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    • Cathcart, James Leander
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13 August 1810, Madeira. Cathcart acknowledges JM’s letters of 30 May and 15 and 26 June and informs him of the arrangements he has made for purchasing wine ordered by JM. RC , duplicate, and enclosures ( DLC ). RC 2 pp.; docketed by JM. Duplicate (3 pp.; docketed by JM) includes 16 Aug. postscript mentioning enclosures: invoice for £249 (1 p.); and bill of lading (1 p.) for wine shipped on...
I have this day taken the liberty to draw upon you in favor of Messrs: Ca thcart Foster & Shaw for dollars Seventy Nine twenty Cents for disbursements made by my or der for the relief of distressed Seamen, which y ou please to duly honour & have charged my Account until I forward the nec essary vouchers I have the h onour to continue with great respect Sir Your Obedt: servant DNA : RG...
I have taken the liberty this day to draw upon you in favor of Saml: Brown Esqr. for One thousand five hundred dollars which draft I request you to honor upon sight: I am happy to inform you that all my business is compleated here & Mella Menni is only waiting for his people to return from New York in order to embark. I have the honor to continue very respectfully Sir Your Obnt: Servt. DNA :...
22 July 1811, Madeira. Acknowledges receipt of the duplicate of JM’s letter of 28 May . “I feel great satisfaction that the wines I sent to your address are approved & will endeavor to execute your present commission similar to the last by the first good conveyance.” RC ( DLC ). 1 p.
12 September 1811, Madeira. Advises that the wines JM ordered are cased and awaiting a vessel for Alexandria or Baltimore. Both JM’s and Monroe’s wines will be forwarded as soon as a ship is available. “I have taken the liberty to include the Pipe of wine for Mrs. Lucy Washington in the bill I have drawn upon you this day in favor of Matthew Cobb Esqr. of Portland for £378. Stg.” Wishes to be...
I had the honor to write to you yesterday informing you that I had pitch’d upon the Ship two Brothers of Salem to carry Mella Menni out in: she is a fast sailer has a bulwark pierced with twelve ports exactly like the Franklin which might be lined in little time & at small expense & would then make a very good appearance It occurs to me that Mella Menni would agree to have her substituted in...
20 June 1803, Leghorn . No. 6. “Since the date of the enclosed communications to our Consuls in Barbary nothing has transpired either to confirm or to contradict the report” of Smith’s capture. Hopes it “may turn out to be a similar one to that of Mc:Niels engagement.” Has heard nothing “official from our squadron.” It is reported that “some powder caught fire by accident” on board the New...
The annext copy of my letter to Mr. Smith of this date will inform you of our exact position. as I presume you are absent from the seat of Government I have profer’d this mode of communication in order to insure an answer from superior authority as soon as possible. I hope you will excuse my not addressing my letters dirict to you as I ought to do as it would take up so much time that I should...
I have the honor to inform you that I proceed to Leghorn in the Syren the first westerly wind. I have given Mr. Lear every information in my power, & will dispatch the Syren from Leghorn to Algiers with the Consular present with the greatest dispatch. Peace is concluded between the United States & Morocco, for the particulars, of which I refer you to Comodore Prebble & Col. Lear & remain with...
21 May 1802, Leghorn. No. 6. Acknowledges JM’s letter enclosing the 6 Feb. act for the protection of the commerce and seamen of the U.S. Encloses a copy of his dispatch no. 8 “& cannot imagine how it miscarried.” Has received no word from Barbary or about U.S. warships since his last dispatch. “I have kept myself in readiness to embark at a moments warning ever since the arrival of Comodore...
10 August 1801, Leghorn. No. 10. Acknowledges receipt of JM’s 21 May letter accompanied by a letter from Commodore Dale. Encloses copies of Dale’s letter and his reply to inform JM of their proposed method of procedure. His dispatches forwarded direct from Tunis and by True-man on the Columbia will convince JM that the dey of Algiers will never intercede on behalf of the U.S. but rather in...
On the 24th inst I had the honor to receive your dispatches for the Tunisian Ambassador & on the 25th the Brig Franklin arrived here; elate with the hope of terminating this disagreeable business & of returning to my family, judge my regret at being under the necessity of forwarding the enclosed. I have made use of every persuasive argument in my power to induce the Ambassador to embark...
