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While I lived in Washington you were so kind as to send me 2. bottles of wine made by yourself, the one from currans, the other from a native grape , called with you a fox-grape, discovered by mr Penn’s gardiner . the wine of this was as good as the best Burgundy and resembling it. in 1810. you added the great favor of sending me many cuttings. these were committed to the stage Mar. 13. on the...
Your favors of Feb. 15. & Mar. 13. were recieved in due time, but were not acknoleged because I was daily in expectation of the cuttings which should have accompanied the latter. on the 15 th inst. I recieved yours of the 10 th & concluding the bundle of cuttings had been rejected at some post office as too large to pass thro’ that line, I had yesterday, in despair, written my acknolegements...
M r Randolph will ride with you any day you please to the lands on Lego , & confer on the accomodation you propose. any thing which he thinks I might agree to without too much injury, I shall willingly agree to. In order to furnish you with proper evidence of the grounds which on Saturday last I agreed you should clear, I observe that the opening of the Upperfield over the road at Shadwell has...
Being much pressed by mr Higginbotham for a debt I owe him, and towards the discharge of which I promised him my rents, I paid over to him immediately the 200. D. you paid me the other day, & must sollicit the paiment of the balance of rent due since the 1 st day of December last . this I trust the sale of your crop of wheat will have enabled you to do, and that the request will be deemed...
Articles of compromise and agreement between Thomas Jefferson of the one part & Eli Alexander on the other, in addition to the original articles of agreement whereby the said Thomas Je leased to the said Eli his farm on the tract of land called Shadwell , and a certain portion of his tract called Lego . It is agreed that the road crossing the Shadwell branch near it’s mouth passing thence...
Having some heavy sums to pay at our March & April courts I should be glad if in the disposal of your crops you could have an eye to those periods so far as respects the rent now due. as the prices of wheat & flour are now good, and the earliest sales of tob o will undoubtedly be the best, I trust no loss can arise from early sales. being to set out for Bedford tomorrow or next day & to be...
When I met with you on Lego the other day I had not been on the lands before for 9. years, and was not from recollection of the ground perfectly possessed of the questions between us. I have since rode over them again & again with care. it will appear to any person on view of the ground, 1. that you have not cleared an acre; the distinction between clearing & belting being too familiar to...
M r Bacon had to buy 60. barrels of corn for me, and he understood that you had agreed at court to deliver that quantity. but n a note which he sent you for a waggon load this morning being returned to him without any other answer, seemed to imply a negative of the bargain. my people at Lego having been without bread yesterday, & to be so to-day till we could buy it, I was obliged to send off...
Having been obliged to purchase corn this year to the amount of 1200.D and great engagements on that account becoming due at our next court & from thence to the 1 st of July , I had otherwise arranged with mr Higginbotham to whom your last year’s rent had been destined, so as to avail myself of it for these pressing calls. and I counted on the reciept of it not only from the advanced season of...
M r Randolph has communicated to me your propositions of compromise which he committed to writing from memory. to some of these I accede, to some I cannot. 1. I consent to your retaining the open grounds between Shadwell & the road you described for 2. years. 2. to your having the crop of wheat you have sown in the belted lands. 3. to your tending in tob o this year the other belted lands...
The points on which Th: Jefferson insists with mr Alexander are the following, & he will, opposite to each, quote the very words of the lease. Words of the lease 1 st that the part of his tract of Lego leased to mr A. was adjoining to Shadwell ‘that the sd Eli shall have on lease E t c a part
When I saw you at court I requested you would not meddle with any grounds without the 8. fields of Shadwell till we should settle our difference as to Lego . yet in my ride to-day I percieve you have ploughed a considerable piece of ground outside of those fields. if we cannot settle this question between ourselves, or by disinterested neighbors, I shall not decline the umpirage of the law,...
