George Washington Papers
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Invoice from Robert Cary & Company, 6 August 1759

Invoice from Robert Cary & Company

London 6th August 1759

Invoice of Sundry Goods Shipd by Robt Cary & Coma. on board the Lawrence and Jane, Richd Yates Master for Virginia on account and risque of Colo. George Washington

Willm Cheslyn—Ironmongery1
12 Plate Stock Locks and Staples .12.  
12 Files sorted No. 1 1/6 15 ditto No. 2 2/ 2/6
 8 ditto 3 @ 3/ 2/  7 ditto 4 4/ 2/4
 6 ditto 5   6/ 3/  7 ditto 6 8/ 4/8
 5 ditto 7  10/ 4/2  6 ditto 8 12 6/
. 4.  
. 4. 4
. 7. 8
.10. 2
6 Rubbers wt 18¼ 7d. 10/7¾2 1 Wheat Mill 3.13.6 4. 4. 1 3/4
10 lb. Emery 4d. 3/4 10 lb. Rotton Stone 3d. 2/6 . 5.10
25 lb. Whitg 6d. 1 Cask 2/6 . 3.  
1 Wheel for the Mill
  6.11. 1[3/4]
 
Richd Cleeve—Pewterer3
2 dozn Superfine hard mettle dishes sorted 6 dozn very best Plates Wt 183 lb. @ 13d. 9.18. 3
Engraving 96 Crests @ 3d. 1. 4.  
Cask . 3.  
 11. 5. 3    
Willm Maile4
1 Rundlet5 w[hit]e Lead ground Gr. 1.0.16 1/2
  . 6 1/2
1.0.10 @ 34/ pCt
1.17.  
Rundlet . 1. 8
1 Rundlet Red Paint 2.0.13
   .13
2.0. 0 @ 42/ pCt
4. 4.  
Rundlet . 3. 6
1 Kegg Putty 15 lb. 5/ Kegg 6d. . 5. 6
  6.11. 8    
Joseph Garrard6
To 50 lb. Spirma Citi Candles7 @ 2/ 5.  .  
A Packen Case & Cord to bind the same . 2.  
  5. 2.      
J: Didsbury8
3 pr Wd. he[el] Shoes and 3 pair pumps 2. 8.  
1 pr best Calf leathr Boot Legs & Vamps9 .10. 6
1 pr strong Butt10 Soals & Toppices . 2. 6
3. 1.  
George Maynard—Hosier11
6 pr Mens Superfine 4 thrd Worsted Hose @ 6/   1.16.      
2 pr ditto figurd Silk @ 16/ 32/ 6 pr do 4th white thrd @ 5/ 30/ 3. 2.  
6 pr thrd do Super: @ 7/6 45/ 6 pr do Cotton@ 7/6 45/ 4.10.  
  9. 8.      
John Clarke—Books12
Home on Agriculture 3/13 System of Agriculture 3/14 . 6.  
Lisles Husbandry 2 vols. 10/15 Langley’s Gardg 4to 15/16 1. 5.  
Gibson on Farriery 4to (the only one in London)17 1. 1.  
  2.12.      
 
Thos Greenough18
1 dozn preserving Tincture . 9.  
2 dozn Spunge Tooth Brushes @ 4/6 2/3 Box 6d. . 2. 9
   .11. 9    
Henry Bodker—Cutlery19
Six pr Green Carving Knives 2. 5.  
An Ivory Pocket Book . 8.  
  2.13.      
Chas Smith—Gloves20
6 pr Mens best riding Gloves drawn Tan, stichd Tops @ 21d. .10. 6
   .10. 6    
Jane Backhouse21
1 dozn fine Stock Tape . 9.  
A Box . 4. 6
   .13. 6    
Ann Dennis22
150 Squares best London Crown Glass containing 103½ foot @ 11d. 4.14.10
A Case to Pack . 2. 6
  4.17. 4    
Philip Bell—Upholstry23
70 yds of Chintz Blew plate Cotton furniture24 11. 7. 6
54 yds Scotch Linnen to Line Ditto 2.18. 6
A Beach Bedstead colourd all over, Castors, a strong Sacking Case Slips a Compass Rod, Brass Caps & neat plain Mah[ogan]y foot Posts, & a neat cut Cornish 4.14. 6
Making a Blue Chintz of yr Cotton Lined 1.16.  
7 Yds of blue Gard. figrd Lace 7 Yds of white Hessan to line the head and Tester Ring Tape and paper to the Top 1. 6.  
Making 11/4 Quilt of the above Cotton on one side Scotch Cloth on the other 1. 1.  
2 Neat cut window Cornishes .18.  
Making two Festoon Window Curtains & covg the Cornishes .12.  
3 dozn of Lace to ditto, Leads & Owees, 28 Yds of worstd and thr[ea]d Line 2 Tossells,25 4 brass Cloak pins studs & Curtn hooks .18.  
2 Wilton Ingrain bedside Carpets 1.16.  
 
