George Washington Papers
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From Bartholomew Dandridge, Jr., to Giuseppe Ceracchi, 9 May 1795

Bartholomew Dandridge, Jr., to Giuseppe Ceracchi

Philadelphia 9th [May]1 1795

Sir,

I am directed by the President of the United States to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 7th instt and that of the present date;2 and to express to you his regret at your dispair of bringing your plan of a national monument to a fortunate issue.

Whether there are sufficient grounds for despair, or whether more time may not be necessary to give the Subscription papers a fairer trial and to ascertain the result with more precision; you can decide with more accuracy than he, who has not taken, and cannot take, any active part in this business. He has formed no opinion thereon—much less is he enabled to offer you any advice on this subject.

But as you hold out strong indications of deception, & complain of ill treatment without pointing to the instances, he thinks it necessary that an explanation should be had between you & himself; that no charges, hereafter, may lye at his door. To do this, it requires nothing more than to draw your attention to circumstances which cannot have escaped your recollection.

Of your intention of coming to this country originally, the President could have had no knowledge3—and you had been in the City sometime before he was informed of it. Whilst here, your name4 was frequently mentioned to him in very advantageous terms. He was told of a design you had projected for the erection of a national monument; that you were preparing the Busts of particular characters in this city; and that you had expressed an earnest desire to take his. This request being reiterated, he, with the reluctance which he has always felt on these occasions, yielded his assent; and accordingly sat for you;5 without having any other motive than to accomodate your views or without perceiving any other object on your part than a desire, to take copies from it, if, thereafter, any advantages were likely to result therefrom.

What more (if any thing) might have passed betwn you and others, on this occasion, he knows not; And with respect to the public edifice, he does not now recollect whether a memorial which you had prepared for Congress was ever presented; or if presented, what the reception of it was;6 much less does he know of any specific encouragement that could have induced you to return to this country in expectation of prosecuting the plan. As a public character, he had no power to offer any, because the means of accomplishment were to flow from legislative authority; & as a private man he never could, or would, have committed himself in this affair further than as a subscriber.

Thus much relates to the first part of this transaction. With respect to the subsequent part—that is your return to this Country, & what has happened since; the President desires me to remark, that these are events which were adopted without any consultation with him or his knowledge, and he heard through a variety of channels of the model of the proposed monument the likenesses of the Busts &ca before the pressure of business in which he was engaged, would permit him to see them. or to comply with a second request that he would sit for some alterations in the Bust which was intended for himself; & with which he complied on the same principle which had produced the first sitting: always conceiving, that it was for purposes of your own it was wanted until hints were given that it was designed to be presented to Mrs Washington—therefor the first time he knew & declared that he could not, and would not accept it as a present.

The preceeding facts are necessary, to acquit the President of having had any agency in your deception, (if you have been deceived)—or of involving you in a situation which seems to have become irksome & inconvenient. What follows will shew the ground on which he declines to discharge the acct wch is enclosed in your letter of the 7th beforementioned.

You cannot have forgot, Sir, that when you sent the busts of Bacchus & Aradne to the President in 1792, & requested his acceptance of them that they were refused & return’d to you.7 Upon which, with earnestness (being on the point of your departure & not knowing what to do with them) you requested that they might be permitted to remain in his house.8 To this he assented—& supposing the object was that they might be exhibited as specimens of your abilities as a Sculptor, he had temporary pedestals made for them to stand on; and always announced them as your workmanship, & your property.

On Monday next they will be sent to you;9 this would have been done to day, but company will occupy the Servants & prevt their being taken down. The Bust intendd for the Pre. is also at your disposal. Or if you incline to receive for it, the highest value that the best artists, or the most skilful Connoisseurs in the City will say is the intrinsic worth, he will, notwithstanding this true recital of the case10 pay the amount; although it is just to observe, & it may well be supposed that he would have been desir[ou]s of know[i]ng the cost & have consult⟨ed⟩11 his own inclination & convenience before it was undertaken if he had not conceived that it was intended for your own use sir & not for his.

He desires me to add, that it is with real concern he finds the abilities of our infant republic will not afford employment for a person of your talents. The cause probably is that the United States are just emerging from the difficulties & expences of a long & bloody war and cannot spare money for the purposes of these gratif[icatio]ns & ornamental figures as in the wealthy countries of Europe. He is sorry also that you should quit them under any embarrassmts or with discontent—for myself I am— &ca &ca

B: Dandridge P. Secy

Df, DLC:GW; LB, DLC:GW. While the letter ostensibly is from Dandridge, the draft is written in GW’s hand.

1GW wrote 9 March. The letter-book copyist repeated that date, but it is filed there in May. References to Ceracchi’s letters of “the 7th instt” and “the present date” match those documents written by the artist to GW on 7 and 9 May.

2In Ceracchi’s letter of 9 May, he complained, the “Longer I remain in this Contry and grossely I am abused. why then? because I demande the price of my works … it is forgotten the immense work I have done for nothing since the performing of 37 models of the graet men of America and so on—After the faleor of the Monumental plan it is even expected that I should oblige persons with my donations.” Ceracchi then wrote: “If the donatives I had done should Stand ageinst the plots which have pulled down the noble plan, Innocence would be always oppressed by froude [fraud] I Know that your Noble Heart never can adopt such doctrine, therfore I tuck the Liberty of sending you the bill with the letter of Wednesday last.”

Ceracchi indicated his intention to sail for Europe “the middle of next week” and asked “in what manner I shall dispose of that somme expressed in the saed bill. The price fixed in it is not high considering the expences of this country I have bee[n] payd from the Elector Palatine four Hundred luis d’or for an iqual original bust.” The artist wrote that if any difficulties arose, he would come and explain them to GW (ALS, DLC:GW).

3Ceracchi first arrived in Philadelphia by the spring of 1791 to solicit a congressional commission for an equestrian monument of GW. For his early contact with GW and a description of his proposed monument, see Ceracchi to GW, 31 Oct. 1791, and the source note to that document, and Ceracchi to the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, same date, and n.1 to that document (Desportes, “Ceracchi in America,” description begins Ulysse Desportes. “Giuseppe Ceracchi in America and His Busts of George Washington.” Art Quarterly 26 (1963): 140–79. description ends 141).

4GW originally wrote “& celebrity” after this word.

5GW most likely posed for the sculptor in late 1791 or early 1792 for the purpose of modeling a terra-cotta bust from which copies could later be made. Ceracchi produced models of busts for several prominent individuals then in Philadelphia, including John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton (Desportes, “Ceracchi in America,” description begins Ulysse Desportes. “Giuseppe Ceracchi in America and His Busts of George Washington.” Art Quarterly 26 (1963): 140–79. description ends 141, 148).

6Ceracchi returned to Philadelphia by August or September 1794 (see Desportes, “Ceracchi in America,” description begins Ulysse Desportes. “Giuseppe Ceracchi in America and His Busts of George Washington.” Art Quarterly 26 (1963): 140–79. description ends 160; see also n.3 above).

7GW had refused the gift of the sculpted busts in his letter to Ceracchi of 10 May 1792.

8GW originally wrote “until you could otherwise dispose of them” after this word.

9The following Monday was 11 May.

10GW originally wrote “he never authorised, & he never expected it was made on his acct” between “notwithstanding” and “pay,” but crossed out this phrase and substituted the six preceding words.

11The letter-book copy reads “and consulting” rather than “& have consulted.”

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