Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1774

1774

Jan. 2. 88 John Skip Harris (Cumbld.) v. John Hall (S. Carolina). Enter petn. for 750. as. Bedford on both sides of Calloway’s waggon road patd. by def. Dec. 23. 1754.
3. Thomas Jefferson (myself) v. Thos. Mann Randolph (Goochld.). Enter friendly cav. for 400. as. land Albemarle on the South West mountains adjoining Edgehill.89
8. John Hylton estate. Give credit for two gross of bottles £3.
9.
Harris v. Hall. } Wrote to J. Brown to enter in S. O.
Jefferson v. Randolph.
28. Anne Harris (Cumbld.) v. Thos. Jefferson & Martha ux. Writ of partition to divide 2400. as. of land in the parish of  and county of Cumbld. which they hold together and undivided in tail under the will of Fr. Eppes.90
Feb. 7. William Pierce (Alb.) v. Christopher Tompkins (Caroline). Enq. if works have been retd. for 400. as. Alb. on both sides Adrian’s cr. joing. Benjamin Tompkins and John Dickerson. If not, enter cav. If they are, acqt. pl. who will get fees for petns.
Lds. patd. July 12. 1762. Id. v. Benjamin Tompkins (Caroline). Same as to 400. as. on both sides Adrian’s creek joing. Christopher Tompkins & John Dickerson.
 
      Judgmts. &c. of the last court.
p.91
d. 
p. 
p. 
p. 
d. 
d. 
d. 
p. 
Coutts v. Cooper. Jdmt. } At the Rules.
Duval v. Randolph. Dismd. with costs.
Evans v. Collier. Dismd. wth. costs for want of security for costs.
White v. Harrison. Dismd.
Mitchell v. Fitzpatrick. Dismd. by ord. pl.
G. Pattison v. Harrison. Certiorari. Dismd. wth. costs.
Baine v. Ross. Dismd. wth. costs.
Thomas v. Marks. Dismd. wth. costs.
Ingram v. Dunlop. Dismd. by ord. pl.
1st. day d.  Harding v. Carter. Final decree.
2. p.  Dalton v. Lyon. Decree affirmd.
6. p.  The King v. Fife et al. Superseded.
7. p.  Henderson v. Hughes. Certif.
p.  Thompson v. Anderson. Dismd. wth. costs.
p.d.  Randolph v. Harrison. Certif.
p.d.  James v. Turpin. Dismd.
p.d.  Jefferson v. Jefferson. Dismd.
d.  Bullington v. Cox. Dismd.
p.  Wilson v. Williams. Certif.
p.  Stone v. Burnley. Certif.
d.  Mcraw v. Woodson. Dismd. wth. costs.
p.  Burton v. Burton. Certif.
p.  Bellamy v. Bellamy. Certif.
p.  Cogbill v. Winfrey. Certif.
8. p.  Lockhart v. Jones. Jdmt. revd.
d.  Howard v. Howard. Dismd.
11. p.  Manley v. Callaway. Verd. & jdmt. £50.
13. d.  McCaul v. Townshend. Affirmed.
d.  Townshend v. McCaul. Verd. for pl.
d.  Royall v. Archer. Dismd.
p.  Sowell v. Davenport. Dismd.
p.  Marks v. Cobbs. Abated.
p.  Martin v. Terrill. Abated.
p.  Henson & ux. v. Cobbs. Abated.
d. 
Jennings  v. Ramsay. Dismd. agrd.
Id. v. Black. Dismd. agrd.
d. 
 
p.  Botkin v. Gwinn. Dismd. def.’s costs.
      Motions
d.  Winston v. Walker et al. Injn. dissolvd.
d.  Swift et al. v. Dowdal. Writ of errr. grantd.
d.  Howard v. Cannon. Hab. corp. dischargd.
d.  The King v. Henderson. Jdmt.

Feb. 8.
<Biby v. Ford ante Apr. 2.> } Remember to send down for Summonses.
Pleasants v. Bibee ante Oct. 9 and Nov. 29.
10. John Coles (Alb.) v. Richd. Oglesby (Amh.). Ent. cav. or petn. for 200 as. Alb. on the So. side of Little Eppes’s cr. and on the head of Hudson’s cr. patd. (if patd. at all) by def. about 4 or 5. y. ago.
Elias Wells (Alb.) v.    . A caveat for 400. as. ld. Alb. on the bras. of Cary’s cr. Emploied by Richd. Napier (Alb.).
Long’s case. Recd. 20/.
Feb. 11. Richd. Napier (Alb.). Gave him opn. on Wells’s marriage promise to him. Charge 10/.
12. John Young (Orange). Gave him opn. in writing. Recd. 10/9. Charge no more.
14. John Wilkerson. Alb. Credit him by Dr. Walker’s assumpsit for his balance of Law acct. £19–16–6.
Thos. Walker senr. Alb. Credit him £7–12–6 allowed me in his acct. agt. me.
Ballow v. Downs. Credit the def. 25/ allowed me by Dr. Walker in his acct.
17. Wm. Tomlinson (Alb.) v. William Buster (Fincastle). 109 as. ld. Albem. on the North bras. of Hardware (survd. Nov. 25. 1751.). Ent. cav. if works not retd.
Harris v. Jefferson. Wrote to S. O. for writ.
Peirce  v. Tompkins. } Wrote to Brown to enter in S. O. & C. O. & send Sum. after enquiring if works retd.
Id. v. B. Tompkins.
Tomlinson v. Buster.
Coles v. Oglesby. Wrote to Brown to enter Cav. or petn. as proper.
Pleasants v. Bibee. Wrote to Brown to enter in C. O. and send Sum.
Wrote for exns., Certificates & New Process on all my judgmts. &c. of last court & petns. depending.92
Feb. 22. Henry Martin (Alb.) v. John Macquirck (N. Carolina). Ent. cav. for 400. as. ld. Alb. on Briery creek adjoing. the lds. of Jas. Adams & of the sd. Henry.
Mar. 10. Tomlinson v. Buster. Recd. 20/.
Daniel Coleman (Caroline). I am to give him opn.
18. <Lambert v. Callaway. Dism. by ord. pl. & charge only half a fee.>
David Wright (Bedford) v. Alexander Forbes (Bedford). Ent. cav. for 120. as. ld. Bedford. Charles Lambert assumes the fee.
Manion v. Callaway. Charge fee to Chas. Lambert.
Apr. 5. Snowdam’s case. Issue the writ, as the papers cannot be got.
Pleasants v. Bibee. This is the same land as Bibee v. Norrell so decline appearing on both sides & refund the fee.
Turk v. Prior. Enter the caveat anew v. Richard Prior Tunner (  ).
Apr. 14. Thos. Morgan (my miller) v. Thos. Randolph (Dungeoness). Ent. cav. for 1500. as. land in Cumbld. formerly Goochld. on both sides the South bra. Willis’s creek <granted to Benj. Harris by pat. bearing date Oct. 3. 1737 recovered.> obtained by the sd. Thos. Randolph of Carter Henry Harrison by petition.
16. <Patrick Coutts>  Mckenzie (Henrico) v. John Murray & Nathaniel Raynes <high sheriff> (Pr. George). A motion to be made on the 10th. of the court. Appear for pl. David Ross will send me the Notice.
17. Williams v. Gregory. Recd. 40/.
18. Wright v. Forbes. Ent. in C. O. & send 5/9 to J. Blair for Sum. which Charles Lambert carrd. up.
Wright v. Forbes. Am allowed in acct. with Chas. Lambert 58/3 for which gave him rect.
Manion v. Callaway. I am allowed in acct. with Chas. Lambert 52/6 for which gave him rect.
Lambert v. Callaway. I am allowd. in acct. with Charles Lambert 52/6.
Apr. 18. Elias Wells (Alb.) v. William Higgins (  ). Ent. cav. for 400. as. Alb. on the So. side the Rivanna on the bras. of Cuningham creek.
Id. v. eund. Do. for 400. as. on the same waters & joining the former survey.
Id. v. Benjamin Tompkins (  ). Ent. cav. for 400. as. Alb. on the So. side the Rivanna river on both sides Adrian’s cr. joining the lands of Edmond Taylor, John Dickerson & Christopher Tompkins.
Id. v. Christopher Tompkins (  ). For 400. as. on the So. side the Rivanna river on both sides Adrian’s cr. adjoing. the lands of John Dickerson & Benjamin Tompkins.
Alexr. Mclanahan (Augusta). Send opn. on his case.
Wm. Tunstall (  ) v. George Jefferson (Lunenburgh). Cav. for 400. as. Pittsylva. on the branches of Sandy river & Turkey creek, being the lds. which sd. George recoverd. last June v. Wm. Jones. Note one Daniel Hankins has caveated the same, but his caveat was entd. after G. Jeff. got the ord. conc.
The King v. Rudder. Recd. 50/.
Apr. 22. McVee v. Wilson. Recd. £5. and am directed to dism. it.
23.
Martin v. Mcquirck. } Entd. cav. in S. O.
Wright v. Forbes.
Morgan v. Randolph.
Wells v. Higgins.
Id. v. eund.
Id. v. B. Tompkins.
Id. v. Chr. Tompkins.
May 3. The King v. Henderson. I am allowed in settlement this day with Willm. Henderson credit for 50/.
7. James Shelton (Pittsylva.) v. James East (  ). Enter cav. for  acres    Pittsylva. being the same recovd. by the sd. def. from Abraham Cox & Thos. Tittsoard in June 1772. (Note it has hitherto been kept under friendly cav. by James Mcraw. T. M. Randolph emplois me & tells me to charge fees to him.) I find there is now a friendly cav. depending, brought by Mcraw.93
May 22. John Hite junr. (Barclay). Gave him opn. in writing.
23. John Hite’s case. Recd. 20/.
29. Julius Allen &  Lewis (Henrico) v. Rebecca Watson (Chas. City). A cav. for 215½ as. ld. Henrico as escheated. Empld. by Mr. Acrill for def. Recd. 50/.
Roberts v. May. Recd. of John May 50/.
June. 9. Edmd. Pendleton. For drawing bond between Carter Braxton and B. Robinson recd. 26/.
Williams v. Russell. I find I had issd. the writ.
14. Reuben Payne (Pittsylva.) v. Richd. Booker (Lunenbgh.). A cav. Empld. by pl. Recd. 50/3.
Hopkins v. Murden. Recd. 50/.
John Wilcox (  ) v. John Cox (Pittsylva.). A caveat. Empld. by lre. for def.
Id. v. eund. Do.
 
