James Madison Papers
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James Madison to Edward Everett, 31 August 1830

Montpellier 31st. August 1830.

Dear Sir.

In the letter inclosed by the last mail, I omitted to insert in the margin, the extract from the "Federalist" referred to in the text. Be so good as to supply the omission by subjoining in the margin the following transcribed passages from No. 39.*

*No. 39. "It is true, that in controversies relating to the boundary between the two jurisdictions, the tribunal which is ultimately to decide, is to be established under the general government. But this does not change the principle of the case. The decision is to be impartially made, according to the rules of the Constitution; and all the usual and most effectual precautions are taken to secure this impartiality. Some such tribunal is clearly essential to prevent an appeal to the sword, and a dissolution of the compact; and that it ought to be established under the general, rather than under the local governments; or, to speak more properly, that it could be safely established under the first alone, is a position not likely to be combated."

Perhaps it may be not amiss, also to erase from the date of the letter, the day of the month, making the entire month the date. With cordial esteem

James Madison

RC (MHi: Everett Collection); draft (DLC).

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