1 June 1803, Leghorn . No. 5. “Enclosed I … transmit my accompts & acot: curt: which closes my accompts as Consul for Tripoli,” as well as “a full exposition” of all expenditures “under the head of Tripoli since my administration commenced.” Hopes they meet with the government’s approbation. With the exception of “some diamond solitaires,” all the gifts for Algiers have arrived. Requests that...
A few days ago I made application to General Dearborn as a candidate for an Agency that is vacant at the post of Natchitoches; finding I had a rival in the person of Mr. Rodgers, I waited upon the general this morning who inform’d me that a number of respectable persons having applied for the said appointment he had determined to lay their pretensions before the President who would select the...
3 May 1805, Washington . “If you have recd. no later intelligence from the mediterranean the following extract will give you some information.” RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Tripoli, vol. 2). RC 2 pp.; docketed by Wagner. At the bottom of his letter, Cathcart appended an extract of a letter from William Higgins to him, dated at Malta 8 Jan. 1805 (printed in Knox, Naval Documents, Barbary Wars, Dudley...
By circulars from Gibraltar we are informed that Mr. Simpson arrived at that place on the 25th. of June having recd. orders to depart the Emperor of Morocco’s dominions in half an hour, in consequence of his having declared war against the United States of America. By my Circular of the 11th. of Septr. 1801 copy’s of which were forwarded to the Department of State and to Comodore Dale I...
I have the honor to inclose for your Information, the Documents relative to the Ship Manchester, with a duplicate of My Letter of 4: Ulto. which will inform you of her detention. Since my last no Alteration has taken place whatever on this Island. On the 26: Ulto. Sr. Sidney Smith in the Foudroyant, with the Agamemnon, and a Gun brig loaded with Rockets & other implements of Destruction,...
22 June 1812, Madeira. Solicited an appointment to the Lisbon consulate in June and July 1811, “should it again become vacant.” Has been informed that Mr. [George] Jefferson resigned the post due to ill health. “May I hope that my expectations will not be disappointed & that I may at last have a prospect of educating my family in a manner equal to my wishes.… I have only to add that my...
25 September 1803, Gibraltar . No. 14. “On the 23rd. inst. I arrived in this bay & immediately went onboard the Constitution to pay my respects to Comodore Prebble & Coll. Lear. In obedience to your instructions of the 16th. of July I presented them with a copy of my communication of the 9th. inst. & since has given the latter every information in my power, the bustle naturally attending so...
We arrived in this City via Annapolis on Sunday evening, & with difficulty obtain’d lodgings at the Columbian Inn, after having been rejected at Evanses & several private houses: The manner the Ambassador has been treated since, & the pains that has been taken to efface unfavorable impressions promises success equal to the expectations of government. Yesterday an officer from the seat of...
I have the honor to inform you that I arrived in this City last Monday, & a few days afterwards heard that your Exy: had left orders for a Commission to be made out for me as Consul genl. resident at Cadiz. This intelligence was very grateful to my feelings in a double point of view as it indicated that I still retaind a portion of your confidence & esteem & promised the pecuniary means of...
In mine of 26: April I had the honor to inform you that this Island had been returned to the Porteguese on the 23d. of said Month, since which no alteration whatever has taken place, neither has any thing of moment Occurrd. By this Conveyance Mrs. Cathcart, has sent a Tub containing some Grape vines of a very superior quality which she Requests Mrs. Madison to accept, with her best Respects....
I have this inst: receiv’d the inclosed papers, independent of which the passengers are to be supplied with ships provisions, and births are to be built for them to keep them seperate from the people, at the expense of the owners. I had every arrangement made to haul the Two Brothers alongside the Franklin on yesterday morning to take in her cargo; but Lieut: Wederstrandt did not conceive...
I am sorry to inform You that on the th: Ulto: the British Privateer Brig Caroline, Commanded by Charles Jones, brought into these Roads the American Ship Manchester, Joseph Reynolds Master, Owned by John James Mercht. of Philadelphia, de tained by her since the 19th. Ulto., on pretence that the said Ship had inc urred the Penalty inflicted on Neutrals by the British Order of Council of the...
9 May 1802, Leghorn. No. 5. Has not heard from “Barbary” but supposes Eaton persuaded Hamet to remain at Malta until the U.S. naval squadron arrives with instructions from the president. Has been informed that the Enterprize arrived “with dispatches at Gibraltar” and immediately went in search of the Boston , “who I presume is off Tripoli, but this is only conjecture as I have not been favor’d...
