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16 December 1801, Washington. Transmits the secretary of the treasury’s 14 Dec. report and the proceedings of the treasury officers, in which are described the measures authorized by the board and completed since the commissioners’ report of 28 Nov. 1800. RC and enclosures ( DNA : RG 46, Reports from the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, 7A-F7). RC 1 p.; signed by JM and the other...
The Secretary of the Treasury reported to the Board, that provision has already been made to meet nearly all the demands which will become due in Holland, during the course of the present year, but, that it is necessary to make immediate provision for the payments on account of principal & Interest which fall due there, during the first five months of the year 1803, and amounting to Four...
Mr. Madison the Secretary of State being not yet arrived at this place, and a favorable apportunity of addressing you, offering itself by a government vessel going to France with our late convention with that country, I avail myself of it being authorized by the President of the United States to perform the duties of this department per interim. The Country in which you reside having as well...
Mr. Madison the Secretary of State being not yet arrived at the seat of Government I have been authorized by the President to discharge the duties of that office per interim; and among the objects which have claimed the earliest attention is the Convention signed by yourselves and General Davie with the government of France. This instrument was laid before the Senate on the 16th. of December...
The prize Ship Betsy Cathcart, in June 1796, with a British cargo on board, in her passage from one British port to another, being captured by a French privateer duly commissioned, was in distress brought into an American port. liberty to sell on repeated applications, by the captors, was refused on the part of the U.S. For the purpose of necessary repairs the cargo was permitted to be...
Letter not found. 27 May 1804, Washington. Described as a one-page autograph letter signed of about fifty-five words in the American Art Association Anderson Galleries Catalogue No. 4143 (1935), item 286.
This will be handed you by a member of Congress from the State of Massachusets. Mr. Bidwile’s character and merits, are too well known to need any recommendation. Equally conspicuous for political information, talents and industry as for a republicanism unalloyed by personal attachments to federal friends, or local prejudices, he has been a uniform & warm supporter of the measures of the...
+  considering the great captiousness of the opposition, I respectfully, suggest for consideration whether the following alteration, would be of any advantage viz—after the word, Yet , in the ninth line of the first paragraph , to insert, our revenues are . –  Instead of the word fiscal , in the last line of the same paragraph, to use the word, needless , or unnecessary , to guard against a...
The Newspaper accounts of the proceedings of the Legislature of Mass., during the present session, must have prepared you & the nation for results similar to the enclosed. It is not for me to assign reasons for such extraordinary conduct, different from the objects and the motives avowed. There is nothing concealed. The facts and their tendencies are on the face of the transactions and cannot...
I recieved yours of August 22 while attending the Council at Boston. I possessed previously a general knowledge of the regulations adopted by the general Government to supply the deficient states with flour for their own consumption and to prevent an evasion of the embargo restraints. My impressions were that there had been great abuse of the indulgencies granted to the citizens of...
with the letter, and the associated papers from Mr Porter, and three from Gent. in Alexandria recommending Capt Moore as register of wills in that district, I take the liberty of submitting to your inspection a letter of a more private nature just recd. from Boston—By it, my friends, it is easy to be perceived, have agreed to confuse. Explanations, it is to be hoped will remove the...
I have in vain searched, and untill wearied with the pursuit, for some authority from the acknowledged law of nations, which would justify or condemn belligerents impressing or taking from a neutral vessel, at sea , its own subjects whether passengers or a part of the crew—It is clear, having on board such subjects, can by law, be no cause for the bringing too, & boarding. But the question is,...
Your pleasing favor of March 23 reached me last evening, by the way of Boston. I was prepared to expect every thing mean, malignant, and false, at the approaching elections from Pickering, and his coadjutors, irritated by disappointments, before the explosion took place, produced by his pitiful letter. you over rate its effects, if you judge from the repeated bold & false assertions contained...
