Adams Papers
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From John Adams to William Tudor, Sr., 9 May 1789

New York May 9. 1789

Dear Sir

Thank you for your favour of the 28 ult. There is an entire harmony, between the two Persons you Speak of and there is no probability of its interruption. The first is modest and the Second at least shall be unasuming. The Constitution has furnished him with a justification of a executives conduct, and imposed it on him as a duty.

Caesar would never have been displeased at a Compliment on his good fortune, nor would Marcus Aurelius, Henry the Fou[r]th of France and the late Frederick of Prussia, would as little have disliked it. If I may, to you, my friend, as a familiar epistle, mention myself after such names, I assure you that I think I have myself enjoyed no small share of that same overruling good fortune, perhaps more of it, than the one to whom the Expression was applied, having been preserved in greater and more various dangers; tho not so happy in the affection of my Country men: Yet I never think of this fortune without Gratitude, and prize it much higher than <all othe> any abilities, that any part of the World may vouchsafe to allow me.

I think as you do, of duties and drawbacks, that Patriotism is much wanted; and that private interest and State attachments present us with a choice of difficulties. I will add that Ignorance and Inexperience will continue to hurt this Country more than all the other Causes. It has been our misfortune these fifteen years, to think some of the most ignorant men on Earth omnicient. These have Sown the Seeds of nonsense, that will require time and labor to eradicate. The Sentiments that I have read and heard in America these fifteen Years, and that I still continue to hear every day, even from Men of Education, Reading, Age, and travel, upon the subject of Government appear to me as extravagent, as the drivelings of idiotism, or the ravings of delirium.

A total inattention to every thing in human nature by which Mankind ever more or ever will be governed is obvious in numbers who have the Reputation, and who really are men of sense and experience as well as of letters. Our Chief has more such notions, and here and there one is to be found, who is quite right. Mr. Ellsworth of Connecticut, appears to me to be more exactly and compleatly right, than any Man I ever met in Congress. And what crowns all, is, he is not afraid to think or Speak. The Senate is a wise mild and noble body of Men. Yet I will own to you, I never knew a great Statesman in my sense of the Word who was not a Lawyer, and there are not many of this discription, not more I believe than three or four.

A motion was made yesterday, in Senate, by a very sensible and worthy member and Seconded by another which I really did not think it possible that a rational creature could have entered to think of; vizt “that the President of the United States Should have the title of his Excellency.[] The maker and receiver of most illustrious and most excellent ambassadors, <is> to be called His Excellency! Thanks to common feeling, there was not a vote for it, but the two who made and seconded the motion. If the Constitution forbids Titles, Excellency is as much an usurpation as Majesty, if it leaves Titles to be given at discretion. Some one should be thought of, proportional to the Dignity and authority of the office.

At the Ball, on the evening of the 7th. at Supper the ladies would not drink “the Preisdent,” they all drank “his Highness.” The ladies probably must settle the dispute. And thus accident, feeling Caprice, always; and never Reason, decides the fate of nations, for the Fate of this Government depends absolutely upon raising it, above the State Governments.

A real Talent for Government, my Friend, I have found very rare, in legislation, in administration, in Negotation, apparent rari, nantes in gurgite vasto. And when they do appear they are never understood. Sully, Calbert, Cecil, were neither comprehended nor beloved, till after they were dead. A Man must take so much pains to carry little points, that seem of no importance, that he is despised for a fool by many and not thought very wise by any.


MHi: Tudor Collection.

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