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Letter not found: from Arthur Campbell, 1 Jan. 1793. Tobias Lear wrote Henry Knox on 30 Jan. that he had “the honor to transmit . . . a letter from Arthur Campbell to the President, which was brought here this morning.” The entry for 30 Jan. 1793 in GW’s executive journal recorded the receipt of a letter “from Arthur Campbell, dated Washington Jany. 1st. 1793” ( JPP, Dorothy Twohig, ed. The...
Washington [ County, Va. ], 4 Apr, 1781 . A company to patrol Powell’s Valley was obtained only with difficulty because of the lack of money and the non-payment of the militia for former services. “The Captain solicits me to apply for one Months pay for the men.” If TJ will give an order for payment, “the bearer Capt. Kincaid will give the necessary obligations for its just application.” He...
You have spoken, and you have spoke it with dignity and truth.—That the rising generation of Americans, the most promising and perhaps the most important Youth, which the human species can boast, educated in the principles of religion and morality, and having before them the examples of the wise and good of all nations, cannot fail to answer the high expectations, which the World has formed of...
It now appears that the Indians that attacked Blackmores Fort, as mentioned in my last , were a small party of Shawanese headed by our noted enemy Logan. The last Travelers that came from Kentucky came thro Cumberland Gap safe, having on their way made no discoveries of Indians. Some attention of Government to former means proposed, I am convinced may bring about a Peace; or make the war with...
Among the schemes, I have heard spoken of, in order to counteract, the hostile disposition of the British government; is to set on foot, an expedition immediatly, against Canada, altogether by an Army of Militia. The main body to proceed by way of Lake Champlain, and possess themselves of Montreal, and menace Quebec. Another Corps proceed by way of Oswego, and take possession of all the...
Being neither acquainted with your Secretary at War, nor Doctor White the Superintendant for the Southren Department, I have taken the liberty to request your notice to the affairs of the Southren Indians which are now in such a state, that the Spaniards on one hand and other improper intruders on the other, may excite them all to become our enemies; or at best useless friends, whereas a...
Since my last, about 150 Voluntiers from the Wattago have penetrated the Cherokee middle Settlements, destroyed three principal Towns with some scattering Villages, killed upwards of twenty Indians, and brought off fifteen Prisoners, mostly Children. Another Body of Men are now about seting out from this, and Sullivan County to endeavour to drive the enemy from their haunts in the Cumberland...
This moment I have the intelligence that a Body of Indians (supposed to be Cherokees) attacked Blackmores Fort on Clinch, took four Men prisoners and has carry’d off a considerable number of Horses. I must entreat the speedy attention of the Executive to my former proposals of a Garrison in Powells Valley; and on the banks of the Tenasee, as absolutely necessary for the preservation of the...
There are yet alive a few of the old Whigs in Kentucky, Tennessee, and the Western parts of Virginia. It would but faintly express their feelings, to say they were pleased with the event of the late Election of President of the United States. It is an all important triumph at this crisis of American affairs. When a People are so well united in political sentiments, there are no danger but they...
This day your Orders of the 28th. of May came to hand, and I am sorry our situation at present is such that I have but a small prospect of forwarding the aid required. The murmuring and distresses occasioned by the misconduct of Commissaries and the want of pay for Militia services performed last year, together with the dread a Man commonly has to leave his Family exposed to the danger of...
Your Excellencies Orders of the 15th. day of February came to hand the 23d. and on the 25th. a few odds of one hundred Men under Colo. Wm. Campbell set out to join the Militia of Botetourt and Montgomery on their march to join our Southern army: previous steps having been taken, on hearing the enemy were advancing towards Virginia, to have them in readiness. A larger number would have gone,...
The southern Indians and particularly the Cherokees, have at different periods in the present contest, been an object of instrumentality with the British Agents for the subjugation of America—By means of the opposition of arms, and at times of negociation we have hitherto in a great measure frustrated their attempts. So late as last Winter the nation was chastised. This Summer in solemn Treaty...
