Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Thomas Jefferson to Patrick Gibson, 22 November 1816

To Patrick Gibson

Poplar Forest Nov. 22. 16.

Dear Sir

I have been here about a month and shall now within a day or two set out on my return to Monticello. on winding up here I find my debts amount to 222.D. which sum I recieve from mr Robertson, and draw for the same on you in his favor.

I found on my arrival here that mr Yancey had preferred employing the teams in getting the new crop sown, rather than in carrying the old to Lynchburg: so that he had not sent the boat load of flour1 down which I expected. I shall not regret it, if enough has been sent from Albemarle to cover my deficit with you. we are told of a wonderfully sudden rise in the price at Richmond. I shall wonder mor[e] if in the course of the winter & spring it does not rise to a considerab[ly] higher price than has ever before been given. Europe & N. America were never before within my memory so destitute of bread. I am for holding up until the market opens on the breaking up of the ice in the spring of the year.—our crop of tobacco here is short. Yancey ha[d] calculated on 20,000. he now wavers as low as 15,000. of which he assures me one half will be prime, and the other good. this will be down in Jan. & Feb. and I see no reason for holding it up after it gets to market. of this however you will be the best judge and will sell when you think best.

Your’s with great friendship

Th: Jefferson

P.S. I must pray you to send a bale of cotton for the use of this place to mr Yancey by such boat or person as he shall direct to call for it. the smallest bale over 100. ℔ will be sufficient

PoC (DLC); on verso of reused address cover of Lafayette to TJ, 16 Aug. 1816; edge trimmed; mutilated at seal, with missing word rewritten by TJ; between closing and signature: “Mr Gibson”; postscript adjacent to signature; endorsed by TJ.

Archibald robertson was making the following payments for TJ: $45 to Joseph Slaughter “for a horse”; $20 to a Mr. Butler “for <leather> wheels”; $7 to Alexander Bridgeland (Bridgland) for “87. ℔ beef”; and $150 to Robertson himself “for corn” (MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1329). A missing letter from TJ to Bridgeland of 25 Oct. 1816 is recorded in SJL.

1Preceding two words interlined.

Index Entries

  • beef; TJ purchases search
  • boats; transfer goods to and from Richmond search
  • bread; scarcity of search
  • Bridgeland, Alexander; letter to accounted for search
  • Bridgeland, Alexander; TJ purchases beef from search
  • Butler, Mr.; TJ buys wheels from search
  • corn; TJ buys search
  • cotton; purchased by TJ search
  • Europe; scarcity of bread in search
  • flour; price of search
  • flour; transported to Richmond search
  • food; beef search
  • food; bread search
  • Gibson, Patrick; and goods for TJ search
  • Gibson, Patrick; and TJ’s flour search
  • Gibson, Patrick; and TJ’s tobacco search
  • Gibson, Patrick; letters to search
  • Gibson, Patrick; payments made for TJ search
  • horses; TJ purchases search
  • James River; ice on search
  • Monticello (TJ’s estate); flour from search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); cotton used at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); flour from search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); TJ returns from search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); TJ visits search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); tobacco grown at search
  • Richmond, Va.; boats transfer goods to and from search
  • Richmond, Va.; flour prices at search
  • Richmond, Va.; flour shipped to search
  • Robertson, Archibald; and payments for TJ search
  • Robertson, Archibald; sells corn to TJ search
  • Slaughter, Joseph; TJ buys horse from search
  • tobacco; grown at Poplar Forest search
  • United States; scarcity of bread in search
  • weather; ice search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); as superintendent of Poplar Forest search