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    • Dickinson, Philemon
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    • Washington, George

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Two Persons returned Yesterday from the Jerseys, who inform me, that there is a very great body of the Enemy in, & around Brunswick, but they could not ascertain the Number—one of them say’s, they were sending off Provisions &c., towards N. York. They made strict enquiry about Boats, but could not hear, of any preparations of the kind. Another Person from Crosswicks informs me, that he saw a...
I have this moment dispatch’d a proper Person over the river, to make the followg enquires, (& to return tomorrow morng, at which time a Horse will be provided for him, to wait upon your Excellency, with such Information as he may obtain) Viz: what Guards are posted upon the different roads leading into Trenton, the number on the Mill-bridge, where the Cannon lay & what number; to ascertain...
Your Excellency’s of the 5th Inst. did not come to hand till last Evening, I reced the Money for your Excellency’s mare by the Express; Capt. Morrison says, his Company was raised by the State of Pennsylvania, for the particular defense of that State, but that he was order’d into Jersey, by the Council of Safety —I mentioned several Days ago to your Excellency, that I had order’d four chests...
The Person who obtained Mr Morgan’s releasment, returned from New York with Doctor Vanderveer Yesterday, upon the same terms which were mentioned to your Excellency —The Intelligence recieved, is, The Prisoners at New York treated much better than they were, within a very short time past, in real want of nothing but cloathing, their distress great on that account—Troops arrived at Hell-gate...
By a person this moment returned from Brunswick whom I sent in on purpose; I have rec’d the following Intelligence, which I believe may be depended upon viz. Genl Howe & Lt Piercy arrived at Amboy on thursday last, with a reinforcement of five thousand Men, at which time one thousand men arrived at Brunswick —They are in great want of Forage at Brunswk & intend to come out very strong in a few...
Immediately upon the Receipt of your Excellency’s Letter, I sent an Express to Genl Putnam, & shall agreable to your request, give the earliest Intelligence of the Situation & movements of the Enemy, to Genl Green—I shall send into Brunswick on Saturday next, & hope to receive some interesting Intelligence; by the return of the Person sent. I have added a second Picket, they both stand 1¼...
I shall take care in future, to communicate to your Excellency by Letter certain Intelligence that may be received; my Reason for sending him up, was to give your Excellency an Opporty of asking many Questions, which perhaps I had omitted. I am much obliged by your Excellency’s Permission to purchase the Horse, I shall have him valued, & pay the Money, as proposed—shall observe your...
Agreable to your Excellency’s Orders, I shall this Day send down to Boundbrook, 300 men. The Person I mentioned to your Excellency, is just returned from Brunswick, & brings the following Intelligence. Genl Howe, went to New York, 10 Days ago, the Troops much in the same Situation they were, no Boats building; the Hessians very sickly, & die fast; many English Troops begin to sicken, Skinners...
In consequence of a Commission which I r[e]cieved a few Days ago from the honble Council & Assembly of this State, (being at that Time in Maryland) I am now on my Way to join Genl Sullivans Division, where I am informed the greatest Number of the Jersey Militia are collected. I should have done myself the honor of waiting upon your Excellency, but have been much indisposed; I expect to be at...
This morning came to this Place, Mr. Anthony Taylor an Inhabitant of Jersey, & gave me the following account that on Wednesday Eveng last (having the liberty of the City, & by bribing two Sailors) he made his escape from New York, in a Boat; that a Frigate came up to N. York, the day before he left it, the Captain of which said, that he had left the whole Fleet much to the Eastward of N. York,...
From the latest accounts I have received, I cannot find there has been any movements of the Enemy, upon Staten Island; and this Day I recieved the inclosed Letter from Gen: Forman, which I thought proper to send your Excellency. A few Days ago, I saw Mr Douglass, being the Person, whom I mentioned in my last letter to your Excellency, that made his escape from N. York, he say’s, that Gen:...
I this moment met with the Bearer Mr Hindman, who is just returned from viewing the Enemy; he saw them land, & can give your Excellency a very particular account, for which reason, I have desired him to wait upon you immediately. Mr Hindman thinks, they finished their debarkation last Evening, he saw both Horse & Infantry paraded. Mr Hindman is an Inhabitant of Maryland, which he left...
