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At a Meeting of the Society for Constitutional Information, held on Friday the 10 th. March 1786 Resolved Unanimously That the Thanks of this Society be given to His Excellency John Adams Esq r. Envoy and Minister plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the Court of Great Britain, for the Affectionate Mark of respect shewn by him to the Memory of their late Member, that real...
Draught of a treaty of Amity & Commerce between her most faithful Majesty the Queen of Portugal and the Algarva’s and the United States of America— The Parties being willing to fix in a permanent & equitable manner the rules to be observed in the Commerce they desire to establish between their respective Countries, have judged that the said end cannot be better obtained than by taking the most...
Observations Sur le Traité D’Amitie et de Commerce. N. 1 ere. We must conform ourselves, as to the Titles to the following Rule “between her most faithfull Majesty the Queen of Portugal and the Algarves”. &c Art. I. N. 2 We must observe in this Article the Same Rule, above established. The Rest will meet with no Difficulty. Art. II. N. 3. The same Observation, in the words underscored. it...
And it is further specially agreed that except the liberty of introducing woollens into the kingdom of Portugal which has been ceded to certain nations in compensation for their privileges yeilded on their grant to the commerce of Portugal, shall not be understood to be communicated to the citizens of the U. S. by this or any other article of the present treaty. which is the effect of a...
Art. XI. 2 + There shall be, a full and entire Liberty of Conscience allowed, to the Inhabitants and Subjects of each Party and no one Shall be molested, in regard to his Worship, provided he Submits, as to the public Demonstration of it, to the Laws of the Country. There Shall be given moreover Liberty when any Subjects or Inhabitants of either Party, Shall die in the Territory of the other,...
Her Most Faithfull Majesty, the Queen of Portugal and the Algarves, and the United States of America, desiring to ascertain in a permanent and equitable manner, the Rules to be observed, relative to the Intercourse, Correspondence and Commerce, which they intend to establish between their respective States, Countries, Citizens and Subjects, have judged that the said end, cannot be better...
Draft (fragment): American Philosophical Society has been blown off that Coast. Our Governor thinks they contain the Commissions for the Officers, and Orders to draw for the Pay of the Troops &c. and therefore directs me to forward them per Express to N. York, that they may overtake the Post. In haste I am &c. [ On back ] { One Month at £45 per Ann. is 3. 15. 0 Hire of Horse 2 Trips at 25 s....
Extract printed in The Pennsylvania Gazette , January 1, 1756. Governor Morris and the commissioners appointed in the £60,000 money act worked diligently to organize more effective measures against the continuing Indian attacks. By December 4 they had decided to rely chiefly upon a fort to be erected at Shamokin (at the forks of the Susquehanna; now Sunbury) from which ranging parties would be...
Extract printed in The Pennsylvania Gazette , January 8, 1756. Jacob Levan, Esq; was sent by us to hear the Particulars of the Affair at Gnadenhutten, and fearing to go alone, sent Fifty-six Men over the Mountains on Saturday Evening, and on Sunday followed them with seventeen more. As soon as they got to the Top of the Hill, they saw all the white People running up, and the Indians running on...
Extract printed in The Pennsylvania Gazette , January 15, 1756. I arrived here last Night. We met a Number of Waggons on the Road, moving off with the Effects of the People of Lehi Township. All the Women and Children are sent off out of that Township; and many of them have taken Refuge here; all in great Confusion. The Substance of the Action at Gnadenhutten, as we have received it from...
Extract printed in The Pennsylvania Gazette , January 29, 1756. We have been here since Sunday Afternoon: That Day we had only Time to get up some Shelter from the Weather and the Enemy. Yesterday all Day it rained, with so thick a Fog, that we could not see round us, so as either to chuse a Place for a Fort, or find Materials to build it. In the Night it cleared up, and this Morning we...
Copy: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission We got to Hays’s the same Evening we left you and reviewed Craig’s Company by the Way. Much of the next morning was spent in exchanging the bad Arms for good, Wayne’s Company having joined us. We reachd however that night to Uplinger’s, where we got into good Quarters. Saturday morning we began to march towards Gnadenhutten and proceeded near...