Our lease witheld the right of clearing within the limits of Shadwell for a reason, well considered, that there is not now as much woodland on the tract as will maintain it in fences and firewood. it gives a right to cut rails & firewood leaving the smaller growth to supply it’s place in time, and being it’s only chance of supply renders it indispensable that that should be left, and the...
Being extremely pressed by mr Higginbotham I must again urge you on the subject of the arrearages of your rent. this has been rendered the more necessary by a total disappointment of mr Shoemaker to pay the order on him in favor of mr Higginbotham who had a right to expect a large sum from these two resources. your answering your balance to him therefore will oblige Sir PoC ( MHi ); at foot of...
The sentiments of attachment, respect & esteem expressed in your address of the 20 th Ult. have been read with pleasure, and would sooner have recieved my thanks, but for the mass of business engrossing the last moments of a session of Congress . I am gratified by your approbation of our efforts for the public general good, and our endeavors to promote the best interests of our country, & to...
In my letter of the 5 th inst. I requested what time you could give me for further enquiry on the subject of the life of Gov r Lewis . I have since satisfied myself that there is no more matter within my reach, and being about to set out on a journey, on which I shall be absent three weeks, I have concluded it best to forward you without delay the sketch I have been able to prepare. Accept...
Not being able to go myself in quest of the information respecting Gov r Lewis which was desired in your letter of May 25. I have been obliged to wait the leisure of those who could do it for me. I could forward you within a few days a statement of what I have collected, but more time would improve it, if the impression of the work will not be delayed. I will ask the favor of you therefore to...
In compliance with the request conveyed in your letter of May 25. I have endeavored to obtain, from the relations & friends of the late Governor Lewis , information of such incidents of his life as might be not unacceptable to those who may read the Narrative of his Western discoveries. the ordinary occurrences of a private life, and those also while acting in a subordinate sphere in the army,...
I have duly recieved your favor of Feb. 9. with the copy of the publication called Love & Madness which it inclosed, & beg leave to return you my thanks for this mark of your attention. when I collected the proofs of the genuineness of Logan’s speech I did not know of this publication containing it. I afterwards recieved it from a friend. but that which you send me is of an edition older by...
I had seen the advertisement of your spinning machine some time ago, and wished to know it’s principle, as I was certain it would be ingenious. I have just been gratified with it in mr Cooper’s emporium, and am as much pleased with it as I expected. it has some valuable improvements on the Jenny which I am in the use of in my family. will you be so good as to inform me what one of them of 12...
My letter of Aug. 30. informed you of my departure on a journey before I could consult the person who has charge of my small spinning establishment as to the kind of roll which a hand carding machine should make to suit us. I am but just returned from that journey, and on consulting him he sais the perpetual roll would not suit us, that it should be the short roll, such as is given off by...
My letter of Jan. 14. has been followed with such a constant succession of ice & snow as to have kept our river impracticable for the passage of produce down it till within a few days past. I state this as an apology for the remittance for the carding machine not having followed that letter earlier than this. it has been a subject of deep regret & mortification to me, & the more so as living...
Your favor of Dec. 2. arrived here while I was on a journey which occasioned me an absence of between 5. & 6. weeks. I found it on my return here, and learning at the same time that the carding machine was on it’s way up the river, I waited a? till I could acknolege the reciept of both together. the machine arrived safely, and has now been at work some days. the person who directs my factory I...
I was much concerned to learn by a letter from Mess rs Gibson & Jefferson of Richmond that they found difficulty in procuring a bill for the remittance I desired to be made to you. I immediately wrote to them to inclose you a hundred dollar bank bill of Richmond , which I doubted not you could have exchanged. the difference between this & the amount of your bill would be no more than a just...
Your favor of the 19 th comes to hand in the moment of my setting out on a journey which will keep me from home some weeks, and it happens that the person who has charge of my small spinning and weaving establishment is absent also, so that I cannot consult him on the particular kind of hand-carding machine which will suit us. the establishment is small, being merely for houshold use. be so...
