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    • Appleton, Thomas
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    • Madison, James
    • Madison, James
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Documents filtered by: Author="Appleton, Thomas" AND Recipient="Madison, James" AND Recipient="Madison, James" AND Period="Jefferson Presidency"
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5 March 1801, Leghorn. Encloses copy of Cathcart’s 3 Jan. circular letter, received on 3 Feb. Has forwarded copies to American consuls in Sicily, Naples, Elba, Genoa, Barcelona, Málaga, and Alicante; believes as a result all Americans now in Mediterranean will avoid capture. Discusses his effort to enlist aid of Belleville, French chargé d’affaires in Tuscany, in persuading pasha to wait...
I had the Honor of Addressing you on the 12th. of February. On the 3d. Ultimo I receiv’d a Circular letter from Mr. Cathcart American Consul at Tripoli; a copy of which you will find inclosed. The following d ay I forwarded Copies to the ports of Sicily, Naples, Elbe, Genoa, Barcelona, Malaga, and Alicant from which I am induced to beleive, that the Americans now in the Mediterranean, will...
3 June 1801, Leghorn. Notes that in consequence of Cathcart’s circular letters warning of a war with Tripoli an embargo has been laid on American vessels in Leghorn harbor. Cathcart’s arrival in Leghorn has confirmed the propriety of the measure. Has transmitted Cathcart’s letters to other American consulates in Italy, Spain, and France. Encloses copy of Cathcart’s 2 June circular on Barbary...
I had last the honor of addressing the department of State on the 7th. of March Via Baltimore. In Consequence of the Various Circulars of Mr. Cathcart Consul for U: S. A at Tripoli, representing a war as inevitable with that regency; and the little faith that could be p laced even in the promises of the Bey, that he would for a certain time refrain from hostilities, it has been thought...
9 July 1801, Leghorn. Forwards dispatches from Cathcart and encloses a copy of Cathcart’s circular of 11 May. Notes that in laying embargoes on American shipping consuls in Mediterranean have used their own judgment. Considers that not only would ships and cargoes be endangered by allowing them to depart singly but pasha wants to take captives in order to force his terms on the U.S. These...
I had the honor of addressing the department of state on the 18th Ultimo: and now i nclose you some dispatches from Mr. Cathcart Consul for Tripoli, also the Copy of a Circular from him under date of the 11th. of May. I am sensible sir, that it may be ur g’d by some individuals, that the Consuls in laying an embargo on all american ships in the ports of the Me diteranean, have Consulted rather...
10 August 1801, Leghorn. Sent previous dispatch of 9 July by way of Paris, covering dispatches from Cathcart, who is now in Leghorn. Forwards copy of circular letter received from Tunis; has distributed it to foreign consuls in Leghorn and American consuls in Italy, Trieste, Smyrna, France, Spain, Holland, Hamburg, and London. His receipt of timely information from Barbary States and...
My last respects were under date o f the 9th. of July, forwarded by the way of Paris covering dispatches from Mr. Cathcart Consul for Tripoli, and who is now in this place. I shall not trespass on your time, by entering into a detail of the affairs of Barbary as he has so fully informed you of our situation wi th those regencies. I now forward you a co py of a Circular I have receiv’d from...
28 September 1801, Leghorn. Fears his dispatch of 9 July may have been lost in a postal robbery at Nice. Announces that American ship Columbia and schooner Raven were seized on the suspicion of their being British property but General Murat, on his request, ordered them to be released. Has found Murat to be prompt in responding to requests for favors or justice. Current political situation in...
My last respects were under date of the 25th. Ultimo, Via Baltimore, and those previous to the 9th. of July by the way of Paris which Contained di spatches from Mr. Cathcart I am Apprehensive have no t reached your hands, as the Courier was robb’d an d assassinated at Nice. A short time since the ship Columbia, and the Schooner Raven both belonging to Citizens of the U: States, were seized...
12 December 1801, Leghorn. Lack of a conveyance to the U.S. has prevented him from writing for over six weeks. The “panic of peace” has suspended commercial negotiations, a situation worsened by the arrival of more U.S. vessels within fifteen days than at any period during his residence. Declares that American trade with Italy, though not extensive, has been “most lucrative” during the past...
No opportunity having presented for the United States, since the date of the enclosed duplicate, has prevented me from addressing the Department of State for more than six weeks; a length of time I Confess unusual, even tho’ no event of moment should have made it in dispensable. The panic of peace has so pa lsied all men in trade in this part of Europe as totally to suspend every Commercial...
15 January 1802, Leghorn. Encloses a list of American vessels in port during the past year [not found], a statement of his expenditures for distressed seamen during the same period [not found], a copy of the Napoleonic constitution accepted by the Republic of Lucca, and an estimate of the empire’s losses during the war. Reduced number of American ships in port results from the British blockade...
I had the honor of addressing the Department of State on the 14th. Ultimo, and now inclose you a duplicate th ereof, also the account of American vessels which have arrived in this port during the last year, together with a very detailed st atement of the different Sums I have expended for the re lief of distressed seamen during the year 1801. You will fi nd likewise inclosed Sir a translation...
