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I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt [of] Sundry papers relative to the cherokees indians —These shall be examined, together with those relative to the North western Indians and reported on to you as soon as may be. I have the honor to be with the highest respect Sir, your Obedient and Humble Servant LS , DLC:GW ; LB , DLC:GW . See GW’s letter of this date to Knox .
The secretary for the department of war humbly submits to the President of the United States the following report and statement of the troops in public service. That the enclosed resolve of Congress of the 3rd of October 1787 is the authority by which all the troops in the service of the United States were enlisted excepting two incomplete companies of artillery, which were returned in service...
The Secretary at war having examined the Negotiations of the Governor of the Western territory with certain northern and north western Indians, and the treaties made in consequence thereof at Fort Harmar on the 9th of January 1789, begs leave to Report. That The several treaties of peace which have been made with the northern tribes of Indians, and those North west of the Ohio, since the...
In obedience to the desire expressed in your letter of yesterday, I shall immediately proceed to make out a general statement of the present situation of the war department, conformably to the principles you were pleased to suggest, and submit the same to your consideration. I have the honor to be sir with the highest respect Your most obedient and humble Servant ALS , DLC:GW . See GW to John...
The time it will require to complete a full statement of the department of War, induces me to submit to your view in a series of numbers such parts thereof as seem to claim an immediate attention. As most of the nations of indians within the limits of the United States are at present discontented some of them turbulent, I have concieved it proper to commence by a statement of the indian...
6Enclosure, 15 June 1789 (Washington Papers)
(Number 1) By information from Brigadier General Harmar the commanding Officer of the troops on the frontiers, it appears that several murders have been lately committed on the inhabitants by small parties of Indians probably from the Wabash Country. Some of the said murders have been perpetrated on the south side of the Ohio, the inhabitants on the waters of that river are exceedingly alarmed...
Indian Department, Southern District The Creeks. This nation of indians is divided into two districts the upper and the lower Creeks. The former reside chiefly on the waters of the Albama River in about 60 towns or villages. The latter on the waters of the Apalachicola river in about 40 towns. The Creeks are principally within the limits of the United States, but some of the most southern...
The report of the 23d of May 1789 on the treaties at Fort Harmar, by the Governor of the Western Territory, and the paper Number One of the Indian Department, contain such a general statement of the circumstances relative to the Indian tribes, within the limits of the United States, North West of the Ohio, as will probably render their situation sufficiently understood. The Numbers, two,...
The Cherokees. This Nation of Indians consisting of separate Towns or villages are seated principally on the head waters of the Tennessee which runs into the Ohio. Their hunting grounds extend from Cumberland River along the frontiers of Virginia, North and South Carolina, and part of Georgia. The frequent Wars they have had with the frontier people of the said States have greatly diminished...
The Chickasaws. This Nation of Indians were estimated by the Commissioners in 1785 at 800 Warriors, other opinions make them amount to 1200. The lines of their territory between the Cherokees and Choctaws do not appear precisely fixed. Their limits established by the Treaty hereafter mentioned are bounded on the North by the ridge which divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from...
Having examined the report of the Commissioners for treating with the Southern Indians dated the 30th of June last, and the papers accompanying the same, I have the honor to observe. That it is the opinion of the said Commissioners, that the Creek Nation of Indians are generally disposed to enter into a treaty with the United States, for the purpose of establishing a permanent peace. That it...
The establishment as directed to be raised and organized by the acts of Congress of the 3rd of October 1787. To wit. One Regiment of Infantry. Consisting of 1 Lieutenant Colonel Commandant. 2 Majors 7 Captains 7 Lieutenants 8 Ensigns 1 Surgeon 4 Mates. eight companies, each of which to consist of four Serjeants— four Corporals—two musicians and Sixty privates 560 One Battalion of Artillery 1...