Extract printed in The Pennsylvania Gazette , January 29, 1756. Wednesday we were hinder’d almost all Day by Rain. Thursday most of the Stockades were set up. Friday all inclosed to the Gate, and Part of the Platform round the Inside made. Saturday the Platform was finished, and two Swivels mounted. Sunday had a Thanksgiving Sermon, hoisted the British Flag, fired three Vollies, and the...
Copy: American Philosophical Society I now sit down to give you an Account of Part of the Operations of our Campaign. It will hardly be more difficult for you to understand it than for me in our present Situation to transmit it to you. We marched on Wednesday Jan. 15 from Bethlehem for Gnadenhutten beyond the Mountains in Order to erect a Fort there with Seven Waggons and a Cart escorted by...
ALS : American Philosophical Society By visiting the Quarters of the Men belonging to the first Battallion of the Royal American Regiment with the Mayor, Sheriff, and other Magistrates I found that — — 94 Men laid on Straw And that — — 73 had nothing to lay on and not Sufficient quantity of Covering, the Houses on which they are quarter’d not being capable of containing near the number...
Draft: Library of Congress; also copy: Yale University Library; and French translation: The Rosenbach Foundation Both the date and the addressee of this letter have been subjects of much difference of opinion. Each of the three surviving manuscript versions bears a different date line. That on the draft, in Franklin’s hand, has been heavily scratched out, probably long after the letter was...
Draft: American Philosophical Society I have perus’d the Letters and Papers you put into my Hands, and shall, as you desire, say what occurs to me on the considering them. I do not know Mr. Murdoch personally, but have heard that he is a Person of Credit and some Note in that Country, and esteemed by the People there. I imagine that little is to be expected from a Suit of Law, to be carried on...
Draft: American Philosophical Society I received your Favour of the 31st of last Month, the answering of which I delayed and [I] should be glad to accompany you from London, in your next Return to Derbyshire; but doubt it will not be in my Power. I am sorry I cannot be certain as to the time of my going into Derbyshire. For on the very day you purpose coming to Town, viz. the 18th of this...
Draft (fragment): Library of Congress This fragment in Franklin’s hand is written on what appears to be the top segment of a page of letter paper; a caret in the margin of the first line seems to indicate that it was intended, according to his usual method, as an insertion in the body of what he had drafted on the opposite page. Neither the addressee nor the date is known. The wording suggests...
MS not found; reprinted from extract in The Pennsylvania Chronicle , June 1–8, 1767. We have been very busy about the Paper Money Affair. The Merchants are to wait on Lord Clare with their Opinion in Favour of it in a Day or two. After receiving Dr. F’s Remarks on the Report of the Board of Trade, they have drawn up a new Representation on the Subject, which they have signed, and Dr. F’s Paper...
Printed in part in The Gentleman’s Magazine , XLIX (supplement, 1779), pp. 647–8; printed in full in William Temple Franklin, ed., Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Benjamin Franklin, LL.D., F.R.S., &c. (quarto edition, 3 vols., London, 1817–18), II , 169–70. I received your obliging favour of the 12th instant. Your sentiments of the importance of the present dispute between Great-Britain...
ALS (draft): American Philosophical Society Yesterday we tapp’d the Porter, and found it excellent. To prevent its being wasted, we have bottled it off, having a safer Place for Bottles, and imagining that in our slow Draught it might not keep so fresh. So we are enabled Herewith to return the Cask. How bountiful a Gratuity for half a Sheet of Paper! I can only say, that ’tis pity you are not...
ALS : Henry E. Huntington Library In Compliance with your Request I this Morning applied to a Virginia Merchant for Information, Whether the Courts of Virginia are now shut? and if so, from what Causes? particularly whether from any Resolutions of the People there to avoid Payment of their English Debts, as you told me had been insinuated by a Person in Administration. Inclos’d I send you the...
ALS (draft): Library of Congress We are much oblig’d to M. De la Haye and his Friends for their Offer of Supplying the Americans with Merchandize, and we desire them to accept our Thanks; But it does not suit us to enter into any Engagements of the kind; We as Commissioners from the Congress have no Orders for purchasing other Goods than what are necessary for the Arming and Clothing of the...
