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14 November 1812, New York. “I had the Honor of mentioning the subject before to Your Excellency I repeat it again. If You will give Me the Command of a Regt. of horse or foot I will endeavour to do My duty to My Country.” Believes that to achieve peace in the spring, the U.S. must take Canada this winter and that to reach this goal the administration need only “will it to be done.” If his...
by mistake of the post master I recieved last evening the inclosed, with several letters & papers, it being the first I put my hand on amediately broke it open, not untill then observeing that it was directed to you. as it is natural to suppose none others except those derected to myself would have been sent. I hope you will pardon my mistake— RC ( MHi ); dateline beneath signature; addressed:...
At the request of M r Cathcart it has fallen to my lot to address you in his behalf, permit me therefore Sir to intrude upon your privacy. This I do Sir with a degree of confidence beleiving that in your retirement the best interests of the United States occupy your highest regards; and that nevertheless you are far from disregarding the interest of an individual private Citizen, much less...
I presume upon our former acquaintance, and Correspondence as an apology for this Letter. The wild spirit of Anger, discontent and disaffection, which appears at least in four of our New England States, ought to excite Us all to enquire into the causes that have produced it. The Laws to which the national government has judged it necessary to resort in defence of our Rights and Independence, I...
I sent here from Albemarle a Plaisterer to plaister my house. I did not order on any plaister of Paris because I understood it could always be bought in Lynchburg , and the small quantity of only 5. bushels was necessary. I am disappointed however in my expectation of buying even that quantity in Lynchbg , and being told you have some there which you had brought for the purposes of your farm ,...
The disinterested and enlightened favor which you have uniformly shewn to public improvements of every sort, induces me to trouble you with the perusal of the inclosed tract on the Navigation of the Roanoke , and to ask you to favor me with its acceptance. The subject being of great local benefit, and not unimportant to the State, cannot be uninteresting to you. RC ( MHi ); endorsed by TJ as...
Since I had the honour of sending you mÿ last letter , I reviewed mÿ Sketch and discovered, that I did neglect a rich mine, which he, who intends, to execute this plan, must have previouslÿ explored. After the General Sketch of Europe from the invasion of the Northern Nations ought to be inserted “Value and necessity of Studÿing the Annals, Records, Ballads, Romanzas and other writings of the...
Jame Hubbard . } 10 ½ yds woolen. 24. yds linen, of which 10. are for a bed for Cate . Cate 1 . blanket for Cate .  
Having in ancient days had much experience of the frankness and candor of your disposition I feel the less apprehension of giving you offence, by Trespassing on your time, though according to the fashion of the world I have no right to commence or invite such a correspondence. Every good citizen must regret the appearance of disaffection to the national administration, so visible in the...
Gibbon tells us in his life, that he studied Anatomy & Chemistry on purpose to furnish himself with new Allusions for the Stile of his history. You seem to have studied natural history for the more important purpose of furnishing your memory with new precedents for industry and foresight in human Affairs, and particularly for the Conduct of Governments—But what avail reading, reflexion,...
My Election to the Presidents office, was but by a majority of one or at most two votes. Mr Jeffersons was by no majority of the people and by a majority of one only in the house after thirty or 40 votes had been equally divided between him and Mr Burr. Mr Jeffersons second election was by a great majority and his third would have been by a greater still if he had not declined. Your Election...
17 November 1812. Transmits “copies of a letter from the Consul General of the United States to Algeirs, stating the circumstances preceding and attending his departure from that Regency.” RC and enclosure, two copies ( DNA : RG 233, President’s Messages, 12A-D1; DNA : RG 46, President’s Messages, 12A-E2). First RC 1 p.; in the hand of Edward Coles, signed by JM. For enclosure, see n. 1. JM...
18 November 1812. “I transmit … copies of a communication from Mr. Russell to the Secretary of State. It is connected with the correspondence accompanying my Message of the 12th instant, but had not at that date been received.” RC and enclosure, two copies ( DNA : RG 233, President’s Messages, 12A-D1; DNA : RG 46, President’s Messages, 12A-E2). First RC 1 p.; in the hand of Edward Coles,...