The detail of the estimate of the expences for treating with the Southern indians which was formed the 20th of May 1789. It is supposed that at least 1500 Creeks will attend at the treaty, each of whom according to custom, must have one and an half rations ⅌ day; this would require for each day 2250 rations. The treaty may be presumed to last 25 days. 56,250 Rations at ⅛th of a dollar ⅌ ration...
I have enclosed the copies of the letters you have been pleased to request. I am persuaded the senate will when they understand the matter fully concur with the house. I will wait on you this afternoon or tomorrow morning with some heads of instructions for the Commissioners. I sincerely thank you for Your kind condolance on the loss of our child—we must submit to events we cannot control. I...
I beg leave to submit to your view a loose sketch of the general ideas which have occurred to me on the subject of instructions to the Commission[er]s. If any part of them should meet your approbation, they could, together with such additions as you may judge proper be drawn up in form. I will wait on you tomorrow to receive your further orders on this subject. I am Sir respectfully and...
General and Mrs Knox have the honor to accept with great respect the invitation of the Vice President and his Lady for Thursday the 1st of October MHi : Adams-Hull Collection.
I have the honor to submit to your inspection a general return of the Ordnance, Arms, and Military Stores in possession of the United States specifying the places at which they are deposited. The stores in general were placed in their present situation by the chances or events of the late War—Springfield in Massachusetts and Carlisle in Pennsylvania excepted—At these places buildings were...
In obedience to your commands to write to you on all occasions I have the honor to inform you that Mr Kean arrived here yesterday from South Carolina. He brings a report which he received through such a channel as induces him to credit it, That a Mr Clark arrived at Savannah on the 2d of this month from the Rock Landing on the Oconee, and informed that the treaty had abruptly broken up without...
Nothing of importance has occurred since the letter I did myself the honor of writing you on the 18th instant. I am anxiously expecting to hear from the southern Commissioners. Major Wyllis and the other Officers have been detained by business Untill this day. They have taken young White Eyes under their protection. I have the honor to be Sir Your obedient Servant ALS , DLC:GW ; LB , DLC:GW ....
No further intelligence has been received from Georgia since the arrival of Mr Kean. This silence, and the powers with which the commissioners were invested to render the treaty advantages to the Creeks generally, and to their cheif particularly are sufficient to arrest the beleif of the report. The report itself originated perhaps in the apprehension or misrepresentations of some of the White...
I have this moment received a letter from Mr Habersham at Savannah dated the 14th instant informing that he had received a letter from the Commissioners dated at Augusta the 5th instant, directing him to engage a passage for Captain Burbecks company to New York, which he had accordingly done with Captain Schemmerhorn who was to sail about the 20th instant. Mr Habersham adds “You will doubtless...
I have the honor to submit to your inspection the report and letter which I have just received from the Commissioners of Indian Affairs for the Southern district. I have the honor to be Sir With the highest respect Your Most Obedient Humble Servant. LS , DLC:GW ; LB , DLC:GW . Knox is undoubtedly referring to the letter of 17 Nov. 1789 to him from Benjamin Lincoln, Cyrus Griffin, and David...
I have the honor to submit to you a letter from Brigadier General Harmar dated the 19th of October with several enclosures shewing the State of affairs on the Western Frontiers. I have the honor to be Sir, with the highest respect, your most obedient humble servant ALS , DLC:GW ; LB , DLC:GW . Josiah Harmar (1753–1813) was appointed in 1784 to command the United States Army on the frontier....
24Memorandum from Henry Knox, 1790 (Washington Papers)
Governor St Clairs proposal of obtaining a cession of territory from the Wabash Indians at this peculiar time, seems liable to several objections. 1st It is not for the interest of the United States to extend their territory at present. They possess abundantly more Land, than they can profitably sell. But was there a market for more Land the policy of scattering our people in distant thin...
Although I experience a reluctance in again bringing before you the subject of a treaty with the Wabash indians, yet as some recent events have happened evincing to my mind the propriety of the measure, I conceive it to be my duty to make the following communication, and to request your advice thereon. The indians residing on the Wabash river and its branches, and the people residing on the...
