Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1804

1804.

Jan. 1. Gave in Charity 5.D.
2.
Lemaire’s accounts Dec. 25—31. Provisions for  servts. 30. meat 180
54.5758 = .94 masters  54. 57 butter 39
84. 57 eggs 20 . doz.
 servants wages to Jan. 4. 143. veget. 4. 87
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 227. 57
Note the following is the correct list of the servants & their wages at present.
 
Lemaire 30
Julien 25
Jos. Daugherty. wages  14  +  2  drink  16
Wm. Fitzjames 12 + 2 14
Abrm. Gaulding 12 + 2 14
John Freeman 2 2  + 8 paid by Mr. Barnes
Isaac 8 + 2 10
Jack 8 + 2 10
Mrs. Daugherty 9
Biddy Boyle (Washg.) 7
Edy 2 2
139  + 8
7. Gave Mr. Doolittle ord. on J. Barnes for 10.D. for 2. profiles.
9.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 1—7.  Provisions.  servts. 33 meat 339.  ℔
90.7360 = 1.51 masters  90 .73 butter  50.
Pr.’s H. furniture 2 .10 eggs 33.  doz.
contingencies 2 .75 veget. 4. 40
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 128 .58
Recieved of J. Barnes 325.D.
D 
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for  Richd. Anderson    100.
John Perry 36. 73
himself 153. 27
290.
Inclosed to James Oldham 20.D.
10. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Stille Dancg. assembly 15.D.
12. Gave ord. on do. in favr. Lenox 26.18 for packg. boxes &c.
15. Gave Josep Daugherty ord. on J. Barnes for 80.58 the exp. of filling ice house.
16.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 7.—13.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 161.  ℔
53.2462 = .86 masters  53. 24 butter  32.
contingencies 1. 25 eggs 16.  doz.
87. 49 veget.  6.33
 deduct overpd. for servts. Jan. 2. 4.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 83. 49
20. Gave in Charity 2.D.—charity 1.
23.
Lemaire’s accounts 14—21.  Provisions for  servts. 33  meat 305 
70.66557 = 1.24 masters  70. 665 butter 50.
cyder 4. 50 eggs 24.
portage 15. 275 veget. 14. 42
 gave ord. on J. Barnes for 123. 44
Joseph Daugherty forage 40.67 smith 5.75 utensils 2.7 sadlery 12. clothing for myself 1.D. portage 3.405 = 65.525 gave ord. on J. Barnes.
24. Gave ord. on J. Barnes for 109.19 in favr. Dr. Gantt72 1. year’s attendce. on servants.
 
25. Gave charity 1.D. do. 1.D. 26. Gave charity 1.D.
27. Gave E. Frithy ord. on J. Barnes for 5.25.
28. Accepted Craven Peyton’s ord. in favr. D. Higginbotham £47. = 156.67 paiable Apr. 15. This is on Peyton’s corn contract with Lilly.
30. Negro hire for the last year is as follows. Polly Carr one fellow £20 Christopher Smith 10. do. £200. Charles Smith 3. do. £60.
I am to pay David Higginbotham £21. next fall for William Stewart and am security to him for do. for 20.D. more in his store.
Note 200.D. of Cary’s price has been paid by Lilly to Dawson.

Jan.

30.
D 
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 22.—28.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat. 124 . ℔
21.9825 = .88 masters  21. 98 butter  29 ½
servants . 50 eggs 14  doz.
contingencies 5. 27 veget. 1 .87
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 60. 75
Feb. 1. Gave charity 1.D. 2. Gave in Charity 2.D.
6.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 29.—Feb. 4.  Provns. for  servants 33. meat 319.  ℔
54.1840 = 1.35 masters  54. 18 butter  43.
servts. clothes 1. 50 eggs 17.  doz.
contingencies 4. veget. 4. 40
92. 68
 servants wages to Feb. 4. 139.
 gave ord. on Mr. Barnes for 231. 68
Gave in charity 1.D.—do. 1.D.
Recd. from J. Barnes 545.D.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly   100. D.   for M.  Hope
100. for Anderson
40. for Macgruder  
25. for J. Perry
175  for himself on account
440.
7. Inclosed to G. Jefferson for Dr. Wardlaw 75.D. to cover 72.87½ D. his draft.
8. Charity 2.D.
10. Do. 1.D. gave Doolittle ord. on J. Barnes for 10.D. for profiles.
13. Paid for 13. glass pens 2.43¾.
 