During Mr. Eaton’s delay at Leghorn he inform’d me that no consideration on earth could have sufficient weight to induce him to remain in Barbary a moment after our affairs were terminated with Tripoli which would naturally envolve in its consequences a final settlement with Tunis. I therefore request that I may be removed from Tripoli to Tunis as I presume I have a prior right to that...
18 September 1811, Madeira. Encloses an invoice and bill of lading for the six pipes of wine JM ordered on 28 May—five pipes for JM and one for Mrs. Lucy Washington. Pipes no. 1 and 2 are from the vault of John de Carvalhal, the remainder from the private stock of Henry Correa. Assures JM of the purity of the wine, mentioning that “the vintages of the four last years have been remarkably bad &...
Yesterday I enclosed dispatches from Mr: Eaton at Tunis down to the 4th: of May. I have now the honor to forward an extract of the intelligence which I receiv’d from Tripoli on the 1st: inst. containing the most prominent transactions of that government from the 12th: of March to the 30th: of April in addition to which I take the liberty to forward for the information of govt. the following...
This day I have taken the liberty to draw upon the Department of State for the sum of Four hundred & thirty dollars & twenty five Cents in favor of John Gavino Esqr. Consul for the U S. of America at this place. Said sum when paid you will please to have placed to my Acct. untill final settlement. I am with very great Respect Sir Your Most Obdt. Servt. The preceding is the full transcription...
I was hond. with yr. favor of the 2nd. inst. in course of post & would have replied to it had I had any thing to inform you worthy your attention: The presents are compleated, the Cattle, plate, & Mocca Coffee excepted: I have made purchases for the Ambassador to the amount of 20,000, the whole of which is lodged in the public stores: he seems perfectly satisfied with the arrangements made for...
I was hond: with your esteem’d favor of the 15th: inst: this morning, & immediately paid into the hands of the Ambassador the sum of 2643 dollars, the amount of cash paid by him for the articles sent to Washington, and have taken his receipt for the same in full of all demands: I made use of every suggestion mentioned in your letter, & many more of less magnitude, to induce him to believe,...
1 February 1804, Leghorn. No. 2. Enclosed his accounts with the U.S. up to 31 Dec. 1803 with his 28 Jan. 1804 letter . “At present I send you a copy of a negotiation with Mr: Anthony Dugan for bills upon you for 5000 dollars at 5 ⅌ C: discount on the ammount receiv’d which makes a considerable difference between the terms of this negotiation & that for 20,000 dollars negotiated by Messrs....
18 March 1804, Leghorn. No. 4. “By the arrival of the Imperial Polacca La Benevolenza Captn: Luca Lucovich in eight days from Tripoli I am enabled to give you the intelligence contain’d in the enclosed extract of a letter from Monsr: Antoine Zuchette Batavian chargé des affaires at Tripoli to Diederick Kerfsbyll Esqr: Batavian Consul at Leghorn , the latter gave me the extract in confidence &...
26 September 1804, Leghorn. “The annext copy of my last letter to Mr. Nissen is a tribute of respect due to that gentleman for his services since the war with Tripoli commenced, & his humanity to our unfortunate fellow Citizens in captivity. The extract from Mr. Higgens at Malta will inform you of Comodore Prebles operations since my last, & serve to prove that my opinion that co-ercive...
I receiv’d your favor of the 10th: inst: in course of post, & since have been constantly employ’d in the execution of the duties assign’d me: The Ambassador has seen every thing worthy notice in this City & its environs, & I had proposed to leave town on monday morning but am prevented by the eclipse which renders it improper to travel on that day, lest it might alarm the Ambassador, & then...
The enclosed extracts from my correspondence & Mr. Eatons dispatches will inform you of our actual position, every thing seems to be in a train to promise apparently a satisfactory conclusion to this war which I assure you envolves serious consequences ’tho visibly it is of little moment. I have before observed that Tunis and Algiers have their eyes fix’d on Tripoli to know how far their...
By the Brig Apollo Ca ptn: Goldsbury who sails immediately Ihave only ti me to inform you that Sir Samuel Hood with four sa il of the Line & five Frigates & anumber of Transports wi th General Beresford & four thousand Troops on board are now anchoring within two Cables length of the for tifications of this City Some of whom have a lready dropt their Stern Anchors & have Springs their Cables,...