June 15. Samuel Sparr (Norfolk) v. Charles Rudder (Norfolk). Empld. for pl.
Peter Legrand (  ) v. William Hill & James Hill (  ). Pl. left lre. with me for Baker, & directed me if Baker did not come, to appear for him.
Jones v. Walter et al. Copeland tells me these cav. are for himself & Henry Lyne (Pittsylva.) and shewed me a written declaration of Jones’s to that effect.
Yancey v. Westmoreland. Recd. 50/.
Madison  v. Estill. } Remit fee<s> in last.
Id. v. Hawkins.
Francis Cox (Pittsylva.) v. Giles Nance (Amelia). Cav. Empld. by pl. Recd. 30/.
John Taliaferro &  Porter (  ) v.  Booker (  ). Cav. for same land as Payne v. Booker. Appear for pls. & charge no new fee.
June 23. Dednam v. Benge. Recd. 40/.
July. 14. Wm. Mickie’s deeds. Recd. 21/ for them and charge no more.
Martin v. Dalton. Recd. of Isaac Davies 50/.
Aug. 6. Ford v. Pouncey. Recd. £2–5 of which give credit for what is due me and apply rest to getting out patent as soon as I have got ord. counc.
Aug. 11. The following is a list of balances assigned over to Edmund Randolph, for which the clients must have credit in my accounts.94
 
£ s  d
Adams, Robert Bedford 7 10 0
Adams Thomas New Kent 2 14 0
Agnew Jno. the Revd. Nansemond 5 0 0
Aldridge Robert Frederic 7 10 0
Anderson Henry Amelia 5 0 0
Andrew John 1 1 3
Applebury Thos. Albemarle 1 2 6
Archer John Augusta 2 10
Banks Alexr. Chesterfeild 2 10 0
Baugh Burwell do. 1 0 0
Biggs John Amherst 2 6
 
Bland Peter Randolph Prince George 2 10 0
Bland Colo. Richard ibid. 5 0 0
Bland Theodoric senr. Dinwiddie 2 10 0
Bolling Thos. Chesterfeild 2 12 6
Boswell Matthew Albemarle 2 12 6
Bowyer Thos. Botetourt 5 0 0
Brisbane Edward 5 2 6
Brown Francis N. Carolina 5 0 0
Brown Henry Portsmouth 5 2 6
Burwell Lewis Gloster. 1 5 0
Byrd, the Honble. Wm. Chas. City 11 11 3
Callaway Richard Bedford 2 10 0
Calvert Cornelius Norfolk 7 10 0
Campbell Archibald ibid. 4 1 6
Carlyle Jno. et al. Fairfax 10 0 0
Chetwood Matthias Chesterfeild 5 0 0
Christian Israel Botetourt 5 5 0
Claiborne Leonard Dinwiddie 1 5 0
Cogbill Jesse Chesterfd. 2 10 0
Coles Isaac Halifax 5 0 0
Coles Walter esq. ibid. 7 10 0
Cooke Joseph Chesterfd. 2 10 0
Crawford Samuel Augusta 5 5 0
Custis Edmund Gloster. 10 0 0
Dabney Charles 2 10 0
Dandridge Nat. West. Hanover 5 0 0
Davie Peter Chesterfd. 5 0 0
Davies Nicholas Bedford 5 0 0
Devire James Augusta 10 7 6
Dewdall Jas. Gamewell Frederic 2 10 0
Donaghe Hugh Augusta 2 12 6
Douglass Jonathan Augusta 2 10 0
Fisher Jno. & co. 7 5 0
Ford Tandy Albemarle 2 1 6
Gamewell Henry Louisa 2 10 0
Gannaway John Buckinghm. 2 10 0
Gatewood James Amherst 2 10 0
George James Goochland 2 10 0
Goodwin John York 2 10 0
Gordon Robert Scotland 2 15 0
Govan Archibald King Wm. 2 10 0
Guthrie James K. & Queen 2 10 0
Haden Anthony Albemarle 2 12 6
 
Hamilton Robert Augusta 1 2 6
Harris John Skip Cumberland 2 12 6
Harrison Benjamin Goochland 2 10 0
Harrison Carter Henry Cumberld. 23 2 6
Harrison Charles Surry 7 10 0
Hayes William Bedford 2 10 0
Howlett Thos. Chesterfd. 2 6 6
Hudson Charles Albemarle 2 10 0
Jefferson George Pittsylva. 5 0 0
Jones Rowland 2 10 0
Jordan Samuel Buckingham 2 10 0
Israel Solomon Albemarle 2 12 6
Kempe James Princess Anne 2 12 6
Kenner Judith 5 0 0
Laird James Augusta 2 10 0
Lee Edward Albemarle 2 12 6
Lee Richard Henry 2 10 0
Leigh Ferdinando Kg. William 5 0 0
Lewis Colo. John Halifax 5 0 0
Lewis Colo. John N. Carolina 5 0 0
Lighter Jacob Augusta 2 10 0
Ligon William Amelia 2 12 6
Love Allan & co. Brunswick 5 2 6
Loyde Thos. Essex 2 0 0
Lyle James Chesterfd. 7 10 0
McCauley Thos. Albemarle 4 5 0
Mckain James Augusta 4 0 0
Mckerral John Norfolk 2 10 0
McNight Thos. N. Carolina 2 14 0
MacVee Norfolk 2 10 0
Martin Capt. Thos. Albemarle 2 10 0
Miller Peter Augusta 2 10 0
Moore Thos. ibid. 5 4 6
Munford Wm. Green Charles City 2 10 0
Napier Patrick 2 10 0
Parker James Norfolk
Rentfro Joseph Bedford 2 10 0
Ritchie Archibald Essex 3 10 0
Roberts Thos. Norfolk 5 0 0
Robertson George Bedford 2 10 0
Robinson George Chesterfeild 2 10 0
Ronald Wm. & co. 10 0 0
Rose Duncan Petersburgh 2 10 0
 
Ross David ibid. 15 0 0
Rowland John Pittsylvania 1 4 6
Scott John Albemarle 2 10 0
Seaton George Henrico 2 10 0
Smith Mary Essex 2 10 0
Sowell Joseph Pittsylva. 2 10 0
Spiers & co. 15 7 6
Staples David Albemarle 5 0 0
Stephens Lewis Frederic 5 0 0
Stephenson John Augusta 2 10 0
Stewart Andrew Princess Anne 2 10 0
Stewart George York 2 12 6
Stockdon Thos. Augusta 1 17 6
Strachan Peter Doctr. Henrico 5 0 0
Swann John Albemarle 5 2 6
Syme John Hanover 2 10 0
Teackle Levin Accomack 7 10 0
Thompson John Augusta 3 15 0
Thornton Francis Spotsylva. 5 0 0
Thorpe Francis Bedford 2 10 0
Tremble James Botetourt 2 18 4
Turk Thomas Augusta 1 5 0
Waterson Willm. Augusta 7 17 6
Watkins Joseph Chesterfd. 2 10 0
Watkins Isaiah Pittsylva. 5 0 0
White Alexr. Frederick 2 12 6
White James Chesterfeild 2 10 0
Williams John Augusta 1 3 9
Williams Marston Charles City 0 10 0
Willis Francis senr. 2 10 0
Willis Francis junr. Gloster.
Witt Abner Amherst 2 6 9
Wood Isaac Albemarle 2 12 6
Wood Thos. Pr. Edwd. 2 10 0
Wright Henry Cumberland 1 0 0
£519 3 95

Note by a rough estimate Mr. Randolph will have about ⅔ of the whole fees to receive.
 