The communications I formerly had the honor to transmit to your Excellency respecting the South-western parts of the United States, now appear to have more weight, than was then foreseen. Alexr McGillivray at times menacing the Southern States; at others soothing them with the appearance of a Treaty. At this time actively engaged in composing some differences, and forming a league among the...
Nothing can be more consolatory to the sober and reflecting past of the American People, than the peculiar marks of divine favour, that has blest your administration of the government of the United States. The present calamitous War in Europe was begun in the time of the administration of your renowned predecessor: He had the wisdom, amidst many alurements of false glory, to embrace an...
Having lately been a tour in Tennessee and Kentucky, I have information of The predominant sentiment of The respectable Citizens of Those States relating to The embargo. Most are steady to meet the deprivations, for the want of foreign luxuries, and even necessaries, but it was frequently remarked: "Why did not Congress embargo the Mony, as well as the Ships? The sending off that necessary...
Your favour of the first instant came safe to hand, by last Post. I have read it over and again, and will treasure up the ideas. We have but little of the party spirit in the Western Country when compared with the great Towns, but we have seen and felt too much. A jealousy must be awakened, and a resistance to foreign influence formed, or we may ere long repent our torpid state as a People. We...
I take the liberty to send you some political items received from Correspondents that may amuse you in a leisure moment. They may only be the effusions of the writers on hearing of so important an event . May not all our fears of a war with France now evanish. Let republicans in America also take an erect attitude. Let them loudly proclaim their principles, and unite their voices with their...
Since writing my Letter of the 15th: Instant I am informed that the Indians have killed one of the settlers in Powells Valley and carried off 14 Horses belonging to a party of Men coming from Kentuckey. Whether this is done by Indians that had set out to War before our approach were known in the Towns; or it may be some of the Fugitives that have taken refuge in the adjacent Mountains for the...
By recent intelligence from the Cherokee country, it appears that the whole of the towns had agreed in a late treaty with our enemies to the southward, to take up the hatchet, and attack the inhabitants of Virginia and Carolina, settled on the back of the mountains, immediately; which country was to be given them by the King over the great water, besides a stipulated quantity of goods for...
Peace being happily restored on the Western Frontier, I had form’d the design of living in quiet, the remainder of my days, that is to decline writing, or almost thinking, of politics. But again we see our Country verging to an eventful crisis. I am fill’d with anxiety respecting her liberty, and independence, lest they are lost, and with them the happiness of so many Millions of the human...
Allow me to give you the trouble to deliver the inclosed to the President of the U. States and I confide in you to give him such an explanation as may be necessary. The purport of the communication is that I have offered my services with a Corps of Voluntiers to aid in taking possession of the Western Posts next Summer. I know Regulars are usually prefer’d for such service, but why not...
As few things in this life can go nearer my heart, than danger to the American Union. For some days past I have revolved in my mind the late intelligence from a Member of Congress, and some information, by another hand. I have also reflected on intimations I had from a friend in Ireland, which I think I give you a hint of last year: at times I conclude it the best policy that our leaders...
Permit me to present to you a large Jaw tooth of an unknown Animal lately found at the Salina in Washington County. The Salina lyes near that branch of the Cherokee River called North Holstein in a Plain or Meadow ground of about three Miles in circumference surrounded by a number of high round Hills or Knobs: in the center of the Meadow is a Pond of Water, adjoining it is a Marsh except in...
Okana-Stotes Baggage was first possessed by a detachment mostly Carolinians. The Medals, Belts of Wampum said to be of curious construction were secreted. Colo. Martin has lately purchased one of the Belts; curious enough, he says the wampum in it will answer the purposes at the Treaty (if any). A number of Papers, some curious and perhaps interesting were delivered to me, others I hear is...