LeMaire’s accts. Feb. 5—12.  provns. for  servts. 33. meat 286.  ℔
48.9657 = .86 masters  48. 96 butter  49.
wood 8 .53 eggs 25.  doz.
contingencies 8. 40 veget. 7. 78
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 98. 89
20.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 12—18.  provns. for  servts. 33. meat 273.  ℔
62.9959 = 1.07. masters 62. 99 butter  44.
wood 6. eggs 22.  doz.
servants . 50 veget. 8. 86
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 102. 49
25. Gave in Charity 2.D.
27.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 19—25.  provns. for  servts. 33. meat 265.  ℔
40.7853 = .77 masters  40. 78 butter  40.
wood 2. eggs 18.  doz.
servts. 1. veget. 4. 36
contingencies 3. 36
 gave order on J. Barnes for 80. 14
Joseph Daugherty’s accts. for forage 82.83. clothes for myself 1.75 storage, drayage &c. 1.75 = 86.33 for which gave him ord. on J. Barnes.
Gave Edwd. Frithey ord. on J. Barnes for 5.25.
Recieved from Burgess Griffin the following list of my crop of 1803. Poplar Forest
  No.  868. 150.  1632 brot.   forward 23,787
879. 150. 1775    No.  1166. 140. 1789
976. 140. 1817 1198. 140. 1767
3. hhds. Overseer’s parts 5224 1199. 140. 1928
867. 150. 1725 * 1200. 140. 1935
878. 150 1550 1201. 140. 1768
880. 150 1556 1220. 142. 1738
881. 150 1689 1221. 142. 1797 .
907. 145 1630 *   21. hhds. =  36,509
908. 145. 1591 .
946  150. 1793 of the 2. marked * the
manifests did not come.
947. 150. 1736
977  140. 1878
1106  140. 1566
1107. 140. 1700
1108. 140. 1700
1109  140 1853
1165  140 1820
23787
Feb. 27. Inclosed to G. Jefferson the manifests of the 19. hhds. recieved, to make sale of the crop.73
28. Gave in charity 2.D.
 
Mar. 1. Gave in charity 2.D.
4. Do. 10.D.
5. Recd. of J. Barnes 30.D. + 200.D. charity 3.D.
Inclosed 200.D. to Colo. Thos. Newton in charity for sufferers by fire Norfolk.74
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 26—Mar. 3.  provns. for  servts. 33. meat 240.  ℔
71.8659 = 1.22. masters  71. 86 butter  45.
contingencies 3. 35 eggs 23.  doz.
108. 21 veget. 5.
 servts. wages to Mar. 4. 139.
 gave order on J. Barnes for 247. 21
6. Recd. from Mr. Barnes 50.D.
7. Inclosed to Geo. Jefferson 40.D. to pay 41.10 to Colo. Harvie to the credit of John Rogers with him, acct. for whiskey.
11. Gave in Charity 10.D.
Recieved of J. Barnes 760.D.
12. Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 320.D. to wit
for Polly Carr negro hire ante Jan. 30. 66. 67
for Michael Hope balce. of acct. 152. 75
for    Anderson balance for Lilly          100.
surplus . 58
320.
Inclosed to G. Jefferson 435.D. and sent an order on him in favr. of Christopher Smith ante Jan. 30. for 433⅓ D. being one moiety of the sum due to him and Charles Smith for negro hire.
Gave in charity for Genl. Lawson 20.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Mar. 4—10.  provisions for  servts. 33. meat 428.  ℔
57.8546 = 1.25 masters  57. 85 butter  50.
stores of provisions 28. 38 eggs 25.  doz.
wood 6. veget. 6. 42
miscellanies 4. 70
 gave order on J. Barnes for 129. 93
Joseph Daugherty’s accts. forage 17.20 + smith 3.25 + clover seed for John H. Craven 24. + books for myself 4.25 + 100. bush. coal 41. + conting. .125 = 89.825 for which gave order on J. Barnes.
16. Gave Thos. Manning75 ord. on J. Barnes for 25.D. for a book.
17. Gave in charity 1.D.
 
Gave Jos. Daugherty for Martin Wanscher ord. on J. B. for 18.08 for lime & Plaister Paris.
Recd. from Burgess Griffin manifests for the 2. hhds. tobo. No. 867. 907. ante and inclosed them to G. Jefferson.
19. Pd. J. F. Renaut subscription to a print (surrender of York) 12.D.76
Lemaire’s accts. Mar. 11.—17.  Provns.  servts. 33. meat 369.  ℔
80.3754 = 1.49 masters  80. 37 butter  45.
wood 18. 37 eggs 23.  doz.
contingencies 1. 50 veget. 4. 22
 gave order on J. Barnes for 133. 24
20. There remain on hand 40. bottles of the 247 of Champagne recd. from Fulwar Skipwith Dec. 1. The consumption then has been 207. bottles, which on 651. persons dined is a bottle to 317 persons. Hence the annual stock necessary may be calculated at 415. bottles a year or say 500. to wit Congress 272. vacation 143.
Gave order on J. Barnes for the freight of 400. bush. coal 34.D. @ 8½ cents.
21. Charity 1.D.
26. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Frithey 5.50.
Lemaire’s accts. Mar. 18—24.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 195 ½ ℔
43.7542 = 1.04 masters  43. 75 butter  37 .
contingencies . 50 eggs 26 . doz.
 gave order on J. Barnes for 77. 25 veget. 2 .63
Mar. 28. Recd. from J. Barnes 50.D.
Sent Mrs. Madison for a mantua maker 3.50.
Gave in charity 2.D.
30. Do. 1.D.
Recd. of J. Barnes 150.D.
31. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Thos. Carpenter for clothes for myself 32.D. do. for servants 101.22 = 133.22 from 1803. Oct. 17.—Mar. 31.
Gave order on do. in favr. Lemaire for furniture for President’s house from 1803. Oct. 5. to Jan. 28. 136.28.
Desired Mr. Barnes to pay for the following newspapers.
 