ALS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania I received last Night yours of the 7th. Instant. From what I know of Capt. Wickes and his Carracter, I am persuaded he is not capable of the Injustice you mention, and that the Matter must have been misrepresented to you. However, being desirous not only to procure Justice, but if possible to give Satisfaction to all of this much respected Nation, who...
ALS : American Philosophical Society I am exceedingly oblig’d by the exact Plan and Profile you have been so kind as to send me, of the hydraulic Machine at Chatou. Be pleased to accept my thankful Acknowledgments of the Favour, and be assured that I am, with great Esteem, Sir, Your most obedient humble Servant A virtually indecipherable notation on the verso, which may have no relation to the...
Draft: American Philosophical Society Les affaires dont je suis chargé, Monsieur, ne me permettent pas de quitter paris et par consequent d’accepter vostre invitation; je vous prie de croire cependant que j’y suis tres sensible, et que c’est avéc reconnoissance que je suis, Monsieur, vostre tres humble et tres obeissant serviteur. Notation: Le Veillard Possibly to Richelet who had invited BF...
AL (draft): American Philosophical Society J’ai reçu, avec ma petite Dialogue, votre charmante Epitre & Puisque je trouve que Madame la Goutte est de votre Connoissance, ma tres chere Amie je vous prie de grace que quand elle me fait une autre Visite, vous voudriez bien l’accompagner. Votre Présence me dedommagera de la sienne. Avec une telle Garde, la Peine deviendra Plaisir. We can identify...
When any vessel, whether of war or merchandize, public or private, belonging to any belligerent nation, shall depart from the United States, beyond the jurisdictional line of the United States, on the Ocean; and a vessel of war whether public or private, belonging to another of the belligerent nations, being adverse, shall at the time of the departure of the first mentioned vessel, be within...
There has been a meeting in this town, for the unmeaning purpose of attempting to shake your opinion, on the subject of our late negociation. I deem it not improper to notice, that the men appointed, as actors, to shape the resolutions, are composed of that order in society, who are Confessedly unqualified, for want of information, to examine the subject on which they judged with such hasty...
At a meeting of the Visitors of the University of Virginia held at the said University on Monday the 3d. and Tuesday the 4th. of April 1826. at which were present Thomas Jefferson, Joseph C. Cabell, John H. Cocke, Chapman Johnson and James Madison the following proceedings were had. 86. There shall be established in the University a Dispensary which shall be attached to the Medical school, and...
The Editor, tho’ he cannot be insensible to the genius, the learning, the philosophic inspiration & the love of country displayed in the writings now committed to the press, is restrained not less by his incompetency than by his relation to the Author, from dwelling on themes, which belong to an eloquence that can do justice to the names of illustrious benefactors to their country and to their...
This had been prepared by J.M. as a preface or prospectus for the "Memoir" when that alone was intended for imediate publication. The opinion universally entertained of the extraordinary abilities of Thos. Jefferson and the signal evidences lately given by his country of a profound sense of his patriotic services, and of veneration for his memory, have induced his Executor, who is also the...
At a meeting of the Visitors of the University of Virginia, held at the University on Monday, Oct. 2d. 1826, at which were present James Madison, James Breckenridge, Joseph C. Cabell, John H. Cocke, Chapman Johnson, and James Monroe. The board being apprised of the death of Thomas Jefferson Rector, proceeded to fill the vacancy in that office: and James Madison was elected. Ms ( ViU ).
Tuesday, Oct. 3. the board met according to adjournment. present the same members as yesterday. Resolved, that a committee of three members of the board, be appointed to examine & report the state of the funds of the University—that they be required to make their report tomorrow, if practicable, & that all documents touching that subject now before the board, be referred to them. Whereupon...
Wednesday, Oct. 4th. The board met pursuant to adjournment: present the same members as yesterday. Resolved that the next session of the University shall commence on the first of February, and terminate on the Fourth of July; and all future sessions shall commence on the 20th. of August in each year, and terminate on the 4th. of July ensuing—but there shall be one recess of all the schools,...