I received your Excellency’s Letter last Night, & you may be assured of my utmost exertions to check the Enemy’s progress in this State—It will not be in my Power, to give them much Opposition for several Days, as our Troops had just before this alarm, received Orders to march for Philadelphia, not a single moment shall be lost; after giving the necessary Orders, I shall instantly go on...
Since I wrote your Excellency last, I have received Information, that I think may be depended upon, that Generals Clinton, Campbell, & Skinner came over into Jersey, with the Detachments from York, & Staten Islands. The Person who gives this account, was at the Ferry on Staten Island, when those three Generals were crossing, & heard General Clinton say, he had orderd two regiments from...
By Express this moment arrived from Brigr Gen. Wines at Hackingsack, I am informed the Enemy have crossed the North River, & totally evacuated the Jersies—Gen: Wines say’s, their Number from the best Information he could collect, was near four thousand Men, & that General Clinton was certainly with them. Should this Intelligence be true, I have wrote Gen: McDougall, (who I am informed is near...
Letter not found: from Maj. Gen. Philemon Dickinson, 20 Sept. 1777. Dickinson wrote GW later on this date : “I wrote your Excellency this morning.”
I wrote your Excellency this morning, since which have had the honor of receiving your Favor of Yesterday’s date —Your Excellency will be much surprized to hear, there are not more than one thousand of our Militia now embodied, all of which are at this Post—since the receipt of your Excellency’s Letter, I have been considering in what way I could most speedily reinforce the Army under your...
Letter not found: from Maj. Gen. Philemon Dickinson, 21 Sept. 1777. GW wrote Dickinson on 22 Sept. : “I am favd with yours of the 21st.”
I had order’d a Major with One hundred Men, as a Guard to the Stores at Trenton, before the receipt of your favor of the 1st Inst:—from the Number of Waggons that I am informed, are employ’d in the removal of those Stores, I imagine the quantity now remaining, cannot be very great. Should your Excellency think the Guard insufficient, it shall be immediately increased—The following is the...
By intelligence just received, which I am of opinion may be depended on, there is some great & uncommon movement of the Enemy; what their real intentions are, cannot determine—the prevailing opinion is, that they intend to push thro’ this State, perhaps it may be to assist Burgoyne, a few days will determine the matter; when your Excellency shall be further informed. I have given orders for a...
Your favor of Yesterday, was handed me by Col: Fitzgerald; having detached Genl Winds with 1,000 Men to New Windsor, by order of Govr Livingston, this Post was reduced very low; I have endeavour’d by every possible means to bring in the Militia, & have only collected 700 men—hope in a few Days, to increase the Number to 1000. Immediately on reciept of your Excellency’s letter, I sent an...
By a Person just returned from Bergen, who has been stationed there for several Days; I am informed, that the Enemy’s Fleet with all their flat bottomed Boats, that went up the North River, returned last Evening to N. York. The report is confirmed, of their having burnt Kingston at Æsopus—& by a woman who left N. York two Days ago, I can inform your Excellency, that the report of General...
The Governors Answer this moment came to hand, which I inclose your Excellency—tis such, as I little expected —By Order of the Governor & Council, I was stationed at this Post, with Directions to keep up 1,000 Men—my number at present, does not exceed 700 men—could I with propriety, I would instantly march 500 Men from this Post, but this cannot be done, without an Order of the Governor, or...
Your Excellency’s favor of the 27th October, I receivd the 30th & should be happy, if I had it my Power to inform you, that I was prepareing for my March to the Delaware. I mentioned to the Governor & Council, the urgent Necessity for the immediate compliance with your Excellency’s request, but have yet received no Answer—nor do I believe, the Order will be given in time, to be of any...
The Ships that came from N. York with the Troops, came to the Watering Place Yesterday, where they were busily engaged taking in Water all Day—they have on board the following Regiments, the 52d, 36th, 7th & the Light Dragoons—from this account, they intend round by Water—they have landed on Staten Island, two small Regiments one Hessians, the other Anspachers, their whole force there, amounts...
This moment I received an Express from an Officer stationed on the South Amboy Shore, informing me, that a Fleet consisting of thirty six Sail, left the Narrows Yesterday Morning, at 10. OClock with a fair Wind—some of them appear’d to [be] very large, & deeply laden’d. I have a Person now on Staten Island, who will return about Midnight, expect to be more particularly informed by him—anything...
