Thomas Jefferson Papers
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James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 2 July 1810

From James Madison

Washington July 2. 1810

Dear Sir

I have recd your favor of the 27th by which I find you have suspended the sending for your portion of the Merinos. I have not yet come to an eclaircissemt with Mr Hooe. I learn however that a reexamination of the tenor of Mr J’s letter to him, has induced an abandonment of his pretensions to the Lamb. Still I am rather inclined to think that they are not altogether without foundation; & have written to Mr Jarvis in terms not inconsistent with that idea. As the Lamb whether it remain with us, or fall to the lot of Mr H. must be kept with the Ewe for a considerable time, would it not be best for a division to be made at once, as doubling the security of the germ agst casualties. A single day, whilst they are all together, might put an end to it. To whichever of us the Ewe having the lamb might fall the lamb might remain a common property. if not finally delivered over to Mr H. As it has not been proved that the other Ewe may not be barren, it may be understood if you do not object, that in that event, the first Ewe lamb from the other, shall make up for the defect. We have had latterly favorable rains here. They are too late however for Oats not in moist or rich lands. The Wheat harvest will be good in this quarter. In N.Y. it will be very scanty;1 very moderate in Pena & on the Eastern shore of Maryland the drought & H. fly, have in a manner destroyed the crop Yrs as always

James Madison

The return of Guarrants letter in my next

RC (DLC: Madison Papers); endorsed by TJ as received 5 July 1810 and so recorded in SJL.

Madison had written to William Jarvis from Washington on 17 June 1810 acknowledging receipt of his gift of merino sheep; advising that he and TJ intended to dispose of full-blooded lambs for the public good; reporting that one of the ewes had had a ewe lamb shortly after he took possession; indicating that Madison was “disposed not to distinguish between a yeaning on the passage, & afterwards; so far at least as may relate to Mr. Hooe, towards whom your motives were of a character different from those relating to the Captain whose pretension is founded on an exacted contract”; and expressing confidence that TJ, who was equally concerned in this question, would be “equally guided by your presumed intensions” (Madison, Papers description begins William T. Hutchinson, Robert A. Rutland, John C. A. Stagg, and others, eds., The Papers of James Madison, 1962– , 29 vols.: Congress. Ser., 17 vols.; Pres. Ser., 5 vols.; Sec. of State Ser., 7 vols description ends , Pres. Ser., 4:619–20). h. fly: Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor).

1Madison here canceled “not.”

Index Entries

  • agriculture; and insects search
  • crops; oats search
  • Garrard, William; letters from mentioned search
  • Hessian fly search
  • Hooe, James Hewitt; and merino sheep search
  • Jarvis, William; and merino sheep search
  • Lewis, William W.; and merino sheep search
  • Madison, James; and merino sheep search
  • Madison, James; letters from search
  • Maryland; wheat harvest in search
  • merino sheep; TJ to provide Va. with search
  • New York (state); wheat harvest in search
  • oats; damaged by drought search
  • Pennsylvania; wheat harvest in search
  • Virginia; TJ to provide merino sheep to search
  • weather; drought search
  • weather; rain search
  • wheat; prospects for coming harvest search