Salem register. Carleton  3. } 13. Mr. Lincoln77
Boston Chronicle Adams & Rhodes 3.
Democrat. Williams 4.
Worcester Aegis. 3.
Hartford. American Mercury. Babcock.    2. 50 } 6. 50 Mr. Granger
Hudson. Bee. Holt 1.
Albany Register. Barber78 3.
N. Y. American citizen 10.  } 19. Mr. Cheetham79
Evening Post 9. 
Morning chronicle   8.  Mr. Irwin80 8. Editor
Phila. Amer. Daily Advertr. Poulson 8. do.
Balt. Amer. & Balt. gazette81 5. do.
Alexandria Expositor. Dinsmore82 6. do.
Frederic T. Republ. Advocate. Colvin83 5. do.
70. 50
Apr. 1. Ferrge. & ferrymen Geo. T. 1.25.
2. Richd. Fitzhugh’s84 vales 1.
Red house. Hereford’s oats &c. 1.D.
 
3. Fauqr. C. H. dinner, lodging, breakft. 7.33 vales 1.D.
Culpeper C. H. oats &c. .58. barber .50.
Rapidan pontage .50.
4. Orange C. H. dinner, lodging 5.45 vales .50.
Gordon’s breakft. &c. 1.75 the whole amounting to 20.86.
Cash on hand 255.31.
5. For Small exp. at Monticello 16.D.
The following entry was omitted at its proper date, towit
 April 1. Lemaire’s accts. Mar. 25.—31.
12.8319 = .65  provns. for  servts. 30. meat 78.  ℔
masters  12. 83 butter  28.
charcoal 100. bush. 12. eggs 12.  doz.
miscellanies 1. 50 veget. 4. 27
56. 33
servts. wages to Apr. 4. 139.
gave order on J. Barnes for 195. 33
6. Recieved from John H. Craven manifests for the following
No. 46. 146 1534 14. hhds. tobo. which I inclosed to Gibson &
Jefferson to be sold on account of John H.
Craven out of the proceeds of which I am to take
the rent due, & he to have the balance.
47. 144 1552
48. 140 1460
49. 143 1435
50. 127 1295
51. 150 1362 .
205. 161. 1555
(206. 160. 1610 )  This hhd. No. 206. is set apart for
207. 159. 1519  J. Craven himself. £
208. 158. 1392  The rest I allow him 39/ for, to wit 19005 =  370– 12
209  162. 1450  G. & Jeff. sold it @ 40/ = 1267. Doll = 380– 2   
210. 152 1660 gain £9–10
211. 163 1591
228. 150.  1200
20615
Gave in charity 2.D.
7. Paid Wm. Stewart on account 2.10 D.
Paid small houshold expences 10.D.
10. Inclosed to Martin Wanscher an ord. on J. Barnes for 15.D. to bear expences on road.
8. Paid James Oldham on account 45.D.
Apr. 12. Pd. John Perry on account 25.D. pd. Catlet for 4. ℔ butter 1.D.
13. Recd. by Gabriel Lilly of James Lindsay for nails £48.
17. Drew on Gibson & Jefferson for 156.67 in favr. D. Higginbotham on account of Craven Peyton for corn. See ante Jan. 28.
 
This morning between 8. & 9. aclock my dear daughter Maria Eppes died.85
18. Paid John Perry on account 40.60.
20. Gave John Freeman 5.D.
Gabriel Lilly has sold Kit86 to John Perry for £125. of which £30. is to be credited in the account for work done at Craven’s, now due, and the residue in the first work he shall do for me after that.
24. Pd. Craddock for setting Jack over the river 1.D. Hhd. exp. 2.D. do. .375.
25. Inclosed to Mr. Maury 16.D. for attendance at funeral.
Desired J. Barnes to remit 20.34 to Genl. Lincoln for duties on wine.87
Paid  Williams for 90.b. lime for Craven’s house 12.50 D.
27. Gave Patsy for hhd. exp. 10.D.
May 1. Purchased of John Henderson his 5. acre lot of land at the upper end of his father’s land, & adjoining to the lower end of my land on the river, for which I am to give him 40.D. also the bail & screw of his millstones for 40.D. also his pair of 5.f. Burr millstones for which I am to give him £80. and as much more not exceeding £100. as they shall be valued at. Paid him £20. = 66.67.88
3. Gave to John Henderson my note for £42. paiable 1st. week of June; also my note for £42. paiable 1st. week in July, both at Charlottesville.
Gave a servt. of W. C. Nicholas 1.D.
5. Settled with Michael Hope for the toll mill house, Craven’s house, kitchen & barn, & some small jobs. Balance due him 241.25.
Gave him my note to Martin Dawson to remit him 100.D. part of the above balance the 1st. week of July.
 
