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The Substance of the Conference between General Washington and Sir Guy Carleton at an Interview at Orange Town May 6th 1783 General Washington opened the Conference by observing that he heretofore had transmitted to Sir Guy Carleton the Resolutions of Congress of the 15th Ulto, that he conceived a personal Conference would be the most speedy and satisfactory Mode of discussing and settling the...
The Commander in Chief directs that the Waggoners engaged to serve the Campaign with the Waggon Master Genl shall not be inlisted into any of the Regiments during the term of their engagements as Waggoners, and all those who have inlisted shall be delivered up to the Waggon Master General. David Cobb Leut Colo. Aid de Camp DNA : RG 93—Manuscript File.
Articles of Capitulation settled between His Excellency General Washington Commander in Chief of the combined Forces of America and France—His Excellency the Count de Rochambeau Lieutenant General of the Armies of the King of France—Great Cross of the Royal and Military Order of St Louis commanding the Auxiliary Troops of his Most Christian Majesty in America and His Excellency the Count de...
4Council of War, 24 June 1778 (Washington Papers)
At a Council of War held in Hopewell Township, New Jersey, June 24th 1778. Present The Commander in Chief Major Genls Brigadier Generals   Lee   Knox   Greene   Poor   Stirling   Wayne   Fayette   Woodford   Steuben   Patterson   Scott   Portail. His Excellency informs the Council, that by the latest advices, he has received, the Enemy are in two columns, one on the Allen Town and the other on...
To obtain useful and necessary knowledge for the purpose of carrying on an Expedition against the Indians of the Six Nations the following questions have been propounded & answered. Questions Answers Through Genl Hand By Cols. Coxe & Patterson By Colo. Chs Stewart 1st Which branch of the East branch of Susquehannah is it that leads in to, or near the Settlements of the Six Nations, & is made...
ADS : Library of Congress; three ADS , one incomplete: National Archives; incomplete DS : Massachusetts Historical Society As summer wore on into autumn, Washington’s troubles increased. His impromptu army was short of everything it needed, clothing, provisions, ammunition, and the money to buy them. Officers were disgruntled; privates threatened to mutiny if their wages were cut. Enlistments...
Articles of agreement between George Washington Esqr. Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, for himself and his successors in the said command, and John Fisk. Witness, That the said George Washington doth hereby bind himself, to receive of the said John Fisk, any Quantity of Powder not exceeding twenty Tons; for each Pound of which he engages to pay the said Fisk, four Shillings lawful...
You are to go with all Expedition to Gardnerstone upon the River Kenebeck, and without Delay proceed to The Constructing of Two Hundred Batteaus, to row with Four Oars each; Two Paddles and Two setting Poles to be also provided for each Batteau. You are to Engage a Company of Twenty Men consisting of Artificers, Carpenters, and Guides to go under your Command to Assist in such Services as you,...
From the annexed Certificate from Major General Gates under whose command Major Debouchet principally served while in the American Army, and from my own observations while under my immediate command, I have every reason to recommend him as an Officer of Zeal—Intelligence and Bravery. Given at Head Quarters at Newburg the 8th of December 1782. DLC . These Certify that The Bearer, Major...
I have directed General Varnum to send your regiment and that of Colonel Angel to Red bank, by a rout which has been marked out to him. The command of that detachment will of course devolve upon you; with which you will proceed with all expedition and throw your self into that place. When you arrive there you will immediately communicate your arrival to Col: Smith, commander of the Garrison at...
1st. That there can be no decisive enterprise against the maritime establishments of the English in this country, without a constant naval superiority. 2d. That of all the enterprises which may be undertaken, the most important and decisive is the reduction of New York, which is the center and focus of all the British forces. 3. That under whatever point of view we consider the establishment,...
The Subscribers agree to pay the Sums annexed to their respective Names, and an equal quota of any further Expence which may be incurred in the promotion and Support of a dancing assembly to be held in Morristown this present Winter 1780. Subscription Monies to be paid into the hands of a Treasurer, hereafter to be appointed. DS , facsimile in John Jay Smith and John F. Watson, American...