Judgmts. &c. in Apr. 1773.96
Quarles v. Mortimer. Decree for defs.
Hanbury v. Claiborne. Interlocty. decree for pl.
Woodson v. Pleasants. Abated by pl.’s death.
Burwell v. Washington. Decree for pl.
Byrd v. Emery. Decree for pl.
7. Calvard v. Thompson. Certif.
Harris v. Deane. Certif.
Rickman v. Hutchinson. Abated by death def.
Stewart v. Callison. Dismd. wth. costs. Rects. prodd.
D. Meriwether v. F. Meriwether. Dismd.
Blevins v. Vance. Certif.
Evans v. Lawson. Certif.
Smith v. Burnley. 2d. petn. Dismd. with costs.
Moore v. Moores. Certif.
White v. Stewart. Certif.
Thorpe v. Pusey. Certif.
Pleasants v. Letcher. Dismd. agrd.
Waller v. Randolph. Dismd. with costs.
9. Millar v. Brown. Revd. & remd.97
MacCutcheon v. Armstrong. Affirmed.
15. Stewart v. Wright. Verd. & jdmt. for pl.
McCaul v. Donaghe. Jdmt. confessed.
22. Hanbury v. Fry. Abated by death def.
Nelson v. Willis. Dismd. but qu. if all?
Royall v. Archer. Abatd. by def.’s death.
Id.   v. eund. Do.
Hylton v. Trigg. Abatd. by pl.’s death.
Id.  v. Christian. Do.
Mclure  v. McGill. } Abatd. by pl.’s attainder.
Id. v. Smith.
Motions.  Gay v. Manly. Decree.
Mckenzie v. Murray. Jdmt.
Hanbury v. Randolph. Agrd.
Rules.  Adams v. Mankin. Dismd.
Eppes v. Elam. Dismd.
Sibyl v. Ashbrooke. Dismd.
Stewart v. Yates. } Dismd. wth. costs.
Id. et ux. v. eund.
 
Winston v. Wright. Dismd.
Walker v. Kemp. Dismd.
Dickie v. Cabell. Abatd. by def.’s death.
McVee v. Wilson. Dismd. agrd.
Orders of Council. June 1774.
Hickman v. Roialty. Ord. conc.
Donelson v. Payne. Ord. conc.
Eubank v. Deane. Abated.
Turk v. Prior. Ord. conc.
Dedman v. Benge. Ord. conc.
Edwards v. Nash. Dismd.
Oldner v. eund. Dismd.
Bryan v. Callaway. Ord. conc. for pl.’s 400. & def.’s entry totally set aside.
Hopkins v. Cook. Dismd. for want N. S.
Jones  v. R. Walton. 2890. } Dismd. wth. costs.
Id. v. eund. 4600.
Id. v. Wilson et al. 1712. Ord. conc.
Id. v. Walton & Woodson. Dismd. 5000.
Id. v. Gray et al. 1142. Ord. conc.
Madison  v. Estill. } Dismd. wth. costs. Jennings’s prior entry cd. nt. be provd.
Id. v. Hawkins et al.
Yancey v. Westmoreld. Dismd. wth. costs.
Martin v. Dalton. Dismd. agrd.
Jones v. Gray. 737. Dismt.
Walker v. Copeland. Dismt. wth. costs.
Crooker v. Walker. Dismt.
Cabell v. Baker. Dismd.
Wood v. Mcanally. Ord. conc.
Haden  v. Elliot. 3. cav. Ord. conc. } Wrote to Anthony Haden.
Id. v. Taylor. Ord. conc.
Clasby v. Emerson. Dismd. wth. costs but agrd. def. has no rt. to enter pl.’s patd. lines.
Tunstall v. Jefferson. Ord. conc.
Payne v. Booker. Dismd.
Garth v. Priddy. Dismd.
Hopkins v. Murden. Dismd. agrd.
Sparrow v. Rudder. Dismd. wth. costs.
Crawford v. Parker. Ord. conc.
Penn v. Whitten. Ord. conc.
Cabell v. Holland. Dismd.
Pleasants v. Bibee. Dismd.
 
Acrill v. Watson. Dismd.
Allen v. Watson. Dismd. wth. costs.
Wright v. Forbes. Ord. conc.
Aug. 27. Stephenson v. Blair. Recd. 48/.
Sep. 11. Wrote to Anthony Haden with state of his acct. balance due to me £8–14–9 and inclosed his father John Haden’s acct. balance £12–16.
13. Evans v. Lawson. John Branham (Albem.) undertakes to pay my fee.
28. Stephenson v. Blair. Make a motion to Council.
Octob. 9. James Mcraw (Pittsylva.) v. Thos. M. Randolph. Caveat for 400 as. adjoining Edgehill. Empld. by def.
13. Branham v. Coleman. Sam. Taliaferro assumes to pay me 55/.
Branham. Recd. cash 3/ and Tucker Woodson assumes 22/6 to be applied to Branham’s cases, & to return his works.
Oct. 13. Credit Branham 25/ by Simon Howell’s undertaking to credit me that sum which is all I owe him.
Credit Roderick Macrae £3–12–6 for services done & strike balance.
22. Bryan v. Callaway. Gave Charles Lambert order on Rob. Clarke for £3–4.98
24. John Reid’s cases. Gave R. Harvie order for £17–14 but do not credit it till paid.
Nov. 9. Charles Smith (Orange). To give him opn. on John Jones’s will. Recd. 14/9.
John Thomas (Alb.) v. Henry Martin (Alb.). Ent. cav. for 400. acres ld. Alb. on the head of Rockfish cr. joining the lds. of  Tompkins & Saml. Taliaferro. David Robertson (Alb.) brout. me a letter from pl. Note Capt. Martin writes me that he entd. frdly. caveat by my advice to save this land.
20. Smith’s case. Inclosd. opn. in writing.
21. Samuel Davidson (Alb.) v. Joseph Philips & John Philips (Carolina). Ent. cav. for 230. as. more or less on Rough run a water of Moreman’s riv. Alb. joining the lands of Archelaus Harris, but enq. first if not patd. within 15. years.99
Dec. 7. Fitzpatrick v. Turk. This writ was retnble. to last April court, so write to E. Randolph to look to it for I had omitted to mention it to him. To send copy decln. to def. Wrote.
8. Wood v. Lockhart. The pl. & Dr. Walker (agent for def.) agree that if this is already determd. in favr. of pl. or if in the opn. of N. Lewis & C. Lewis he has any chance to recover Dr. Walker shall pay all costs & the petn. be dismissed. It is to be tried at our Jan. court.
28.
Hawkins v. Wood, 2. petns. } Recd. credit £5–5 + £2–10. on my bond to Garrett Minor assd. to J. Hawkins.
Minor v. Green. Motion.
 
Walnut Plank should be sawed into cuts 4½, 9, 13½, 18, 22½ f. long and 1, 2, or 4 I. thick after it is sawed.
A Hide of leather will yeild upper leathers and soals for 5. pr. of shoes.
Sam. Williams proposes to tend in Elk island and at Elk hill1 10,000 tobo. hills a hand @ 3 f. 8 I. distance which is nearly 3. acres & 10,000 cornhills a hand which is 8. acres. Carter H. Harrison sais 8000. cornhills would be better.
C. H. Harrison sais a tolerably good horse will tend 35,000 cornhills in the low grounds so that there should be a horse for every two fellows & two wenches.
Ditching 3. feet deep, & wide is 1d a foot.
      ‘How sleep the good who sink to rest
with all their countries honors blest!
By fairy hands their knell is rung
By forms unseen their dirge is sung
There wisdom comes a pilgrim grey
To dress the turf that wraps their clay
And virtue shall a while repair
To dwell a weeping hermit there.’
Collins.2
 
A seine for my fishing place below the old dam should be 30. fathom long & 10.f. deep in the widest part. Will take 50 ℔ twine @ 10d sterl. pr. ℔ The knitting is 20d currcy. pr. ℔
Plank for wainscoating & flooring should be 1½ I. thick in the clear. Cornice plank 1.I. in the clear. ¼ I. fall in 10 f. is allowed in covering with lead.
Whether better to waggon bricks, or the water & wood that makes them.
1000 bricks will take 3. hhds. of water 3000
  1 cord of wood, supposed 96. cub. feet 5760
8760
  allow a loss of one fifth     2190
10950
 
  1000. bricks weigh 6000  ℔
A proper device (instead of arms) for the American states united would be the Father presenting the bundle of rods to his sons.3
The motto ‘Insuperabiles si inseparabiles’ an answer given in parl. to the H. of Lds. & Comns. See Inst. 35. He cites 4. H. 6. nu. 12. parl. rolls, which I suppose was the time it happd.
Dr. Walker sais a fall of one foot in 600 yds. will do very well for a canal. The fall in the canal of the Dismal is 8. I. in a mile & he sais it has a smart current.
John Day sais a ton of iron will supply one anvil a year.
Thos. Garth sais 15. barrels a share of corn will serve a plantation a year, will allow 3. hogs a hand to be fattened & a good stock to be maintained.
The thinnest sheet lead used weighs 6 ℔ to the square foot. If therefore iron sheets of half the thickness will do, they will weigh 2 ℔ to the square foot.

