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Results 183151-183200 of 183,496 sorted by author
ALS (first and longer version): Columbia University Library; ALS (second and shorter version): New York Public Library After completing his examination of the Franklin and Hall accounts and drawing up a report, James Parker wrote this letter to accompany one copy of the report he planned to send to Franklin by the New York packet. He then copied the first long paragraph that deals with the...
ALS : Fordham University Library With this I send you Letters for several of my Friends at Edinburgh. It will be a Pleasure to me if they prove of Use to you. But you will be your own best Friends, if you apply diligently to your Studies, refraining from all idle useless Amusements that are apt to lessen or withdraw the Attention from your main Business. This from the Characters you bear in...
183153Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
In the weeks after GW’s return from his journey to the French commandant, reports of further French infiltration into the Ohio Valley continued to reach Williamsburg and Gov. Robert Dinwiddie made preparations to resist. He appealed to other colonial governors for aid in repelling the French. DINWIDDIE R. Alonzo Brock, ed. The Official Records of Robert Dinwiddie, Lieutenant-Governor of the...
The preceding letter and the following documents present further aspects of the thoroughgoing investigation of American trade in general and the tobacco trade in particular that Lambert insisted upon when he became controller-general. This was carried out by Lambert, as Jefferson was careful to indicate in his Observations on the Whale-Fishery , “with a patience and assiduity almost...
ALS : American Philosophical Society Subsequent to our Conversation at or near the House of Commons, I was informd by one of the Committee that he had been informd that I was the author of the Paragraph inserted in the Gazetteer 1 feb: alledging that “by a Calculation of an Eminent American Merchant it appears that the whole Taxes in all the American Provinces, do not amount, upon an Average...
ALS : Josiah C. Trent Collection in the History of Medicine, Manuscript Division, Duke University Library; draft: American Philosophical Society I am extreamly glad that the Intelligence procur’d from my Son, relating to your Lands in New Jersey, affords you any degree of Satisfaction. You may rely on his doing you any farther Service in his Power. He has not mention’d to me that he has been...
183157Purchase of Louisiana, [5 July 1803] (Hamilton Papers)
Purchase of Louisiana. At length the business of New-Orleans has terminated favourably to this country. Instead of being obliged to rely any longer on the force of treaties, for a place of deposit, the jurisdiction of the territory is now transferred to our hands and in future the navigation of the Mississippi will be ours unmolested. This, it will be allowed is an important acquisition, not,...
Spurred by dissension in Republican ranks in Philadelphia over Federalists who remained in lucrative offices, Jefferson decided to study the party affiliation of those who had received presidential appointments. Writing Peter Freneau on 20 May, he reviewed his administration’s patronage policy, noting that when he took office the Federalists “possessed all.” By removing those Federalists who...
In the summer of 1790 Washington told the Comte de Rochambeau that Americans had learned to discount English reports of events in France. “Happily for you,” he wrote, “we remembered how our own armies, after having been all slain to a man in the English News Papers, came to life again and even performed prodigies of valour against that very Nation whose News-papers had so unmercifully...
183160Editorial Note (Adams Papers)
Returning home to Braintree in December 1775, exhausted by his labors in the congress, John Adams “vacationed” by serving on the Massachusetts Council until 24 January 1776. He arrived back in Philadelphia on 8 February and the next day plunged into work during the busiest and most significant period the congress had yet known. In old age Adams recalled, probably without much exaggeration,...
I received by yesterdays Mail, your letter of the 19th. ulto: The Contents of which I recived with much pleasure—The enterprise &a. is Such as I have long anticipated and am much pleased With—and as my Situation in life will admit of my absence the length of time necessary to accomplish Such an undertakeing I will chearfully join you in an ‘ official Charrector’ as mentioned in your letter,...
In late April and early May 1804, in the aftermath of the death of his daughter and with other matters also demanding his attention, Jefferson faced obstacles in his efforts to begin operation of a new flour mill on the Rivanna River. By the end of the summer of 1803, he had determined to exercise a right given to him by the courts to dismantle an illegally constructed milldam that was part of...