When you were so kind as to exhibit to me at Washington your Spinning machine with 6. spindles (for I believe it was yourself who attended there) I understood you meant to employ your mind in the construction of a carding machine on the same scale, to go by hand, and if it succeeded, that I should be furnished with one one on request. I understand you have fully succeeded in it, and I now ask...
Your favor of the has been duly recieved; & it would have given me great pleasure to have been able to inform you that I possessed the Merino race of sheep, because I should then have certainly had the greater pleasure of furnishing you with them. I did possess a race of Spanish sheep which Robert Morris had recieved as Merinos. they had some valuable properties; but having sent the wool for...
The death of mr Mathers , Serjeant at arms to the Senate, is likely, I understand, to overwhelm you with sollicitations. each candidate will doubtless put into motion every lever he can employ. one of them, Joseph Dougherty , whom perhaps you knew while he lived with me in Washington , where he did my riding business, imagines I may serve him, by bearing testimony to his character. during the...
It has been communicated to me through a friend that you wish my opinion on a paragraph of the will of the late venerated judge Blair , for which purpose a copy of the will has been transmitted to me. it is now more than 40. years since I have retired from the profession of the law, and during this long interval I have been occupied in pursuits which gave little occasion of retaining...
I am duly sensible of the mark of consideration you ha ve been so kind as to shew me in consulting me on the subject of your new system in ship and boat building; but neither my occupations nor habits permit me any longer to indulge myself in speculations of that kind: and at no time of my life should I have been a competent judge of this. born and educated among the mountains, I am quite a...
My friend Doct r Barton proposes, for the benefit of his health, to try a sea voyage and the air of Europe . he will certainly visit Florence , and not improbably Leghorn . he is one of the Vice presidents of the American Philosophical society , and of the Professors of the University of Philadelphia , distinguished by his writings in the physical sciences. should he visit Leghorn , I ask for...
Your letters of Mar. 20. & Apr. 15. are both recieved: the former only a week ago. they brought me the first information of the death of my antient friend Mazzei , which I learn with sincere regret. he had some peculiarities, & who of us has not? but he was of solid worth; honest, able, zealous in sound principles moral & political, constant in friendship, and punctual in all his undertakings....
Your letters of Aug. 26. and Oct. 25. have been both recieved. the condition of my friend Mazzei , both of body and mind, is really afflicting. of the former he had given me some account himself, of the latter I was unapprised, altho’ his very advanced age, with such bodily infirmities, might have given room to expect it. it is unfortunate too that persons in that situation are themselves the...
I wrote you a long letter on the 14 th inst. and as it went by Duplicates one thro’ mr Vaughan of Philada , the other thro’ the Sec y of States office , I do not doubt you will receive them. but a gentleman now setting out direct for Paris , you may recieve this before either of the others. I will repeat therefore from that letter only a single article. it informed you that ‘I had put into the...
Your letter of Oct. 24. was recieved last night, and I have inclosed it to the Secretary at war . not having the advantage of an acquaintance with you, or any information other than the letter itself contains, I could do no more than leave that to bear testimony itself to the Secretary of the zeal it manifests to render service to the public, and of the security that gives that opportunities...
Immediately on the reciept of your favor of Nov. 26. I wrote to mr Gelston , asking the favor of him to forward the plough you were so kind as to bring me to my correspondents at Richmond with a bill of any expences incurred on it, which would there be paid. accept now my thanks for your care of it, & with them my congratulations on your safe return to your own country. I am happy to see that...
The bearers hereof, mr Alexander M c Rae & Major John Clarke proposing to visit France on their private concerns, I take the liberty of presenting them to your notice & patronage. mr M c Rae has been a member of the council of state of Virginia , & Lieut t Governor, highly esteemed for his talents & correctness of principle, moral & political. Maj r
Another General , it seems, has lost us another thousand men by suffering them to be surprised; and this too by an enemy who by so many similar lessons had taught us that surprise is his habitual resource. our only hope is that these misfortunes will at length elicit by trial the characters qualified by nature, from those unqualified, to be entrusted with the destinies of their fellow...
