Thomas Jefferson Papers
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James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 7 May 1810

From James Madison

Washington May 7. 1810

Dear Sir

The inclosed letter from Jarvis accompanied one to me on the subject of the Merinos. I learn that they have arrived safe; but the vessel is aground a few miles below Alexanda. Jos: Doherty is gone to bring them up, making the selections warranted by Mr Jarvis. As the means I shall employ to have my pair conveyed to Virga will suffice for yours, it will be unnecessary for you to attend to the matter till you hear of their arrival in Orange. Altho’ there have been several late arrivals from England We remain in the dark as to what has passed between Wellesly & P. The same as to the F. Govt & A. You will notice the footing on which Congress has left our relations with these powers. Unless G.B. should apprehend an attempt from F. to revive our non-intercourse agst her, she has every earthly motive to continue her restrictions agst us. She has our trade in spite of F. as far as she can make it suit her interest, and our acquiescence in cutting it off from the rest of the world, as far as she may wish to distress her adversaries, to cramp our growth as rivals, or to prevent our interference with her smuggling Monopoly. N. England & N.Y. are rallying to the Repubn ranks. In N.Y. every branch of the Govt is again sound. The Election in Massts now going on, will probably have a like issue with their late one. There is some danger however, from the federal artifice, of pushing the fedl Towns to their maximum of Reps. Boston is to send 40. Yrs always most affectly

James Madison

RC (DLC: Madison Papers); at foot of text: “Mr Jefferson”; endorsed by TJ as received 9 May 1810 and so recorded in SJL. Enclosure: William Jarvis to TJ, 19 Feb. 1810.

p.: William Pinkney. a.: John Armstrong. The New York government became again sound with the reelection of Republican governor Daniel D. Tompkins and the choice of a Republican majority for the state legislature (Washington National Intelligencer, 7, 9, 11 May 1810). Federalist Christopher Gore had won the 1809 gubernatorial election in massts. He was defeated in 1810 and again in 1811 by Republican Elbridge Gerry (ANB description begins John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, eds., American National Biography, 1999, 24 vols. description ends ; Madison, Papers description begins William T. Hutchinson, Robert A. Rutland, John C. A. Stagg, and others, eds., The Papers of James Madison, 1962– , 29 vols.: Congress. Ser., 17 vols.; Pres. Ser., 5 vols.; Sec. of State Ser., 7 vols description ends , Pres. Ser., 1:216–7). The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 (ch. 2, sec. 3, art. 2) imposed no absolute maximum on the number that each corporate town could send to the state House of Representatives, providing instead that each additional 225 ratable polls in a town gave it the option of sending another representative (Robert J. Taylor and others, eds., Papers of John Adams [1977– ], 8:247, 266n).

Index Entries

  • Alexandria, Va.; merino sheep shipped to search
  • Armstrong, John; U.S. minister to France search
  • Boston, Mass.; representation of, in state legislature search
  • Dougherty, Joseph; and merino sheep search
  • Federalist party; electoral defeats search
  • France; and U.S. search
  • Gerry, Elbridge (1744–1814); as governor of Mass. search
  • Gore, Christopher search
  • Great Britain; and U.S. search
  • Great Britain; Orders in Council (1807) search
  • Jarvis, William; and merino sheep search
  • Madison, James; and merino sheep search
  • Madison, James; letters from search
  • Massachusetts; constitution of search
  • Massachusetts; elections in search
  • New York (state); elections in search
  • Orange Court House (Orange Co.); TJ’s merino sheep sent to search
  • Pinkney, William; as U.S. minister to Great Britain search
  • Republican party; electoral successes search
  • Tompkins, Daniel D.; governor of N.Y. search
  • United States; and France search
  • United States; and Great Britain search
  • Wellesley, Richard Wellesley, Marquess; British foreign minister search