Settled with John Perry for the mill house, Craven’s house & kitchen, & jobs on Lilly’s house & elsewhere, balance in my favr. 311.33. Note the barn is nearly finished & to be settled for. He owes me moreover £30. by bond paiable June 1. & £95 by do. paiable Nov. 1. This makes up the price of Kit.
6. Paid Gabriel Lilly for David Anderson for
 bacon 40.67 and for flour 6.D. I am to remit him for
   John  Rogers   2–0–0 } hauling ice
Price 2–0–0
Dr. 6–2–5 for curing Wormly
£10–2–5  = 33.72
8. Settled with James Oldham and the balance of 168.245 due him from Apr. 13. last.
Settled with Wm. Stewart, and the balance of 45.35 in my favor.
Gave him an order on Kelly for goods to amount of 20.D.
Wanscher arrives this day. Hugh Chisolm agrees to work with him for 20.D. a month.
Pd. Peter Hemings 5.50 for Wm. Stewart, for which W. Stewart is charged in the account before settled.
Drew on Gibson & Jefferson for 50.D. in favr. Craven Peyton on our corn contract for next winter.
Drew on them also for £5. in favr. George Hay as fee in the suit Peyton v. Henderson.89
Houshold expences 16.D.
9. Paid Dinsmore 10.D. John Stewart for painting 5.D.
I am indebted to John Peyton £38–3–6 – 8–0–4½ = £30–3–1½.
May 10. Cash in hand 74.56.
Small exp. 1.D.
11. Left for Gabriel Lilly for Jack’s expences to Washington 5.D.
Gordon’s. pd. dinner &c. 1.75.
 
12. Orange court house. lodging &c. 4.25.
Rapidan. pontage .50.
Culpeper C. H. breakfast &c. 1.83.
13. Fauqr. C. H. dinner, lodgg. &c. 6.04.
Thos. Shields for finding pistol 1.D.
Mrs. Hereford’s breakft. &c. 1.70 a guide .25.
Wren’s. John for his expences 1.43.
Geo. Town ferrge. .50. the whole = 19.D .25 cents.
14.
Lemaire’s accts. from Apr. 1. to May 12. Provisions 171. 08  + 9.85
meat 553. ℔ servants 11.
butter  87. wood 20. 38
eggs  66½ doz. coal 1. 50
veget.  18.27 furniture 9. 50
171.08 to 9. servts. 42. days = 6 weeks     contingencies  14. 17  + 2.
 is 3.3390 pr. week
553. ℔ meat is 1½ ℔ pr. day besides fish &c. 227. 63 } 359.63
servants wages to May 4. (deducting ½ month Abram.) 132.
gave order on J. Barnes for (16.D. too much) 375. 63
15. Gave in charity 1.D.
17. Pd.  Thompson for a book 7.D. subscription to do. 2.D.
18. Recieved of J. Barnes 30.D.
20. Gave in charity 1.D.
21.
Lemaire’s accts. May 13—19.  Provns. for  servts. 33.
masters  34. 43
furniture 1. 5
68. 93
 omitted in last bill. provisions 9. 85
contingencies 2.
80. 78
 deduct overdrawn last week 16.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 64. 78
Not pd. see July 2.
22. Gave in charity 2.D.
Gave order on J. Barnes in favr.  Hollis for 35.D. for 10. barrels herring gobbed.91
23. Recd. of J. Barnes 81.21 gave in Charity 10.D.
24. Gave Frithey ord. on J. Barnes 2. months dressing 10.675.
Inclosed to Dabney Carr 50. for Richd. Johnson costs of suit (1.21 too little).
Inclosed to Lewis Deblois 10.D. for Mrs. Wanscher & 20.D. for Alexr. Perry by order of Martin Wanscher.
 
28.
Lemaire’s accts. May 20.—26.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 204.  ℔
23.9825 = .96 masters  23. 98 butter  25.
servants 7. eggs 14.  doz.
contingencies . 50 veget. 11. 28
 gave order on J. Barnes for 64. 48
Not pd. see July 2.
Gave Jos. Daugherty ord. on J. Barnes for 49.055 to wit forage 41.25 smith 5. sadlery .25 contingencies 2.555.
The pipe of Madeira broached Apr. 10.03 is out. It has lasted 13M–18D of which I have been absent 3M–21D.
Gave in Charity 2.D.
31. Charity 2.D.
June 1. Do. 1.D.
4.
Lemaire’s accts. May 27.—June 2.  Provisions for  servants    33.
masters 20. 29
wood 15. 63
Pr.’s H. furniture 2.
70. 92
 Servants wages to this day 139.
 gave ord. on J. Barnes for 209. 92
5. Gave in charity 1.D.
June 6. I this day begin an acct. with the bank US. depositing there 2000.D. due June 4.92
Drew check on bank in favr. J. Barnes for 300.D.
Gave in Charity 2.D.
7. Drew check on bank for 50.D. in favr. C. W. Peale for a Polygraph.93
 
