James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from Thomas Jefferson, 23 August 1802

From Thomas Jefferson

Monticello Aug. 23. 1802.

Dear Sir

Yesterday’s post brought me, as I suppose it did you, information of the Emperor of Marocco’s declaration of war against us,1 and of the capture of a merchant vessel of ours (the Franklin, Morris) off cape Palos, by a Tripoline as is said in a New York letter; but a Marraquin as I am in hopes from the place, & the improbability of a Tripoline being there. The letter to the Emperor, & the gun carriages are of course to be stopped, and I have approved a proposition from mr. Smith to send another frigate, which he says can be ready in two weeks, in addition to the New York.2 These with those already there, & the Swedes, are surely sufficient for the enemies at present opposed to us. These are the only alterations made in the arrangements we had agreed on. I have desired mr. Smith to recommend a liberal attention in our officers to the interests of Sweden in the Mediteranean, and if peace with Marocco does not take place this year, I should think it proper that we should undertake the forming a permanent league of the powers at war, or wh: may from time to time get into war with any of the Barbary powers.3 Accept assurances of my constant & affectionate esteem.

Th: Jefferson

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