Thomas Jefferson Papers
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From Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe, 19 February 1799

To James Monroe

Philadelphia Feb. 19. 99.

I am so hard pressed for time that I can only announce to you a single event: but that is a great one. it seems that soon after Gerry’s departure from France, overtures must have been made by Pichon, French chargé d’affaires at the Hague to Murray. these were so soon matured that on the 28th. of Sep. 98. Taleyrand writes to Pichon approving what had been done & particularly of his having assured Murray that whatever Plenipoty. the govmt of the US. should send to France to end our differences, would undoubtedly be recieved with the respect due to the representative of a free, independant & powerful nation: declaring that the President’s instructions to his envoys at Paris, if they contain the whole of the American govmt’s intentions, announce dispositions which have been always entertained by the Directory, & desiring him to communicate these expressions to Murray in order to convince him of the sincerity of the French government, & to prevail on him to transmit them to his govmt. this is dated Sep. 28. & may have been recieved by Pichon Oct. 1. and near 5. months are elapsed before it is communicated. yesterday the President nominated to the Senate W. V. Murray M.P. to the French republic, & adds that he shall be instructed not to go to France without direct & unequivocal assurances from the French govmt that he shall be recieved in character, enjoy the due privileges, & a minister of equal rank, title, & powers be appointed to discuss & conclude our controversies by a new treaty. you will percieve that this measure has been taken as grudgingly as tardily, just as the close of the session is approaching: and the French are to go through the ceremony of a second submission. this had evidently been kept secret from the Feds of both houses, as appeared by their dismay. the Senate have passed over this day without taking it up. it is said they are gravelled & divided. some are for opposing; others do not know what to do. but in the mean time they have been permitted to go on with all the measures of war & patronage. this silences all arguments against the sincerity of France, & renders desperate every further effort towards war. communicate the general fact of this appointment & of it’s being the consequence of overtures from France to whom you please; but the particulars of my statement only to our most discreet friends.—I have been obliged to lay you & your friends under contribution for a loan of 100. D. which I will justify when I see you.1 my most friendly salutations to mrs Monroe & yourself. Adieu.

RC (DLC: Monroe Papers); addressed: “Colo. James Munroe near Charlottesville”; franked and postmarked; endorsed by Monroe. PrC (DLC). CONTRIBUTION FOR A LOAN: see TJ to Monroe, 23 Jan. 1799.

1This sentence heavily canceled in ink on PrC.

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