18 November 1812, Bristol. Recollect that when Cushing’s seat on the U.S. Supreme Court was vacant, Asher Robbins of Newport was “held up as a suitable Candidate by the lawyers & several others, whose motives, in our view, were not worthy an object so important.” Thought at that time that it was their duty to “express to the Executive our thoughts upon the subject.” Distrusted Robbins because...
My Election to the Presidents Office was but by a majority of one, or at most of two Votes. Mr Jeffersons was by no Majority of the People, and by a Majority of one only in the House after Thirty or forty Votes equally divided between him and Mr Burr. Mr Jeffersons Second Election was by a great Majority and his third would have been by a greater Still, if he had not declined. Your Election...
Your neat, pretty letter, looking small, but containing much, reached me this day. I have a good mind to give you the journal of the day. Six o’clock. Rose, and, in imitation of his Britannic Majesty, kindled my own fire. Went to the stairs, as usual, to summon George and Charles. Returned to my chamber, dressed myself. No one stirred. Called a second time, with voice a little raised. Seven...
Memoranda Mr Armstrong’s letter 1. Preference to be given to contracts for supplying the army with provisions. This is so indubitable that how any hesitation on the subject could take place is not easily understood. That branch of military expenditure is the only one (pay excepted) which is well administered & under a good accountability. If it was practicable to extend the same system (of...
Is it proper to enlist volunteers, under the existing act, for local & special services? Is not this a distinct organisation such as was contemplated when thinking of a local force? And would it not be better to have a general law for that object, reserving the volunteers for more active service? If Gen. A. is not controlled, he will draw for the defence of New York a much larger permanent...
Since the perusal of your late Message, I have been led to reflect upon the actual situation of our country, of which your communication to Congress professes to be a faithful exposition; and as I cannot bring my mind to the same results with your Excellency, I trust you will allow me the liberty of expressing some doubts, with my reasons for them, in regard to the prosperous state of our...
19 November 1812, War Department. Lists proposed appointments in the U.S. Army for JM’s approval. Letterbook copy ( DNA : RG 107, LSP ). 2 pp. On 20 Nov. 1812 JM forwarded to the Senate Eustis’s list of nominations in various army regiments from North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Massachusetts, New York, Kentucky, Rhode Island, and Maryland ( Senate Exec. Proceedings Journal of the...
19 November 1812. “Resolved … That the Conduct of the General Government in declaring war against the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland and their dependencies has met with their warmest approbation. “Resolved that We will support the Administration of the General Government in a vigorous prosecution of the war to the utmost of our abilities so as to produce the most efficient result, a...
19 November 1812, Newport, Rhode Island. “It is generally believed among the Republican Citizens of this Town, that Mr. William S. Rogers has gone to the City of Washington, an applicant for some appointment under the authority of the Government, it wou’d be equally repugnant to ev’ry Republican that this Gentleman shou’d be favor’d in his views, Particularly so, as his aversion to the Present...
At a meeting of Officers of the 14th Division, Penna. Militia, held at the house of Richard Donaldson, in the Borough of Washington, on friday the 20th Instant, for the purpose of considering and suggesting some amendments to the militia System: Genl. Thomas Acheson, was appointed chairman, and Maj Andrew Sutton Secretary. After which the following preamble and resolutions were introduced,...
I have never entered on a subje[c]t with so much reluctance and hesitation as on that t⟨o⟩ which this letter will be devoted. This reluctance is owing to many causes, all applying to feeling, and which nothing could forc[e] me to resist, but a settled opinion that a public evil exists and that the public service impereously demands the application of the proper remedy. When Mr. Huntington was...
By M r Skipwith when he quitted the functions he had so many years and so faithfully exercised in this Country— I took the liberty of sending for your acceptance —the two first volumes of Peron’s Voyage to New Holland. I hope they were received and that they were a welcome tribute of my respect. The two last volumes have not yet appeared—but shall be forwarded as soon as they can be had. My...
we have sent you of the Cyder in the tallest bottle which we had marked N o 1 & not 3 as you Mention in your Note , & if you think it worth puting in your bottles, send back the Barrell & have it filled again for your next summers use as your acceptance of it will give me more pleasure than any use I shall make of it, if you do not send for it.— M rs Clay begs the acceptance of a Cheese (of...