Drew do. for 391.57 in an order on the branch bank of Norfolk, which I inclosed to James Taylor to pay for the pipe of Madeira & box of Champagne recieved Mar. 19. 1804.
Recieved from the bank 140.D. which I inclosed to G. Lilly for John Henderson in discharge of my first note ante May 1.
Took back the ord. on J. Barnes in favr. of Lemaire for 209.92 ante June 4. and gave him ord. for same sum on the bank.
Gibson & Jefferson have sold my tobo. (ante Apr. 6.) 19,005. ℔ @ 40/ which comes to £380–2 = 1267.D.
8. Charity 1.D.—do. 1.D. 9. Do. 1.D. 10. Do. 1.D. do. 1.D.
11. Do. 1.D.
Lemaire’s accts. June 3—9.  Provns. for  servts. 33  meat 203 ½ ℔
28.5242 = .68 masters  28. 52 butter  25 ½
wood 2. 25 eggs 13 . doz.
conting. 1. 57 veget. 8 .96
65. 34
 recd. from the B. Bank US. 100.D.
 pd. Lemaire 65.34.
15. Charity 5.D.—do. 1.D.
16. <Lost out of my pocket 10.D.> found. 17. Charity 10.
18. Charity 1.D.
Lemaire’s accts. June 10—16.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 195.  ℔
21.7820 = 1.09 masters 21. 78 butter  22.
Stores viz. 24 hams.  40. 64 eggs 12.  doz.
wood 1. 50 veget. 8. 81
96. 92
19. Recd. from the B. bank US. 125.D.
Pd. Lemaire 96.92.
20. Recd. from B. b. US. a post note of 35.14 on B. b. US. at N. Y.
Inclosed the same to D. Gelston N. Y. to pay freight & duties on 138. bottles Montepulciano wine94 from T. Appleton at Florence = 25½ cents pr. bottle.
21. Put into the hands of Mr. Madison to pay freight of a qr. cask of Mountain (Malaga) wine95 from Kirkpatrick recd. last December 19.D. & fruits.
23. Recd. back from Jack 2.16 part of the 5.D. ante May 11.
25.
Lemaire’s accts. June 17—23.  Provns. for  servts. 33  meat 204 ½ ℔
29.5542 = .70 masters  29. 55 butter  30 .
contingencies . 50 eggs 19 . doz.
63. 05 veget. 8 .61
 recd. from the B. bank 120.D.
 paid Le Maire 63.05
26. Paid E. Frithy, barber, for the month 5.
Inclosed to Mr. Deblois for M. Wanscher 10. for syrop of punch96 22.08 = 32.08.
30. Recd. of Isaac Briggs97 27.D. to be remitted to Thos. Whitney of Phila. with 23.D. for mathematical instruments for myself.
Gave in charity 2.D.
July 1. Gave in Charity 10.D.
2. Drew check on bank in favr. Revd. Mr. McCormic98 for 100.D. being my subscription to him for 1802. & 1803.
Lemaire’s accts. June 24—30.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 184  ℔
24.3330 = .81 masters  24. 33 butter  27 ½
furniture P.’s H. 4. 50 eggs 19 . doz.
servts. . 50 veget. 5 .26
contingencies 2. 46
64. 79
 ord. of May 21. ante not paid by J. B. 64. 78
 do. May 28. do. 64. 48
194. 05
 servts. wages to July 4. 139.
333. 05
 
Joseph Daugherty’s accts. forage 24.03 sadlery 17.75 smith 4. contingencies .69 freight of wine 3.41 = 49.88 for which gave him check on bank.
Delivered Daugherty for Isaac Cooper for picture frames99 15.50.
July 3. Gave in Charity 2.D.
5. Recd. from bank US. 320.D.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for  John Henderson  173. 33  ante May 1.
Michael Hope 141. 25  ante May 5.
surplus 5. 42
320.
Charge Wm. Stewart £4. furnished him on my acct. by ord. of G. Lilly.
7. Gave Lemaire ord. on the bank for 333.05 for balances of May 21. 28. & July 2.
8. Gave a servt. 2.D.
9. Recieved from bank US. 700.D.
Inclosed to George Taylor for Wm. Short 500.D. post note on bank US.
Inclosed to Thos. Whitney optician Phila. 50.D. for Isaac Briggs & self. ante June 30.
Inclosed to Martin Dawson 100.D. for Michael Hope. See May 5.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 35.D. to wit John Rogers 40/ Price 40/ a Doctor £6–2–5 = 10–2–5, or 33.72 + 1.28 surplus = 35.
Sent by Jos. Daugherty to Mr. Foxall for clock weights1 20.24.
Gave in charity 1.D.
10. Gave in charity 3.D.
Recd. from the bank 700.D. in postnotes & bills.
Inclosed to Jones & Howell one of the sd. post bills for 250.D. on bank US. in Philada. for 2. tons rod sent in Apr.
Inclosed to Victor Dupont one do. on branch bk. US. at N. York for 250.D. for a bill of excha. on Paris.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 100.D. for John Peyton.
 
