James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from Albert Gallatin, 12 December 1812

From Albert Gallatin

12 Decer. 1812

Dear Sir

In support of the suggestions heretofore made against permitting Gen. Armstrong to raise a volunteer force on different principles from those recognized by law and adopted elsewhere, I enclose 3 advertisements from the late New York papers.1

Whilst such improper encouragement is given for a local force, it will be impossible to recruit for the army or for general purposes; and the general object of providing an efficient offensive force will be sacrificed to a local object. This mode also destroys the general plan of a local force, which is founded on the practicability of raising men to be paid only when employed or in proportion to their time of service. But here full pay &c. are promised for local services not to exceed 5 or 8 days in each month. This does indubitably secure at an enormous expence for Gen. A. all the force he wishes. But every other consideration of economy, uniformity, & even of the recruiting service, is sacrificed to that sole object. Respectfully Your obt. Servt.

Albert Gallatin

RC (DLC). Docketed by JM.

1For Gallatin’s objections to Armstrong’s plans, see his two letters to JM, ca. 19 Nov. 1812. Gallatin probably enclosed advertisements similar to one printed in the New-York Evening Post on 8 Dec. 1812, which called for six volunteers to perform local duty approximately five days per month for a $36 muster payment and $12 per month of regular pay.

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