17744

Jan. 2. Pd. ferrge. &c. at Manikin town 2/.
Pd. do. for H. Skipwith 1/.
3. Pd. entertt. at Gunn’s 1/.
Lent H. Skipwith 6/.
6. Pd. ferrge. at Warwick 7½d.
Gave a guide at the Hundred 1/.
8. Exchanged with John Hylton my black horse for a sorrel mare5 which he says was 5. year old last June. He supposes she is with foal by young Fearnought, and if she proves to be so, I am to pay £3 for putting her to horse.
Pd. Capt. Walker a small store acct. 14/10.
Gave ferrymen at Shirley 1/3.
10. I have promised to give J. Hylton 40/ more to boot between our horses he being dissatisfied with the first bargain.
11. Sent Capt. Walker for mustard 1/.
14. Inclosed to Colo. B. Harrison £20. & gave the letter to F. Eppes.
Pd. W. West at the Hundred 14/6.
Pd. Worsham the ordinary keeper6 2/6.
Pd. Worsham for ferriages 9/6.
Gave ferrymen 1/3.
Pd. at Shirley for ferriages [ ].
Note on division of the workmen [. . .]7 £20. and on division of the other slaves [. . .]8 Eppes £30. for choice of lots.
Jan. 20. Borrowed of Jupiter 3¾d.
Pd. Samson at the Byrd9 3¾d.
24. Agreed with Humphry Gaines that he shall work with my carpenters and I am to give him £30. a year and find him provisions. He is to begin about the middle of May.
Feb. 2. Credit the estate of P. Jefferson by a bed bot. of Rand. Jefferson this day wt. 43¼ ℔ @ 2/6 = £5–7–9¾d.
10. Recd. of J. Harvie for waggoning 10/.
Pd. Humphry Gaines for services 11/3.
An exn. having issued against Richard Sorrels and myself as his common bail ads. Richard Woods and only a part of it levied before Sorrel’s death, his widow this day sold all his goods at public auction and made the monies paiable to me from the several purchasers to indemnify me as far as the estate will go. The following is a state of the sale for the amount of which give Sorrel’s estate credit, and charge the purchases.
Henry Mullins.  a cow and calf          £2–15–6
<John Henderson a sow & 5 shoats>     <1– 0–0>
a mare 1– 0–6
Walter Mousley for myself a stack of rye 0– 8–6
do. for do. a bed 32/6 a pot 7/ pewter 7/6 2– 7–0
£6–11–6
11. Recd. of W. Mousley 20/6 cash for the above mare.
12. Wrote to Lynch, Austin & Gaines to value the lands bot. of R. James.
14. Pd. George Manly 11/6.
Note he goes to Bedford this day so note the time he loses.
Charge my sister Jane Jefferson’s estate £2–6–10 allowed Dr. Walker in his acct. against me.
16. Pd. John McGehee for making shoes 3/7½.
Charge the following waggoning done in my absence.
 
℔  
Sam. Taliaferro. 1 quarter cask10      [ ]
brot. Nov. 22. 1773   
1 hhd. rum 1000
1 teirce molasses [ ]
£ 4–5–6 2000
 
Peter Marks. 1. hhd. porter. Nov. 22. 1773. 500 ℔
John Day. 2 days waggoning.
B. Calvert ½ day’s waggoning.
T. Garth. carrying down 6. hhds. tobo. 41½ bush. wheat @ 1/6.
20. Pd. S. Taliaferro for John Hill 12/.
Directed him to pay him also the £3. for the above waggoning.
21. At 2H–11m P.M. felt a shock of an earthquake at Monticello. It shook the houses so sensibly that every body run out of doors.11
Let G. Dudley have 15. ells oznabrigs for which charge him  per ell.
Another shock of the earthquake at 2H–45m P.M. as violent but not so long.
Feb. 22. Felt the shock of the Earthquake again to-day at 2. Min. P.M.
Recd. of Capt. H. Martin 5/ to pay two writ taxes at Sec.’s off.
25. On settlemt. of accts. with Colo. T. M. Randolph I am £26–0–9 in his debt as by acct. signed by us both will appear.
Allowed Colo. T. M. Randolph in the above acct. £8–3 due to him from Dabney Carr’s estate, which therefore charge to his estate.
28. Gave Sam. Williams to buy a canoe12 £3–9–9.
Note I have 5. hides of leather at Elkhill & Bedford. Send to Norf. for hide for S. W.
Elk island is 693. strides wide at the dividing fence between Skelton & myself. (measured accurly. 127½ po. = 701½ yds.) From that fence it is 200 pannels (say poles) up to the widest part of the island which is at a short bend of the little river.
Mar. 1. My sister Elizabeth was found last Thursday being Feb. 24.13
4. Sent my mother a quarter of stalled beef 118 ℔ weighed by Mr. Bryan for which charge @ 20/ comes to 23/8.
6. A flood in the Rivanna 18 I. higher than the one which carried N. Lewis’s bridge away & that was the highest ever known except the great fresh in May 1771.
7. Sold my two old book cases to Mr. Clay14 for £5. of which credit him 40/ for performing the funeral service this day on burying my sister Elizabeth, & 40/ more for preaching Mr. Carr’s funeral sermon, which last sum charge to D. Carr’s estate. The other 20/ is a gratuity.
10. It appears Barksdale made me the following paimts. for my lands on Tye river.15
£ 
   when he bought        10
1765.  Nov. 30. 41
1766. Jan. 4. 10
Apr. 27. 15
£76
 
Pd. Robert Harris for D. Carr’s estate which charge 5/4.
Pd. Mr. Cole’s Ned for a galln. of peas 5/.
Took admn. of E. Jefferson’s estate.16
14. Pd. Mrs. Dudley a midwife’s fee for Ursula 10/3.
Recd. from the Forest 4 Doz. 10 bott. of Jamaica rum (Note I shall keep a tally of these as we use them by making a mark in the margin in order to try the fidelity of Martin.
18. Bot. of Hierom Gaines 9. ℔ wax.
Pd. him 3/7½.
20. <Agreed with T. Adams to hire his blacksmith (Ralph Ham an indented servant) for the residue of his time @ £5 sterl. a year besides £10. sterl. per ann. to the smith. He is also to buy me a set of tools.>
Mar. 29. Accepted John Coles order on me for £7 in favr. of Messrs. Trent (afterwards paid by John Coles himself).
Also undertook to pay them for Saml. Duval £21–11–11 with intt. from May 6. 1773. deducting R. Randolphs exn. Note Duval had a jdmt. against Anthony Hay’s estate to which I was indebted.
30. <Memm. to return T.M.R.’s works for 94½ as. ld. adjg. Edgehill and charge him as well 2/6 answered to the Surveyor for a copy of the plat as what will be to be paid at S. O.>
Charge Wm. Speirs 2/6 answered to Anderson Bryan for a copy of Lankford’s survey.
Apr. 3. My second daughter born about 11. o’clock A. M.17
5. Bot. of Wm. Reynolds his entry for 200 as. of land adjoing. his own & Priddy’s lines for 40/.18
Bot. of Daniel Reynolds his entry for 99. as. in the same neighborhood for 20/.19
Pd. Mrs. Sumpter £5.
7. Pd. Andrew Defoe 20/.
Sent by do. to James Robinson 20/.
9. Sent for whiskey 2/6.
10. Pd. Mr. Carter’s Phill in full for ladle &c. 2/6.
11. Pd. Wm. Terril Lewis for Tom Adams which charge to him £4–8.
Overpd. do. 6d.
Bought Littlebury Sullivan’s entry for 50 acres for which I paid him 10/ in full.
13. Pd. entertt. at Byrd ord. 2/6.
16. Borrowed of Mr. Mazzei 4/3.
Pd. Joseph Farish (smith at Tuckahoe) 4/3.
Charge Colo. T. M. Randolph for a gun of B. Skelton’s sold him by Mr. Wayles £10–15.
Give B. Skelton’s estate credit for £10–15 allowed me in acct. by Colo. T. M. Randolph.
Gave Phill to pay ferrge. at Warwick 1/3.
18. Pd. at Coffee house 3¾d.
Sent to baker’s for bread 3¾d.
19. Pd. Craig the Jeweller 21/.
20. Pd. a smith for 7. rollers 4/4½.
<Sent to baker’s for bread 3¾d.>
22. Pd. James Hubbard for Mrs. Harris 31/3.
Pd. a barber 7½d.
23. Sent to the baker 1/.
April 23. Note I have emploied Mr. Wythe in the following suits for Mr. Wayles’s estate.
Mercer v. Wayles’s exrs.
Jefferson et ux. et al. v. Skipwith & [ux.?]
Jefferson et al. v. Stith.
Also for Mr. Skelton’s estate in Jefferson et ux. v. Fleming’s exrs.
Also for myself in Harris v. Jefferson et ux.
Pd. at S. O. for Andrew Defoe 20/ instead of a bad 20/ bill he had sent there by me & which Mr. Everard returned to me.
Pd. Mr. Everard for Col. Edwd. Carter for the Colony seal 11/.
Pd. John Tazewell 15/ to defend me at the suit of Daniel Baxter which suit being against me for a sum of money I undertook for James Ogilvie, charge the money to Ogilvie.
Pd. for nipple glasses20 2/.
Gave Dr. Mclurgh’s man 1/3.
Pd. Mrs. Smith 12/.
24. Gave Mr. P.’s21 Nero 1/3.
Pd. entertt. at Duncastle’s 4/9.
Do. for Mr. Mazzei 1/3.
25. Pd. Mr. Mazzei at Winslow’s22 1/6.
Pd. Hogg & Rowland for Rand. Jefferson 10/.
Pd. James Gunn in part £2.
29. J. Cole’s Lucy was sent home.
30. Pd. Litty. Sullivan for Mrs. Reynolds 1/6.
May 3. Charge T. Morgan 11/6 allowed John Henderson senr. as per his order.
4. Accepted Francis Alberti’s order in favour of Saml. Taliaferro for £6–6s–8d in part of paimt. for R. Jefferson.
On settlemt. with Garth & Mousley this day their balance due to me is £63–14–4.
7. Pd. Farish the smith at Tuckahoe 10/ which was 2/6 too much.
8. Borrowed of Colo. T. M. Randolph 7½d.
10. Pd. for butter 6/3.
Pd. barber for pins 7½d.
Pd. Colo. T. M. Randolph 7½d.
16. Mr. Chas. Lynch informs me that the gentlemen appointed to value the lands in Bedford which I bought of Richard James, valued them to £46–13–4 <per hundred so that the whole comes to £50.>
18. Pd. for ½ a doz. lettuces 3¾d.
Pd. a smith’s apprentice for a key 2/6.
Gave a note for 15/ to Mr. Prentis’s store in favor of Martin assee. of Armistd. Mason.
21. Pd. a smith for repairg. a lock 3/9.
May 23. Gave the Sexton 1/3.
Pd. at Southall’s for punch 7½d.
26. The assembly dissolved this day.
Pd. towards a ball for Lady Dunmore23 20/.
30. Pd. Mr. Mercer for Walker for mending watch 20/.
31. Pd. ferrge. & gave ferrymen at Barrett’s 3/9.
June 1. Pd. ferrge. at Shirley 7½d.
Pd. do. at the Hundred 7½d.
2. Agreed with Willm. Pond to make bricks for me this summer. He is to have 2/6 a thousand for making & burning the place bricks. The price of the stock bricks is to be fixt by Stephen Willis.
3. Pd. ferrge. at Westover 3/9.
Gave ferrymen 7½d.
Gave Colo. Bland’s watermen from Jordan’s 2/6.
4. Pd. Rob. Lorton 6/.
Gave ferrymen 1/3.
5. Pd. entt. and ferrge. at York 5/7½.
Gave ferrymen 1/3.
8. Pd. ferrge. at Gloster town 3/9.
Gave ferrymen 1/3.
9. Pd. at Coffee house 7½d.
10. Assumed to pay James Donald by order of Leonard Hall who was a witness for George Manly £11–1–9 which charge to Manly.
Assumed to do. for Richd. James on his order (in part of his land) £20.
<Assumd. to pay Col. T. M. Randolph for  Farrar by order Richd. James (in part of his land) £6.> (Otherwise settled.)
Pd. Matt. Davenport 3/9.
Pd. Mr. Pendleton for copy deed 5/.
14. Pd. for butter 5/.
Recd. of Capt. Thos. Woodfd. for Jas. Ogilvie £9–8–4¼.
Pd. James Mercer for Jas. Ogilvie £10.
Gave James Mercer my note to pay him for James Ogilvie before April 25. 1775. £30–15–11 sterl. with intt. from Dec. 2. 1774. out of which however the above paimt. of £10. is to be deducted.
Pd. Greenhow for sundries 3/7½.
15. Gave J. Mercer’s Christmas 1/3.
Pd. Mrs. Campbell in full 10/.
Pd. Treasurer of society of arts24 20/.
Pd. Mrs. Smith for washing in full 20/.
16. Wrote to Thos. Hepburn of Norfolk for 15. hides of leather.
June 16. Pd. Wm. Holliday in full £3–16–9.
Pd. Greenhow for 2 padlocks 6/.
Pd. ferrge. & entertt. at Southall’s 4/1½d.
Gave ferrymen 1/3.
Pd. at Chas. City ct. house for limes 1/.
18. Gave Mr. Eppes’s Tom 1/3.
Pd. a smith in Richmond 7½d.
Pd. Danl. Hylton for Wm. Randolph for 4 pr. shoes 36/.
19. Sold Fingal25 to TMRandolph for £35. and I am to take 200 ℔ wool @ 1/ in part.
Pd. smith near Tuckahoe 2/6.
20. Pd. for a cake 3¾d.
24. Pd. Martin in full of Armistead Mason’s order 7/6.
28. George Manly began to work.
30. I am indebted to Andrew Defoe for 12. days raising limestone. He found himself. He agrees to take 20/.
Pd. Wm. Howard in full 2/6.
July 4. Gave Jupiter to pay for ducks &c. as follows