We are now reposing from our electioneering conflict. The struggle has been, in general, severe & spirited, and on the part of the federalists, bitter in the extreme. Their frauds, falshoods, and force have secured to them a Governor, Senate, council, and house, in this State. By force I mean an intolerant and oppressive violence towards labourers, tenants, mechanics, debtors, & other...
It is from duty and inclination that I now write. After some accidental & unexpected delays on the road, I reached this place in health. Through the upper parts of Maryland & Pennsylvania, it is obvious that the federal cause is considered by it’s leaders as ruined, the sentiments of the people as changed & fast changing, in favor of the new order of things; and that these leaders from a...
The Newspaper accounts of the proceedings of the Legislature of Mass., during the present session, must have prepared you & the nation for results similar to the enclosed. It is not for me to assign reasons for such extraordinary conduct, different from the objects and the motives avowed. There is nothing concealed. The facts and their tendencies are on the face of the transactions and cannot...
The Address. relieved from the danger— 2 page—3 line Quere—if the word from had not better be inserted as the word commerce understood is the object on which the verb seems immediately to operate Page 3d. — Quere, whether postage on newspapers had not better be added to the list of duties to be suspended. The means of instruction and of spreading knowledge are generally in all the States, not...
Major Brocier a Gent. of this town is, this moment with me, on the wing for the city of Washington, as an amusement & to witness the inauguration of our great & good friend Mr Madison. Permit me to introduce him, & refer you to him, for information respecting the situation of parties in this section of the Union. I think the opposition has been over rated with you, & its character & object...
By the chronicle, received yesterday, we have learnt the fate of Mr Morton’s motion in the legislature of Massachusetts. If the only object was, to obtain an address, the measure was certainly ill-concerted, they ought first to have known their numbers. It is apparent that the friends to the motion did not expect to carry it, but meant it, as a measure to effect future elections. The inclosed...
The names, agt Worcester, in the memorandum were intended for commissioners of bankruptcy;— Vaughan I think was designed to supply the place of one who had not accepted, Cohen , I have no recollection of— Hull was named , altho the commission was considered as full, to quiet his feelings, which appeared to have been very much hurt, from an idea of his having been neglected—As the...
I have the honor of stating my ideas on the subject submitted to my consideration by your favor of yesterday. The Courts of the Columbia District, are national ones created by statute. Their powers are merely judicial, unless in particular instances particularly expressed, or necessarily implied. The mere establishment of these courts did not of course include, a particular extent of...
29 December 1801, Washington. In reply to JM’s note [not found] enclosing Indiana territorial governor’s letter of inquiry [not found], gives opinion on 3 Mar. 1791 law confirming pre-Revolutionary land titles in Illinois country and making grants to certain settlers in the region. RC ( DNA : RG 60, Letters from and Opinions of Attorneys General). 6 pp.; docketed by Wagner. Printed in Benjamin...
On the reception of your note yesterday, I waited on Mr Gallatin with the inclosed. He was so unwell, as to think, he should not be able to be out this day, but wishes to see you, before you give in your nominations . If you should judge it expedient to remove Watson , Warren is generally thought of as his successor— I am Sir most respectfully yours RC ( DLC ); at foot of text: “President of...
I have been gratified by the reading of the abstract of those Ethical and religious doctrines, which by peculiar indulgence have been submitted to my perusal . Accept, Sir, of my sincere thanks, for this token of confidence & attention, to me so personally pleasing & flattering. It was impossible, from the examination to repress the wish of having a copy of the valuable compendium. Supposing...
18 March 1803, Washington. Returns Bingham’s letters respecting his action with Cabot and others, as they are little more than repetitions of former statements, and makes the following observations, similar to those made in an earlier letter, of which he kept no copy. Bingham, who considers his demand against the U.S. as warranted by law, should certainly have the benefit of any resolve passed...