22 November 1812, Norfolk. Addressed “a short letter” to JM “the day before yesterday, stating the wishes of Mr. Miles King jr. to fill the Navy Agency at this place, made vacant by the recent death of Mr. Theodorick Armistead” [not found]. Without detracting from King’s merits, states his opinion “that the claim of Mr. John Fawn is better founded.” Fawn is Armistead’s half-brother “and has...
Does History or Experience, afford an Example, of Such a Phenomenon, as this, now exhibited to Mankind, by our pious, virtuous and patriotic American Republick, whether We view it as a federative Republick, or whether We consider the Single and Simple Parts that compose the whole? The dread, of Taxes, to which all Mankind have a natural Antipathy; the hatred of War, which is Stronger in the...
With much pleasure I have this day received your communication of the 15th Instance, and I shall always be happy in Receiving Any Communication from, so Eminant a Statesman of the Revolution who in common with thousands of Others, both in the Cabinet and in the field, have put danger at defiance, and as it were, with Halters about their necks, did boldly contend for, and thro the Aid of divine...
On the 30th. of last Month I addressed your Excellency, again, on the Subject of War. And I must exclaim, “My Bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart, my heart maketh a noise in me. I cannot hold my Peace , because thou hast heard O my Soul, the sound of the Trumpet, the Alarm of War.” When I view the desolation and destruction of War, when I behold the Multitudes of Blessings...
23 November 1812. “I approve the object … for which it is proposed to raise, by lottery, the sum of ten thousand dollars by the corporation of the City of Washington.” Printed copy ( Records of the Columbia Historical Society 2 [1899]: 254). JM was responding to two resolutions passed by the Board of Aldermen and the Board of Common Council of the City of Washington on 19 Nov. 1812 to raise...
23 November 1812, New York. Signed a paper addressed to JM, “purporting to be a Representation of the superior Officers of the Regiment of New York Volunteers,” and now deem it their duty to explain that they were induced to sign it by their faith in “Colonel De la Croix declaration of the facts as therein set forth,” which, they regret to state, “have subsequently proved to be groundless...
I have to ask the favor of you to locate the inclosed warrant N o 4915 . for 100 acres of land , on the vacant land between my own lines of the Poplar forest , those of the late William Cobbs and the adjacent landholders, with whose lines I am not yet acquainted. I shall endeavor to obtain a [...] knolege of them, and as soon as I can, I will ask the favor of you to make the survey. Accept the...
Although I do not inflexibly persevere in the rule of writing individually to you once at least in the course of every Month, according to the proposition which I made nearly two years ago, and from which I have very rarely swerved; and notwithstanding the multiplication of obstacles to the conveyance of letters since the new Wars that this inauspicious year eighteen hundred and twelve has...
A report is here in Circulation that General Harrison is suspended—or superceded in the Command of the N W Army—& creates a general Anxiety. I truly hope that arrangements may be made to reconcile or obviate any diffeculties which may oppose his retaining the Command of the Army. It is in my Opinion all important that he should command that Army, if he should not I fear that the Objects of the...
I have the honor of sending you two brochures of the national Institute, the contents of which are very interesting. I also inclose some french gazettes which contain some details concerning the situation of the french armies. Letters, which I have now received from the united States, announce the pleasing intelligence, that you will be reelected by a great majority. I have taken the liberty...
24 November 1812, Newport. Recommend Asher Robbins for the office of district attorney. “No Gentleman can be better qualified than he, for the discharge of the duties of that office, not only possessing moral, but political and legal talents. Our former recommendations of this Gentleman bespeaks [ sic ] his worth, & to discribe anew his talents, natural & acquired, & his moral virtues, would...
By this mail I send you a small box of Hyacinth roots, to be planted in the open ground, as soon as you shall have received them; they are of the first rate kinds, and nearly of as many varieties as roots: with due attention they will bring you into a stock of the best kinds. Accept Sir my most sincere thanks for your various kindnesses to me, and believe me to be Sir, RC ( DLC ); endorsed by...
