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From James Madison to the Senate, 27 January 1813 (Abstract)

§ To the Senate

27 January 1813. “I transmit to the Senate a Report of the Secretary of War, complying with their Resolution of the 7th instant.”1

RC and enclosures (DNA: RG 46, Executive Proceedings, 12B-D2). RC 1 p.; in the hand of Edward Coles, signed by JM. For enclosures, see n. 1.

1On 7 Jan. 1813 the Senate passed a resolution that had been presented by Samuel Smith of Maryland on the previous day, directing the secretary of war to lay before the Senate “a return of the commissioned, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, who have enrolled themselves” in accordance with JM’s charge “to accept and organize certain volunteer military corps” (Annals of Congress description begins Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States … (42 vols.; Washington, 1834–56). description ends , 12th Cong., 2d sess., 40). In response JM forwarded a 26 Jan. 1813 letter from James Monroe, as acting head of the War Department, to the president of the Senate (3 pp.), explaining that in the interests of efficiency, blank commissions had been sent to army generals authorizing them “to organize and embody” volunteers with the regular troops and that the returns had not yet been transmitted to the department. He added that the War Department had organized companies of volunteers from Petersburg, Baltimore, Pennsylvania, and Alexandria and that several other troops from the District of Maine “are in service, with the several Armies, called Volunteers, who have not complied with the provisions of the Acts, and can only be considered as Militia from the several states, where they have been raised.” Monroe also enclosed a return from the adjutant general, dated 11 Jan. 1813 (1 p.), listing a total of 747 privates in nine regiments as the number of “non commissioned officers, musicians and privates enlisted into the Army of the United States for eighteen months, under the act entitled ‘An Act in addition to the act entitled “An Act to raise an Additional military force” passed January 11th 1812.’”

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