5 March 1802, Leghorn. No. 3. States that “during Mr. Eaton’s delay at Leghorn he inform’d me that no consideration on earth could have sufficient weight to induce him to remain in Barbary a moment after our affairs were terminated with Tripoli…. I therefore request that I may be removed from Tripoli to Tunis as I presume I have a prior right to that appointment to any person in the United...
§ From James Leander Cathcart. 26 April 1806, Georgetown. “It occurs to me that the Bashaw of Tunis has too much good sense to declare War against the United States while they have a force in the Mediterranean able to cope with his; in opposition to this opinion it may be stated that the United States having refused to comply with the Bashaws demand, of maratime & military stores, if receded...
I have the honor to inform you that Mr. Mella Menni return’d here yesterday evening heartily tired of his expedition, & looking rather a little foolish; I immediately inform’d him of the arrangement which had taken place relative to the debenture upon his cargo, with which he seemd perfectly satisfied, but at the same time indicated that the whole was a scheme of mine in order to cheat him to...
At this moment I mean only to acknowledge the receipt of Yours of the 9th: of April enclosed with two letters from the President to the Bey of Tunis the one of the 14th: & the other of the 22nd: of April the Commission for Tunis was not enclosed probably left out by mistake, & to inform you that I immediately took passage onboard a greek Polacca bound to Corfú whose master has agreed to land...
I was honor’d with your esteem’d favor of the 13th. March on the 28th. Ulto. & I most Sincerely congratulate you & our Country on the Success of your election, & hope you may live long to enjoy the fruits of your labours in the full confidence of the worthy part of the Community however they may differ in political matters. The Wines you order’d me to Send you are Ship’d by the Madeira as ⅌ ....
25 July 1803, Leghorn . No. 10. Encloses news from Nissen at Tripoli brought by a French ship that arrived “Last night.” Has not heard from Davis at Tunis or from Morris, “which seems to me as extraordinary as improper.” Foresees difficulties in the coming negotiation: “we have lost our importance in those seas, & if it is not speedily retrieved by a brilliant act we must & had much better at...
27 September 1801, Leghorn. No. 12. Sends enclosures covering occurrences since his last dispatch. Danish commodore Koefoed has arrived from Tripoli, where he adjusted terms of tribute rather than taking advantage of the current opportunity to eliminate payments; coercion of the pasha seems contrary to Danish policy. Though enclosures show the friendly disposition of Swedes, he believes they...
I have the honor to transmit for your Excellency’s perusal the most correct information obtainable of the actual state of Spain & its government when I left Cadiz in February last. I have only to add that a few days prior to my departure General O’Reilly took passage in a merchant vessel bound to Lima in order to take the command in chief of all King Ferdinand’s forces in Peru & its...
Enclosed with this, I have the honor to transmit, for the information of Government, a Journal of events, which has taken place since my last. Enclosure A, contains, the latest information, we have received from Tripoli, and B, is my last communications to Mr. Nissen. The suspicion which Mr. Eaton is at present under, of having, misapplied Public money, I most sincerely hope he may be able to...
26 August 1802, Leghorn. Submits for the president’s decision a plan to coerce Yusuf Pasha of Tripoli to agree to a permanent treaty with the U.S. and “perpetual protection” for his brother Hamet by threatening him with the “use of such means as God had already placed in our hands … join’d to our influence at the sublime Port.” Encloses William Eaton’s letter to him of 12 July “with my...
§ From James Leander Cathcart. 5 May 1806, Georgetown. “On the subject of the presents for the Bashaw of Tunis, I have the honor to Report That Mr. Foxall has six brass field pieces which are well calculated for that service, the Secretary at War is the proper person to apply to for them, he has carriages at his disposal which will suit them without making new ones, provided they are...
I embrace the earliest opportunity to forward the enclosed dispatches which I have copied in order to multiply their conveyance: their being no vessel here ready to sail for the United States I have enclosed them to Mr. Cathalan at Marseilles. By the enclosures A & B you will be inform’d of our actual position; the Capture of the Tripoline Cruiser in its tendency is equal to a victory, &...
21 March 1804, Leghorn. No. 5. “Enclosed I have the honor to transmit twelve copies of a translation of the President’s two last speeches to congress, the[y] retain sufficient elegance of stile to recommend them ’tho dress’d in a foreign language; besides as we are indebted to the old world for a vast fund of knowledge; I think it but just that we should repay them when we have an opportunity:...