Adams Papers
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From John Adams to William Tudor, Sr., 28 May 1789

New York May 28. 1789

Dear Sir

What is there which the new Government possesses, on which to found its authority? has it Honors? has it pleasures? has it profits to bestow, which may attract the Attention, excite the Love, or alarm the Fear, of such a Majority in every state as will compell the Minority to obedience?

Has the national Government at this moment, attractions enough to make a Seat in it, an Object of Desire, to the Men of greatest Fortune, Talents, Birth or Virtue? Has it Charms to give Contentment to those who are now in it! Have the Representatives, Senators, or even the Vice President or President, cause to prefer the Situations they are in to any Stations at home, public or private? To leave the two first Magistrates out of the question: [do] the Senators consider their present Seats as their homes, or as Steps to promotion in their own States! If the national government is to be but a ladder on which to mount into higher regions at home you will Say that this government will soon die the death of the late [. . .]tious Congress; and the new Constitution expire like the old Confederation.

Gentlemen find under this government, as they did under the former, that they live at uncomfortable lodgings, instead of their own houses: alone, instead of in the Society of their Families and Friends: at a great distance from their Estates and Business. Professions, Faculties, Property, Families, all going to ruin at home. You will not babble to me about Patriotism, Zeal, Enthusiasm, Love of poverty and Country, at this time of day. You and I have been the Dupes of these Professions too long. I see nothing Since I arrived from Europe but one universal and ungovernable rage for the Loaves and Fishes. The Corruption of ambition and Avarice, has more universal Possession of the Souls of the Gentlemen of this Country, than of the Nobility of any Country in Europe. But the new Government has no objects of ambition or Avarice, Sufficient to Satiate the appetites that crave. What allurement has it then? You expect it to work Miracles.—to make Brick without Straws. If the People would give Titles or marks of distinction, this would to a great Way. The Title of Right Honorable would raise the Senate and make it an Object of ambition. Senators and even Governors, Judges and Chancellers, would be willing to leave their Places at home to obtain it. But as it is, and as, I see it is like to be, I suspect, that one half with resign before two years.

Is the new government to be founded in force? Are We to raise a Navy and an Army, to detect illicit Trade and to quel insurrections? To protect the national judicial against the State Judicials? the national executive against the state executive? Have we dominion enough over the Minds of the People to do this? Titles would cost much less, and be less dangerous to Liberty.

To talk of a Government, without all Etiquette is to betray a total inattention to human life and manners. Can Subordination be preserved in the smallest Society, without distinctions? Examine it in a Family. Let the Master and Mistress, the Father and Mother, Men servants and Maid servants, sons and Daughters all live together in the same room. Let them dress all alike. Let them breakfast dine and sup all at the Same Table. Let Tom the Coachman sit at the Head of the Table, as Accident shall direct, and Polly the Milkmaid sit at the right hand of the Mistress. Let the Children and servants call their Father and Master by their names. Tom Dick and Harry, and be themselves called so in their farms. In this Case you would soon see the liberty, order, Virtue and Happiness, that would result from such an admirable republican Œconomy.

Away with all this Nonsense. Let us not betray such gross Ignorance of the World. I wrote the first part of this letter, at the date, but it has lain by unfinished till this 14 here.

I am, dear sir yours

John Adams

MHi: Tudor Collection.

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