Benjamin Franklin Papers
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To Benjamin Franklin from David Hartley, 25 December 1783

From David Hartley

Copy:2 William L. Clements Library

Xmas Day 1783 London

My Dear friend

Before you receive this you will have heard of a total change of the British Administration. It is not as yet many hours since this event has taken place. The Cabinet is as follows viz

Mr Pitt first Lord of the treasury3
Ld Thurlow chancellor marquis of Carmarthen } Secretaries of State4
Ld Gower President of Council Lord Sidney
Ld Howe first Ld of
 the Admiralty.
D of Rutland Privy Seal

It is impossible for me to expect as yet any instructions in my department. In the mean time I beg of you to send me the earliest notice whenever the ratification of our definitive treaty of Peace shall arrive from America, that we may loose no time in bringing that blessed event to a complete termination. I am My Dear friend Ever yours most affectely

D Hartley

To Dr Franklin &c &c &c—

[Note numbering follows the Franklin Papers source.]

2A retained copy, in Hartley’s hand and signed by him.

3Pitt was appointed prime minister on Dec. 19, but could not form a cabinet until the evening of Dec. 23: John Ehrman, The Younger Pitt (3 vols., New York and Stanford, Calif., 1969–96), I, 127–31.

4Francis Osborne, marquess of Carmarthen (XXXIX, 75n), was the new secretary of state for foreign affairs. The secretary of state for the home department was Hartley’s close friend Thomas Townshend, who had been named Baron Sydney the previous March. He had filled the same position during the Shelburne administration: XXXVII, 679n; ODNB.

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