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Mr. Mazzei, called on me, last Evening, to let me know that he was this morning at three to Sett off, on his Journey, for Italy. He desired me to write you, that he has communicated to me the Nature of his Errand: but that his Papers being lost, he waits for a Commission and Instructions from you. That being limited to five Per Cent, and more than that being given by the Powers of Europe, and...
[ Paris, 23 June 1783 . There is recorded in SJL , under date of 16 Apr. 1784, the receipt of a letter from “J. Adams. Paris. June 23. by Mazzei.” Mazzei landed at Hampton, Virginia, in Nov. 1783, but he did not forward Adams’ letter for some months; see Mazzei to TJ, 4 Apr. 1784 , and Mazzei, Memoirs , p. 274. Adams’ letter to TJ has not been found.]
I had this Morning, the Pleasure of your Favour of the Sixteenth inst, by the Post; and rejoice to learn that your Battallions, were so far fill’d, as to render a Draught from the Militia, unnecessary. It is a dangerous Measure, and only to be adopted in great extremities, even by popular Governments. Perhaps, in Such Governments Draughts will never be made, but in Cases, when the People...
I had this Morning, the Pleasure of your Favour of the Sixteenth instant, by the Post; and rejoice to learn that your Battal­ lions, were So far fill’d, as to render a Draught from the Militia, unnecessary. It is a dangerous Measure, and only to be adopted in great Extremities, even by popular Governments. Perhaps, in Such Governments Draughts will never be made, but in Cases, when the People...
Mr. Mazzei, called on me, last evening, to let me know that he was this morning at three to Sett off, on his Journey, for Italy. He desired me to write you, that he has communicated to me the Nature of his Errand: but that his Papers being lost, he waits for a Commission and Instructions from you. That being limited to five Per Cent, and more than that being given by the Powers of Europe, and...
Colo. Senf not returning, agreeable to his promise to me which was the 21st Ulto., I am much at a Loss how to proceed. I understand that there’s a quantity of Bricks belonging to Colo. Benjamin Harrison of Brandon which Colo. Senf engaged, also a quantity of Timber of Major James Cocke of this County. You will pleas to furnish me with your orders for the Bricks Lime and Timber. Brick Layers,...
When you left the letters with me you seemed desirous that more attention should be paid to safety than dispatch in the conveyance of the two larger ones : I was not so particular therefore in forwarding the smaller letters , but reserved those for the President of Congress and Monsr. Marbois to be sent by some hand that would not fail to deliver them safely. Several Weeks elapsing and none...
The American Philosophic society on the 5th of January last held their first annual election under the act of incorporation by the General Assembly of Pennsylvania, and I have it in charge to inform your Excellency, that they have elected you a Councellor for two years. The powers of the Council are to “be described, fixed and determined by the statutes, laws, regulations and ordnances of the...
Williamsburg, 10 Feb. 1781. “The City of Williamsburg having procured a Waggon, Team &c. as ordered by Act of Assembly ,” Andrews desires to know to whom they shall be delivered. RC ( Vi ); endorsed (in part): “From the Revd Robt. Andrews.” The act of assembly in question was an Act of the Oct. 1780 session for supplying the army with clothes, provisions, and wagons; see Hening, William W....
Your Favour of the 31st. Ult., addressed to Mr. Madison and myself, I received yesterday, and shall be prepared to enter on the Business you have been pleased to propose as soon as the necessary Preliminaries are settled. I think no Objection can be made to your Mode of locating the Boundary, as it is the only one which, without infinite Pains and Trouble, can be in any Degree accurate. Before...
It will appear to you very strange that I should Communicate You Pollitical news from this place, where I expected to hear of none but of the Rural sort. Yet I have one which, though it may at first seem rather extraordinary, is not altogether quite improbable. Yesterday, after I had finished my letter to Mrs. Jefferson , I went to dine with Dr. Gilmer. In the evening Just as I left the town,...
I have the honor of informing your Excellency and the honourable the House of Assembly that having received lately a Commission that appoints me Consul of France for his most christian Majesty in the State of Virginia, I accept it with the highest degree of pleasure. His Majestys Choice flatters me infinitely as I am entirely conscious with what particular Distinction he considers this State,...
I have the honour to Acquaint your Excellency with a Piece of intelligence, Which if true Can not fail of Being Agreable to you in the present Circumstances. A Gentleman of this town Received last night a letter informing him of our ship Washington at Boston and tels him also that that ship parted in a storm from a french Squadron and fleet of transports in the latt. 32. which were intended...