Totowa [ New Jersey ] November 1, 1780 . Announces regulation of Army by the Congressional resolves of October 3 and 21. Directs officers to meet and make arrangements conformable to these regulations. Df , in writings of Tench Tilghman and H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Expences paid for his Excellency General Washing⟨ton’s⟩ Journey to, at & from Philadelphia by Rob. H. Harrison Dr 1776 Pensylv. Cy York Cuy May 21 To ferriage from New York 1. 4. 0 No. 1 To Pawles Hook Tavern ⅌ Bill 18.10 Browns ferry 5.   Post at Elizth Town, for returning to Open Mail 3.   Tavern at New Ark 12 Dollrs 4.16. 0 Tavern at Woodbridge Breakfastg &c.
Memorandum of Agreement for Liberation of British prisoners of War—agreed upon between the Minister at War & the Commander in Chief 19th Aprl 1783 Orders to be given as soon as possible for their Liberation—& to commence thier March. Sir Guy Carleton to be informed that it is at his Option whether they march all the Way thro the Country—or be conveyed partly by Water—Those of Frederick Town &...
The Subscribers, taking into Consideration the important Situation of Affairs in the present Moment, and the Propriety & even Necessity of informing the People and rousing them into Action; considering also the Abilities of Mr Thomas Paine as a Writer, and that he has been of considerable Utility to the common Cause by several of his Publications. They have agreed that it will be much for the...
His Excy desires me to request, that if Doctr Ledyard should make application to you for an officer & party of men, that you will be pleased to furnish it. I am &c. DLC : Papers of George Washington.
Mr Leonard is a man whose exemplary Life and Conversation, must make him highly esteemd by every person, who has the pleasur⟨e⟩ of being acquainted with him—the Congregation of Woodstock Know him well, it therefore Can be no Surprise to us, to hear that they will be Loth to part with him, his usefulness in this Army is great—he is employed in the glorious work of attending to the Morals, of a...
Summary of a Conversation between His Excellency General Washington, The Count de Rochambeau, & the Chevalier De Ternay— exclusive of the contents of the paper dated at Hartford the 22d Septr 1780. Signed by the parties. It was agreed that if the Count De Guichen should arrive by the beginning of October and a naval engagement should immediately take place, in which by a fortunate issue, the...
In consequence of the dispatches received from your Excellency by the Frigate La Concorde it has been judged expedient to give up for the present the enterprise against New York and to turn our attention towards the South, with a view, if we should not be able to attempt Charles town itself, to recover and secure the States of Virginia—North Carolina—and the Country of South Carolina and...
Having given communication to the Count de Barras of my instructions, I have observed to him 1 st Rochambeau That General Washington in the last conference we had here six Weeks ago, desired earnestly that the Squadron should transport all the French Corps, with all its Artillery, Baggage, and munitions to Chesapeake Bay, and that I did not doubt but His Excellency would desire it again as the...
Having no certain data, upon which a plan of Campaign can be determined, I could only give opinions upon certain hypothesis—These his Excellency Count de Rochambeau has had an oppertunity of examing, fully. It is needless for me therefore to repeat them in this place. New York in my judgment, has ever been the primary object of our arms—Charles Town, for certain political considerations which...
First. A party to Attack, the South East part of the Island, at a Landing Called pullion’s about two Miles Westward from the Narrows, where are several Scattered farm houses where it is said troops are Quartered, this party to Consist of 400, and to go from Long Island. Second. A party to Embark at piscattaway Landing on Raratan River about Six Miles above Amboy, to Make their descent on the...
Your letter of yesterday came duly to hand. I am aware of the difficulties there would be in the way of surprising the enemy, and I approve the caution you discover. Nothing (as I before intimated ) will at present warrant the attempt, but a moral certainty that they are much off their guard, whic⟨h⟩ by your information does not appear to be the case. If there is only a subalterns party at...
