James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from James Leander Cathcart, 28 December 1801 (Abstract)

§ From James Leander Cathcart

28 December 1801, Leghorn. No. 14. Sends enclosures “which will inform you of the trifling occurrences since my last.” Reports “we are amazingly fortunate that none of our merchant vessels have been captured,” as one of the Tripolitan cruisers has been as far west as Cartagena; President is at Toulon, George Washington at Naples, Philadelphia off Tripoli, and Essex guards cruisers at Gibraltar. George Washington is daily expected at Leghorn for convoy duty. Has seen a letter of 5 Dec. from O’Brien to Appleton reporting that all U.S. arrears, both in stores and cash, are paid up to 1801.1 Impatiently awaits instructions from the president “in the lively hope that the destruction of Tripoli is decreed in just detestation of the iniquity of its government and flattering myself that the new World will teach the old how to negociate with Tyrants.” In postscript adds that he forwards a letter from Barron to the secretary of the navy.2

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