The Bearer hereof is Col. Ternan of armand’s Legion. As an intimate friend of mine, I beg leave to introduce him to the honour of your acquaintance. His hobby-horse is like mine, natural history; But speaks also very well upon Every other subjects, so as to mistake them for so many hobby-horses. I Recommend him to the fate every man of merit meets with at monte-cielo . I have been obliged to...
Looking upon it a duty I owe to the Publick, have taken the liberty to inform your Excellency the condition that the Galleys now lie in, in our County, which were deserted by the Officers and men last summer. A Gentleman in this County who was a Continental Officer assigned about two years ago, came home, and finish’d a vessel last fall, took the rigging of one of the Galleys as much as woud...
[ Swan’s Point, 3 Jan. 1781. The 1816 version of TJ’s Diary of Arnold’s Invasion (Document I in Notes and Documents Relating to the British Invasions in 1781, printed under 31 Dec. 1780) contains the following entry under 3 Jan.: “8. aclock P.M. Received letter from E. Archer Swan’s point that at 12. aclock that day they [the British fleet] were at anchor a little below Jamestown.” Archer’s...
Williamsburg, 20 May 1780. Submitting his resignation as “Commissioner of Loans for the States” (i.e., commissioner of the Continental loan office for Virginia), and recommending his assistant, John Hopkins, for that post. RC ( Vi ); 2 p. Addressed: “His Excellency the Governour of Virginia ⅌ Mr. Hopkins”; endorsed in a clerk’s hand. Transmitted to Harrison in a letter of 3 June 1780, q.v. The...
Present State of the Shoemaking business under Mr. Mathew Anderson. No materials on hand to carry on the business; nor to be procured without the ready money. 13 Soldiers employed and Standing idle. 3 hands employed for the day Mr. Andersons Wages going on; together with house rent &c., the Shoes made, from the high Price of leather &c. and the hands being obliged to be idle from the Want of...
I have always considered it my duty, while holding an Office civil or military, to render the strictest Obedience in my power to the Laws of my Country and to the orders received from my Superior Officers; and whenever those Laws and Orders are such as my Conscience will not suffer me to execute punctually and religiously, I have thought it incumbent on me as a Man of honour and integrity to...
As the late unfortunate sufferings by the Enemy, is rather discouraging for an individual to risk any thing more at present on the Canal &ca. and as you seem inclinable to repair the losses of the country at that place, I would propose letting you have my Grist Mills, and all other conveniencys belonging to me during the present War, on reasonable Terms Annually. The Furnace in Buckingham has...
About ten or twelve daies ago I lost two very valuable Fellows, and Mr. James Ball lost three, which we conjectured were gone on board some of the Enemys Vessells, as for some time past, they have been, and still are hovering about the Shores of Potomack, from the mouth of the River, as high as Alexandria; our conjectures Proved true, for from the information of a young Gentleman, a near...
Without place or date [ 15? Feb. 1781 ] . Encloses receipt for £5,250 “advanced for the Equipment of the Volunteer Horse in Lawsons Corps under an Express promise that I would be reimbursed the Succeeding Week.” Necessities are now so urgent that he hopes for early payment of this and also $2,700 “advanced the other day for Catrige Boxes.” RC ( Vi ); 2 p.; undated; addressed and endorsed....
I am happy in having anticipated your order respecting the Arms , having before directed the Captains to collect every effective Fire lock in the County to a proper Place on the Road leading to Taylor’s Ferry, but I fear when the best endeavours are used few will be the Number, as this collection has repeatedly been made to arm the continental Soldiers sent from hence, and I cannot help...
Without place or date [ before 24 Feb. 1781 ]. Cannot send more than 100 men into the field with arms; but if arms could be had, “I suppose half our Militia would cheerfully turn out.” At Petersburg are 400 good Continental arms. Desires instructions. Tr ( NHi ). At head of text: “Copy of a Letter to the Governor from Colo. Banister.” This is the copy enclosed in TJ’s letter to Steuben of 24 Feb .
Dinwiddie co., 9 Mch. 1781 . He has, in accordance with orders, arrested Overby and Wells, and bailed them in good security to appear for trial when called on. Their arms have been deposited in a magazine previously established. He expects to complete a third of the militia (233 in number), by subscription. Desires instructions as to the trial of the two men arrested. MS not found; text of...