25General Orders, 3 May 1776 (Washington Papers)
A General Court Martial of the Line, consisting of one Colonel, one Lieut. Colonel, one Major, and ten Captains, to sit to morrow morning at Ten O’Clock, to try all such Prisoners as shall be brought before them—All Evidences, and Persons concerned, to attend the court. Frederick Roach, a Matross in the Regiment of Artillery, tried at a late General Court Martial, whereof Col. Baldwin was...
In Consequence of a Recommendation from the Governor & Council of the State of Connecticut—Permission is hereby granted to Miss Marian Moore to proceed by the port of Dobbs Ferry to N. York, to visit her parents in that City. Lieut. Colo. Huntington is permitted to attend Miss Moore, and to return immediately. Given at Head Quarters in Newburgh 12th April 1783. DLC .
Valley Forge, February 13, 1778 . Orders Haskell to rejoin regiment. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Haskell, Fifteenth Massachusetts Regiment, was in Massachusetts on furlough.
28General Orders, 14 July 1779 (Washington Papers)
Congress have been pleased to pass the following resolve. Resolved—That in consideration of their extra-duties and service, the officers in the Army of these States, serving as Sub and Brigade Inspectors be allowed, the former three rations a day and forage for three horses and the latter two rations a day and forage for two horses, in lieu of all former rations and forage both as officers in...
I am favd with yours of the 25th instant from Fort Mifflin. Before this reaches you Lt Colo. Smith will have thrown himself into the Fort with two hundred Continental Troops which are all that I could possibly spare. I very much approve of your calling upon Govr Livingston for a Reinforcement of Jersey Militia and I think you had better call in the few Men that are at Billingsport and if there...
You are intrusted with a Command of the utmost Consequence to the Interest & Liberties of America: Upon your Conduct & Courage & that of the Officers and ⟨Soldiers⟩ detached on this Expedition, not only the Success of the present Enterprize & your own Honour, but the Safety and Welfare of the whole Continent may depend. I ⟨charge⟩ you therefore and the Officers & Soldiers ⟨under⟩ your Command...
Pompton [ New Jersey ] June 4, 1779 . Describes route by which supplies should be sent. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
As from Major Lees present situation, the command of his Corps will devolve on you, I am to desire you will pay the strictest attention to the movements of the enemy down the river It is peculiarly necessary at this juncture as I am well informed the Arrival of Admiral Arburthnot has increased Sr Harry Clintons strength —from this circumstance it will be necessary for us to double our...
I have your favr of the 10th and am only sorry that I did not sooner know my request of sinking the Frigates had been complied with. The delay of the Resolve of Congress, from the time you first applied for their advice, was what led me into a mistake, and I am obliged to you for the genteel manner in which you excuse me. I am perfectly satisfied with the measures which you have taken to...
I am honoured with yours of the 4th inclosing sundry Resolves of Congress from the 29th March to the 5th instant. I am extremely glad to see the Resolve for the immediate removal of Military Stores from Baltimore and Annapolis, for altho’ I do not imagine that the Enemy intend an expedition of any great Consequence in Chesapeak Bay, yet while the Stores lay at the above places, they were...
35General Orders, 24 September 1776 (Washington Papers)
The Qr Mr Genl, and the Chief Engineer, are to mark the grounds, to morrow, on which the Barracks, and Huts, are to be built this side Kingsbridge—They are to call upon the General, previous to their setting out upon this business, for directions. When the ground is marked out, the Quarter Master General is to cause the materials for building to be laid thereon as quick as possible. The...
I am favd with yours of the 22d 23d and 24th instants. I cannot conceive what transports those can be that have come into Newport Harbour, except they are those from Hallifax. None have lately gone from New york—It will be very material to know with certainty from whence they came and whether they had any troops on board. If they are those from Hallifax, and empty, it gives weight to an...
The alarm Guns or other Signals for calling in the Militia suddenly, are to be fired, or given the instant the enemys designs are discoverd. The Garrison is to attend principally to the defence of the Post—at the same time they are to spare all the Men they can with safety to that object to harrass & dispute with the enemy; every inch of ground leading to the Works; or to the heights above...