6.



s d
Joseph Hale.  6. ducks @ 9d         4 6
 2. goslings 3
James Defoe. 6 ducks @ 9d 4 6
Saml. Huckstept 5. ducks @ 6d 2 6
Mrs. Mullins 1 doz. chickens 4
18 6
Borrowed of Jupiter 3¾d.
Gave Jupiter to pay for ducks &c. as follows 4 6
Joseph Hale 6. other ducks 3
2. other goslings         7 6
Postd. 7. Gave Will Beck order on G. Divers for barrel corn.
Gave George Bradby order on R. Anderson for 6. ℔ brown sugar.
Charge Tom Carr 2/6 I am to answer to Mr. Bryan for a copy of the works in Carr v. Smith.
9. Recd. only 175. ℔ wool of Colo. T. M. Randolph.
14. Pd. Saml. Huckstept for a shoat 4/. Do. for boardg. W. Beck & A. Defoe 15/ & am to pay 1/ more in his suit.
Pd. John Moore senr. in full from the beginning of the world to this day 15/.
16. Pd. George Bradby in full 10/6.
17. Pd. Isaac Jackson for chickens 4/9.
Pd. entertt. at Payne’s ordinary26 4/6.
18. Pd. for beer at Goochland courthouse 1/6.
Pd. for dinner &c. at do. 4/9.
Gave my note to Mr. Henderson for £25. on an order of Hastings Marks27 for smith’s work done by John Day, paiment to be made 28th. October.
Bought books of Mr. Carr’s estate to amount of £2–8.28
29. Sent by Jupiter to Holliday of Wmsbgh. to buy paint 21/6.29
Note we began upon the pipe of wine I bot. of Skelton’s estate June 1st.
Charge Ben. Calvert 3 days waggoning between the 1st. & 12th. of June.
Charge Sam. Taliaferro 4. days do. between same time.
Charge him also 6. days waggoning from July 18. to 23. inclusive.
Aug. 10. Charge Sam. Taliaferro hire of the waggon to-day.
Aug. 16. Pd. Richard Scott for 6. doz. cakes at the election30 24/.
17. Recd. a letter from Mr. Cox in which he informs me he has engaged a carpenter31 for me @ 26£ a year, to begin next New Year’s day.
Charge Sam. Taliaferro 2. days waggoning to wit the 17th. & 18th.
19. Charge Mr. Ashley ⅔ of this day waggoning.
23. Mr. Mazzei for Wine company,32 this day’s waggoning.
24 & 25. Sam. Taliaferro two days waggoning.
29. Pd. Robert Anderson 6/ (1/ still due).
30 & 31. Charge John Day Waggoning.
Sep. 1. Charge Sam. Taliaferro this day’s waggoning. He found provns.
Sep. 1. Agreed with Francis Bishop33 that he shall work at the Smith’s trade with Barnaby whom he is to teach. I am to build him a house and shop at the Shadwell branch & to find him 400 ℔ of pork & corn for himself. Also I am to find tools, but if I cannot get them in time he is to use his till I can. He & Barnaby are to get their own coal wood, but I waggon in the coal and we go halves in the profits of the business. My own work is to be thrown into my half of the debts and to make a part of that half. Colo. T. M. Randolph’s work is also to be in my part of the debts.
5. Pd. James Robinson 18/.
8. Borrowed of Mr. Ashley 1/.
Pd. Litt. Sullivan balance of Mrs. Reynolds’s order (see Apr. 30.) 1/.
14. Pd. Andrew Defoe 6/ (still owe him 14/.
Pd. Joseph Henderson for Philip Mazzei £3–7.34 Also gave him note for 3½ bushels of corn to anybody in Charlottesville who could supply for 7/.
Charge Hastings Marks waggong. 12th. & 13th.
Postd. Note on the 8th. instt. I accepted W. Beck’s order in favr. Watt Mousley for 51/.
20. <Gave Simon Howell my note to George Twyman for 19/6 (still owe him 10/6).>
< 22.> <Lost out of my pocket 45/. >
24. Pd. Wm. Howard Silversmith 14/9.
27. Inclosed to Ashley in part for a mutton 9/7½.
Charge John Day waggoning 26th. & 27th. @ 12/6.
Charge Sam. Taliaferro do. 28th. & 29th. @ 12/6.
Oct. 5. Bot. a beef35 of Hierom Gaines 449 ℔ £2–16–1½.
7. Recd. of Sam. Williams for corn sold at Elk-island £15–4.
Gave Sam. Williams to pay midwife 8/6.
9. Credit Colo. TMRandolph 824 ℔ nett flour @ 15/ £6–3–9. This was delivered last April or thereabouts.
Oct. 9. Colo. TMRandolph is to engage of Thos. Newton36 3 tuns of iron for him & myself annually, to receive the first in the middle of next summer.
Bought of Colo. Thos. M. Randolph his share in the Wine company. He is to make the paiments stipulated with the company, after which I am to pay him £30. sterling the price of his share.
Engaged of Colo. TMRandolph 8. barrels of flour to be delivered next month.
He is also to build me a warehouse at Shockoes37 and I am to do as much Carpenter’s work for him at Edgehill by way of exchange.
Bot. of Colo. TMR. books38 amount £5–15 currency.
10. Wrote to James McDowell to have me 30 panes of glass of 9 by 11 cut to 9 by 10. & to send 200 panes of his 10 by 12 to Tuckahoe where Colo. Randolph will have it cut to 9 by 12.
11. Recd. of Mr. Cox for corn sold at Elk-island £4–12.
Charge Mr. Wayles’s estate £2–14–7 used by Mr. Cox of the money for which some of my corn was sold.
Agreed with Mr. Cox to give him £30 for overlooking my plantations at Elk-hill & Crank’s39 the year following, but told him it was £5 too much & more than I could give again.
12. Charge Mr. Wayles’s estate for carrying 20 hhds. tobo. of 1773 from Bedford £30.
There are 4. hhds. still there of the same year which I must carry down & charge £6.
Staten will conduct my watermen from Bedford this winter for 40/.
The hire of the seven negroes I hired of Mr. Eppes in Bedford last year has been settled at £46–15 by William Austin & Robert Clarke out of which is to be deducted however the feeding of their children which Mr. Cox sais was not allowed for.
Charge Sam Williams a pr. shoes 7/6.
Charge Sam Williams 50/ which he used of the money for which corn has been sold.
13. Pd. John Martin (sheriff) for Benjamin Calvert £5.
Pd. William Martin (collector) for my mother’s dues 11/6.
Pd. William Henderson (sheriff) £7–14–9. Note this was in part of my dues and of old Sorrel’s judgmnt.
Charge Mr. Mazzei 11 ℔ bacon had of Walter Mousley 5/6.
Pd. Ashley towards a quarter of mutton 3/.
Charge T. Morgan allowed Roderick Mcrae this day in acct. Morgan’s order 8/7½.
Octob. 13. Allowed Roderick Mcrae this day in acct. hire for a horse 13 days @ 2/ for carrying Randolph Jefferson to Williamsburgh Nov. 18. 1771. so charge him the 26/.
18. Bishop the blacksmith begins to work for me.
George Bradby goes to cutting wood with Bishop for which I am to pay him by the month.
Charge John Day 2. days waggoning to wit 17th. & 18th.
20. Bot. of  Nemo a beef weighing 266 ℔ @ 12/6 = £1–13–3.
Charge Mr. Mazzei 132 ℔ of beef @ 12/6 = 16/6.
24. Stanly40 has killed by his own confession 12 hogs, but as Jupiter (one of his negroes who kept a tally of it) sais 16. Stanly told Garth some time ago he had about 50 or 60 ℔ of butter to send me, but now he has but about 20. ℔ The negroes say he has sold a great deal of corn. But note these 12 hogs include the fattd. hogs which were killed for him.
Gave R. Harvie order on Mr. Cocke (who studies law under Mr. Waller) for £19–5 he owes me for books bot. June 1773.
Charge Francis Bishop 2/6 for half a bushel of salt.
26. Gave Orange to pay ferriages to Bedford 1/3.
Nov. 1. I am to pay Mr. Bryan 58/4 for Hierom Gaines, so credit Mr. Bryan & charge Gaines accordingly.
10. Pd. to Mrs. Wherry for Wm. Spier’s works carried to S. O. 4/6 and sent by her of my own money.
13. Gave in charity 6/.
19. Bot. of  Nemo 10. ℔ tallow for Mrs. Mazzei @ 6d.
25. Gave Mr. Evans41 for Farrell & Jones an order for 35. hhds. of the tobo. which is to go down of this year’s crop to be applied to credit of Mr. Wayles’s estate.
 
