James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from Robert R. Livingston, 30 January 1802

From Robert R. Livingston

Paris 30th. Jany 1802

Dear Sir

I have just sent my Letters by a private hand to Havre. This may overtake them & inform you that Bonaparte is chosen president of the Cisalpine republic, & has accepted for as long a time as his services may be necessary.1 The constitution is not yet known. The presidentcy is either for life or for 20 years, I believe the latter. However disagreeable this may be to the great powers, they will not venture as yet to oppose it. This Letter goes by post I have neither time to enlarge or put it in cypher least I loose the conveyance. You will make your own reflections on the fact. I am Dear Sir With the highest essteem & regd Your Most Obt hum: Servt.

Robt R Livingston

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