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1[Parents and Boyhood] (Adams Papers)
My Father married Susanna Boylston in October 1734, and on the 19th of October 1735 I was born. As my Parents were both fond of reading, and my father had destined his first born, long before his birth to a public Education I was very early taught to read at home and at a School of Mrs. Belcher the Mother of Deacon Moses Belcher, who lived in the next house on the opposite side of the Road. I...
Continued November 30. 1804. In my own class at Collidge, there were several others, for whom I had a strong affection—Wentworth, Brown, Livingston, Sewall and Dalton all of whom have been eminent in Life, excepting Livingston an amiable and ingenious Youth who died within a Year or two after his first degree. In the Class before me I had several Friends, Treadwell the greatest Schollar, of my...
All that part of Creation that lies within our observation is liable to Change. Even mighty States and kingdoms, are not exempted. If we look into History we shall find some nations rising from contemp­ tible beginnings, and spreading their influence, ’till the whole Globe is subjected to their sway. When they have reach’d the summit of Grandeur, some minute and unsuspected Cause commonly...
Quincy December 1. 1806. When I asked Leave of Congress to make a Visit to my Constituents and my Family in November 1777, it was my intention to decline the next Election, and return to my practice at the Bar. I had been four Years in Congress, left my Accounts in a very loose condition, my Debtors were failing, the paper Money was depreciating, I was daily loosing the fruits of seventeen...
At a Crisses so Alarming as the present—when our Independance is threatened by a haughty foreign power—I think it a duty I ow my Native Country to offer Your Excelency my Services—And I now take the liberty to inform you Sir —that I had the honour to Command the first Company in the first Regiment Ever raised by Congress in the Year 1775—Commanded by Colonel William Thompson—and was at the...
New York [ 1798–1804 ]. “A Series of misfortunes which have pursued me from infancy … make me apply to you for a Small Sum to relieve me from present embarrassment. The portrait that accompanies this letter is not offered to you in barter for the sum required. No Sir, it is my request that you would honor it with some corner in your house.… It is Sir the portrait of the Countess of Serang,...
[ New York, November, 1800. The description of this letter in the dealer’s catalogue reads: “deals with legal matters.” Letter not found. ] LS , sold by Goodspeed’s Bookstore, Boston, February, 1942. For background to this letter, see H, Cooper, and Ogden to FitzSimons, Herman LeRoy, William Tilghman, and Matthew Pearce, October 17, 1800, note 1 ; November 17, 1800 . FitzSimons, Higbee, and...
This is the fifth letter, Madam, that ⟨I shall⟩ have written to you, without yet having had ⟨the pleasure⟩ of knowing that one has reached your hands. This ⟨situation⟩ is matter of no small regret to us, and it would be still more perplexing and painful did we not understand th⟨at⟩ others of your friends are in a like situation. Being a common misfortune, we cannot impute it to any...
Inclosd is the answer of the secretary of the Senate to a request that he woud furnish the department of state with the names of the Senators. There being no official certainty of the Senators newly elected to serve after the 3d. of March may produce some doubt respecting the propriety of a summons addressd to them individually. There is not to be found on the files of this department any copy...
March 8 drew an order, Warrant issued & I signed it the 9th for 2000: 0: 0 Dollars April 4. Recd on a Warrant of my Salary 2000: 0: 0 May 18. Signed a Warrant for 2250: 0: 0
Le Colonel fleury mon mari que vous avés honoré de votre estime & de Votre bienveillance a cessé de Vivre. le Délabrement de Sa Santé, la mélancolie, & les souffrances qui étoient la Suite de Son état lui rendoient depuis quelque tems la vie insupportable; & le même Courage qui lui fit si Souvent braver la mort dans les Combats l’a malheureusement porté a abréger ses jours. il me laisse dans...
My Son having Sent me a coppy of your valuable Book, the President has read it with great Satisfaction and pleasure; I have not as yet been able to go through the whole of it, myself having resignd it into the hands of miss Hannah Adams the Authoriss of a Work entitled “a veiw of Religious opinions”—She is about republishing the third Edition of that work with considerable additions, and Some...
