Adams Papers
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From John Adams to Boston Patriot, 7 June 1809

Quincy, June 7, 1809.


In page 26, Mr. Hamilton says, that the mission “could hardly fail to injure our interests with other countries.” This is another of those phantoms which he had conjured up to terrify minds and nerves as weak as his own. It was a common place theme of discourse, which, no doubt, the British faction very efficaciously assisted him in propagating. I know it made impression on some, from whose lips I too often heard it, and from whom I expected more sense and firmness. It appeared to me so mean, servile and timorous, that I own I did not always hear it with patience. Which were those other countries?—They could not be Spain, Holland, or any countries in the north or south of Europe which were in alliance with France or under her obedience. They could be only England, Russia and Sweden; for we had nothing to do with any but maritime powers. And what interest of ours could be injured with any of these powers? Would any of these powers make war upon us, and sacrifice the benefits they received from our commerce, because we made peace with France, asserted and maintained our impartial neutrality, and stipulated nothing inconsistent with their rights, honor or dignity? If such chimerical [fears] as these were to govern our conduct, it was idle to talk of our independence. We might as well petition the King and Parliament of Great Britain to take us again under their gracious protection.

In page 36, he says, I "might secretly and confidentially have nominated one or more of our ministers actually abroad for the purpose of treating with France, with [eventual instructions predicated upon ap]pearances of an approaching peace." Mr. Hamilton had entirely forgot the constitution of the United States. All nominations must be made to the Senate, and if the President requests and the Senate enjoins secrecy, secrecy will not be kept.—Stephens Thompson Mason was then a member of the Senate—and if he had not been, there were twenty other means of communicating the thing to the public—Had secrecy been requested and enjoined when Mr. Murray was nominated, every man whose emulation was mortified, would have had the secret in three hours. But had the secret been kept, Mr. Murray must have gone to Paris with his full powers, or must have communicated them to Mr. Pichon—the French government must have appointed a minister to treat with him—their full powers must have been exchanged—neither the French government nor their minister would have kept it secret. And why all this cunning? That we might not give umbrage to England. This very motive, if there had been any thing in it, would have induced the French to proclaim it to all Europe. In truth, such a sneaking idea never entered my brain, and if it had, I would have spurned it as unworthy a moment’s consideration. Besides, this would have been the very indirect, circuitous mode that Mr. Hamilton so deeply deplores.

In this page 37, another instance is given of my jealousy, and suspicious disposition. The most open, unsuspicious man alive, is accused of excessive suspicion. I transiently asked one of the heads of departments, whether Ellsworth and Hamilton had come all the way from Windsor and New-York, to persuade me to countermand the mission. How came Mr. Hamilton to be informed of this? I know of no motive of Mr. Ellsworth’s journey. However, I have already acknowledged that Mr. Ellsworth’s conduct was perfectly proper. He urged no influence, or argument, for counteracting or postponing the mission. Unsuspicious as I was, I could not resist the evidence of my senses. Hamilton, unasked, had volunteered his influence with all the arguments his genius could furnish, all the eloquence he possessed, and all the vehemence of action his feeble frame could exert. He had only betrayed his want of information, and his ardent zeal to induce me to break my word and violate the faith of the government. I know of no business he had at Trenton. Indeed I knew, that in strict propriety he had no right to come to Trenton at all without my leave. He was stationed at Newark, in the command of his division of the army, where he ought to have been employed in accommodating, disciplining and teaching tactics to his troops, if he had been capable of it. He wisely left these things to another officer, who understood them better, but whom he hated for that very reason. I have no more to say upon this great subject. Indeed I am weary of exposing puerilities that would disgrace the awkwardest boy at college.

John Adams.

Printed Source--Boston Patriot.

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