I humbly beg leave to submit to your consideration a general statement of the Indian Department, and of the South Western frontiers, the same being intimately blended together. The invitation of the United States to the Creek Nation of Indians, to treat of peace on terms of mutual advantage has not been accepted —The report of the Commissioners a will fully show the precarious state of this...
SCHEDULE E Abstract of the Public Debt of the States Undermentioned, Agreeably to Statements Transmitted in Pursuance of the Resolution of the House of Representatives of the 21st of September, 1789. Massachusetts Dollars.   Cents. Principal with interest to the 1st day of Nov. 1789. £. 1,548,040 7 9 Lawful. Due to sundries for which no certificates have yet been issued,     20,000     Total,...
Having submitted to your consideration a plan for the arrangement of the militia of the United States, which I had presented to the late Congress, and you having approved the general principles thereof, with certain exceptions, I now respectfully lay the same before you, modified according to the alterations you were pleased to suggest. It has been my anxious desire to devise a national system...
I have but this moment been able to obtain two correct copies of the plan for the Militia. I will have the honor if convenient to you to wait upon you at nine O Clock tomorrow morning to receive your orders respecting it. I have the honor to be Sir, with the highest respect Your Most Obedient Servant LS , DLC:GW ; LB , DLC:GW . GW noted on 20 Jan. that Knox’s report “altered agreeably to the...
In consequence of the act of the United States in Congress assembled of the 29th of September 1789 for the payment of the invalid pensions, the Secretary of the Treasury submits it as his opinion that the persons whose names are stated on the enclosed paper would be proper persons to pay the pensions to the said invalid pensioners under the said act—All the said persons being collectors of the...
(Private) New York the 11th February 1790 From the firmest persuasion of mind that you will receive this note with the same cordiality that it is dictated, permit me my dear dear friend to felicitate you on the return of your birth day. This effusion of an heart-felt affection, as far removed from a cold compliment to your present political station, as the extreme effulgence of the sun is to...
The serious crisis of affairs, in which the United States are involved with the Creeks requires that every honorable and probable expedient that can be devised should be used to avert a War with that tribe—The untoward circumstances of the case are such, that no degree of success, could render a War either honorable or profitable to the United States. Events may be expected soon to arise which...
In obedience to your orders, I have received the communications of Colonel John Pierce Duval Lieutenant of Harrison County in Virginia; the result of which I have the honor to submit to you. The paper Number 1 is a representation from the field officers of the said county, on the subject of their exposed situation. Colonel Duval states, that there are five counties of Virginia lying on the...
In consequence of your instructions, I have directed Captains Burbeck’s and Savage’s companies of artillery, and Captain Smith’s company of infantry, to be embarked, at the Garrison of West Point, on board of vessels, in order to be transported to Georgia, and I expect they will arrive at this city, and be in readiness to proceed to sea, by the 9th instant. All the said companies are to act as...
[ New York, June 24, 1790. On August 5, 1790, in Schedule B of his “Report on Additional Sums Necessary for the Support of Government,” Hamilton referred to “The Secretary at War in his Letter to the sec’y of the Treasury dated 24 June 1790.” Letter not found. ]
Having received your directions to endevor to negociate a treaty of peace and friendship with the chiefs of the creek nation of Indians ⟨ illegible ⟩ comferably as far as possible to the general principles agreed to by the Senate in Augt 1789 I have the honor to inform you that in consequence thereof and by virtue of your Commission for that purpose I have this day signed a treaty with the...
The Militia. The pay, $24,012 The subsistence and rations at 16–90ths of a dollar, 31,302 Forage for the field and staff officers,    234 $55,548 The Continental Troops Additional expense of subsistence and rations to the continental troops, during the same period. This expense arises from the contract; the price of the ration at fort Washington is stated at six and a half ninetieths of a...