A meeting of the merchants of this city is now called to solicit advice, respecting the effect of your late Proclamation. Permit a stranger, but a friend to your administration to offer a few reasons, the effect of his experience, why your advice should be explicit. When the late law establishing a non-intercourse was about to go into effect, all those who respected the edicts of their country...
The Federalist essays have been printed more frequently than any other work of Hamilton. They have, nevertheless, been reprinted in these volumes because no edition of his writings which omitted his most important contribution to political thought could be considered definitive. The essays written by John Jay and James Madison, however, have not been included. They are available in many...
ALS : American Philosophical Society It was with real Concern, we received the News of a Change of Ministry, as we conclude it will Retard, and, we fear will totally prevent the Change of Government, which we have made so noble a Struggle to obtain. Our Proprietary Enemies hesitate at Nothing that tends to discourage every further Application for Relief. The C.J. is continually publishing the...
At a meeting of the Visitors of the University of Virginia at the said University on monday the 3d. of April 1820, present Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Breckenridge, John H. Cocke, and Joseph C. Cabell. Resolved, that the Visitors of the University accede to the loan of $40,000. authorized by a Resolution of the President and Directors of the Literary Fund of 23d. March 1820....
JCH Transcripts John C. Hamilton Transcripts, Columbia University Libraries. ; JCHW John C. Hamilton, ed., The Works of Alexander Hamilton (New York, 1851–1856). , V, 95–99. Although John Church Hamilton attributes this document to H, no evidence has been found that it was written by H. This act became law on June 5, 1794 ( 1 Stat. The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America...
An Estimate of certain additional & eventual allowances of expenses in the collection of the Revenue during the two years ending on the 30 day of June 1793. For gauging of Domestic distilled Spirits prior to the 30 June 1792 if it shall appear to have been performed by any person other than an officer of the Revenue; for office rent of the Supervisors if actually incurred at any place other...
183169Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
Editorial Note David Humphreys wrote GW from France on 30 Sept. 1784 about the utility of having a biography of George Washington, particularly one written by GW himself. In early 1785 Humphreys began suggesting himself as a possible biographer, to which GW agreed ( Humphreys to GW, 15 Jan. 1785 , GW to Humphreys, 25 July 1785 ). Humphreys apparently started work on the biography when he...
The importance of the union in a commercial sense, Alexander Hamilton wrote in the eleventh Federalist , was one of those arguments for the proposed constitution on which there was least room for a difference of opinion and to which, in fact, a general assent had been given. Few informed readers could have disagreed with the assertion and none could have misunderstood him when he said that the...
The Secretary of the Treasury waited upon the President on the subject of the papers which were put into his hands yesterday, and observed. That the advance required by the French Consuls could be made without any inconvenience to the Treasury of the U. S. but as the U. S. had already paid to France the amot. of what was due to her at present , and as the unsettled State of things in France...
ALS : William Logan Fox, Philadelphia, Pa. (1956) I wrote to you pretty fully by the April Packet. The Parliament have since been continually agitating the Affairs of America, which has oblig’d us to constant Attendance. All the new Regulations I mention’d as like to take place, are now carried into Acts, except that relating to the Portugal Trade, which, together with the Paper Currency, is...
15 May 1801. “It has been cause of surprise that the Schooner 3 sisters a british privateer sho’d be permitted to refit & arm in the port of Alexandria made now into a snow & peirc’d for 20 guns and ready for sea & takes in flour to cover her destination—this is a hint if the naval officer hath been silent.” RC ( NHi : Gallatin Papers). 1 p. Unsigned. Dated “May 15th” and postmarked at...
Engagements at Court have prevented me from returning an earlier answer to your favor of the 23d instant. I am of opinion that after the passing the act of Assembly of the twenty seventh of March 1789, and the other acts on the subject, the New Loan certificates ceased to be a State debt within the view of the Legislature, and could not consistently with those laws be recognized by the...
