James Madison Papers
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From James Madison to John Adams, 5 May 1813

To John Adams

Washington May 5. 1813

Dear Sir

I have received your favor on the subject of Docr. Waterhouse,1 inclosing a letter from him which is now returned. Previous to this communication, the vacancy occasioned by the death of our Excellent friend, & the friend of mankind, had been filled by the appointment of his son Dr. James Rush. Besides the numerous & respectable interpositions in favor of it, I felt a pleasure, in putting this soothing drop, small as it was, into the cup of family affliction.

I have recd. from Dr. W. himself, a letter with a detail of the circumstances which he wished to make known.2 In a case where so much depends on local circumstances, and delicate personalities, strangers at a distance cannot be always competent Judges. The best evidence in his behalf, is the favorable opinion of those on the spot, and none certainly could be entitled to more respect, than those who bear testimony to his worth. I say this to you, rather than to himself, because I habitually decline where I can, corresponding with persons wishing to be employed in public service especially when nothing is said in gratification of their wishes.

The Secretary of State has informed you of the arrangements produced by the offered & accepted Mediation of the Emperor of Russia.3 I hope they will not be in dissonance with the sentiments of your son, of whose great worth we are all fully sensible.

As to the result of this pacific experiment, I the less venture to speak, as the probabilities on which it depends, can be calculated by no one better than yourself. We anxiously wish that a just peace may be brought about, and have spared no pains in smoothing the way to it. Be pleased Sir to accept assurances of my very great & friendly esteem

James Madison

RC (MHi: Adams Papers).

3See James Monroe to Adams, 10 and 19 Apr. 1813 (MHi: Adams Papers; printed in Ford, Writings of J. Q. Adams, 4:468–69). In the first letter, Monroe informed Adams that John Quincy Adams would be named a member of the peace commission and that if peace were made with Great Britain, the younger Adams would be given the opportunity to go to London as minister. The second letter stated that Albert Gallatin and James A. Bayard would join John Quincy Adams on the commission, which Gallatin would head in negotiations with Great Britain, while Adams, as minister to Russia, would lead the commission in negotiating a treaty of commerce with that government.

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