Thomas Jefferson Papers
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From Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 2 June 1793

To James Madison

June 2. 1793.

I wrote you on the 27th. Ult. You have seen in the papers that some privateers have been fitted out in Charleston by French citizens, with their own money, manned by themselves, and regularly commissioned by their nation. They have taken several prizes and brought them into our ports. Some native citizens had joined them. These are arrested and under prosecution; and orders are sent to all the ports to prevent the equipping privateers by any persons foreign or native. So far is right. But the vessels so equipped at Charleston are ordered to leave the ports of the US. This I think was not right. Hammond demanded further a surrender of the prizes they had taken. This is refused, on the principle that by the laws of war the property is transferred to the captors. You will see, in a paper I inclose, Dumourier’s address to his nation, and also Saxe Cobourg’s. I am glad to see a probability that the constitution of 1791. would be the term at which the combined1 powers would stop. Consequently that the reestablishment of that is the worst the French have to fear. I am also glad to see that the combiners adopt the slow process of nibbling at2 the strong posts on the frontiers. This will give to France a great deal of time. The thing which gives me uneasiness is their internal combustion. This may by famine be rendered extreme. E.R. sets out, the day after tomorrow, for Virginia. I have no doubt he is charged to bring back a faithful statement of the dispositions of that state. I wish therefore he may fall into hands which will not deceive him. Have you time and the means of impressing Wilson Nicholas, (who will be much with E.R.) with the necessity of giving him a strong and perfect understanding of the public mind?3 Considering that this journey may strengthen his nerves, and dispose him more favorably to the proposition of a treaty between the two republics, knowing that in this moment the division on that question is 4. to 1. and that the last news has no tendency to proselyte any of the majority, I have my self proposed to refer taking up the question till his return. There is too at this time a lowering disposition perceivable both in England and Spain. The former keeps herself aloof and in a state of incommunication with us, except in the way of demand. The latter has not begun auspiciously with C. and S. at Madrid, and has lately sent 1500. men to N. Orleans, and greatly strengthened her upper posts on the Missisipi. I think it more probable than otherwise that Congress will be convened before the constitutional day. About the last of July this may be known. I should myself wish to keep their meeting off to the beginning of October, if affairs will permit it. The invasion of the Creeks is what will most likely occasion it’s convocation. You will see Mrs. House’s death mentioned in the papers. She extinguished almost like a candle. I have not seen Mrs. Trist since, but I am told she means to give up the house immediately, and that she has suffered great loss in her own fortune by exertions hitherto to support it. Browse is not returned, nor has been heard of for some time.—Bartram is extremely anxious to get a large supply of seeds of the Kentucky coffee tree. I told him I would use all my interest with you to obtain it, as I think I heard you say that some neighbor of yours had a large number of the trees. Be so good as to take measures for bringing a good quantity if possible to Bartram when you come to Congress. Adieu yours affectionately.

RC (DLC: Madison Papers); unsigned. PrC (DLC).

In his address to his Nation of 2 Apr. 1793, General Charles François du Périer Dumouriez urged France to rally around him and restore the Constitution of 1791, a goal seconded three days later in a proclamation by the Austrian General Friedrich Josias, Prince of Saxe-Coburg. Translations of both documents appeared in the Federal Gazette, 1 June 1793.

1Word interlined in place of “allied.”

2TJ first wrote “taking all” before altering the phrase to read as above.

3TJ added this sentence in a smaller hand at the foot of the first page, canceling part of the first word of the next sentence and interlining it at the top of the next page.

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