In eighteenth-century American society the relationship between husband and wife was a private, almost secret, matter. History and biography have been poorer for this fact, as witness Martha Washington’s destruction of her husband’s letters after his death. Thus the affectionate exchanges between John and Abigail Adams have long stood out and been cited as unusual survivals of that era of...
This is the first of thirty-eight articles entitled “The Defence” and signed “Camillus,” which were written in support of the Jay Treaty. The Senate had given its advice and consent to the treaty on June 24, 1795, and George Washington had ratified it on August 14, 1795. As soon as the contents of the treaty had been made public in the first week of July, 1795, it was widely attacked—and...
183177Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
Congress’s presentation of “An Act for an apportionment of Representatives among the several States according to the first enumeration” to Washington for his approbation on 26 Mar. 1792 set the scene for the first presidential veto in U.S. history. Recognizing the controversial nature of the bill, which increased the U.S. House of Representatives to 120 members, gave the size of each state’s...
Washington’s surrender of his commission at a formal audience granted by Congress was a symbolic event of the highest significance. The documents presented in the present series are evidence enough that Congress as well as the Commander-in-Chief fully appreciated the nature of the occasion. Nevertheless, though this event at Annapolis on 23 Dec. 1783 has not received the attention accorded...
ALS : American Philosophical Society My last to you was from Burlington, with the Accounts from whence I was soon after Summoned here on the Occasion of my Son’s being, as was then thought, at the Point of Death: It pleased God however to spare him a little longer, and tho’ he is not yet well Yet he is Stirring about, and has some hidden Disorder lurking in his Bowels, which we cannot...
Letter not found : from an unidentified person, 6 Aug. 1779. On 9 Aug., GW wrote an unidentified person: “I was favored with your letter of the 6th Inst. and its inclosure from Governor Trumbul.”
In his 12 January 1799 letter to Jefferson , JM enclosed “a few observations,” which the editors believe were published under the title of “Foreign Influence” in the Philadelphia Aurora General Advertiser on 23 January 1799. Similarly, on 8 February, JM forwarded to Jefferson “a few more observations,” and the editors have concluded that these appeared in the same newspaper on 23 February...
There are five versions of Hamilton’s speech of June 18 to the Constitutional Convention. In the first place, there are Hamilton’s own notes which he presumably used while he was delivering the speech. In the second place James Madison, Robert Yates, John Lansing, Jr., and Rufus King all made notes on the speech while Hamilton was delivering it. Because the several accounts of the speech are...
Letterbook copy: Yale University Library I should not so soon have troubled you with another Letter, before I had known your receipt of my former ones, but to oblige my Friend Capt. Fred Hamilton. Mr. Swift Attorney at Law in Bo[ston] by a Letter to Capt. Hamilton last Winter, informed him that a Gentleman in London had, in the Name and at the desire of the “Lady of the Earl of Peterborough...
To the People of the State of New-York. I PROCEED now to trace the real characters of the proposed executive as they are marked out in the plan of the Convention. This will serve to place in a strong light the unfairness of the representations which have been made in regard to it. The first thing which strikes our attention is that the executive authority, with few exceptions, is to be vested...
The following is the first of 37 letters from Edmund Pendleton to JM that either have never been previously published or have been published only in the form of a partial extract. Twenty-five of the letters fall into the former category and 12 into the latter. These letters are part of a larger collection of 155 letters and other documents that Pendleton wrote to JM and to his father, James...
This letter concerns the problem of the so-called lost million. As early as September, 1775, Pierre August Caron de Beaumarchais, the French writer and courtier, had attempted to persuade the French government of the desirability of aiding the American colonies in their revolt against England. When, in the spring of 1776, the French government agreed to send supplies from France to the...
8 May 1813, Baltimore. “I am gratifyed with receipt of yours of the 7th Inst and to find that my letter has been recd by you in the spirit in which it was written. I cannot but again repeat to you that you have too much confidence in our security we are yet very insecure altho the destruction of Havre de Grace has had a good effect here—our City Corportation has authorised Genl Smith to under...