I need not put up the petition of Popes “teach me to feel an others woe” for I have mostSsincerely enterd into your affliction during your long residence at Washington, and thank heaven for your cause of rejoicing—I dared not write to you and feared the arrival of every mail might bring me the melancholy tidings we all so much dreaded, but through the interposition of a bountifull providence,...
it would be if made. we must be convinced, as well as the people of in general, that the convention taken all together is highly advantageous to the Country; Let then a thinking and impartial Man Compare the Situation of the united States on the 4 of March 1797 when the President assumed the office of their first executive magistrate with their Situation on the Same day 1801, when those...
I am just arrived here after a very comfortable journey. Our intention is to reach Albany on Wednesday morning, from which place I shall immediately write to you. I am less and less pleased with the prospect of so long a separation from my beloved family & you may depend shall shorten it as much as possible. Dumphey had planted the Tulip Trees in a row along the outer fence of the Garden in...
Mr. Hamilton called at Major L’Enfant’s this Afternoon, with intent to communicate something interesting. He will be glad to see the Major, at his house, this Evening or tomorrow Morning. AL , Digges-L’Enfant-Morgan Collection, Library of Congress. For background to this letter, see H to L’Enfant, July 27, 1801, note 2 ; L’Enfant to H, September 4, 1801 .
[ New York, 1801. The dealer’s catalogue description of this letter reads: “in regard to the case of the Ringwood Iron Co.” Letter not found. ] ALS , sold by Goodspeed’s Book Store, Boston, Catalogue 101, Item 1643. Troup was the attorney for the trustees of the American Iron Company. For background to this letter, see the introductory note to Philip Schuyler to H, August 31, 1795 . See also H...
A Bill for the relief of sufferers under certain illegal prosecutions Whereas the constitution of the US. has provided that ‘Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech or of the press,’ and that ‘the powers not delegated to the US. by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states respectively or to the people;’ and Congress did nevertheless on...
19Memorandum Books, 1801 (Jefferson Papers)
Jan. 1. Gave Conrad & McMun ord. on J. Barnes for 218.90. Jan. 1. Inclosed to D. Higginbotham for Reuben Perry 65.D. 2. Pd. ferrge. &c. at Geo. T. .5. 3. Pd. at Gadsby’s Alexandria lodgg. dinner &c. 5.5 servts. .75. Pd. ferrge. &c. Geo. T. .5.
7. Thos. Lehré recommended by C. Pinckney and Goodwyn by P. Butler & by Ephraim Ramsay Parker . fed. & able, but good & unmedling. Attorney of district. brother in law of Drayton the Govr. who is a violent republican. therefore let him stand till further enquiry. MS ( DNA : RG 59, LAR , file of James Symonds [i.e., Simons], 10:0777); undated; entirely in TJ’s hand, written in several sittings,...
Mr. Kimball keeps the accounts of the Department; and, when not so engaged, does such other current business as is assigned to him. Mr. Thom fills up patents for Virginia Military lands and for useful discoveries and inventions, and does such other copying and recording as is assigned to him. Mr. Miller records the foreign and domestic letters written by the Secretary of State, and does such...
Four years ago this day you became President of the United States, and I a Representative of the People in Congress; this day has brought us once more on a level, the acquaintance we have had together entitles me to the Liberty I take, when you are about to depart for Quincey, (by and with the concent and advice of the good people of the United States) to bid you a hearty farewell; this...
Mr Jefferson in his Speech; preaches observes, that, He may “ I Shall often go wrong through defect of Judgment, when right, I shall often be thought wrong by those whose positions will not command a view of the whole ground. I also ask Support against the Errors of others, who may condemn what they would not if Seen in all its parts;” If the Same measure was to be meeted to the new...
Called by the voice of our country to undertake the duties of it’s first executive magistrate I avail myself of the presence of that portion of my fellow citizens which is here assembled to express my grateful thanks for the favor with which they have been pleased to look towards me, to declare a sincere consciousness that the task is above my talents, and that I approach it with those anxious...
Called upon to undertake the duties of the first Executive office of our country, I avail myself of the presence of that portion of my fellow citizens which is here assembled, to express my grateful thanks for the favor with which they have been pleased to look towards me, to declare a sincere consciousness that the task is above my talents, & that I approach it with those anxious & awful...