My last, I believe, was dated in Agusta. Since I have returned to the Western Counties and have observed the effect of the hostile attack on our Atlantic Coast. It is a sublime spectacle to hear the people themselves proclaim a cause of War; and what is singular, the aggression by Humphries, seem not to be so sensibly felt, as the fact, that several thousand American Citizens, are withheld...
Of all your old Friends, none can more sincerely rejoice than I, on your elevation to preside in the Councils of the American People. Not so much from personal feelings, or a local attachment; but from a confidence, that you will restore the administration of their government, to the original principles of the Revolution: to the dignity of the Rights of Man. Minute Philosophers, and...
If the sentiments of a Society of Whigs, who acted an uniform part in favour of the American Revolution, can be of any use to you, at this singular crisis of political events: I will with pleasure occasionally transmit them. They Say. 1. That the death of Louis of France, ought not to be a cause, of invasion, of that Country, from other nations, much more, it ought not to be ground of quarrel,...
Since the acquisition of the Country West of the Missisippi I have often indulged myself in contemplations of the future greatness of the United States, different from any conceptions I had of the subject in former years. The thing is new in the annals of the World. The great matter now is, to make the wonderful event, a blessing to the human race. With this impression on my mind, I most...
About ten years ago I received from your hands a letter that might then be termed admonitory & prophetic. Now seems to be the time to lessen British influence so as to render American independence secure & permanent. “ British subjects , and American trading on English capitals ,” have rendered a large proportion of our fellow Citizens Tenants at Will; or mere peasants; a short War will revive...
I inclose for your Excellencys information a Letter just received from Colo. Martin and another from Major Lewis whom I had instructed to drive off the Indians from their haunts near Cumberland Gap. I have no hopes now that the Cherokees will sue for Peace whilst Augusta in Georgia is in the enemies hands and they can receive supplies from thence; several hundred of the Indian Women and...
It would be doing violence to my feelings, did I omit the present opportunity to express at least some sentiments of affection some effusions of gratitude for your many and important services to the United States in general, but more especially for the share of attention you have paid to the safety and prosperity of the Western Country, and that not by slight and temporary measures but by the...
Late dispatches from General Greene and various Letters from Officers in Carolinia entreats the aid of the Mountain Militia, and I have taken the liberty once more to order them out notwithstanding their circumstances ill suits such a tour now. Matters yet unsettled with the Cherokees, and the Northwards already begun to annoy us; but altho, we have these, and other difficulties to combat...
Washington [ co. ] 15 June 1781 . Encloses a letter from Joseph Martin which explains the reference in Campbell’s letter of 4 June “respecting an attack from the Indians and Tories from the South”; in that letter Martin informs Campbell that about 300 Indians are on their way to attend the proposed treaty; recommends that Campbell come immediately; has sent an express to Col. Sevier to come as...
I take the liberty to introduce to your notice, a Mr. Hargrove of the City of Baltimore, lately known as the Editor of a publication entitled the Temple of Truth . He is lately from misfortunes, become rathe⟨r⟩ straitned in his circumstances, and woul⟨d⟩ now be glad of accepting some public employment in the City he lives, that may be in the gift of the President or the heads of some of the...
18 April 1809, Kentucky. Seeks the appointment as governor of the Illinois Territory, since “Mr. Boyle has declined accepting the office.” Says he is physically fit and his “mental faculties but little impaired.” The reason for “this abrupt overture” is that “the Illinois is an exposed frontier in the event of War” and a delay in appointing an executive “might be injurious to the public...
I send by this conveyance part of the Papers you desired in your Letter of the 23d. of May last . I have not yet received those that are in the hands of the Carolinia Officers, but this being so good an oppertunity I am desirous of forwarding what I have, at the same time you will please to consider them as sent to you as a private Gentleman or a member of the Philosophical Society, and not as...