In answer to your secret communication of the 27th instant, and the questions stated therein I humbly beg leave to observe, That the United States, by not being under the obligation of any treaty, either with Spain or England, are in a situation, to grant, or deny, the passage of troops, through their territory, as they shall judge fit. The granting or refusing therefore the expected demand of...
In answer to your secret communication of the 27th instant, and the questions stated therein I humbly beg leave to observe, That the United States, by not being under the obligation of any treaty, either with Spain or England, are in a situation, to grant, or deny, the passage of troops, through their territory, as they shall judge fit. The granting or refusing therefore the expected demand of...
As the removal of the residence of Congress from this city will necessarily dissolve our association for the education of our children under your care, and as those of us who remain, do not see a probability of immediately filling up our former number, we take this method of unitedly expressing the entire confidence we have in your talents, and our approbation of your method of tuition. We...
I have the honor to transmit to you, a letter from Governor Telfair of the 20th of July, containing enclosures relative to the murder of a Creek Indian. The measures which he has taken to discover the murderer and his abettor and bring them to punishment, seem to be satisfactory and to preclude the necessity of any thing further being done on the part of the general government. As to the...
Mr Tyler of Deer Island in the Province maine has shewn me a statement of his case drawn up by Judge Sewall which has been transmitted to you. If no inconveniences should result from your postponing your judgemt untill his arrival you can oblige. I am Sir   Yr humble Svt ADfS , Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. George Tyler had been convicted of a violation of the smuggling laws and...
Having been unavoidably longer detained at Boston, than I expected, I did not return to this place until the 22nd instant, and I shall this day set out for Philadelphia to make the necessary arrangements to remove my office and family to that city. No events of sufficient importance have arisen in my department to warrant my troubling you with particular details at present—But as the...
Lieutenant Denny arrived last evening from Fort Washington, on the Ohio, charged with letters from Governor St Clair, and Brigadier General Harmar copies of which I have the honour herewith to submit, and also extracts from the orders issued during the late expedition, also a return of the killed and wounded. Lieutenant Denny reports verbally that after he left Fort Washington, he saw in...
The Secretary of War, to whom the President of the United States was pleased to refer the Speech of the Corn-planter, Half-Town, and the Great Tree-Chiefs and Counsellors of the Seneka nation. Respectfully reports— That the objects stated in the said Speech are as follow— to wit— 1st—A Complaint respecting the hard terms imposed on the six Nations, in the Treaty made at Fort Stanwix October...
The secretary of War, to whom the President of the United States was pleased to refer the Memorial of David Mead and other inhabitants of Cusewauga on french Creek. Respectfully reports, That the object of the said memorialists, representing about thirty families, is, that the garrison of the troops of the United States, occupying Fort Franklin, near the mouth of French Creek, where it joins...
I have the honor to submit to you three reports upon the following subjects. No: 1. Is a report upon the address of the representatives of the counties of Kentuckey and the other counties of Virginia bordering upon and contiguous to the Ohio as transmitted by general Charles Scott, in his letter of the fourth of December last. No. 2. Is a report upon the letter of his excellency the governor...
The Secretary of War to whom the President of the United States was pleased to refer a letter from His Excellency the Governor of Virginia of the 4th instant, transmitting certain papers stating the measures which the Legislature and Executive of Virginia have adopted for the temporary defence of the Western frontier of that state, Reports, That it appears from the said papers, that upon the...
Among the other objects to be considered tomorrow, it is the desire of the President that the memorial of a frenchman , an inhabitant of the Western territory upon an injury which he suffered from the Commandant of a Spanish post should also be reported upon. The memorial is lodged in your office with your last report. Will you please to bring it with you?—I am Dear Sir Your sincerely &...
The Secretary of War to whom the President of the United States referred the consideration of various papers and information, relative to the frontiers of the United States. Respectfully Reports: That the frontiers from several causes are at present so critically circumstanced, as to claim an immediate consideration, and such arrangements, as may upon investigation be found indispensibly...