Thomas Jefferson Papers
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From Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe, 3 January 1799

To James Monroe

Philadelphia Jan. 3. 99.

[My dear] Sir

Dr. Bache having determined to remove to our neighborhood, informs me he has written to you to purchase lands for him. a day or two before I left home mrs Key sent me a message that the lands on which she lives & her son Walter’s were for sale. I therefore inclose you a letter to her, informg her that I have communicated it to the gentleman here whom I had under contemplation when I spoke to her & that he has authorised you to act for him. the object of this is to prevent her supposing that your application will be in competition with mine.

you know that Carter’s land adjoining Moore’s creek is for sale.—as it is not probable any body will sell & deliver instant possession, so as to enable Dr. Bache at once to seat himself on his own farm, I imagine the first object will be the procuring a house for him. the one in Charlottesville which chiles is building is the only one which has occurred to me: & as Dr. Bache proposes moving next month, it may be well to leave the ultimate purchase of a farm to be fixed on by himself. if you could get Carter, Catlett & Key to fix each their lowest terms, they might offer in competition against one another. I wish you could also provide for Baynham. Genl. Knox is broke for 400,000 D. and has resigned his military commission. he has broke also Genl. Lincoln & his friend Colo. Jackson. what has passed on the subject of Logan you see in the Newspapers. the county of Philadelphia have chosen him their representative in assembly by 1256. against 769. in favor of Muhlenburg. Lyon is rechosen in Vermont by a vast majority. it seems agreed that the republican sentiment is gaining ground fast in this state & in Massachusets. my respects to mrs Monroe. Adieu.

RC (DLC: Monroe Papers); torn, with portion of salutation supplied from PrC; at foot of text: “Colo. Munroe.” PrC (DLC); endorsed by TJ in ink on verso. Enclosure: TJ to Ann Key, 3 Jan. 1799, which is recorded in SJL but has not been found.

When William Bache began to relocate his household to Albemarle County in the spring of 1799 it was still uncertain where he would reside. From James Key he purchased a farm about five miles from Monticello that he named “Franklin.” Bache left Virginia in 1802 (MB, description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends 2:1037–8n; Woods, Albemarle description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, Charlottesville, 1901 description ends , 62; TJ to Mary Jefferson Eppes, 13 Apr. 1799).

A native of Caroline County, Virginia, Dr. William Baynham served a medical apprenticeship with Thomas Walker in Albemarle County before going to London, where from 1769 to 1785 he studied anatomy and surgery, worked as a dissector and preparator, and practiced surgery. He then moved to Essex County, Virginia, and gained considerable renown in the U.S. as a surgeon and an expert in anatomy (Wyndham B. Blanton, Medicine in Virginia in the Eighteenth Century [Richmond, 1931], 13–17; Washington, Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds., The Diaries of George Washington, Charlottesville, 1976–79, 6 vols. description ends , 4:244–5, 6:335).

A letter from TJ to Ann Key of 18 July 1797, recorded in SJL, has not been found.

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