I cannot deny myself the pleasure of congratulating you on the result of our late election. My motive is to releive you from the possible solicitude, that the numberless misrepresentations, circulated in our federal papers may have excited in your mind on that subject. I know you have more confidence in history, than in political prophecy, especially when the foreteller is inspired with a zeal...
I omitted to mention that there was a mistake in making out the commission for Ray Greene of Providence. the design was, to appoint him to the office of a district Judge, the commission to him is, as judge of the circuit court—he has sent it back, & wishes to have it rectified. It is probable that Bourn was the judge of the district court. when the appointment was made—of course there was no...
I had the honor of receiving yours, inclosing Mr Merry’s as his Britanic majesty’s minister to the United States. Its contents lead to a consideration of the immunities of public ministers, in relation to exemptions and protections, of their dwellings their domestics, servants, and labourers , in some new views of those subjects, and beyond any cases, which from my means of information, I can...
In my endeavours to forget my friends at Washington, & to transfer and fix my attention to objects within the reach of my influence and agency nearer home, I fear you will think I have succeeded too well. This is the first letter I have directed to the seat of Govt since I left it. A few days after my arrival at Worcester, where I met my family and friends, generally, in health & spirits,...
I have examined the questions referred to my consideration by your note of yesterday —By the Constitution of the US. offences against it and the laws made in pursuance thereof are cognizable by the federal Courts—All crimes or misdemeanors, which are not such by this constitution, or to which the jurisdiction of the federal Courts, is not by law, expressly extended, are, it is conceived...
After the utmost attention which I have been able to pay to the questions , respecting the northwestern territory, which you did me the honor of submitting to my consideration there is a difficulty in giving a decisive answer. I can find no grounds, or principles for a very confident decision in, or out of the ordinance for the establishment of that Government. Nothing can be collected to aid...
Since my last , has been received your’s of the 26th & 28 of August. The former was read with great pleasure, and the subject matter of the latter had been previously attended to—I lately spent several days in Boston, find the sentiments and feelings of the opposition, much as I have heretofore stated. The republicans in spirits, the federalists depressed, and the lower classes of them, are...
I have the honor of communicating to you the result of an examination of the documents submitted to my consideration, respecting the conduct of the commanders of those british ships of war, which lately stationing themselves in the port of New York, cruised on our coasts, and imbarrassed our commerce. To determine the character of their various acts, it seems necessary to establish, or assume...
21 January 1802, Washington. Received on 20 Jan. JM’s letter [not found] enclosing that of 16 Jan. from William Bingham’s agent [Charles Willing Hare], who had already sent him a similar letter and printed statement of the case. Gives brief history of most recent trial in Cabot et al. v. Bingham lawsuit in which plaintiffs were awarded $34,630.25. Believes that Bingham’s incorrect statements...
The Letter from Mr. Callender inclosed to me by Morton as also Mr Morton’s I do myself the honor to forward; I mean to follow them, in eight or ten days, if the situation of my family will permit. They are getting better exerpt my youngest whose situation appears to be critical. It not being probable, that any new commissioners of bankruptcy will be appointed in Boston immediately I shall not...
Absence from Worcester prevented my reception of yours of the 1st. Inst. for some time after its arrival, and a subsequent distressing sickness in my family which has deprived me of one child & had rendered others the subjects of but a feeble hope for several days delayed me in procuring the law referred to, and considering its provisions untill the present time. I hope no inconvenience has...
In examining the submitted case of Charles Massey & others assignees of Ambrose Vasse, the result is less satisfactory than I had expected. Assignees unlike executors, Administrators or partners in business, do not appear generally to possess a joint and several power of receiving and discharging the debts due from the debtors of the Bankrupt. Nor do they appear to be considered, in law, as...
5 January 1803, Washington. Acknowledges JM’s 4 Jan. note with the enclosures. “Wm. Holliday devises to his son Robert, ’ 1,000 acres of back lands situate about six miles distant Kentucky river, in the North western territory , being so much of a survey of 1,500 acres of soldier’s right surveyed by John Machir on my account .[’]” Nathaniel Massie previously had surveyed for William Holliday...