28. Charge my mother half a beef,  and the fifth quarter. There was a mistake in weighing it (by Walker who weighed it and made the fore-quarter 199 ℔ & the hind-quarter 186. ℔ which could not be). It was rather larger than the beef bought of Gaines Oct. 5.
Dec. 4. Charge A. S. Jefferson a blanket given Eve42 8/.
Dec. 5. Bishop recd. his 400 ℔ meat of T. Garth on my acct. this day.
7. Charge Bishop ½ a bushel salt also 2. Dutch blankets @ 8/9 each. Note this pays him Nemo’s order on me for 8/ & the rest goes towds. my own acct.
Dec. 8. Charge my mother 18 ells oznabrigs I let her have @ 15¾d. Note my brother Randolph measured it off.
Bought of Sam. Carr43 100. barrels of corn to be delivd. in Jan. and Feb. ready shelled for which I am to pay him 10/ a barrel in April.
Indebted to Mrs. Wallace. s d
18. ℔ of butter in 1773. @ 9d 13 6
1. pot 5 ¾ } in 1774 @ 7½d.
1. do. 19        1– 3 7 ¼
1. do. 13 £1– 17 1 ¼
37 ¾
Indebted to Mrs. Reynolds 42 ℔ of butter at 8d 28/.
List of the Captains in Albemarle to whom Association papers are to be sent.
Saint Anne’s { James Adams     Fredvlle.   { Peter Marks
Wm. Shelton John Marks
John Smith Robert Davies
Orlando Jones William Sims
Thos. Napier Robert Harris
George Thompson
Michael Wallace
Jacob Moon
 
Dec. 9. Gave Jupiter note to T. Garth for meat to value of 21/9 which pays him all demands old & new.
Gave Wm. Pond order on Mr. Anderson for goods of £15 value if he should want so much, also another note to Calvert that I will pay him for any work he does for Pond.
He sais he has made 58,000 stock bricks.
Assumed to pay T. Garth 10/3 for Wm. Pond.
10. <Wrote to T. Newton of Norfolk for 1000. ℔ nail rod iron & 200 ℔ iron plates broad (for two chimnies).> He never did it.
11. Left Monticello with my family.
13. Arrived at Elk-hill.
14. Pd. Skelton’s Moses for 11. partridges 3/ and still owe him 3d (This was a mistake. He should have had but 2/2¼ for the whole.
16. Bought 3. ℔ cotton in the seed of Branford44 for which I pd. him 1/ & still owe 3¾d.
17. Bought 25. partridges of Skelton’s Moses and pd. him 2/6 which corrected former mistake & makes us even.
18. Pd. Branford in full for cotton & chickens 1/3.
24. Pd. old York in full for cotton 3/6.
Pd. Cuffy45 for cotton 2/3.
Dec. 25. Pd. Sanco46 for my mother 2/.
Pd. Abram47 for do. 2/6.
Pd. do. for myself 2/.
27. Accepted an order of Wm. Pond in favor of Hierom Gaines for 30/.
He has had from R. Anderson’s store on my acct. goods to amt. of £4–2–3. (See Blair’s note.)
Credit John Wingo48 for setting up hhds. 10/.
Charge him his order to Z. Morris to pay Brock (the smith) 2/.
do. to pay Walter Mouzley £5–6
do. 9. bushels corn @ 10/ per barrel.
Pd. David Nimmo 20/.
Purchased a negro man Phill of Dabney Minor for my sister Carr for the sum of £81. to be paid June 27. 1776 and if the money be unpaid two months after due then there is to be interest from the date. Charge this sum to Mr. Carr’s estate.
Purchased of Saml. Carr 25 barrels corn on same terms as former purchase.
28. Sold Hierom Gaines 2. bush. salt 10/.
On settlemt. of my bond to Garrett Minor now the property of Jno. Hawkins there is due thereon £126–19–6–¼ with intt. from Nov. 3. 1773. till paid. Therefore gave Hawkins order on Colo. Richd. Randolph for that sum to be paid out of the money he owes Mr. Wayles’s estate, for which I am to give the estate credit.
Killed 16. hogs of Watt Mousley’s wt. 1833. ℔ gross for which he takes pork of mine at Bedford. If there should not be so much there I must allow him 2d per ℔ the current price now.
29. Wrote to Tom Stewart of Augusta for 10. bushels of flax-seed & 10. do. of hemp seed.
<Wrote to James Black for 2 flax-wheels, such hackles &c. as he thinks necessary, 100 ℔ fine flax & 100 ℔ hemp ready dressed for spinning.> Never sent them.
30. Assumed to pay T. Garth 3/ by order Wm. Pond (for great George).49
Gave Wm. Pond order on Wm. Mitchell50 Richmd. for goods amt. £8.
I am to pay T. Garth for George Bradby 27/.
31. Pd.  Sheets a smith for having shod a horse two year ago 2/.
 
      Mrs. Jefferson’s rects. & paiments
Jan. Pd. the Coles for washing a gown 2/6.
20. Lost at cards 1/3.
Feb. 14. Pd. for a yard of black ribbon 1/3.
16. Pd. Jupiter 3/9.
Pd. Jupiter 6/.

88With exceptions as noted, TJ marked out all legal entries for 1774 using the method discussed in note 1, MB 1767, legal notations.

89Edgehill was Thomas Mann Randolph’s 2000-acre tract adjoining Shadwell, three miles east of Monticello. It was patented by William Randolph in 1735 and was later the residence of MJR and TMR (LPB, xvi, 1 description begins Land Patent Books. Vi description ends ).

90This entailed property, the Indian Camp lands in Cumberland County, had been inherited by Anne Eppes (Mrs. Benjamin) Harris and Martha Jefferson’s mother, Martha Eppes Wayles, from their father, Francis Eppes of Bermuda Hundred. It was located on the tributaries of Deep Creek in the southwestern corner of present Powhatan County. The land was divided according to the writ of partition and in May 1774 the House of Burgesses passed a bill, petitioned for by TJ and Martha, to dock the entail, but it did not become law because of the dissolution of the House on 26 May. They nevertheless sold their 1,200 acres of the Indian Camp lands, together with a portion of the adjacent St. James’ lands, to Henry Skipwith for £2,000. There was no formal deed, however, until 1777, after the passing of the Virginia law abolishing entails, which TJ himself drafted (TJ to Jerman Baker, 22 June 1824; JHB, 1773-1776, p. 83, 116 description begins Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619-1776, Richmond, 1905-1906, 6 vols. description ends ; Papers, i, 104-5 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Cumberland County Deed Book, v, 488-9, Cumberland County Courthouse, Cumberland, Va.; Fee Book: Personal estate account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ; Hening, Statutes, ix, 226-7 description begins William Waller Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, Richmond, 1809-1823, 13 vols. description ends ). Skipwith’s payment for the land, on three bonds of £666–13–4 each, can be followed in MB and Fee Book: State of the settlement of H. Skipwith’s bond. He had paid in full by July 1778 (MB 21 July 1778).