Your very friendly letter of September last aroused my watchfulness, and induced a recurrence to first principles and first practices I have now more than a suspicion that a Counter revolution is aimed at.—A judicious person lately said “that a certain Foreign Minister had a more regular intelligence by means of the post-offices than the President or Vice-President of the United States.”—I...
Washington county, 27 Nov. 1780 . He sends extracts from originals in his possession “to elucidate Col. Clarke’s letter, and may shew the world what kind of beings we are contending with,” these extracts including the following: A letter from Cornwallis to Major [Patrick] Ferguson, 23 Sep. 1780, saying he had heard from Lt. Col. Cruger that he had arrived in time to save Brown, had retaken the...
The great figure our Allies the French Nation are like to make in Europe, ought to arouse the patriots of the United States, to every exertion. That altho we cannot keep pace with our Gallic friends, in military renown, yet we may acquire power and stability, by the mild arts of peace. That She in order to establish her Republic, necessarily lessened the number of the human race. Be it our...
It is difficult to remain silent amidst the general exultation on the Election of the present Chief Magistrate of the Union; I mean the joy is general among the Farmers and Labourers of all Classes. Some Merchants and the monied interest with the Bigots and fanatics in religious matters, may have their fears. But the old Tories, and new Gallants of the Whore of England can never be won, even...
You have spoken, and your Words ought to be heard as the voice of a Father throughout the United States. Thinking in this manner and feeling how incumbent it is upon every person, of every description, to contribute at all times, to his Countrys welfare and especially in a moment like the present, when every thing we hold dear and sacred, is so seriously threatned. Happening to be the senior...
An early acquaintance, a similarity of sentiment, and the deserved estimation you have attained to, in America, encourage me to address you on a subject, that is believed to be highly interesting to the Western Inhabitants, and perhaps not less so, to the eastern parts of the State. After various essays of the People for a separation, and the subject being agitated, both in Congress, and...
An unexpected and important event has taken place, the late agression of the Creek and Cherokee Indians. Notwithstanding all that has happened, I cannot subscribe to the Plan, of immediately dispossessing them of their Country, and making sale of their lands. This may accord with the views of Georgia Purchasers; and their friends, but promises but little towards restoring peace, and a future...
Bearing in mind your polite invitation that you would consider it as a mark of personal attention to continue my communications to the Executive of the United States on subjects relating to the Western Country. The proceedings of the Convention lately met at Knoxville will no doubt reach you in a short time.—And it will be found of moment to the interests of the Union that Congress take...
The Militia of this, and the two Western No. Carolina Counties, have been fortunate enough to frustrate the designs of the Cherokees. On my reaching the frontier, I found the Indians meant to annoy us by small parties and carry off Horses. To resist them effectually, the apparently best measure was to transfer the War without delay to their own border. To raise a force sufficient and provide...
On my way here I shewed Colo. Preston the tooth I sent you. At first sight, before I told him where it was found, he give it as his opinion that it was of the same animal as those found near the Ohio, a tooth of which he had obtained above 30 years ago and thinks it was sent to England. Doctor Lee says it is the same species, of that sent to England from the Ohio, that being a member, he was...
By different communications particularly a letter from one of the Kentucky Delegates of which an extract is inclosed I am informed that the unfriendly Southren Indians have notice of the ammunition intended for the Chickasaws and are preparing a force to try to take it. Piamingo when he set out from Holstein for the Chickasaws Towns, assured us, he would if possible, be back by the first of...
Although I am not honored with a personal acquaintance; yet I can count myself among the number of your early and uniform admirers, and who can now rejoice in seeing the affairs of my Country administered successfully by your hand in preference to any other. I was among the first that embraced the principles of the American revolution, and was not merely an inactive wellwisher; what was then...
In a late publication I have read with delight the following Sentiment of the President of the United States. “Sensible as we are of the superior advantages of civil life, of the nourishment which industry provides for the body, and Science for the mind and morals, it is our duty to associate our Indian neighbours in these blessings, and to teach them to become fit members of organized...