I had the honor of recg. yours of the 10th, this morning. It is much to be regreted, that Mr Madison indisposition continues. The public have much to expect from his abilities, and his Patriotism. The two returned Commissions are recorded, with blanks left for the names and dates —These will be necessary to complete the record. Joseph Clay jr. declines accepting his commission, as judge of the...
There can, I think, be but little difficulty in determining on the theory and general principles applicable to the subject matter of your communication , which I had the honor of receiving the last evening. “Taking a part in a war against a nation in amity with us’ or any way to interfere, and favor one party more than the other, must be agreed to be inconsistent with a fair construction of...
Deeming it of importance that you should know, as fully as possible, the state of the public mind; and the feelings, and opinions of the people, which you are obliged to meet, and to manage, especially, in that difficult part of the Country, of which I am an inhabitant, I have thought proper to submit to your inspection the inclosed letters— They prove, what I am sure has taken or will soon...
I have perused, and reperused with increased satisffaction the proposed message which you did me the honor of submitting to my inspection. Was I obliged to maintain an exception to any part of it, I should select for that purpose, the close of the last paragraph but one . Would not the sentiment present itself more formidable to foreign nations, & less exceptionable to many of our citizens, if...
10 February 1803, Washington. After examining the case JM forwarded on 9 Feb. respecting the Heinrick [ Hendrick ], he judges many of the matters complained of are “mere circumstantial errors” or such as would have been corrected had the claimants pursued the proper remedy by appeal. “However sudden, irregular, and hard on the party, the process & the judgement, may have been, it must be...
By the inclosed, from Mr Russel you will perceive the situation in which he places himself—I have written him no answer. Nothing of importance has ocurred in the city since you left it—The maritime court have closed their enquiries into the conduct of Commodore Morris . The result altho but on a part of his conduct, from a deficiency in the evidence, will undoubtedly prove useful to Govt.—The...
On examining the charges against Governor St. Clair, and his defence, unaccompanyed with any documents, I some time since wrote the inclosed, & delivered those papers to the secretary of the navy. I have perused the vouchers which were put into my hands yesterday, in support of the charges, and find nothing, which changes the opinion which I had formed on reading the defence, excepting that...
14 March 1803, Washington. Responds to questions contained in a letter from Governor Harrison to JM which he received from the president. Finds it difficult to understand why Harrison doubts that Detroit was considered outside the limits of the Northwest Territory while it was in British possession. The resolve of 20 June 1788 confirms titles and possession of the described lands to...
Since I forwarded you the papers respecting the schooner Peggy, Mr Pichon has furnished me with the opinion of the supreme Court, on which, their decree was founded, and which, connects their decision with the treaty. Had I have seen this opinion before, I should [have] given my own, in defference to it, with less confidence, but still differing from it. Our convictions depend on the views, we...
The day before yesterday, I took the liberty to write to the Secy of the treasury respecting the situation of the Collector’s Office in this town, and that it was then my opinion, that if things were not prematurely pushed by our friends here, difficulties would be adjusted, and the embargo law be complied with. Beyound my expectation, this desirable event is already taking place. The...
By yours of the 12th mentioning a former letter which I have since had the honor of receiving, I was put into a state of some anxiety. The one of the 11th from some circumstance or another did not come to hand untill several days after the one of a later date. It is said by the Worcester post-Office tht. it went on to Boston & afterwards came back. On its reception, not suspecting it had been...
Your favor of the 30th ulto. was duly recd. I have to reproach myself with a neglect in not having written. My journey from washington to worcester was rather fatiguing. The weather was extreamly hot, & the roads dusty. I was melted with the one, & actually buried by the other. Their joint effects greatly injured my eyes. They have become stronger; It has been with difficulty, that I have...