George Washington Papers
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To George Washington from John Brown, 3–4 November 1775

From John Brown

Providence Novem. 3rd[-4] 1775

Dear Sir

I having a Vessel arrived at Norwich from Suranam which having brought a Small Quantity of Powder Viz. Forty four Cask Containing a Half hundred Each, I thought it proper to acquaint you thereof, but I am at a loss to determin which may be best for the General Cause for it to go to the Camp or to be Sold out here, so that People in General may be better quallified to Defend the Sea Coast, Our General Assembly is now Setting, and I Expect will Order Every Town in this Colony Adjoining on the Sea Bay or River to Equip themselves Immediately with Two Field peices to Each Town to be mounted on Field Carriages and an Artillery Company to be formed in Each to hold themselves ready at a moments Notice. Five Hundred Men is already Orderd to be raised which are to be Stationed on the Islands of Rhode Island, Conannicut Prudence &c.1 I gave my Capt. Orders to purchace all the Powder he possibly could, but no more was to be had on any Terms and indeede Could I sell this for Six shillings L[awful] money pound it would not Equal as to profit to me as the Article he would have brought had he not got the Powder, If it arrives here safe (being landed on the back of Long Island) and you think its best for the Chief of it to go to the Camp I will Spare fifteene or Sixteene hundred weight of it to your Order, I would also acquain⟨t⟩ you that the Owners of the Furnace Hope in Scituate are about to pu⟨t⟩ said Furnace in Blast as soone as may be to make Pigg Iron (this Article being now in Demand) and as their making up what Stock they now have will put it out of their Power to put said Furnace in Blast again till towards next Fall, and as the Mettle made in Said Furnace is of the very best kind for making of Cannon, of wch General Greene can fully Acquaint you, And as the Continent will Doubtless be in want of Cannon &c. in the Spring, I therefore in behalf of the Concernd in said Furnace2 give you this Notice that in Case you may please to Order any Quantity of Cannon & other Warlike Stores made that the Stock now provided for said Furnace which Suppose may make from 150 to 200 Ton weight of Iron may be made into Such Cannon &c. as you may see fitt to Order your answer as soone as Convenient will oblige Dear, Sir, Your Obedient humble Servant.

John Brown

P.S. the Owners are Confident that they can make as Large Cannon as 18 pounders and they Expect e’re the Blast is finished that they can make 24 pounders.

Novem. 4th Since the above, Our General Assembly has applyed for the Refusel of the Powder. and if they Give the price which will make it as Good to me as tho the money had bin Layd out in mello. Viz. 6/ Ct, must Give them the prefference.3


1For the act authorizing the raising of 500 men to defend Rhode Island, see Bartlett, R.I. Records, 7:384. The general assembly subsequently appointed Joseph Brown and Esek Hopkins “to go through this colony, and determine in what places it may be necessary to erect batteries or entrenchments for the defence of this colony; and in what towns to provide field pieces, specifying the number, the bore and the weight of metal” (ibid., 396).

2John Brown and his brothers were the principal owners of the Hope furnace.

3The general assembly resolved “that Messrs. John Jenckes and John Potter be a committee to purchase of Mr. John Brown, for the use of the colony, all the powder he has to sell” (ibid., 386). Stephen Moylan replied to Brown on 8 Nov.: “As the powder you mention to have Imported, is disposed of, I have nothing to say thereon; Col. Gridley has orders from the General to procure what Cannon will be necessary for the use of the Camp; which I dare say is all engaged, should more be hereafter required, provided the Owners of the Hope Furnace can make them as good & on as reasonable terms as they can be elsewhere procured, his Excellency will give you notice thereof” (DLC:GW). The last sentence of the postscript, beginning “and if they Give,” is in Brown’s writing.

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