Col: J. Banister to the Governor: by Danl: Dodson, who goes to Richmond to get his pay for valuable services rendered the State; hopes he may not be disappointed, as the money is not now one fifth the value it was at that time. He is, with great difficulty collecting the Militia, who having so lately been in service, and did not expect to be called on again. Will use every effort to conciliate...
Il y a quelques jours que M. Charles Thompson me parla d’un ecrït contenant des reponses à des questions que j’ay pris la liberté de vous adresser l’année derniere , et me dit que vous desiriés que je lui en donnasse communication: Je l’aurois fait avec beaucoup d’empressement, Monsieur; mais elles ne me sont point parvenues quoiqu’il y ait deja quelque tems que M. Thompson m’en a parlé et que...
J’ai reçu les lettres que vous m’avés fait l’honneur de m’ecrire le 20. decembre et le 24. mars dernier. J’ai mis sur le navire marchand le Philadelphie les paquets pour l’Europe joints à la premiere et je crois que ce vaisseau a heureusement decapé malgré la vigilance des corsaires anglois. Je ne puis vous exprimer à quel point je suis reconnoissant de la peine que vous avés prise pour...
1. The Charters of your State. 2. The present Constitution. 3. An exact description of its limits and boundaries. 4. The Memoirs published in its name, in the time of its being a Colony and the pamphlets relating to its interior or exterior affairs present or ancient. 5. The History of the State. 6. A notice of the Counties Cities Townships Villages Rivers Rivulets and how far they are...
I this moment received your Excellencys Orders of the 22d. Inst: Mr. Strother who was the Bearer of those Orders says that your Excellency would not have Orderd any men from this County at this time had not you been informed that a part of our Militia was in motion which was the case but was in some Confusion, not through disobedience but on Account of both the Draft for the Militia and the...
“Culpepper,” 2 Apr. 1781 . Has this day received Governor’s order to march his militia; “we are now paraded and shall march.” Some of the “Divisions” think themselves entitled to a discharge because some of the militia belonging to them who marched to the South engaged while there to serve in Col. [William] Washington’s regiment for the war, “which is all the Law required of them tho they have...
From the many Applications I make free to Address your Excellency once more in behalf of the Detatchment of Militia from this County now on a Tour of duty who are very uneasie as well on account of a Shocking Fever now Rageing in this County as the Planting their Crops. Twenty persons have Died in about ten days within five miles of my house, but Very fortunate they are mostly such as are no...
I must again beg leave to Address your Excellency in behalf of a number of poor men who march’d in the Detatchment of Militia from this County the other day, if Possible to have them releived by or before the last of this month, that they may return to their homes in order to get their Corn Planted, who with their famalys must Suffer greatly if not Perish unless they can return time Enough to...
[ Richmond?, before 2 Oct. 1780. Minute in Journal of the Commissioner of the Navy (Vi), under date of 2 Oct.: “Letter from Commodore Barron referred from his Excellency the Governour.” An entry of 3 Oct., following, states that a reply was written by James Maxwell to Commodore Barron “inclosing a Form of a List of Seamen employed in the Navy of Virginia.” Neither Barron’s letter nor Maxwell’s...
Yesterday Morning twelve large Ships Came within the Capes and Anchord, Sent up one Frigate this Morning under English Colours, Which proves them to be a British fleet. The Frigate lays Now in Hampton road with Arnolds Ships. The other Ships are still in the Bay at Anchor. I take them all to be Menawar And No transports Among them. I Have the Honour, to be Sir Yr. Excellencys Mo. Obed. Hble...
This morning Came to our Bay 15 or Sixteen Sail more vessells which make thirty some odd which I suppose to be all British. They all lay at ancor Near the Cape they might have got up this morning but Lay fast. There is one Ship Coming up with a Whit flag at her Fore Top mast head but What She is I know not but Suppose her to be British. We have no accounts what they are but Conjecter them to...
Hoping that you may have supplyed yourself with an American Atlas, in the space of six or eight Months, You will please to deliver to General Weedon’s Care, my Atlas. I have the Honor to be Your Excellency’s most Ob: & H: Sert, RC ( Vi ); addressed; endorsed (in part): “Requesting the return of his American Atlas.”
I am directed by the House of Delegates to convey to you information respecting a Resolution of their House, of this Date, for an Enquirey into the Conduct of the Executive for the last twelve Months; I therefore, Sir, do myself the honour to inclose a Copy of that Resolution: And remain with great regard, Sir, Your obedient humble Servant, In the House of Delegates, the 12th. of June 1781....