20 February 1802, Leghorn. Wrote last on 15 Jan. enclosing list of U.S. shipping and account of expenditures for distressed seamen. His preceding letter [12 Dec.] mentioned the congress at Lyons on the form of government for the Cisalpine Republic. In future, this will be known as the Italian Republic; encloses a copy of the principal articles that form the basis of its constitution. Its...
I had the honor of addressing you on the 15th. of January, inclosing at the Same time a list of American ships arrived in this Port during the year 1801, also the account of monies supplied to distressed seamen till the last of December. In my preceeding letter I have men tioned to you that deputies from all the orders composing the Cis-alpine republic were assembled at Lyons, to concert wit h...
1 June 1802, Leghorn. Has nothing of note to report except the “great embarkation of french troops in the different ports of Italy,” which required the impressment of “twenty or more vessels of various nations indiscriminately.” Among these was the Syren , Captain Reilly, of Philadelphia. “I remonstrated against the proceedure, and should, I am persuaded have obtained her release from so...
Few or no circumstances arising to interrupt the usual tranquillity of our Commerce with this part of Italy, will, I presume, be a sufficient reason why I do not trespass more on your time, in mentioning those small occurrences which are not of general impo rtance; one only of moment took place on the 19th. of April. The great embarkation of french troops in the different ports of Italy...
10 July 1802, Leghorn. Reports that on 8 July he was informed by the Danish consul of the arrival of two armed Tripolitan galliots in Algiers; encloses a translation of a letter on the subject and declares that he “lost not a moment” in warning American ships at Leghorn. Encloses a copy of a letter from O’Brien at Algiers, received 9 July, which he forwarded to “all our Consuls on the European...
On the 8th. instant, I was informed, by the Danish Consul of the arrival at Algiers, of two armed tripoline Galliots, as you will observe by the inclosed translation of his letter. Many American vessels being on the ’eve of their de parture, I have lost not a moment in communicating thi s information, that being thus Apprised of their danger t hey may take those precautions so essential to...
8 September 1802, Leghorn. “The unhappy situation to which the ships of the UStates are exposed in these seas, has put a stop to almost all our Commerce with this place for the last month.” Forwards letters from Captain Murray of the Constellation to the secretary of the navy and dispatches from Cathcart and refers JM to them for the “actual position” of the U.S. with Tripoli. “The Affairs of...
The unhappy situation to which the ships of the UStates are exposed in these seas, has put a stop to almost all our Commerce with this place for the last month. The letters from Capt. Murray in the Constellation before Tripoli, which I now forward to the Secretary of the Navy, in Conjunction with those of Mr. Cathcart for the department of State; will no doubt inform you of our actual position...
7 December 1802, Leghorn. Transmits several letters he was asked to forward. Four American seamen captured in the Franklin arrived “a few days since.” He provided them with clothing and put them on board the Syren and Little Robert , both bound for Philadelphia. The number of Tripolitan corsairs out, coupled with the lack of fear of American captains, have “increased my apprehensions for their...
I have now the honor of inclosing you several letters I have been Requested to forward. A few days since arrived here four american seamen who were Captured in the brig Franklin and carried into Tripoli. After having provided them with necessary c loathing, they have been embarked on board the Brig Syren, and Schooner little Robert, both bound for Philadelphia. The number o f Tripoline...
23 May 1803, Leghorn . Encloses a duplicate list of American ships that arrived during 1802. The Adams convoyed several American merchantmen “into these roads,” then left immediately for Malta to avoid the usual fourteen-day quarantine. Has “long in vain endeavoured to diminish the quarantine” for U.S. ships, “but the dread of Contagion countervails all reasoning on the subject,” though...
I have the honor to enclose you a d uplicate list of the Ships Arrived in this port during the year 1802. On the came in to these roads the U:States frigate the adams having under her Convoy a number of american m erchantmen. The former however immediately s ett sail for malta, as an intercourse with the ve ssels from america subjected her to the usual quarantine of 14 days. I have long in...
29 May 1803, Leghorn . Wrote last on 20 May, at which time “there appeared little hopes” either of his obtaining “a diminution of the quarantine of our vessels” or of avoiding storage charges for merchandise that “could not be purified on ship board.” Notes that Leghorn has three lazarettos for “persons arriving from countries infected with contagious disorders” and for “certain descriptions...
I had the honor of addressing you on the 20th. Inst. by a vessel bound to Philadelphia. At that time there appeared little hopes, that I should obtain e ither a diminution of the quarantine of our vessels or a void a considerable charge which attended the storing ce rtain merchandize in the lazzaretto which ccould not b e purified on ship board. We have in this place three Lazzarettos, where...
4 June 1803, Leghorn . Encloses a duplicate of his letter of 29 May . Reports movement of a division of the French army toward Naples. “A considerable re: inforcement is hourly expected in this city, which is now declared by the Commanding General in a State of Siege; as I presume … every port in Italy.” A “few fortunate adventurers” from the U.S. arrived after the declaration of war and will...
Since my respects of the 29th. of May, and of which you have now inclosed a duplicate, little else of importance has occurred, excepting that a division of the french army has marched towards Naples. A considerable re: inforcement is hourly expected in this City, which is now declared by the Commanding General in a State of Siege; as I presume at the moment I am writing, every port in Italy. A...