Called upon to undertake the duties of the first Executive office of our country, I avail myself of the presence of that portion of my fellow citizens which is here assembled to express my grateful thanks for the favor with which they have been pleased to look towards me, to declare a sincere consciousness that the task is above my talents, and that I approach it with those anxious and awful...
Of all your old Friends, none can more sincerely rejoice than I, on your elevation to preside in the Councils of the American People. Not so much from personal feelings, or a local attachment; but from a confidence, that you will restore the administration of their government, to the original principles of the Revolution: to the dignity of the Rights of Man. Minute Philosophers, and...
I have thought it my duty to inform you, that at four oClock this morning the late president left this house, which, by order of the Secretary of the Treasury , I took possession of immediately— I have the honor to be with the most sincere Respect & esteem, Your most obt. Hble. Svt. RC ( MHi ); endorsed by TJ as received 4 Mch. and so recorded in SJL . Thomas Claxton (d. 1821), the doorkeeper...
The enclosed Writing sufficiently explains it’s object, and we presume, the utility of the Measure proposed, must be apparent, especially to those who have seen the number of wooden Houses lately erected by the Description of people whose accommodation is more immediately contemplated. We however, respectfully submit the Subject to Your Consideration; and if the Measure be approved, we request...
As Secretary to the Committee, appointed by the Inhabitants of Warren County, to prepare an Address to the President of the United States , I have the Honour to forward the enclosed— Accept my Sincere Wishes for your personal Happiness and beleive me to be With great Respect Your mot. obt. Servt. RC ( DLC ); endorsed by TJ as received 16 Mch. and so recorded in SJL . William Falkener (d. 1819)...
The Inhabitants of Warren County in the State of North Carolina duly impressed with the awful Check the Will of the People of the United States met with by the House of Representatives, do now feel themselves in the highest of Exultation from the public Will being at last explicitly expressed; we do in the utmost Joyfulness of our Hearts congratulate you Sir on your Election to the cheif...
You have long been ranked among the number of distinguished Patriots, whose transcendent virtues claim the Plaudits of United America. In chusing you to fill the arduous office of First Magistrate of the Union, the Nations of the Earth shall behold another signal Instance evincing decided Worth alone, deserves the Suffrages of Freemen! Whatever diversity of opinion may have recently prevailed,...
Permit me to offer the most sincere congratulations upon your election to the Office of President. We anticipate with heartfelt pleasure that your wise Administration will reconcile the contending Parties of our common Country. From early and long attachment, & with the most perfect respect and esteem, I have the honour to be, dear Sir, your faithful & obedient Servant and friend, RC ( DLC );...
I must ask the favor of you to call on mr Callender & to inform him that I have recieved his letter; that his fine will be remitted, but that as it requires the presence of the head of the department, it cannot be done till his arrival, which will be in a very few days. the moment he is here & qualified, it shall be dispatched. A cask of clover seed marked TMR. is gone to the address of...
I am now about to address you on a subject which I am very apprehensive may be deemed obtrusive and impertinent; for it certainly does not become me to advise you what your conduct should be—as my acquaintance with you does not justify such a liberty, and much less am I justified, from ability to give counsel: but being by my Brother placed under the disagreeable necessity of forwarding the...
Le moment de La naissance des Arts, de La régénération de La Liberté en Amérique et de L’Encouragement que son Agriculture sollicite depuis Longtemps est Enfin arrivé aujourdhuy; je m’en félicite infiniment ainsi que Ces Contrées qui L’attendoient avec la derniere impatience. La Crainte de Blesser une des moindres qualités du phylosophe qui doit opérer ces heureux pronostics; sa modestie...
I trust that my Official conduct from the 20t. july 1790, when I was honored with the Appointment as Inspector of the troops in the service of the United States, has been such, as to merit approbation, and to prove in the best manner the sense entertained of the favors and attention towards me during the continuance of service to the present time— Permit me then Sir to solicit your Attention...
It is with singular pleasure and profound respect, that WE the Minister and Acting Committe of the New Jerusalem Church, in the City of Baltimore, beg leave to congratulate you, on your accession to the chief Magistracy of our beloved Country—A Country hitherto eminently favor’d by the Divine Providence with a peculiar degree of Civil and religious liberty. The present sanguinary & turbulent...