Being Anxious that the Inclosed Resolution of the House of Delegates should reach you as early as possible, I have prevail’d on Capt. Dalton to be the Bearer of it to your House. I should be unhappy to think that any Accident should prevent the State from Deriveing the Advantage of Council from her ablest Citizens, by the Cavil of party on the Illiberality of the Inviduous, wherefore, shall...
Non o potuto resistere alla tentazione di scriverle, e toglierle in conseguenza un poco del tempo da Lei destinato agli affari in queste calamitose circostanze. Jo non so cosa i’ mi sia, nè che cosa sia per esser di me se io resto più qui; mi pare per altro ch’io sarò Suddito non più alle leggi di questo Stato, ma a quelle d’un Quadrumvirato. Questa idea solamente è piu che bastante a rendere...
Rispondendo all’umanissma. Sua de 25. Marzo scorso, nella quale Ella mi domanda una lista classata di Traduzioni degli autori più Celebri Greci e Latini, Le dirò che io, particolarmente in questo genere, sono il più ignorante tra gl’ignoranti, forse perchè in Italia simili autori si leggono ne’ loro originali solamente, se Latini; e si comparano gli originali con le Traduzioni Latine, se...
Il Sige. Gen’le Conte di Rochambeaux va a spasso per il Paese, ed è probabile ch’egli venga a Monticello, almeno Egli ne à l’intenzione; il Sige. Coleau , un uffiziale di rango nell’ Armata lo accompagna, ed io non voglio perder l’occasione di rinnuovarle i miei più rispettosi Sentimenti, e ringraziarla dell’ affettuosa Lettera ch’ Ella si compiacque di scrivermi da Richmond in Data de’ 23...
I have at Last made a Return of What I Procured under the Provision Law. I Recd your Instructions for procuring Grass beef and Salt two Late. At that time the ware all Sold other wise put up to feed and Could not be taken under that Denomination. If there is not more Severe Laws made against Ingrossers this part of the Country will not be able to Suply with any Beef. There has been many Droves...
Middlesex, 12 Apr. 1781 . Was appointed with Col. George Daniel a commissioner of the specific tax for Middlesex, “and Agreeable to Law we appointed commissioners to receive the said Taxes and gave public notice thereof, as also of the places appointed for the People to cary their grain.” Daniel and Bird also appointed, among others, Mr. William Chowning a deputy “for the purpose of seizing...
Prince William County, 4 May 1780 . Acknowledges a (now missing) letter from TJ by Henry Lee notifying Blackburn of his appointment to the executive council. Feels a due sense of the honor intended for him by the Assembly but must decline because of “a Deafness with which I have been long afflicted, and which I fear is too considerable to allow a proper Attention to the Duties of the Office.”...
The letter from the delegation to your Excellency will apprize you of the Situation of Public affairs at this time, and of our endeavors to promote every thing that can give energy to the operations of the Army in defense of our distressed Country. I should not therefore have troubled your Excellency with the perusal of this which relates to myself did not my own peculiar Situation render it...
Yr. Excellency will I hope excuse the liberty I take to Introduce to you the Marquis de La Valle and the Count de Guistine two Noblemen of distinction the latter a Brigadier in the Army of France and the former a Colonel—of the House of Montmorenci—they have been introduced to me by the Minister of France and the Marquis de la Fayette. I doubt not but that the Civilities they will meet with...
Having been inform’d that since your Excellencys Appointment to the Government of this Commonwealth your residence will be chiefly, if not entirely at the seat of Government, You will pardon me if (tempted by the perpetual view of your delightfull Seat from my lowly and I may say Dirty Cottage) I should venture to ask a preference should you be disposed to permit any other than your own family...
Mr. Walker, who sets off to Virginia tomorrow, affords us this opportunity of Enclosing your Excellency a Copy of a letter Presented to us the 16th Inst. together with a Copy of our Answer, concerning the affair of the Indiana Company. It may not be improper to Inform Your Excellency and, (through Your Excellency) the Legislature who we suppose may be now Siting, that every art has been and...
A French officer of the name of Dubuisson a Colonel in our Army and formerly aid to the Baron Du Kalb who was wounded in the Action near Cambden and taken Prisoner, has requested me to enclose the Contents of this to Your Excellency, which will fully explain his desire. Your Excellency, will be pleased to do in the affair, what you think Justice, Humanity and Policy dictate, and will be so...