91The marginal “p” and “d” indicate whether TJ represented the plaintiff or defendant.

92Entry not marked out.

93Entry not marked out.

94In Aug. 1774 TJ retired from practice before the General Court and turned his unfinished cases over to Edmund Randolph (see Case Book description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Case Book, 1767-1774,” 192 bound quarto leaves containing records of 939 cases. Indexed. CSmH description ends ; Malone, Jefferson, i, 192-3 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ; and “Edmund Randolph Assumes Thomas Jefferson’s Practice,” ed. John M. Hemphill ii, VMHB, lxvii [1959], 170-1). For TJ’s occasional legal activity in 1782, see MB 12, 16, 23 Feb., 1 Mch., 25 and 29 July, 17 Aug. 1782, and Papers, vi, 145-6, 151-8, 179-82 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends .

95Correctly £518–17–4¾.

96Correctly 1774 (see Case Book description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Case Book, 1767-1774,” 192 bound quarto leaves containing records of 939 cases. Indexed. CSmH description ends and Apr. 1774 docket of TJ’s cases, Legal Papers, MHi).

97“Revd. & remd.”: reversed and remanded.

98This and the following entry are not marked out.

99Entry not marked out.

1The Elk Hill plantation lay in Goochland County on the James River and Byrd Creek and opposite Elk Island. In the division of the John Wayles estate it became the property of Anne Wayles Skipwith. Although a deed was not executed and recorded until 1778, TJ and Martha Jefferson acquired Elk Hill in Jan. 1774 from Anne and Henry Skipwith, giving in exchange some of their Cumberland County lands worth £710. In 1782 and 1783 TJ added the nearby Smith tracts of 312 and 50 acres to the 307-acre Elk Hill tract. In 1793, in an effort to pay his portion of the Wayles debt, he sold the entire 669 acres to Thomas Augustus Taylor for £1,500; the deed was not executed until 1799 (Fee Book: Personal estate account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ; MB 7 Dec. 1782; GoCDB, xii, 217, xvii, 535; Papers, xvii, 567-9, xix, 264 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ).

Elk Hill had been the residence of Martha Jefferson and her first husband Bathurst Skelton. After her marriage to TJ they used Elk Hill as a second residence and were sometimes drawn there for “hunting parties” by its plentiful game (TJ to John Joseph de Barth, 17 Mch. 1792). It was at Elk Hill that Cornwallis established his British army headquarters just before his surrender at Yorktown and wantonly destroyed a great deal of TJ’s property (see Malone, Jefferson, i, 356, 390, 445-6 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ). See also Elie Weeks, “Thomas Jefferson’s Elk-hill,” Goochland County Historical Society Magazine, iii (1971), p. 6-9, and, for TJ’s plan for enlarging the Elk Hill house, Nichols, No. 11 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, ed. Frederick D. Nichols, 4th ed., Charlottesville, Va., 1978 description ends .

2These are lines 1-2 and 7-12, slightly altered, of William Collins’ “Ode, Written in the Beginning of the Year 1746.” TJ’s substitution of the words “good,” “honors,” “wisdom,” and “virtue” for Collins’ words “Brave,” “Wishes,” “Honour,” and “Freedom” broadens the application of this well-known patriotic elegy, which had been inspired by military events.

3This and the following entry probably date from 1776, when TJ was on the committee to devise a seal for the United States. TJ’s idea for a device is from Aesop. The motto below is adapted from “Eritis insuperabiles, si fueritis inseparabiles,” cited in Sir Edward Coke, The Fourth Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England (London, 1681), p. 35 (see “Report on a Seal for the United States, with Related Papers,” Papers, i, 494-7).

4In the 1774 cash accounts TJ continued his practice of making a marginal check next to transactions for other people, probably when posting to their accounts in the Fee Book description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends and Miscellaneous Accounts.

5Everallin (MB 7 Dec. 1776).

6Thomas Worsham kept an ordinary at Bermuda Hundred in Chesterfield County (Virginia Gazette [P & D], 2 Sep. 1773 description begins Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, 1751-1780, and Richmond, 1780-1781). Abbreviations for publishers of the several newspapers of this name, frequently published concurrently, include: D & H (Dixon & Hunter), P & D (Purdie & Dixon), R (Rind) description ends ).

7Text faded and about five words illegible. The Fee Book: Personal estate account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends reads: “To difference of value of workmen on division of Mr. Wayles’ estate pd. by H. Skipwith 20–0–0 . . . By difference in value of slaves in division of Mr. Wayles’ estate paid to F. Eppes 30–0–0.”

8Text faded and about three words illegible.

9TJ is referring to the Elk Hill plantation (TJ Index, 1774 description begins Thomas Jefferson manuscript indexes for the Memorandum Books, 1767-1826, bound with them, except for 1773 (unlocated), 1776-1778 and 1779-1782 (ViU) description ends ).

10TJ erased the figures for the weights of this cask and the molasses.

11The first recorded earthquake in Virginia was felt throughout most of the state east of the Blue Ridge Mountains and in parts of North Carolina. It caused considerable alarm but almost no damage (John Blair to TJ, 2 Mch. 1774; Virginia Gazette [P & D], 24 Feb. 1774 description begins Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, 1751-1780, and Richmond, 1780-1781). Abbreviations for publishers of the several newspapers of this name, frequently published concurrently, include: D & H (Dixon & Hunter), P & D (Purdie & Dixon), R (Rind) description ends ; Margaret G. Hopper and G. A. Bollinger, The Earthquake History of Virginia 1774 to 1900 [Blacksburg, Va., 1971], p. 3-4).

12The canoes used by the upland planters to transport their tobacco to market are described in G. Melvin Herndon, William Tatham and the Culture of Tobacco (Coral Gables, Fla., 1969), p. 62-4.

13A family intimate wrote of the death of TJ’s thirty-year-old sister Elizabeth: “I have always understood that she was very feeble minded if not an idiot—& that she and her maid were drowned together while attempting to cross the Rivanna in a skiff” (Wilson Miles Cary to Sarah N. Randolph, n.d., Collection of Mrs. Mary Kirk Moyer, Geneva, N.Y.). The maid was the slave, Little Sall (Fee Book: Jane Jefferson account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ). In the Prayer Book description begins The Book of Common Prayer, Oxford, 1752, bound with A New Version of the Psalms of David, London, 1751, with pages bearing manuscript Jefferson family vital statistics, ViU. These are reproduced in facsimile in Thomas Jefferson’s Prayer Book, ed. John Cook Wyllie, Charlottesville, Va., 1952 description ends and other records TJ gives 1 Jan. 1773 as the date of Elizabeth’s death, but 24 Feb. 1774 is obviously correct (Fee Book: Anna Scott and Elizabeth Jefferson and John Bolling accounts description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ).

14TJ’s lifelong friend Charles Clay (d. 1819) was rector of St. Anne’s parish, Albemarle County, from 1769 to 1785. Unlike many other members of the Episcopal clergy, he was an ardent patriot at the time of the Revolution. He later moved to Bedford County, where he followed agricultural and political pursuits and continued to see TJ when he came to Poplar Forest (“Testimonial for Charles Clay,” [15 Aug. 1779], Papers, iii, 67; Meade, Old Churches, ii, 48-50 description begins Bishop Meade, Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia, Philadelphia, 1857, 2 vols. description ends ; TJ to Clay, 29 Jan. 1815).

15TJ patented a 400-acre tract in Amherst (now Nelson) County on Bold Branch, a tributary of the Tye River, on 27 June 1764, selling it soon after to William Barksdale for £100 (LPB, xxxv, 506 description begins Land Patent Books. Vi description ends ; Fee Book: Personal estate account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ).

16See Fee Book: Elizabeth Jefferson account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends . The estate was not settled until 1790 (TJ to RJ, 28 Feb. 1790).

17 Jane Randolph Jefferson; she died in Sep. 1775. Mrs. Sumpter, who was a midwife, probably attended at the birth (Prayer Book description begins The Book of Common Prayer, Oxford, 1752, bound with A New Version of the Psalms of David, London, 1751, with pages bearing manuscript Jefferson family vital statistics, ViU. These are reproduced in facsimile in Thomas Jefferson’s Prayer Book, ed. John Cook Wyllie, Charlottesville, Va., 1952 description ends ; Thomas Walker account with PJ estate, 30 Dec. 1765, DLC: Thomas Walker Papers).

18TJ received a patent for this tract of land, 222 acres by survey, in 1788. It lay on Henderson’s Creek about two miles southeast of Monticello (see TJ plat, Nichols, No. 193; Land Roll 1788 description begins Thomas Jefferson manuscript listing of landholdings, c. 1788. DLC description ends ; Farm Book, p. 32, 127 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Farm Book,” 1774-1826. Reproduced in facsimile in Betts, Farm Book. MHi description ends ).

19This entry and the one purchased on 11 Apr. probably became the tract of 196 acres for which TJ received a patent in 1788. This tract, which TJ later called Ingraham’s, was on the south side of Colle about two miles south of Monticello (see TJ plot plan, Nichols, No. 193; Land Roll 1788 description begins Thomas Jefferson manuscript listing of landholdings, c. 1788. DLC description ends ; Farm Book, p. 32, 127 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Farm Book,” 1774-1826. Reproduced in facsimile in Betts, Farm Book. MHi description ends ).