When Congress first began to fortify the ports & Harbours of the United States in 1794, among others a fort was directed to be erected on Beacon Island near Ocracock bar, to defend that Inlet. An Engineer was sent forward, who laid off the fort and the works were commenced, & carried on untill November following. In 1795. From the neglect of the then Secretary of War (Genl. Knox) nothing was...
Samuel Heighway esquire, and Mr. John Poole , both of the Miami purchase, have lately invented a Machine on the principle of steam, that I am inclined to believe will excel any thing of the kind that the world has yet been favored with. From several years acquaintance with Mr. Heighway, and prepossession in favor of his integrity and judgment, I am inclined to hope that the gentlemen are not...
Having seldom been in the habit of Addressing Men in high Stations, and in no instance of flattering them, the feelings of my own heart, on an Occasion so Congenial to its sentiments, must be my Apology for troubling You with this Letter. I sincerely congratulate my Country on the happy result of their Change of Opinion, and I as sincerely congratulate You, on your Elevation to the first...
Permit a natural born Citizen of the United States independent as to pecuniary concerns of expecting or wishing any post of profit under or in the gift of any department in the United States,—to sugest to you what in his opinion will contribute to your honour and the happiness of the people who you will preside over— N.B. Since writing the above I have had the pleasure of reading your Publick...
Muy Señor, mio, y de todo mi Respecto confiado, en la Rectitud de su Justicia me tomo la Livertad de Molestar por este Momento su Atension, en el Idioma Castellano por qe V.E lo entiende, y me es mas fasil produsirme, en el con la Claridad que desseo, y respecto qe devo en el Año de 93 fui mi Hijo Influxo de mis Amigos Nombrado Consul de Cadiz por este Govierno, y quando V.E Administró la...
The late president, mr Adams, having not long before his retirement from office , made several appointments to civil offices holden during the will of the President, when so restricted in time as not to admit sufficient enquiry & consideration, the present President deems it proper that those appointments should be a subject of reconsideration & further enquiry. he considers it as of palpable...
Truly sensible of the importance of the late Political Contest; and Actuated by the most pure and unalterable Zeal for the Wellfare of Our Country; We the republican Citizens of Allegany County in the State of Maryland, beg leave, to offer you our most Cordial Congratulations on your election to the office of President of the united States: And bid you a sencere and unfeigned welcome to the...
Thomas Jefferson , President of the United States of America, To all who shall see these presents, Greeting : Know Ye , That reposing especial trust and confidence in the patriotism, integrity and abilities of James Madison of Virginia, I have nominated, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, do appoint him Secretary of State, and do authorize and empower him to execute and...
5 March 1801, Leghorn. Encloses copy of Cathcart’s 3 Jan. circular letter, received on 3 Feb. Has forwarded copies to American consuls in Sicily, Naples, Elba, Genoa, Barcelona, Málaga, and Alicante; believes as a result all Americans now in Mediterranean will avoid capture. Discusses his effort to enlist aid of Belleville, French chargé d’affaires in Tuscany, in persuading pasha to wait...
I had the Honor of Addressing you on the 12th. of February. On the 3d. Ultimo I receiv’d a Circular letter from Mr. Cathcart American Consul at Tripoli; a copy of which you will find inclosed. The following d ay I forwarded Copies to the ports of Sicily, Naples, Elbe, Genoa, Barcelona, Malaga, and Alicant from which I am induced to beleive, that the Americans now in the Mediterranean, will...
In order to exhibit a mere commensurate Veiw, of the ground, upon which we conceive a treaty with the Cherokee Indians Ought to be held—we beg leave to Submit the following Statement It is well known to you Sir, that at the time of forming the Old Confederation, the States respectively reserved to themselves—exclusive Jurisdiction and right of Domain, to all the lands, which lay within their...
By the treaty between the United States and the Creek Indians at New York in the year 1790 the County of Tallisee, on the frontier of the State of Georgia, was ceded to the Creek Indians, as the only condition on which a treaty could be effected; this measure occasioned great uneasiness and alarm to the citizens of that State, both on account of the principle on which it was founded, and the...