2 Neat Mah[og]a[n]y Pillar & claw fire Screens India Paper on both Sides 2. 2.  
A Neat Mahay Marlb: Couch26 with a Roll head & Leathr Casters to ditto, stufft up in the best mannr & covd with black Leathr, quilted, best princes Metal Nails, Boulster & 2 pillows, filld wt. Goose Feathr 7.  .  
50 Yds of the best Royal Matting Yd wide 3. 6. 8
A Bedscrew . 3. 6
A Large packing case for the above things 1. 8.  
2 fine large Check Mattrasses filld with hair 6.16. 6
dble Matting of Ditto . 3.  
 48. 7. 2    
Edwd Neale & Son27
1.0.0 Lucerne—will sow 10 Acres 5. 5.  
8 Bushels Rye Grass @ 4/ 1.12.  
2 Casks . 8.  
  7. 5.      
Sir,
For yr Governmt another Year 2 Bushl Rye Grass sows 1 Acre 4 Bushl St Foine sows 1 Acre—but of this have sent none as the time of sowing it is in April or May. What we have sent is only by guess as you mention no particular quantitys
Chas Lawrence—Taylor28
Makg yr mixture Suit, & Breeches, the Waistt full trimd 1. 1.  
11 Yds of white Silk Sarge to your Suit & @ 5/2 2.16.10
3½ of rich Silver wier Coat Buttons @ 7/ 1. 4. 6
4½ of Silver to yr Waistt & 2 pr of Breeches @ 3/6 .15. 9
1 pair Silver Garters . 7.  
Sowing Silk and Silk Twist and Buckram & Canvas to Suit & . 9.  
Hair Cloths and Covering & Wading to Coat & Hr Cloaths to WtCoat . 6.  
fine pillow fustion for yr 2 pair of Breeches Lin[in]gs & Pockets . 9.  
Fine Demity to Waistcoat body Lining and Sleeves . 4.  
Glazd Linnen to Sleeves & Pockets 3/ Box 3/6 . 6. 6
  7.18. 7    
Leaver Legg29
5¼ Yds best Superfine Cloth—Pompadoier in grn @ 21/30 5.10. 3
  5.10. 3    
 
Richd Farrer &ca31
3 Salvers 18/ 1 Top piece 2/ 1.  .  
1 dozn Sullibub Glasses 5/6 2 dozn Jellys 8/ .13. 6
1 dozn Sweet Meat ditto 3/ 2 dozn Baskets 12/ .15.  
12 diamamond Water glasses & 12 Saucers .14.  
Box . 3.  
1 pair Branches and Candlesticks with flowers 1.10.  
1 pair ditto ditto 1.12.  
1 pair Seasons,32 & 1 pair Music’s figures for Ditto 1. 1.  
1 Sweet meat stand 10/ .10.  
Box . 3.  
  8. 1. 6    
£130.19. 7    
Entry out, Searcher’s Fees, & Shipg Charges 1.8.6
Freight, primage & Bills of Lading 3.19. 5. 7. 6
Premio on £150 Insurd at 7 Gs. prCt & policy 11. 5.  
Commissions @ 2½ prCt33 3.13. 9
151. 5.10    
Errors Excepted pr Robt Cary & Co.

LB, in GW’s hand, DLC:GW.

These are goods GW ordered on 1 May and 12 June 1759. No copy of Robert Cary & Co.’s own invoice has been found, and it is not known whether GW in entering this invoice in his letter book was following the form Cary used. The Lawrence and Jane, Richard Yates master, was reported entering York River on 10 Dec. 1759 loaded with goods.