I have received your polite letter of the 6th of the month and your present of “The Crisis.” You will excuse a question or two. In page 1st you say “Our administrations with the exception of Washingtons have been party administrations.” On what ground do you except Washingtons? If by party you mean majority his majority was the smallest of the four in all his legislative and executive acts...
I take the liberty of enclosing you my last communication to our State Legislature. I am aware that its local topics can claim but a small share of your attention, and that its general are only a repetition of what has been often better expressed. I conceive however that it must be gratifying to you to learn that we are willing to go all lengths in the prosecution of the just objects of the...
25 November 1812, War Department. Lists proposed appointments in the U.S. Army for JM’s approval. Letterbook copy ( DNA : RG 107, LSP ). 2 pp. On 27 Nov. 1812 JM forwarded to the Senate Eustis’s list of nominations in various army regiments from Virginia, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Georgia, and Massachusetts ( Senate Exec. Proceedings Journal of the...
25 November 1812, Paris. “I wrote you in my last that my husband was on his way to Wilna, sent for by the Emperor, & this you doub[t]less, knew before, by Mr. B’s letters to the President & Dept. of State, of which he sent in different directions six copies before his departur⟨e⟩. He left Paris with the most flattering hopes of being able to communicate directly with the Emperor & of being...
Je suis pres-qu’à la veille de mettre sous presse l’ouvrage dont il est question dans le Prospectus , ci-joint. Que V. E. daigne prendre ou non, la peine de se faire inscrire sur la liste des Souscripteurs; comme ami des sciences je n’en prendrai pas moins la liberté de lui en faire tenir un emplaire . Je supplie V. E. d’avoir la bonté d’excuser l’espèce d’indiscrétion que je comets en...
Will Mr Jefferson be so kind as to lend me a couple of hundread brick which shall be returned with, those lent to Colo Watts . This favour will be thankfully receaved by yours RC ( ViU : TJP-ER ); dateline beneath signature; adjacent to signature: “M r Tho s Jefferson”; endorsed by TJ: “Callaway Abner.” Abner Early Callaway (1787–1834) and his brother George Callaway inherited land in Bedford...
Some Gentleman in Philadelphia, has lately Sent me a polite letter, Subscribed “A Friend,” with a present of a valuable collection of Garden Seeds &c which I have presented to the Mass. Accademy and they to Professor Peck for the Botannical Garden at Cambridge. The Seeds were accompanied with a bundle of political pamphletts, among which was one, which issued from your Press, this year, “An...
26 November 1812, Utica, New York. Introduces Alexander Johnson, “a respectable young merchant of this place, who will spend a few days in Washington City, for the sake of amusement & information.” RC ( DLC ). 1 p.; docketed by JM. Nathan Williams (1773–1835), a prominent Utica attorney and civic leader, was president of the village corporation and president of the Manhattan Bank. He also...
Yesterday was our Thanksgiving day. In our own way, and with tempers suited to the occasion, we gave thanks for those blessings which we felt had been granted to us in the year past, for the restoration and recovery from dangerous sickness of members of our own family; and, although in one instance we had been called to weep, in many others we had cause of rejoicing. We were in health; we had...
I feel it a duty as a just tribute to Your foresight and patriotism, to inclose the first printed copy of the report of the Board of managers of the Union canal company of Pennsylvania , and their Memorial intended to be presented by me next month to our Legislature, and anticipate the benefit, our country will derive from Your cooperation in the Administration, and the promotion of internal...
At the first meeting of the Visitors after the receipt of the letter you did me the favor to write me, I laid before the board the information which you communicated with a view to the Interests of the Colledge of W m & Mary . Measures were immediately adopted to ascertain whether M r Meigs was fitted for the vacant department, which we are extremely solicitous to fill with an able and...
I have recd. your valuable Volume, on the diseases of the mind; which will run Mankind still deeper into your Debt. You apprehend “Attacks”. I Say, the more the better. I Should like the Sport So well, that, if I could afford the expence, I would advertize a reward of a gold Medal to the Man of Science who should write the best Essay upon the question whether the Writings of Dr Franklin, or Dr...