38General Orders, 15 July 1780 (Washington Papers)
After Orders Captain Thomas Campbell of the 4 Pennsylvania Regiment appeared before the Court martial whereof Colonel Butler is President charged with unofficerlike behavior in taking a number of Men belonging to the 6th Pennsylvania regiment and refusing to give them up when Demanded. It appearing to the Court that the only Cause of this Trial was to determine the Property in the Men said to...
Since I had the honor of addressing you upon the 29th ulto I have not been able to learn, with any precision, whether the transports that arrived brought any considerable number of Troops. A Hessian Deserter says there were only a few German convalescents on board. If so, the Fleet, with 2500 mentioned in my last, is not arrived; supposing they were bound to Philada. General Sinclair arrived...
New Windsor [ New York ] February 26, 1781 . Denies any intention of wishing to endanger French fleet. Hopes for success of expedition sent to Virginia. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
By the last Post I informed you of my intended meeting with Sir Guy Carleton for settling, among other things, a plan for restoring the Negros and other property belonging to the Citizens of the United States. This meeting I have held; & tho it has been interrupted by the indisposition of Sir Guy, which has, this morning, carried him back to New York; yet, I have collected enough to convince...
42General Orders, 28 July 1779 (Washington Papers)
The extreme importance of having the works and defences at and about West-Point on both sides the river completed with all possible dispatch is so obvious that the General conceives it totally unnecessary to use arguments in proof of it—In the present unfinished state of them they are a restraint upon every operation and movement of an Army and must continue to be so until they are put in such...
I do myself the honour to transmit you the inclosed most interesting and agreeable intelligence which I have this moment recd from Genl Putnam. I can scarce doubt but Genl Gates has sent you an Express, but lest he, from the important Business in which he was engaged, should not have done it, I have immediately forwarded it, that you might not be debarred from so great a pleasure an instant...
I wrote you a little time past in answer to your letter of Yesterday. This will be delivered you by Major Moore who commands the detachment intended to relieve you, but as the Enemy are out, I would have you remain, at least until their intentions are better known. I am &c. DLC : Papers of George Washington.
Upon a presumption that a part of the intended operations against the Indians will be carried on by a Body of Men from the Waters of the Susquehannah it will be necessary to be well informed of the Situation of the principal Villages of the hostile tribes and the number of fighting Men that each may contain. We will suppose Chemung on the Cayuga Branch the first post to be attacked and...
I last night received the favor of your Letter of the 26th with the Resolves to which it alludes. The views of Congress in sending General Officers to the Eastward, to hasten on the Troops, have been long anticipated. Genl Poor is in New Hampshire for the purpose; General Heath in Massachusets Bay, with Brigadrs Nixon, Glover and Patterson; General Varnum in Rhode Island, and Genl Parsons in...
Scotts light Infantry 1000—A Detachment of the same Number under Wayne & the whole Commanded by Genl McDougal to Imbark at and land opposite to Morriss House at Hærlem—A Detachment of Men from this body to Land in the Cove under Fort Washington & endeavour to surprize it—some Germans to be with this party to answer if hailed in that language & signify that it is a party from Spiting devil by...
I have received Your favor of to day. We cannot find on examination any charges against Thomas Smith and therefore We cannot with propriety take any measures respecting him. His situation however may become a subject of the states consideration. As to Joshua Smith he is in safe custody and has had a good share of the matters which have been carrying on. He furnished Major André with a Coat to...
49General Orders, 9 October 1778 (Washington Papers)
Particular Brigade returns to be made to the orderly Office on Monday next agreeable to a form which will be given by the Adjutant General. Regimental Returns to be delivered in the same day by the Brigade Majors containing every Article of Cloathing in Possession of the non commissioned Officers and soldiers discriminating the good and serviceable from the bad and unserviceable; These returns...
Having countermanded the March of the three Eastern Regiments under the Command of Lieutt Colo. Vose and directed them to Halt at Morris Town in the Jerseys where I am informd that Colo. Ford at the head of a body of Militia has taken Post. You are to repair immediately to that place & take upon you the Command, not only of the above Regiments, but of the Militia also, and therewith to give...