1William Cheslyn’s ironmongery was at Whitechapel, London.

2A rubber was a large coarse file or a whetstone.

3Richard Cleeve’s pewtery was in Cornhill, London.

4In 1765 William Maile is identified as an oil and “Colourman,” Barbican, London (Kent’s Directory, 1765 description begins Kent’s Directory. . . of the Directors of Companies, Persons in Public Business, Merchants, and other eminent Traders in the Cities of London and Westminster, and Borough of Southwark . . .. London, 1759–65. description ends ).

5A rundlet, or roundlet, was a container.

6This may have been the Joseph Garrard who in 1778 was a warehouseman, 30 Fore-Street, Aldermanbury, London.

7Spermaceti candles are made from whale oil.

8See Invoice to Robert Cary & Co., 1 May 1759, n.6, enclosed in Cary to GW, same date.

9The vamp is the part of the shoe covering the toe and instep.

10Butt here is thick leather.

11George Maynard was a hosier on Fenchurch Street, London.

12John Clarke was a bookseller “under the South Entrance of the Royal Exchange,” London (Kent’s Directory, 1759 description begins Kent’s Directory. . . of the Directors of Companies, Persons in Public Business, Merchants, and other eminent Traders in the Cities of London and Westminster, and Borough of Southwark . . .. London, 1759–65. description ends ).

13Dr. Francis Home, The Principles of Agriculture and Vegetation (Edinburgh, 1756, 1757). A second edition was printed in London in 1759, and a third edition, in Dublin, also in 1759.

14A second edition of Edward Weston’s A New System of Agriculture; or, A Plain, Easy, and Demonstrative Method of speedily growing Rich was printed in London in 1755.

15The second edition of Edward Lisle’s Observations in Husbandry was printed in London in 1757 by J. Hughs, G. C. Hitch, and L. Hawes. See Invoice to Robert Cary & Co., 1 May, and GW to Robert Cary & Co., 12 June 1759, nn.5 and 6, for further references to GW’s order of books on agriculture.

17Ibid., n.5.

18Ibid., n.8.

19In 1763 Henry Bodker was identified as “Surgeon’s Instrument-maker, Poultry,” London (Kent’s Directory, 1763 description begins Kent’s Directory. . . of the Directors of Companies, Persons in Public Business, Merchants, and other eminent Traders in the Cities of London and Westminster, and Borough of Southwark . . .. London, 1759–65. description ends ).

20Charles Smith was a glover, Cheapside, London. In MS, 21d. reads 21/.

21Jane Backhouse has not been identified.

22Ann Dennis shipped glass to GW several times during the 1760’s. By 1771 she was succeeded by Adam Dennis, glass cutter, at no. 13 Clement’s Lane, Lombard Street, London.

23Philip Bell, a cabinetmaker and upholsterer, in 1767 was at no. 23 St. Paul’s Church-Yard, London. In filling GW’s order of 1 May for a tester bed, two bedside rugs, and two firescreens, matching curtains and coverlet for the bed, curtains for two windows, and covers for the seats of four chairs, Bell also provided the fittings for setting up the four-poster bed and for hanging the window curtains.

24Furniture here refers to drapery or hangings.

25Presumably this is tassles.

26A Marlborough couch has straight legs.

27Edward Neale & Co. were druggists on Lombard Street, London.

28Charles Lawrence, a tailor on Old Fish Street, made clothes for GW for several years.

29Leaver Legg was a woolen draper, Cornhill, London.

30This was the cloth from which Charles Lawrence (note 28) made GW’s suit, at this time pompadour cloth was usually crimson, but “in grn” seems to indicate that this cloth was green.

31Richard Farrer (Farrar) & Co. dealt in chinaware at 131 Fenchurch Street.

32Two porcelain figures holding flower baskets, now at Mount Vernon, are believed to be the “Seasons” sent by Farrer (Detweiler, Washington’s Chinaware description begins Susan Gray Detweiler. George Washington’s Chinaware. New York, 1982. description ends , 45).

33In addition to charges included in the price of articles, such as interest on credit, GW’s costs for British goods included fees for loading (primage) and clearing ships in Britain, freight charges for transporting goods across the Atlantic, insurance on the goods shipped, and Cary’s commission of 2½ percent on the whole.

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