Thomas Jefferson Papers
Documents filtered by: Author="Jefferson, Thomas" AND Period="Adams Presidency"
sorted by: date (descending)
Permanent link for this document:

Notes on South Carolina Patronage, [March–November 1801]

Notes on South Carolina Patronage

[March–November 1801]
S. Carolina

  • 1. James Symonds. Collector. violent federalist. commands great interest.
  • 2. Edwd Weyman. Surveyor1 fed. nothing known amiss of him.
  • [3. Daniel Stevens. Bostonian. fed. Supervisor. very active & commands great interest
  • 4. Thomas Waring. Naval officer. good man. no more federalist than would keep his office. never meddles.
  • 5. Wm. Crafts. Navy agent. a Bostonian. bitter fellow. very influential.
  • 6.     Cockran. marshall.2 Goodwin says ‘Eastern man, dupe of Eastern politics, factious, wrong headed, youngster, partial selection of juries’; Ramsay says ‘intolerant & indiscreet youth.’ a very good man. federalist, but not medling. has no power in selecting even grand juries.
7. Thos. Lehré recommended by C. Pinckney and Goodwyn by P. Butler & by Ephraim Ramsay3
Parker. fed. & able, but good & unmedling. Attorney of district.4 brother in law of Drayton the Govr. who is a violent republican. therefore let him stand till further enquiry.

  • 1. Daniel Doyley (now state treasurer) able & estimable man. vice Symonds
  • [3. Edwd. Darrell.5 Supervisor v. Stevens. a lawyer & Notary public. has been persecuted as a lawyer by the merchts.
  • 5. Thomas Lehré.6 now Sheriff Charleston district. a steady republican.7 may perhaps refuse
    John Splatt Cripps by C. Pinckney
    Ramsay & Darrell dead

MS (DNA: RG 59, LAR, file of James Symonds [i.e., Simons], 10:0777); undated; entirely in TJ’s hand, written in several sittings, over several months, as indicated by interlineations and last entry; opening brackets perhaps added by TJ at the time of Darrell’s appointment in July or at the receipt of Pierce Butler’s letter of 3 Sep. 1801; closing quotation marks supplied by Editors; endorsed by TJ: “S. Carolina.”

In early March 1801, TJ decided to postpone changes in federal offices in South Carolina until after the close of the upcoming session of the Seventh Congress, that is, the spring of 1802. As the months passed, pressure increased to appoint Republicans to offices in the state, but TJ wanted to wait at least until Congress met, when he would have the “broad counsel” of South Carolina’s congressional delegation. These notes clearly indicate the president’s efforts to sort out patronage questions in the state (Notes on a Cabinet Meeting, 8 Mch. 1801; TJ to Gallatin, 7 Aug. 1801).

Edward Weyman became surveyor and inspector of the port of Charleston in 1793 upon the death of his father, who had served as surveyor since 1789. TJ learned more about Weyman from a letter written by South Carolina judge and former congressman Aedanus Burke to Madison on 13 Sep. 1801. Burke noted that through “some mistake or other” Republicans in Charleston feared Weyman might be removed. Burke described the surveyor as a man of Republican principles who did not waiver during the XYZ affair. “During the reign of Terror in 1798. & 99.,” Burke observed, “there were not ten men to whom I dare speak my mind; there were not, I declare before God, there were not half a dozen men, yet Weyman never quited the Ground; and I expected every week nothing less than, than his removal.” TJ endorsed the letter “Weyman Edw. Surveyor Charleston” and interlined “Surveyor” in place of Burke’s description of Weyman as “inspector.” Weyman remained surveyor until shortly before his death in 1813 (RC in DNA: RG 59, LAR; Washington, Papers, Pres. Ser., 11:615–16; Madison, Papers, Sec. of State Ser., 2:108–10; Biog. Dir. Cong.).

Goodwin says: see Charles Goodwin to TJ, 30 Apr. 1801. Ramsay says: see Ephraim Ramsay to TJ, 2 May 1801.

As secretary of state, TJ provided Thomas Parker with his commission when Washington appointed him U.S. district attorney for South Carolina in October 1792. Parker continued in the office until his death in 1820 (Washington, Papers, Pres. Ser., 11:264–5).

In August, TJ still described Daniel D’Oyley (Doyley), Charles Pinckney’s candidate for collector at Charleston, as a “most respectable republican” and as “one of those destined for office.” But when James Simons complied with Gallatin’s directions in rendering accounts, the Treasury secretary observed that perhaps it would not be necessary to remove him. Simons retained his office until 1806, when Simeon Theus became collector (JEP, description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States… to the Termination of the Nineteenth Congress, Washington, D.C., 1828, 3 vols. description ends 2:16; Daniel D’Oyley to Gallatin, 29 July 1801, in DNA, RG 59: LAR; Memorandum from Charles Pinckney, 17 Mch.; TJ to Gallatin, 7, 21 Aug. 1801; Gallatin to TJ, 10 Aug. 1801).

Ramsay & Darrell dead: both young South Carolina Republicans died in November 1801. Ramsay was 35 and Darrell was 31 years old (S.C. Biographical Directory, House of Representatives, 4:465; Charleston City-Gazette and Daily Advertiser, 13 Nov. 1801).

1Word interlined.

2Interlined from here through “indiscreet youth.”

3Entry beginning with “Thos. Lehré” to this point interlined.

4Remainder of entry added at later sitting.

5TJ here interlined “dead” at a later sitting.

6Interlined by TJ in place of “Leary” probably after he received Pinckney’s memorandum printed at 17 Mch.

7From here through “C. Pinckney” possibly added at a later sitting.

Index Entries