Lemaire’s accts. July 1—7.  provisions for  servts. 33. meat 246
63.3036 = 1.76 masters  63. 30 butter  49
contingencies 1. 08 eggs 37
 paid him cash 97. 38 veget. 9 .54
Gave in Charity 2.
Pd. Saml. H. Smith Oldham’s acct. to June 11. 04 10.D.
11. 2 Pd. Maxwell for a pr. of Moccasin shoes 4.
Pd. Ingles for tools & ironmongery 6.625 charity 1.D.
14. Gave in Charity 10.D.
16. Gave James Madison ord. on the bank for 750.D.
Lemaire’s accts. July 8—14.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 226  ℔
33.2039 = .85 masters  33. 20 butter  27 .
servts. . 50 eggs 28 .
66. 70 veget. 7 .03
17. Recieved from the bank 100.D.
Paid Lemaire 66.70.
Gave Wm. A. Burwell check on bank for 150.D. a quarter’s salary.3
18. Paid Isaac Briggs for Thos. Moore 13.D. for a refrigerator.4
Gave in charity 4.D.
19. Note the 19.D. ante June 21. put into the hands of Mr. Madison are refused to be recieved for that object. I therefore now pay him 3.50 more making 22.50 in addition to the 750.D. ante July 16. to make good the excha. of 3½ above par, and I now recieve from him
a bill in favor of Joseph Yznardi for 200.D. Cadiz
another in favor of William Jarvis for 300. Lisbon
another in favor of Thos. Appleton for  250 Leghorn
750 drawn on James Maury of
Liverpool at 60. days sight, endorsed by myself.
 
Inclosed to Joseph Yznardi the sd. bill for 200.D. for a pipe of dry Sherry recd. last Dec.
Inclosed to Wm. Jarvis at Lisbon the sd. bill of 300.D. for 2. pipes of Termo, & 2 half pipes of Oeyras recd. heretofore.
Inclosed to Thomas Appleton of Leghorn the sd. bill of 250.D. for 138. bottles of Florence wines recd. last month and for a supply of Montipulciano now ordered.
Recd. from Victor Dupont his bill on his house at Paris for 1312½ Francs = 250.D. ante July 10. and inclosed to Cathalan at Marseilles for wine, fruits &c.5
July 20. Gave in charity 1.D.
Recd. from bank 250.D.
Pd. S. H. Smith for newspapers 10.D.
22. Pd. Daugherty smith 3. sadlery 2.435 utensils .30 hauling .75 = 6.485.
Pd. Frithey 5.50.
Lemaire’s accts. July 15—20.  Provns. for  servts. 33  meat 233.  ℔
49.4355 = .90 masters  49. 43 butter  28.
stores of do. 57. 12 eggs 23.  doz.
Pr.’s H. furniture 13. veget. 6. 70
servts. John 13. 25
miscellanies 15. 95
181. 75
 gave him order on the bank for 100.
81. 75
Pd. Joseph for Maxey for a pr. moccaseen shoes 4.
23. Ferrge. George town 1.D.
Wren’s breakfast 1.375.
Centreville dinner 2.33.
24. Brown’s lodging &c. 3.25.
Elkrun church, Bronaugh’s breakfast 1.41.
25. Strode’s vales .25.
Herring’s 3.41.
Orange C. H. Burras.6 breakfast 2.37.
 
26. Gordon’s dinner lodging &c. 6.33 = 21.725.
Charity 2.D. Do. 5.
Sm. exp. 11.
27. Cash in hand 190 D. + 21.30 sm. money = 219.307 pd. J. Perry 10.D.
29. Furnished G. Lilly towards purchase of corn 100.D.
Hhd. exp. 6.D. pd. D. Carr 1.21 ante May 24.
31. Do. 3.D.
Aug. 2. On settlement with William Duncan8 for 2 months & 1. day’s work @ 20.D. the 1st. month & 25. afterwards I owe him 46.D.
Pd. Wanscher 15.D. and gave him order on J. Barnes for 14.50 after which there remains due to him on settlement 35.
3. Gave Isaac for exp. to Mr. Marks’s 1.D.
5. Hhd. exp. 2.50—do. 5.D.
11. Recd. from J. Barnes 250.D. He has remd. 800.D. to Gibson & Jefferson viz. for the Smiths 433.33 Bran 250. Fire insurance co. 89.80.9
12. Hhd. exp. 8.
Paid Michael Hope on acct. 150.D.
Paid Wm. Stewart on acct. 1.D.
16. Settled this day with John Perry the following work to wit
Craven’s barn £157– 6– 4 ½
his house & kitchen. plank.    20– 16– 6
Monticello house 19– 16– 10
mill 1– 4–
199– 3– 8 ½
credits 133– 0– 9
balance due him 66– 3– 0
paid him now in part 50.D. 15–
19. Hhd. exp. 6.D.
Pd. James Dinsmore 20.D.
Pd. Hugh Chisolm 20.D.
Pd. for a Bed 20.D.
23. Gave Mrs. Key an ord. on Gibson & Jefferson for £33–1–5½ = 110.25 in favr. Alexr. Garrett in part paiment of £60 for corn assumed to her for Craven Peyton and £14–11 purchased by Lilly on my own acct. viz. 48½ bush. @ 30/.
26. Pd. hhd. exp. 8.D.
27. Gave in charity 2.D. Hhd. exp. 4.D.
29. Recd. of  Woods for James Old 100.D. to be repd. in Richmd.
Aug. 29. Pd. dinner &c. at Gordon’s 1.75.
30. Pd. shoeing horses at Mr. Madison’s 1.
31. Vales at Mr. Madison’s .90 Gordon’s breakft. 1.25.
Sep. 2. Houshold exp. 8.D.
3. Pd. W. Steward on acct. 1.D.
Sent Mrs. Key by G. Lilly 90.D. on acct.
Recd. of James Old by G. Lilly £30–3–8.
4. Gave John Freeman 5.D.
7. Gave Jack Shorter 4.40.
8. Gave in charity to a poor woman (Thomas) from Fluvanna 4.D. and an order on Higginbotham for goods 10.D.
Game10 Jamy .25.
9. Hhd. exp. 2.D.
10. I am to answer Alexr. Garrett this year as follows (Fredsville.)
taxes for 2112. as. ld. in Fredsville. 11. 15
+ 160. as. of Shadwell tenanted by Turner  . 95
ticket for spaing.11 a witness . 84
Craven Peyton’s order £45 150.  this is in part
John Perry’s order 12. 25  Mrs. Hend.’s warehouse.12
175. 19  + 88.59 below = 263.78
13. Sent John Spier13 for 1. doz. wine glasses 1.40.
14. Recd. of J. Barnes 500.D.
Pd. John Perry 100.D.
Pd. Michael Hope 150.D.
 
