Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Thomas Jefferson to David Bailie Warden, 8 July 1811

To David Bailie Warden

Monticello July 8. 11.

Dear Sir

I recieved your favor of the 1st by our yesterday’s post and have hastily written the two inclosed letters to Messrs La Fayette & Kosciuszko, in the hope that the return of the post may still find you at Washington.

I kept, during the last half dozen years of my residence at Washington a diary of the weather. I cannot in the instant make any thing of it which could be useful to you, but, with the first leisure, will furnish you with such general results from it as may answer your views.

Arthur Young carried the Sichorium Intubus from France to England, & sent some seed to Genl Washington who gave me a part. it has been growing here in abundance & perfection now 20. years without any cultivation after the first transplanting. I know no plant so valuable for green feeding, and mr Strickland told me they cut up the dry plant in England, & fed their horses with it. to get my letter to the office before the departure of the mail I must here conclude with my wishes for a happy passage, & an assurance of my great respect & esteem.

Th: Jefferson

RC (MdHi: Warden Papers); at foot of text: “Mr Warden”; endorsed by Warden. PoC (DLC); endorsed by TJ. Enclosures: (1) TJ to Tadeusz Kosciuszko, 8 July 1811. (2) TJ to Lafayette, 8 July 1811.

A diary of the weather that TJ kept from 1 Nov. 1802 to 31 Dec. 1816 is at MHi. sichorium intubus: Cichorium intybus, commonly known as chicory or succory (Hortus Third description begins Liberty Hyde Bailey, Ethel Zoe Bailey, and the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada, 1976 description ends , 262). On 28 Apr. 1794 TJ sowed chicory seed he had received from George washington. It remained a staple fodder crop at Monticello well into his retirement (PTJ description begins Julian P. Boyd, Charles T. Cullen, John Catanzariti, Barbara B. Oberg, and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 1950– , 31 vols. description ends , 28:68–9, 232–3, 464; Betts, Garden Book description begins Edwin M. Betts, ed., Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, 1766–1824, 1944 description ends , esp. 211; TJ to Henry E. Watkins, 27 Nov. 1818).

Index Entries

  • chicory (succory) search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Weather Memorandum Book search
  • Kosciuszko, Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Andrzej Bonawentura; letters to mentioned search
  • Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, marquis de; letters to mentioned search
  • meteorological observations; by TJ search
  • Strickland, Sir William search
  • Warden, David Bailie; and consular nomination search
  • Warden, David Bailie; letters to search
  • Washington, George; gives chicory seed to TJ search
  • Young, Arthur; sends seeds to U.S. search