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To James Madison from William Eustis, 22 June 1812 (Abstract)

§ From William Eustis

22 June 1812, War Department. “I have the honor to lay before you Extracts of Letters from the Governors of Territories and other Agents, ‘respecting the hostile and friendly movements and intentions of the Indians towards the United States,’1 in conformity to a Resolution of … the Senate, passed June 19th. 1812.”2

RC and enclosures (DNA: RG 46, TP, Indiana); FC (PHi: Daniel Parker Papers); letterbook copy (DNA: RG 107, LSP). RC 1 p. For enclosures, see n. 1. JM forwarded the RC and enclosures to the Senate on 23 June 1812.

1The forty-two surviving enclosed extracts and letters (24 pp.), along with eleven that appear not to have survived, include correspondence Eustis received from territorial governors, Indian agents, and military personnel in Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, New York, Georgia, and Tennessee between 7 Jan. and 9 June 1812. The letters describe escalating violence on the frontier, observing that several nations—particularly the Winnebagoes—appeared to be making preparations to attack American settlers, implying that the British encouraged such activity and that a war with Great Britain would accelerate it further, and calling for reinforcements in the territories to repel Indian attacks. Several letters note that a number of tribes had displayed or professed friendship for the U.S. and promised their neutrality or support in a conflict with Great Britain (printed in ASP description begins American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States … (38 vols.; Washington, 1832–61). description ends , Indian Affairs, 1:804–11).

2On 19 June 1812 Samuel Smith of Maryland moved “that the President of the United States be requested to lay before the Senate such information as he may possess respecting the hostile or friendly movements and intentions of the Indians towards the United States, subsequent to the battle of Tippecanoe” (Annals of Congress description begins Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States … (42 vols.; Washington, 1834–56). description ends , 12th Cong., 1st sess., 299).

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