Nothing material has happen’d since I wrote your Excellency last—by Intillegence from New York, General Clinton (who remains there) has order’d out the Militia—I received a Letter from Genl Putnam Yesterday, he is advancing towards Kingsbridge, which has caused a great alarm in the City—a large Party of the Militia, are sent over to Long Island every Morning to erect some Works, they return...
Having obtained the fullest Information, respecting the Strength & Situation, of the Enemy upon Staten Island, & made the necessary Preparations, I called in many Volunteers, whose Numbers, in addition to those who were on Duty at this Post, amounted to about 1400 Men, with this Detachment, I landed Yesterday Morning before Day, upon the Island, from Halsteads Point—The whole Strength of the...
Yesterday morning the Enemy came up the River with five armed Vessells, & between twenty & thirty flat bottom’d Boats—they landed at Bordentown & burnt two of Mr Bordens Houses, the two Frigates, & a great Number of other Vessells that were lodged in the different Creeks—they then proceeded up the River, to the lower end of Biles Island, where they remained all night—the few men I had...
Your Excellency’s favor of the 13th instant I have recieved—when I mentioned the Establishment of a Post, in such Part of this State, as your Excellency should judge most proper, I meant a Post supplied by our militia; from your Excellency’s letter, I imagine you must have misunderstood me. By the latest accounts recieved from Philadelphia, Sir Harry, either intends to leave the City, or pay...
An Intelligent Person, who left New York last Wednesday, say’s, that he saw many hundred Houses in that City, cleaning out, for the reception, of the Troops from Philadelphia, which were expected there, in a very short time—and that the general talk of the Town, was their evacuating Philadelphia. A Militia Officer, who this moment returned from Gloucester County, informs me, that the...
Two deserters from Philadelphia, whch they left yesterday morning, bring the following Intelligence; that all the Cannon, except twelve brass field pieces, were actually embarked, with their baggage, The wood-cutter had left this State, that the party which cover’d them, consistg of four Regiments, under the Command of Genl Lesly, were striking their Tents, & puting them, on board the Shiping,...
Captain Carle with a part of his Troops, went down Yesterday, as low as Frankford—he saw many People, who had just left the City, all of whom agreed, that Genl Howe return’d there on Thursday last, having unexpectedly met with a French Fleet, at the Capes —the report of the Enemys passing thro’ Jersey, still prevailed in Philadelphia, but, that it was Genl Clinton’s intention, to attack your...
This morning, I received the inclosed from General Maxwell —Yesterday a party of Horse returned from the lines, they saw many Persons from Philadelphia, who say, that it was Lord Howe, who arrived there on Saturday last, & not Genl Howe, as I mentioned to your Excellency, in mine of Yesterday’s date—The Captain of a Boat, which I keep down the River, landed yesterday Morning at Parrs Place, I...
I wrote your Excellency yesterday, since which, I have recieved the inclosed from Genl Maxwell, & now forward by Express. I have the honor to be, Your Excellency’s Most Obt Servt ALS , DLC:GW . The enclosed letter from Col. Israel Shreve to Dickinson, dated “fostertown,” N.J., 30 May 1778, reads: “this moment I Got the Intillegence I Expected yesterday, by the person I Sent in to the City. he...
I this moment, recieved the inclosed from General Maxwell —in consequence of which, the Troops at this Post, are prepareing to march down the River. An Express, from the other side of the River informs me, there is a large Detachment of the Enemy, advancing towards Newtown—a plundering Party I suppose. I have the honor to be, Your Excellency’s most Ob. St P.S. The Tories in Bucks County, are...
Your favors of the 5th & 7th instant, I receivd last Evening, your Excellency’s Orders, respecting the disposition of the Militia, upon the Enemy’s expected march thro’ the Jerseys, shall be strictly complied with. I shall endeavour to be prepared for them, but it will take some time, to assemble a very large Body of Militia, I have no doubt they will turn out, with Spirit, upon such an...
I have communicated, the contents of your Excellency’s letter of the 8th instant, to Governor Livingston, who is of Opinion, that it would not be proper to call in the Militia, untill the hours of real Danger—for which reason shall delay it, unless I should recieve your Excellency’s orders, for that purpose. The inclosed letter accompanied a Turtle, which shall be forwarded by the first...
