Thomas Jefferson Papers
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To Thomas Jefferson from Robert R. Livingston, 11 June 1803

From Robert R. Livingston

Paris 11th. June 1803

Dear Sir

Having very latly writen to you this is merely to inform you that our mutual friend Mr. Skipwith being now the father of a family is desirous of removing to Louisiana. His knowledge of the french language the religion of his family & his amiable manner fit him in a peculiar manner for conciliating the affections of the people of that country to our government, and should you distribute that country into separate governments I think he would from his long services merrit one of them or the collection of one of the ports. But you know him too well to render any particular recommendation necessary.

Hanover is in the hands of the french. The army prisoners on parol & the duke of Cambridge who was to share the fate of his Majestys hanoverian subjects has made his escape in time—Genl. Bernadotte has returned to Paris—After the plan of treating in America for New Orleans was relinquished nothing sufficiently Important remained to Justify the sending a man of his rank Mr. Laussat (the consul of New Orleans) will probably succeed him—Your Books are packed & will be forwarded by Pugens in a few days. I mentioned to you in one of my late letters that I find that it will be necessary for me in consequence of the late arrangements & the wishes of the Americans here to remain till the next spring at this place which I am ready to do unless you have made some other arrangement. I have the honor to be Dear Sir

With the most respectful attatchment Your Most Obt hme. Servt

Robt R Livingston

RC (DLC); at foot of text: “Thomas Jefferson Esq president of the United States”; endorsed by TJ as received 17 Aug. and so recorded in SJL. Enclosure: Charles Pougens to Livingston, 19 Prairial (8 June), informing him that the books are ready to go to Le Havre and enclosing his letter to TJ (9 June); the total price for the two cases is 2,446 livres; Pougens appends a list of those titles he obtained for less than the expected cost, for a savings of 215 livres (MS in DLC: TJ Papers, 132:22823; in a clerk’s hand, signed by Pougens; on same printed letterhead as Pougens to TJ, 9 June; at head of text in clerk’s hand: “Monsieur Livingston Ambassadeur des Etats unis d’Amérique”; endorsed by Livingston). Enclosed in TJ to Madison, 18 Aug. 1803.

father of a family: Fulwar Skipwith had married a French citizen, Evalina Barlié van den Clooster, in 1802. They had two children by 1805 (Henry Bartholomew Cox, The Parisian American: Fulwar Skipwith of Virginia [Washington, D.C., 1964], 98).

Twenty-nine-year-old Prince Adolphus Frederick, the duke of cambridge and youngest son of King George and Queen Charlotte of Great Britain, had been an officer with Hanoverian troops in the 1790s and was his father’s representative in the electorate when the French invaded in May 1803. A British ship took him to safety in England (DNB description begins H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, eds., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, In Association with The British Academy, From the Earliest Times to the Year 2000, Oxford, 2004, 60 vols. description ends ; Grainger, Amiens Truce description begins John D. Grainger, The Amiens Truce: Britain and Bonaparte, 1801–1803, Rochester, N.Y., 2004 description ends , 194–5).

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