James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from Horatio Gates Spafford, 18 February 1815

From Horatio Gates Spafford

Albany, 2 Mo. 18, 1815.

Esteemed Friend,

Permit me to present my congratulations on the prospect of peace.

Anxious to have the principles of my invention, in the construction of wheel-carriages, fairly & fully tested, I now send, enclosed, a Certificate of a single Right to make use of the improvement. I sent, some days since, the little pamphlet on that subject.1 Should it not be thy wish to use the Right I send, please hand it to some friend who will make the experiment; & I would be thankful to be informed of the result.

Exasperated at the conduct of a wretch who imposed himself on my friend, & came from Canada as a Spy, I gave intimation of it to thee.2 I wrote the particulars to Genl. Macomb, & described the villain & his associate haunts. I have also learnt of a disgraceful traffic, between our Officers & the British, which I meant to disclose; but peace may make it unneccessary, & I am sorry I troubled thee with any notion of it. With respect, &c.

H. G. Spafford.

RC (DLC). Docketed by JM.

1Spafford, Some Cursory Observations on the Ordinary Construction of Wheel-Carriages (Shaw and Shoemaker description begins R. R. Shaw and R. H. Shoemaker, comps., American Bibliography: A Preliminary Checklist for 1801–1819 (22 vols.; New York, 1958–66). description ends 35985).

2Spafford to JM, 15 June 1814, PJM-PS, description begins Robert A. Rutland et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Presidential Series (8 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1984–). description ends 7:560–61.

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