A very Intelligent young Man, who left Philadelphia yesterday afternoon at 3, OClock, gave me the following intelligence—that the Enemy for several Nights past, had been crossing over to the Jerseys, the greater part of their Army, supposed to be on this side, the River —more officers than Soldiers, walking the Streets, those in the City uneasy at their situation—many Artillery Waggons had...
The inclosed just came to hand, from Genl Maxwell —the same Intelligence, was brought me a few hours before, which I believe may be relied upon—a Person whom I sent down the River, saw the Vessells on the Stocks, at both the upper, & lower parts of the City, in flames. A Gentleman of Reputation who lives near Philada sent me word last Evening, that the Enemy were very industrious, in...
The inclosed Letter, I this moment received from Govr Livingston —I pressed him in the strongest manner, to call out the whole of our Militia, but to no purpose—your Excellency will see his determination by the inclosed. Genl Maxwell informs me, in a letter of yesterdays date, that the Enemy are still busily engaged, in crossing over to the Jersey shore, Troops, Artillery, Horses, Cattle &c....
Your Excellency’s favor of this morning, just came to hand—A Boy from Philada, say’s, our Troops took possession of the City, at 6, OClock, at which time he left it. The alarms thro’ this State are given, I make no doubt our Militia, will turn out with Spirit—Your Excellency may rely on my utmost exertions, the Troops are preparing to march from this Post—The most exact intelligence, shall be...
I am just returned from Mount holly—Genl Maxwell with his Brigade, are on their march to the Black horse —The Enemy have advanced as far as Eyres Town, three miles below Holly, & are busily engaged, in repairing the Bridge, which was destroy’d—a party of Genl Maxwells Brigade, now lay on this side the Creek, & will delay their operations a little—there was a brisk fire for a few minutes, in...
I am this moment returned from the lines, the main body of the Enemy lay at Mountholly, their Picket is advanced about one Mile on this side, I was within three hundred yards of it—but could get no intelligence from the Inhabitants, as all those who remain at home, are disaffected—General Clinton is at Holly—their Waggons extend above two Miles—they march now in one Column—were delay’d many...
Since writing your Excellency a few minutes ago, I received the inclosed from G. Maxwell. A Hessian Deserter this moment came in, an intelligent fellow, he say’s, the reason of their marching so slow, is the weight of their Baggage—I suppose plunder—hundreds of the Hessians, were knocked up with the heat of Yesterday. I have the honor to be Your Excellencys most Obt Saturd⟨ay⟩ Eveng ⟨...
I came to this Place last Night, to give some particular Directions—an Express just came in, from the Party stationed near Ancocus Creek; the captain informs me, that a very large Body of the Enemy now lay at Moores Town (nine miles distance from Holly) that he crossed over the Delaware, yesterday & the Day before, three hundred Hessian Deserters—That a much greater Number would have deserted,...
I am just returned from General Maxwells Quarters—have sent down three Detachments of Militia, upon different roads, to throw every possible obstruction in the Enemy’s way, & to skirmish with them, when they advance—no movement to Day, except bringing up their rear, which I believe, was the cause of so long a halt, at Holly—The Continental Troops are all drawn from the lines, except one...
At one oClock this morning, I received information, that the Enemy were endeavouring to surround us, with a strong detachment which marched last Evening from Holly, the Informant said, they intended to take possession, of Crosswicks, & the Drawbridge, whilst their main body moved on, in our rear—I thought our situation very precarious, therefore am now preparing to cross, the Creek...
The Enemy are advancing very fast upon the Bordentown road—they are so superior in Horse, that they push our few, where ever they see them—from every present Appearance, they will pass by Trenton, they will meet great opposition at this Bridge, as I am determined to defend it, as long as tis possible. I have the honor to be, Your Excellency’s Most Obt ALS , DLC:GW .
The Enemy’s front came yesterday to the Black-horse, where they still remain—Genl Maxwell continues at Crosswicks—where I am now going—to get further intelligence—the Militia are at this Place, except two hundred, annexed to Gl Maxwells Brigade—no movement of the Enemy this Day. Col: Moylan with his Horse, are going on the lines—have no doubt they will surprize—aleast a part of their...