15. Pd. for 1. doz. wine glasses 1.40 for butter 1.66.
Hhd. exp. Mrs. R. 6.D.

20.
 £
I have assumed to D. Higginbotham for W. Stewart 22– 1–6
 for Leopold Richards for turkies &c.  4–10–0
 which D. Higginb. directs me to pay to Alexr. Garrett  26–11–6  = 88.59
Hhd. exp. 2.D.
22. I am to answer to James Old sheriff & collector for St. Anne’s as follows
taxes.  5. whites. 47. blacks. tytheables, 2 do. not so. 14. Horses. 1 chaise  24. 10
land tax St. Anne’s 9. 72
county & parish levy on 52. tithes 48. 88
clerks tickets 4. 60 87. 30
Wm. Short’s land tax 10. 24
 cash ante Aug. 29. 100.
 do. ante Sep. 3. 100. 58 200. 58
298. 12
 drew an order on Gibson & Jefferson in favr. James Old for 298. 12
    Paid Mrs. Lewis for  bacon furnished Dinsmore  £5–17
do. to Lilly 12– 9
oats to do. 4–10
22–16  = 76.D.
23. Hhd. exp. 7.D.
24.
Drew ord. on Gibson & Jefferson in favr. Alexr. Garrett for   163.78
 sent him by Gabriel Lilly cash 100.
263.78
which with the order ante Aug. 23. pays that article and the two of Sep. 10. & 20.
Gave in charity 5.D.
26. Settled with James Oldham, paid him 24.33 D. and assumed to pay 5.D. to Saml. Harrison Smith on acct. of M. Hope, & there then remains due to him 230.D.
Small exp. 5.50.
27. Pd. Small debts 10.50.
I am to remit  to Mr. Lilly for  Price for waggoning £18–10 =  61.67
James Old for Wm. Stewart 20.
to G. Divers £32–13–3 to Stewart 11.50.
Sep. 27. Mr. R.’s Jamie .20.
Gordon’s dinner &c. 2.80.
28. Mr. Madison’s vales .50 for an auger 2.D.
Orange C. H. John’s lodging &c. 1.16.
Stevensburg dinner 2.90.
29. Strode’s vales .25.
Herring’s 2.66.
Elkrun. breakfast 2.20 a smith .25.
Brown’s oats .87.
 
30. Centerville. Mitchel’s. dinnr. lodgg. brkft. 7.02.
George T. ferrge. 1.75 = 24.62.14
Oct. 2. Gave in charity 2.D. + do. 1.D. 3d. Do. 1.D.
Lemaire’s accts. from July 22. to Oct. 1.  Provisions 295. 11
meat  1087. ℔ servants 303. 55
butter   124. stores 10. 75
eggs   110. doz. wood 170. 79
vegetab.   45.24 charcoal 48.
contingencs. 19. 28
D 847. 48
295.11 D. for 9 servts. × 10. weeks = 3.28  pr. week
+ 14. qts. milk pr. week @ 8d. is .14
3.42
balance ante July 22 81. 75
929. 15 15
Aug. 7. By cash from Mr. Barnes 300.
By do. 139. 439.
Balance now due Lemaire 490. 15
servts. wages to Oct. 4.  Lemaire 30.
Julien 25.
Jos. Daugherty 14  +  2
Rob. Daugherty  12 + 2
Wm. Fitzjames 12 + 2
John Pernier16 (9 days) 4.20 (@ 12 + 2
(Isaac  8 + 2
Jack Shorter  8 + 2  +  4.33
John Freeman 4
Mrs. Daugherty 9
Biddy Boyle 7
Edy 2 149.53
monthly establmt. 155. – 10 + 1 639.68
3. Gave in Charity 2.D.
5. Recd. from bank US. 600.D.
Remitted the sd. 600.D. to Gibson & Jefferson.
6. Gave in charity 2.D. do. 1.D.
Recd. from bank US. draught on do. in Philadelphia 500.D., which I remitted to George Taylor there for W. Short.
Recd. from bank also 25.D.
Inclosed to Martin Wanscher 15.D. which is in full of all accounts between us to this day.
 