183188Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
In preparation for the writing of this letter, GW composed a list of topics which he wished to be covered in it. Those undated notes, which are printed here, apparently were then used by Joseph Reed to make a rough draft of the letter. Reed’s draft has not been found, but a draft written by him was reported to be in the possession of James Wilkinson in the early nineteenth century. The...
Printed in The Pennsylvania Evening Post , December 14, 1775. The newspaper that printed this epitaph introduced it with a sentence explaining that the lines had been deciphered three years earlier on a cannon near where the famous regicide’s ashes were buried in Jamaica. Franklin has been widely accepted as the author. The only evidence is a copy in Jefferson’s hand, which came to light in...
183190Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
[New York, 30 April 1789] By early 1789 GW reluctantly accepted the inevitability of his election as president, and as early as January he began consideration of the remarks to Congress that would serve as his first inaugural address. Evidently he requested David Humphreys, at this time in residence at Mount Vernon, to draft for him remarks that could be delivered to Congress in the event of...
In August the committee continued the work, begun in its advertisement on July 28, of implementing Congress’ plan for the militia, and on August 3 appointed a subcommittee of seven, including Franklin, to draft rules and regulations for the associators and an admonition to nonassociators to enlist promptly. On August 17 the draft of the rules was submitted to the full committee, and after two...
183192Editorial Note (Jefferson Papers)
Having learned through the newspapers of the British destruction on 24 Aug. 1814 of the 3,000-volume Library of Congress , Jefferson quickly decided to offer his large personal library as a replacement. On 21 Sept. he sent his proposal and a manuscript catalogue to his old friend Samuel H. Smith , federal commissioner of the revenue and former publisher of the Washington National Intelligencer...
183193Editorial Note (Washington Papers)
After GW in December 1769 secured from Governor Botetourt and the Virginia council authorization to survey, in no more than twenty parcels, 200,000 acres in the Ohio Valley for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Regiment of 1754, he and the officers met in Fredericksburg in August 1770 to decide how they should proceed. It was agreed that GW should accompany their surveyor, William...
By 45 Geo. 3. C. 34. The King & Council are authorized to grant licences to British Subjects to import in neutral vessels for their own or neutral account, the productions of American colonies belonging to any European power, which productions are allowed to be used or consumed in G. Britain. No greater duties are to be paid than would be payable if they were imported in a British Ship....
On 26 Mch. 1800 Jefferson promised William Short “a long letter containing a comprehensive view” of Short’s affairs under his management. Although he began writing the detailed epistle on 13 Apr., he worked on it, and presumably on several of the enclosures that he sent with it, “at intervals” for almost a month. After dispatching the letter, Jefferson realized that he had neglected to make a...
Letter not found : from the committee on the mustering department, 5 July 1779. GW wrote the committee on 20 Aug.: “I was duly honored with your letter of the 5th of last month.”
ALS : American Philosophical Society By this time I expect you are returned to London from your German Tour, which I hope has been pleasing to you, and usefull to Sir John Pringle. By keeping out of the Smoak I was got pretty well by the 4th of July, when I left London; and a Journey into the North, from whence I am Just return’d, has set me right, and I am now as well as ever in my life: but...
The number of undated documents we are publishing at the end of 1779 is the largest so far for the end of a year. The reason for such abundance is that after Franklin received news of his appointment as minister plenipotentiary in mid-February, many correspondents henceforth addressed him with that title, providing us with a safe chronological clue of “1779 or thereafter.” Our policy being to...
As I am of the Opinion, that the Subjects of the Massachusetts Bay are without a King, Governor, civil or military Officers; so the People are again left in a State of Nature. For if it be Fact that the King has broke his Coronation Oath, by clipping our Charter &c.; it must be Fact, that we are at Liberty to choose what way of Government we like best. So have sent the worthy Committee, an...
In his final months of service in the congress, JA served on 26 committees, acting as chairman for 8 of them, and for most of the period he continued to act as president of the Board of War and as a member of the Committee on Appeals. From all this committee work, only two reports in JA ’s hand have been found; they are printed below in their appropriate chronological order. Here, as with...