20Martha Jefferson was again having nursing difficulties, which by June had developed into a breast abscess (Gilmer Daybook, 1, 9, 11 June 1774 description begins Daybook of Dr. George Gilmer, 1772-1776. ViU description ends ).

21Edmund Pendleton.

22Winslow’s was a plantation in western New Kent County owned by Thomas Adams. Here TJ obtained some native grapevines which were planted in the Monticello vineyard by some of Philip Mazzei’s workmen (Virginia Gazette [P], 28 Nov. 1777 description begins Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, 1751-1780, and Richmond, 1780-1781). Abbreviations for publishers of the several newspapers of this name, frequently published concurrently, include: D & H (Dixon & Hunter), P & D (Purdie & Dixon), R (Rind) description ends ; Betts, Garden Book, p. 52 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Philadelphia, 1944 description ends ).

23Governor Dunmore had dissolved the House of Burgesses after passage of a resolution calling for a day of prayer and fasting to protest the Boston Port Act. These preliminaries to revolution did not prevent the burgesses’ reception and ball for Lady Dunmore from being held on 27 May. There is no evidence that TJ attended (Papers, i, 105-7 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Diaries of George Washington, iii, 251-2 description begins The Diaries of George Washington, ed. Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, Charlottesville, Va., 1976-1979, 6 vols. description ends ).

24According to his Index, 1774, TJ refers to the Philosophical Society for the Advancement of Useful Knowledge, of which David Jameson was treasurer (MB 5 May 1773, cash accounts).

25 A horse named Fingal, the father of Ossian, was known to TJ through the Ossianic poems of James McPherson.

26Several of the Goochland County Paynes kept ordinaries. This may be George Payne’s ordinary on the Three Notched Road near present Hadensville (TJ MS Map description begins Thomas Jefferson sketch map of roads between Shadwell and Richmond, including taverns, residences, mileages, c. 1760-1784. ViU description ends ; Virginia Almanack [D & H], [Williamsburg, Va., 1778]).

27 Hastings Marks (d. 1811) was a brother of John, James, and Peter Marks. He married TJ’s sister Anna Scott Jefferson in 1787 (Woods, Albemarle, p. 263 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ; Martha J. Carr to TJ, 3 Dec. 1787; TJ to RJ, 14 Jan. 1812).

28TJ’s purchases from the library of Dabney Carr probably included William Blackstone, Law Tracts, and J. D. Matthieu, Dialogues Rustiques (Sowerby, Nos. 1539, 2009 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

29An attack of dysentery prevented TJ from attending the Virginia Convention, to which he had just been elected (Autobiography, L & B, i, 12; Gilmer Daybook description begins Daybook of Dr. George Gilmer, 1772-1776. ViU description ends ). Jupiter may have carried copies of TJ’s draft of instructions to the Virginia delegates to the Continental Congress, which was to become A Summary View of the Rights of British America (see Malone, Jefferson, i, 181-2 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ; Papers, i, 121-37, 670-6 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ).

30TJ and John Walker were elected to the Virginia Convention on 26 July.

31 Joseph Neilson (see MB 28 Jan. and 11 Feb. 1775, cash accounts).

32TJ had subscribed for one £50 share in the Wine Company, formed in 1774 and headed by Philip Mazzei, for the commercial production and sale of wine from the vineyards at Colle. Revolution brought an end to the enterprise and the Company was dissolved in 1779, with Mazzei keeping its remaining assets (Papers, i, 156-9 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; TJ to Albert Gallatin, 25 Jan. 1793; MB 9 Oct. 1774, cash accounts; Fee Book: Wine Company account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ; Margherita Marchione, “Philip Mazzei, Albemarle’s Naturalized Patriot,” MACH, xxxvii-xxxviii [1979-1980], 60-4).

33Blacksmith Francis Bishop worked until 1776, at which time his apprentice Barnaby (1760-1781), a slave inherited from John Wayles, was probably able to work unsupervised. In 1781 Barnaby ran away, probably with the British, returned, and died soon afterwards. TJ then hired another skilled smith, William Orr, a British deserter. After Orr’s departure in 1783 TJ’s slave Little George directed the operation until his death in 1799. The need for fine iron work for remodelling the Monticello house necessitated the hiring of William Stewart in 1801. Although TJ seems to have had the profit-sharing arrangement only with Bishop, his blacksmith shop, which was moved from Shadwell to Mulberry Row at Monticello in the early 1790s, always did work for the neighborhood and provided a steady but negligible income (Betts, Farm Book, p. 421-6 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Princeton, N.J., 1953 description ends ).

34Wagoning for the Wine Company (Fee Book: Wine Company account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ).

35Part of this beef was for the Wine Company laborers (Fee Book: Wine Company account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ).

36Thomas Newton was a Norfolk merchant.

37TJ apparently never built a warehouse on the lot in Richmond he had bought from William Byrd iii early in 1774 (see MB 9 Nov. 1777). Shockoe landing was on the James River just west of Shockoe Creek, between present Fifteenth and Seventeenth streets. The two Shockoe tobacco inspection warehouses were further west along present Canal Street (Ward and Greer, Richmond during Revolution, p. 4-5, 130).

38For some books which may have been part of this purchase from Thomas Mann Randolph’s library, see Sowerby, Nos. 31, 272, 446, 459, 2102, 3565-67 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends .

39Crank’s has not been identified, but it was probably near or adjacent to the Elk Hill plantation (Farm Book, p. 7 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Farm Book,” 1774-1826. Reproduced in facsimile in Betts, Farm Book. MHi description ends ).

40 Stanley was TJ’s overseer in Bedford County (TJ Index, 1774 description begins Thomas Jefferson manuscript indexes for the Memorandum Books, 1767-1826, bound with them, except for 1773 (unlocated), 1776-1778 and 1779-1782 (ViU) description ends ).

41 Thomas Evans was a factor for the Bristol firm of Farell & Jones, the major creditor of the John Wayles estate. TJ and his fellow executors, Francis Eppes and Henry Skipwith, had agreed to consign to this firm all tobacco produced on land inherited from Wayles in order to begin to repay the estate’s enormous debt—almost £12,000—to these British merchants. Little progress was made on repayment and by 1790, when each executor was allowed separate responsibility for his one-third share of the debt, TJ owed £3,749–7–3½, with interest from 1783. In the 1770s TJ sold much of the lands he inherited from Wayles with the intention of paying off his British debts, but the paper money he received for them in the inflationary war years was, in TJ’s words, not worth “oak leaves” and, according to his daughter, was only enough to buy him “a great coat.” After executing bonds for repayment of his two largest debts in 1790, TJ sold slaves and additional land and made final payment on the Farell & Jones debt in 1807. Perhaps because of the unaccommodating attitudes of the firm’s agents, this debt was the only major one which TJ succeeded in paying in full during his lifetime (MB 21 May 1779, 6 Mch. 1790, 7 Mch. 1807; TJ to Farell & Jones, 9 July 1773; TJ to Alexander McCaul, 19 Apr. 1786; MJR to Ellen Coolidge, undated, ViHi; Papers, xv, 642-77 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Malone, Jefferson, i, 442-5 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

42 Eve was a PJ slave inherited by Anna Scott Jefferson and sold in 1779 to the Rev. Charles Clay (Fee Book: Anna Scott Jefferson account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ).

43 Samuel Carr (1745-1777) was a brother of Dabney Carr. His residence, later called Dunlora, was just north of Charlottesville (Woods, Albemarle, p. 160 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ).

44 Branford, a farm laborer at Elk Hill, was inherited from the Wayles estate.

45 Cuffy was also a farm laborer at Elk Hill inherited from the Wayles estate.

46 Sanco was a slave carpenter inherited from the Wayles estate. In 1778 TJ sold him for £285–10 to Meriwether Skelton, from whom he ran away in 1780 (MB 1 May 1778; Virginia Gazette [D & N], 5 July 1780 description begins Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, 1751-1780, and Richmond, 1780-1781). Abbreviations for publishers of the several newspapers of this name, frequently published concurrently, include: D & H (Dixon & Hunter), P & D (Purdie & Dixon), R (Rind) description ends ).

47 Abraham (c. 1740-c. 1819) was a former Wayles slave who worked as a carpenter at Monticello.

48 John Wingo served TJ for a time as an overseer, possibly on the Poplar Forest plantation (MB 15 Apr. 1775, cash accounts).

49TJ bought Great George (1730-1799) for £130 from Wade Netherland probably in 1773, when he bought George’s wife Ursula and their children from the John Fleming estate (Fee Book: Personal estate account description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Fee Book,” 1767-1774, containing entries pertaining to his law practice. Indexed. Miscellaneous accounts, 1764-1794. 187 bound quarto leaves. CSmH description ends ; MB 21 Jan. 1773, cash accounts). This trusted slave was made responsible for the care of the Monticello orchards and grounds while TJ was in France from 1784 to 1789. From 1797 until his death Great George was overseer at Monticello (TJ to Nicholas Lewis, 29 July 1787; Farm Book, p. 29 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Farm Book,” 1774-1826. Reproduced in facsimile in Betts, Farm Book. MHi description ends ; TMR to TJ, 26 Feb. and 29 Apr. 1798).

50 William Mitchell had replaced Neill Campbell as manager of the Kippen & Co. store in Richmond in 1773 (Virginia Gazette [P & D], 2 Sep. 1773 description begins Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg, 1751-1780, and Richmond, 1780-1781). Abbreviations for publishers of the several newspapers of this name, frequently published concurrently, include: D & H (Dixon & Hunter), P & D (Purdie & Dixon), R (Rind) description ends ).

Index Entries