This will be handed you by mr Coles , the bearer of public dispatches, by an Aviso . he has lived with me as Secretary, is my wealthy neighbor at Monticello , & worthy of all confidence. his intimate knolege of our situation has induced us to send him, because he will be a full supplement as to all those things which cannot be detailed in writing. he can possess you of our present situation...
I have long ago, in my heart, congratulated our country on your call to the place you now occupy . but with yourself personally it is no subject of congratulation. the happiness of the domestic fireside is the first boon of heaven: and it is well it is so, since it is that which is the lot of the mass of mankind. the duties of office are a Corvée which must be undertaken on far other...
Your favor of June 22. has been duly recieved, by that I learn your application to mechanical inventions, and your progress in them. in the machines for carding, roving & spinning of cotton and wool, little is now wanting except a greater simplification. machines equally effectual for the manipulation of flax & hemp are greatly wanted, & would be worthy of your attention. you wish to find a...
I have just made me a fishpond and am desirous to get some carp fish to stock it. we used formerly when hauling the seyne for shad, to catch some carp also, and I presume therefore that some few are now caught at your place. I send the bearer therefore with a boat, with directions to stay a few days, and procure for me all the carp which shall be caught while he is there. I shall be obliged to...
Your letter of Mar. 14. lingered much on the road & a long journey, before I could answer it, has delayed it’s acknolegement till now. I am sorry your enterprise for establishing a factory on the Columbia river , and a commerce thro’ the line of that river and the Missouri , should meet with the difficulties stated in your letter. I remember well having invited your proposition on that...
Your favor of Oct. 18. has been duly rec d and I learn with great pleasure the progress you have made towards an establishment on Columbia river . I view it as the germ of a great, free & independant empire on that side of our continent, and that liberty & self government spreading from that as well as this side will ensure their compleat establishment over the whole. it must be still more...
I shall have occasion for 600. feet, running measure of scantling 5¼ Inches square, clear of the saw, all of heart poplar, without a speck of sap. when we use it it will be cut into lengths of 2 f 8 I. for ballusters. the stocks therefore must be of such lengths as to cut into these smaller lengths of 2 f 8 I. without waste. for example a stock of 8.f. will give 3. lengths 10 f. 8 I. will give...
Your favor of Jan. 25. is just now recieved. I am in general extremely unwilling to be carried into the newspapers. no matter what the subject; the whole pack of the Essex kennel open upon me. with respect however to so much of my letter of Jan. 9. as relates to manufactures, I have less repugnance, because there is perhaps a degree of duty to avow a change of opinion called for by a change of...
Your favor of Dec. 21. has been recieved, and I am first to thank you for the pamphlet it covered. the same description of persons which is the subject of that is so much multiplied here too as to be almost a grievance, and, by their numbers in the public councils, have wrested from the public hand the direction of the pruning knife. but with us, as a body, they are republican, and mostly...
I have duly recieved your favor of July 12. with the pamphlet inclosed for which be pleased to accept my thanks. I had before read the papers separately in the newspapers with great satisfaction, but without knowing to whom we were indebted for so just a censure of the act which is the subject of it. this was certainly the grossest insult which any organised society ever recieved from it’s own...
I thank you for the very splendid morsel of eloquence which you have been so kind as to send me . it is a happy and pregnant example to the orators of the 4 th of July, of change from the hackneyed topics of 1776, to those of the current year. I have read it with sensations very different from those which will be felt by our recreant citizens of the East. if theirs be sensations of sorrow ‘ I...
After congratulating you, which I do sincerely, on your continuance in life & good health, I have to add that I am at this place, engaged in the settlement of the accounts between mr Wayles & Bathurst Skelton ’s estates. a considerable article of debet in the accounts of mr Wayles is for the rebuilding the Tob o house & quarters on the island after the great fresh. I think there is nobody now...