James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from John Gavino, 7 October 1804 (Abstract)

§ From John Gavino

7 October 1804, “South at Gibraltar.” No. 3. “I had the honour of addressing you the 28th. Ulto. when arrised the Contageous Fiver that had taken place on this Rock, which Still continues, Violently; I am now entirely free of the fiver, & in a State of convalicent.” Forwards letters from O’Brien1 and Simpson. “You have annexed a paragraph from our Navy Agent, Willm. Higgens Esqr. of Malta, dated 20th August last,2 by which you well see Commodore Pribels Operations against Tripoly.”

RC and enclosure (DNA: RG 59, CD, Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 2 pp.; in a clerk’s hand, signed by Gavino. For enclosure, see n. 2.

1Richard O’Brien to JM, 1 Aug. 1804 (PJM-SS description begins Robert J. Brugger et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Secretary of State Series (7 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1986–). description ends , 7:549–50), is also docketed as received 30 Nov.

2In the enclosed extract (1 p.; docketed by Wagner as received 30 Nov.) from his letter to Gavino, 20 Aug. 1804, William Higgins reported the receipt of a 15 Aug. letter from Preble informing him of the successful results of Preble’s attack on Tripoli. Higgins added that Preble was “meditating another attack, which ere this has taken place,” and that news of the pasha’s acceptance of a peace “on Very reasonable terms” was expected daily.

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