. 20. which came very opportunely to set us to rights as to the order of application of the money to be raised on the last loan. Our bankers insisted that some resolution of Congress authorised them to furnish no money for any other purposes till they should first have received all the interest which should become due on the Dutch...
I am this moment returned from Versailles, and it is the last moment allowed me to write by this occasion. The Tiers etat remain unshaken in their resolution to do no business with the other orders but voting by persons. The Nobles are equally determined and by a majority of ⅘ or ⅚ to vote only by orders. Committees of accomodation indeed are appointed, but with little prospect of effect....
I have now to acknolege the receipt of your favors of Octob. 20. and Dec. 20 . My proposition (referred to in your letter of Octob. 20) was to fix times of paiment for my part of Mr. Wayles’s debt on his private account, and that these paiments of my third should discharge me and my property of all responsibility for the remaining two thirds. Without having acceded to my propositions you...
I am honoured with your letter of the 6th. instant and sincerely sorry that you should experience inconveniencies for the want of the arrearages due to you from the United States. I have never ceased to take every measure which could promise to procure to the foreign officers the paiment of these arrears. At present the matter stands thus. Congress have agreed to borrow a sum of money in...
I am to acknolege, all together, the receipt of your favors of Mar. 17. 26. and May 7. and to return you abundant thanks for your attention to the article of Dry rice, and the parcel of seeds you sent me. This is interesting, because even should it not take place of the wet rice in S. Carolina, it will enable us to cultivate this grain in Virginia, where we have not lands disposed for the wet...
Your favors of Feb. 16 to Apr. 13. of May 3. and 10. are received, and the two last are sent to Mr. Leroy who will communicate them to the academy. You know that the States general are met and probably have seen the speeches at the opening of them. The three orders sit in distinct chambers. The great question whether they shall vote by orders or persons can never be surmounted amicably. It has...
Your favor of the 4th. inst. is duly received. I am in hourly expectation of receiving letters permitting me to go to America for a few months, and shall leave Paris within a very few days after I shall have received them. As this is probably the last letter I can have the honour of writing you before my return, I will do myself the pleasure of putting you into possession of the state of...
I am now to acknolege the receipt of your several favors of Oct. 20. Nov. 20. and Jan. 5. and to thank you for the pamphlets you have been so kind as to send me. A conveiance by the way of London enables me to write the present, for I never think of writing news by the circumnavigation of the Bordeaux packet. You know that your states general are met, and you have seen the speeches of the king...
I had the honor of writing to you on the 13th. of March by the way of London. Another conveiance the same way now occurring, I avail myself of it to send you a list of the deputies to the States general, which I presume will be interesting to you. You will already have received the speeches of the king, Garde des sceaux, and Mr. Necker, as I know that M. de Monmorin wrote to you the evening of...
I have not yet, my dear friend, received my leave of absence, but I expect it hourly, and shall depart almost in the hour of receiving it. My absence will be of about six months. I leave here a scene of tumult and contest. All is politics in this capital. Even love has lost it’s part in conversation. This is not well, for love is always a consolatory thing. I am going to a country where it is...
I have received with much pleasure your charming poem on enthusiasm and return you many thanks for it. I mark with peculiar satisfaction the prophecy relative to my own country and am enthusiast enough to believe it will be in some degree verified. The honour of your acquaintance while you were in Paris would have made me very happy, and I shall think myself authorised to court it, should any...
I have not yet received my leave of absence, but I expect it hourly, and shall go off within a week after I receive it. Mr. Short will stay till I come back, and then I think he has it in contemplation to return to America; of this however I am not sure, having avoided asking him lest he should mistake mere curiosity for inclination. If he does not go, all which I am going to say may be...
I have duly received your favor of Mar. 6.—Were the appointment of a Consul at Rouen to depend on me, there is assuredly no one who would have so just a claim to it as yourself. But it will rest with the President. In my letter to Mr. Jay on the subject of the Consulships I have ventured to suggest some ideas on the subject, and tho’ I did not at the time know that you would settle at Rouen,...
I have to acknolege the receipt of your favor of Mar. 25. and to thank you for your attentions and services to my friends Mr. Short and Mr. Rutledge. Those gentlemen have spoke to me of yourself and Madame Fabbroni in terms which shew they have been very sensible of your civilities and are very grateful for them. Be so good also as to convey to your brother my acknoledgements for the present...
I have not before acknoleged the receipt of your favor of April 28. because I expected every post to receive Mr. Paradise’s deed. But a letter from Mrs. Paradise by yesterday’s post damps our expectations. I do not doubt but you have urged every spur to hasten Mr. Young. But Mr. Paradise insists on my writing to you on the subject. In fact he is on a gridiron till he can receive these papers...
I received yesterday your favor of May 22. and receive it with great pleasure as it assures me you will write to Mr. Hanson to settle Mr. Wayles’s account with us. I have never seen a copy of that account since the one you transmitted first after his death, nor have Mr. Eppes and Mr. Skipwith explained to me the objections made, fully. One objection I know is to interest, and another to the...
Your favors of May the 5th. and 15th. should not have been so long unacknoleged but that I expected always that the next post would bring us the long-expected deed. Your last of May 26. puts off our hopes indefinitely. I cannot paint to you Mr. Paradise’s impatience to leave this place. He happened to be present when I received your letter, and instead of pressing him to write Mr. Young, I...
Your favor of May 26. came to hand yesterday. The balance shall be immediately remitted. Perhaps it may be disagreeable to Mr. Grand to give a bill of exchange for so small a sum, in which case I will send the cash itself by Mr. Paradise adding to it the price of Sterne’s sentimental journey, printed in London by Wenman No. 144. Fleet street in 16s. or in 24s, which I will beg the favor of you...
Revolving further in my mind the idea started yesterday evening of the king’s coming forward in a seance royale and offering a charter containing all the good in which all parties agree, I like it more and more. I have ventured to sketch such a charter merely to convey my idea, which I now inclose to you, as I do also to M. de St. Etienne. I write him a letter of apology for my meddling in a...
After you quitted us yesterday evening, we continued our conversation (Monsr. de la Fayette, Mr. Short and myself) on the subject of the difficulties which environ you. The desireable object being to secure the good which the King has offered and to avoid the ill which seems to threaten, an idea was suggested, which appearing to make an impression on Monsr. de la Fayette, I was encouraged to...
A Charter of Rights solemnly established by the King and Nation. Done, on behalf of the whole nation, by the King and their representatives in the States general, at Versailles, this —— day of June 1789. { Signed by the king, and by every member individually, and in his presence. PrC of Dft ( DLC ); entirely in TJ’s hand. PrC of Tr ( DLC ); also in TJ’s hand. The Dft and the
En visitant le cabinet de Segur à Nismes, mon cher Monsieur, j’y observais un vase antique qu’on avoit fouillé dans les ruines de cette ville, qui me frappoit beaucoup par sa singularité et sa beauté. A qui peut on penser à Nismes qu’à lui qui nous a donné ses beaux restes? Et à qui aurois-je dû penser, moi, qu’a lui qui m’a aidé à transplanter le plus beau de ces restes en ma patrie? Je me...
Tho your last letter (recd. yesterday) supposes you will be setting out for Paris before this can reach you, yet on the bare possibility of your being delayed I just write a line to acknolege the receipt of that letter and of one of May 22., and to thank you particularly for the one received yesterday which conveyed very interesting intelligence which I had not before. The latest letters here...