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It now appears that the Indians that attacked Blackmores Fort, as mentioned in my last , were a small party of Shawanese headed by our noted enemy Logan. The last Travelers that came from Kentucky came thro Cumberland Gap safe, having on their way made no discoveries of Indians. Some attention of Government to former means proposed, I am convinced may bring about a Peace; or make the war with...
Washington county, 27 Nov. 1780 . He sends extracts from originals in his possession “to elucidate Col. Clarke’s letter, and may shew the world what kind of beings we are contending with,” these extracts including the following: A letter from Cornwallis to Major [Patrick] Ferguson, 23 Sep. 1780, saying he had heard from Lt. Col. Cruger that he had arrived in time to save Brown, had retaken the...
Since my last, about 150 Voluntiers from the Wattago have penetrated the Cherokee middle Settlements, destroyed three principal Towns with some scattering Villages, killed upwards of twenty Indians, and brought off fifteen Prisoners, mostly Children. Another Body of Men are now about seting out from this, and Sullivan County to endeavour to drive the enemy from their haunts in the Cumberland...
This moment I have the intelligence that a Body of Indians (supposed to be Cherokees) attacked Blackmores Fort on Clinch, took four Men prisoners and has carry’d off a considerable number of Horses. I must entreat the speedy attention of the Executive to my former proposals of a Garrison in Powells Valley; and on the banks of the Tenasee, as absolutely necessary for the preservation of the...
This day your Orders of the 28th. of May came to hand, and I am sorry our situation at present is such that I have but a small prospect of forwarding the aid required. The murmuring and distresses occasioned by the misconduct of Commissaries and the want of pay for Militia services performed last year, together with the dread a Man commonly has to leave his Family exposed to the danger of...
Your Excellencies Orders of the 15th. day of February came to hand the 23d. and on the 25th. a few odds of one hundred Men under Colo. Wm. Campbell set out to join the Militia of Botetourt and Montgomery on their march to join our Southern army: previous steps having been taken, on hearing the enemy were advancing towards Virginia, to have them in readiness. A larger number would have gone,...
The southern Indians and particularly the Cherokees, have at different periods in the present contest, been an object of instrumentality with the British Agents for the subjugation of America—By means of the opposition of arms, and at times of negociation we have hitherto in a great measure frustrated their attempts. So late as last Winter the nation was chastised. This Summer in solemn Treaty...
Since writing my Letter of the 15th: Instant I am informed that the Indians have killed one of the settlers in Powells Valley and carried off 14 Horses belonging to a party of Men coming from Kentuckey. Whether this is done by Indians that had set out to War before our approach were known in the Towns; or it may be some of the Fugitives that have taken refuge in the adjacent Mountains for the...
By recent intelligence from the Cherokee country, it appears that the whole of the towns had agreed in a late treaty with our enemies to the southward, to take up the hatchet, and attack the inhabitants of Virginia and Carolina, settled on the back of the mountains, immediately; which country was to be given them by the King over the great water, besides a stipulated quantity of goods for...
Permit me to present to you a large Jaw tooth of an unknown Animal lately found at the Salina in Washington County. The Salina lyes near that branch of the Cherokee River called North Holstein in a Plain or Meadow ground of about three Miles in circumference surrounded by a number of high round Hills or Knobs: in the center of the Meadow is a Pond of Water, adjoining it is a Marsh except in...
Okana-Stotes Baggage was first possessed by a detachment mostly Carolinians. The Medals, Belts of Wampum said to be of curious construction were secreted. Colo. Martin has lately purchased one of the Belts; curious enough, he says the wampum in it will answer the purposes at the Treaty (if any). A number of Papers, some curious and perhaps interesting were delivered to me, others I hear is...
The Militia of this, and the two Western No. Carolina Counties, have been fortunate enough to frustrate the designs of the Cherokees. On my reaching the frontier, I found the Indians meant to annoy us by small parties and carry off Horses. To resist them effectually, the apparently best measure was to transfer the War without delay to their own border. To raise a force sufficient and provide...
I inclose for your Excellencys information a Letter just received from Colo. Martin and another from Major Lewis whom I had instructed to drive off the Indians from their haunts near Cumberland Gap. I have no hopes now that the Cherokees will sue for Peace whilst Augusta in Georgia is in the enemies hands and they can receive supplies from thence; several hundred of the Indian Women and...
On my way here I shewed Colo. Preston the tooth I sent you. At first sight, before I told him where it was found, he give it as his opinion that it was of the same animal as those found near the Ohio, a tooth of which he had obtained above 30 years ago and thinks it was sent to England. Doctor Lee says it is the same species, of that sent to England from the Ohio, that being a member, he was...
Late dispatches from General Greene and various Letters from Officers in Carolinia entreats the aid of the Mountain Militia, and I have taken the liberty once more to order them out notwithstanding their circumstances ill suits such a tour now. Matters yet unsettled with the Cherokees, and the Northwards already begun to annoy us; but altho, we have these, and other difficulties to combat...
Washington [ co. ] 15 June 1781 . Encloses a letter from Joseph Martin which explains the reference in Campbell’s letter of 4 June “respecting an attack from the Indians and Tories from the South”; in that letter Martin informs Campbell that about 300 Indians are on their way to attend the proposed treaty; recommends that Campbell come immediately; has sent an express to Col. Sevier to come as...
I send by this conveyance part of the Papers you desired in your Letter of the 23d. of May last . I have not yet received those that are in the hands of the Carolinia Officers, but this being so good an oppertunity I am desirous of forwarding what I have, at the same time you will please to consider them as sent to you as a private Gentleman or a member of the Philosophical Society, and not as...
Washington [ County, Va. ], 4 Apr, 1781 . A company to patrol Powell’s Valley was obtained only with difficulty because of the lack of money and the non-payment of the militia for former services. “The Captain solicits me to apply for one Months pay for the men.” If TJ will give an order for payment, “the bearer Capt. Kincaid will give the necessary obligations for its just application.” He...