George Washington Papers
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To George Washington from James Madison, 14 October 1787

From James Madison

New York Octr 14. 1787.

Dear Sir

The letter herewith inclosed was put into my hands yesterday by Mr de Crœvecuoer who belongs to the Consular establishment of France in this Country. I add to it a pamphlet which Mr Pinkney has submitted to the public, or rather as he professes, to the perusal of his friends; and a printed sheet containing his ideas on a very delicate subject; too delicate in my opinion to have been properly confided to the press. He conceives that his precautions against any farther circulation of the piece than he himself authorises, are so effectual as to justify the step. I wish he may not be disappointed. In communicating a copy to you I fulfil his wishes only.1

No decisive indications of the public mind in the Northn & Middle States can yet be collected. The Reports continue to be rather favorable to the Act of the Convention from every quarter; but its adversaries will naturally be latest in shewing themselves. Boston is certainly friendly. An opposition is known to be in petto2 in Connecticut; but it is said not to be much dreaded by the other side. Rhode Island will be divided on this subject in the same manner as it has been on the question of paper money. The Newspapers here have contained sundry publications animadverting on the proposed Constitution & it is known that the Government party are hostile to it. There are on the other side so many able & weighty advocates, and the conduct of the Eastern States if favorable, will add so much force to their arguments, that there is at least as much ground for hope as for apprehension. I do not learn that any opposition is likely to be made in N. Jersey. The temper of Pennsylvania will be best known to you from the direct information which you cannot fail to receive through the Newspapers & other channels.

Congress have been of late employed chiefly in settling the requisition, and in making some arrangements for the Western Country. The latter consist of the appointment of a Govr & Secretary, and the allotment of a sum of money for Indian Treaties if they should be found necessary. The Requisition so far as it varies our fiscal system, makes the proportion of indents receivable independently of specie—& those of different years indiscriminately receivable for any year, and does not as heretofore tie down the States to a particular mode of obtaining them. Mr Adams has been permitted to return home after Feby next, & Mr Jeffersons appointment continued for three years longer. With the most perfect esteem & most affectionate regard, I remain Dr Sir, Your Obedt friend & servant

Js Madison Jr

ALS, DLC:GW; copy, in Madison’s hand, DLC: Madison Papers.

1The letter forwarded by Crèvecoeur has not been identified. Charles Pinckney’s Observations on the Plan of Government Submitted to the Federal Convention, on the 28th of May, 1787 . . . (New York, 1787) was later to play a part in the controversy over the so-called Pinckney Plan. The broadside, or “printed sheet,” which Madison also enclosed, was entitled Mr. Charles Pinckney’s Speech, in Answer to Mr. Jay . . . on the Question of a Treaty with Spain. Delivered in Congress, August 16, 1786 (New York, n.d.). For a discussion of these two publications and for other references, see notes 1 and 2 of the same letter printed in Rutland and Hobson, Madison Papers, description begins William T. Hutchinson et al., eds. The Papers of James Madison, Congressional Series. 17 vols. Chicago and Charlottesville, Va., 1962–91. description ends 10:195.

2GW occasionally used the Italian phrase in petto, meaning held in reserve.

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