Thursday, Oct. 5th. The board met pursuant to adjournment: present the same members as yesterday. Resolved that a Secretary to the board of Visitors shall be appointed, whose salary shall be two hundred dollars per annum , payable quarterly. Resolved that Nicholas P. Trist is appointed to the office of Secretary. The board adjourned to tomorrow. Ms (ViU) .
Friday, Oct. 6th. The board met pursuant to adjournment: present the same members as yesterday. Resolved that the library of the University shall be under the following regulations:   The books shall be kept in the upper room of the rotunda. The library shall be under the care of a librarian appointed by the Visitors, who shall hold his office during their pleasure, and shall receive as a...
Saturday, Oct. 7th. The board met pursuant to adjournment: present the same members as yesterday. 25. Resolved that the proctor be directed to refund to the several professors, the advances by them made for venitian blinds; when, in the opinion of the executive committee, such appropriation shall be justified by the state of the funds. 26. Resolved that the communication of the faculty...
I send them immediately to the p.o. that they may go in the mail of tomorrow morning. Friendly respects & good wishes RC (Marshall B. Coyne, Washington, D. C.).
—confided to them. As the result they have the satisfaction to state a marked improvement in the economy of the Institution, & in the habits of the Students; and as a consequence, this in the degree wherein they appear to have availed themselves of the advantages held out by the able professors whose services the University is so fortunate in possessing. On this subject there is little else to...
The other volumes contain of I notes of conversations, whilst Secretary of State, with President Washington and others high in office; and Memoranda of Cabinet Councils committed to paper on the spot & filed; the whole, with the explanatory & miscellaneous additions, shewing the views and tendencies of parties, from the year 1789 to 1800. II Letters from 1779 to his death, addressed to a great...
Exceptions to the maxim that commerce should be free 1. In cases where other nations would not follow the example, or admit a reciprocity. 2. To procure safety at the expence of interest--as in naval resources & other means of defence 3. To secure the means of transporting articles of commerce agst. the contingency of wars among carrying Nations which divert or raise the price & ensurance of...
The D. of Trust--to J. M. witht. namg. Heirs or Exor [Executor]; Can Attorney be made to Exec: the instrnts--sue for them--& proceed to enforce the Mortgage. The trust being power to Will can that vary or explain its import. How divided between Wife & Children? if will be in those vague terms! Bridge Stock What the character of the assignment of it--according to Statemt. in Mrs. Ts letter if...
At a meeting of the Visitors of the University of Virginia, held at the University on Tuesday, December 5th 1826, at which were present James Madison Rector, James Monroe, John H. Cocke, and Joseph C. Cabell. The board being occupied in attending the first public examination at the University, which began on Monday the 4th of Decr, had private meetings only occasionally during the intervals...
[present as under December 5, 1826] Friday, Decr. 8th. When, during one of those intervals, the board having taken up the case of Robert Yeates—the consideration of which was postponed at the meeting in Oct. last—made thereon the following order. The following will be communicated by the Secretary, in answer to the reference made to this board by the faculty, of the case of R. Yeates. The...
Saturday, Decr. 9th. The board attended as heretofore, on the examination; with a short private meeting only, for conference. Ms (ViU) .
Monday, Decr. 11th. In addition to the four members present on tuesday last, Mr Chapman Johnson this day joined the board. No other business than attendance on the examination was done, until Ms (ViU) .
The following resolutions, adopted on Tuesday, Decr. 12th, being omitted in their proper place, are here inserted. 2. Resolved, that in future, the assent of the board of Visitors or a committee thereof be essential to the appointment of the Hotel-keepers at the University: and in all such appointments, application in the first instance, shall be made as heretofore, to the Proctor, who shall...
Thursday, Decr. 14th: present James Madison Rector, James Monroe, John H. Cocke, Joseph C. Cabell and Chapman Johnson. 4. Resolved that enactment 24 does preclude the professors from such pursuits as that contemplated in one of the suggestions lately submitted to the board by the Professor of Medicine: but, in consideration of the peculiar condition of the Medical school, the special consent...