Joseph Daugherty’s accts. Aug. 9. to Oct. 5. forage 53.47 utensils .93 smith 5.25 contingencies 1.31 = 60.96 – Cr. 13.86 = 47.10 D.
Gave in charity 1.D.
7. Charity 10.D.—at church 1.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Sep. 30—Oct. 6.  Provns. 58. 86 meat 187 . ℔
28.8615 = 1.92 arrears do. 15. 40 butter  31 ½
stores of do.  3. 60 eggs 11 . doz.
servts. . 50 veget. 5 .02
furn. P. H. 12. 83
conting. 1. 11
92. 30
10. Gave in charity 1.
Oct. 11. Discounted at bank Columbia my note of 1000.D.
Authorised J. Barnes to recieve of it for his own use 400.D.
Also recieved of it through him 300.D.
Remitted to D. Higginbotham by ord. of John Perry 100.D.
Remitted to Gabriel Lilly  for John Perry  50.D.
for Michael Hope  150.D.
200.
12. Recd. from bank Columbia 289.50 in full of note discounted.
Recd. from bank US. 195.D.
Recd. from do. a bill on bank of Norfolk for 79.20.
Inclosed sd. bill for 79.20 to John Marrast, at Norfolk for candles.17
Pd. Lemaire on acct. 400.D.
Pd. Joseph Daugherty 47.10 charity 1.D.
13. Sent to Reibelt18 by Mr. Carpenter 18.D. for books.
15. Charity 2.D.
16. Charity 1.D. 18. Do. 1.D.
20. Recd. of J. Barnes 10.
21. Charity 20.D.
25. Charity 2.D.
29. Charity 1.D. 30. Do. 1.
31. Tooth pick case 1.75.
Nov. 2. Charity 2.D.
 
5. Seeing a Sapajou 1.D.
Recd. from bank US. 30.D. Charity 6.D.
Lemaire’s accts. to Nov. 3. are as follows
ante Oc. 2.  amount 639.68 Amt.
12.  Cr. by paiment 400 239. 68
7. 92. 30
provns. furnitre. coal conting. meat butter eggs veget.
Oct.  13.  67.03 2. 70 69. 73 197.  25½  17. 8.16 37.0319  ÷  27.  =  1.37
20. 58.64  2.53 2. 50 63. 67 187  28   9 5.36 28.64 ÷ 33. = 0.87
27. 59.41  17. 24.20 . 36 100. 97 203  26  14 5.56 29.41 ÷ 25 = 1.17
Nov.  3. 71.37  5. 2. 78 79. 15 200  25  19 7.40 41.37 ÷ 28 = 1.47
645. 50
 4. servts. to this day 155.
800. 50
 6. Gave him ord. on bk. US. for 600.
 balance due him 200. 50  – 10.D.(to wit, Isaac discharged)
Joseph Daugherty’s accounts are as follows
Oct.  14.  forage  26.73  + smith  1.25 + contings.  2.125  =  30.105
Nov. 4.  52.37  + 1.125  + 2.60 = 56.095
gave him an order on bk. US. for 86.20
Gave Thos. Carpenter an order on bk. US. for 75.23.
Paid Edwd. Frithey 5.50.
7. Gave in charity 1.D.
8. Gave Peter Lenox ord. on bk. US. for 130.635 for Venetn. blinds,20 boxes &c.
Discountd. at bk. US. a note of 1500.D. say 1484.25.
9. Drew ord. on bk. US. in favr. Wm. A. Burwell 150.D. qurtr. salary.
Drew do. in favr. John Barnes, for 263.95 being balance due him over 2000.D.
Recd. from bank US. 400.D.

10.
 D
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for  Michael Hope 150  }  = 200.
Hugh Chisolm  50 
Inclosed to G. Jefferson 200.D.
Recd. from B. bk. US. a draught on bk. US. at Phila. for 500.D.
 
Inclosed the same to W. Short on account.
12.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 4—10.  Provns. 84. 25 meat 330.  ℔
51.2561 = 0.84 servts. 4. 50 butter  35.
liquors 8. eggs 21.  doz.
96. 75 veget. 8. 66
Nov. 12. Daugherty’s accts. forage 28.56 smith 2. sadler 2.10 contings. 2.54 = 35.20 gave him ord. on bank US. for 35.20.
Recd. from bk. US. here ord. on do. Phila. for 47.25.
Remitted sd. ord. for 47.25 to Caldcleugh & Thomas Phila. for lamps.21
Paid Maxwell for boots & slippers 12.50.
Gave in Charity 2.D.
13.
Paid at the races  1.D.
Do. 1.D.
14.
Recd. from bk. US. 25.D. also note for 21.58 on bk. US. at Boston.
16. Inclosed the note for 21.58 to Genl. Lincoln for duties on confitures. Cathalan.
Gave in charity 10.D.
Recd. from bk. US. 45.D.
Inclosed 50.D. to D. Higginbotham on order of M. Hope.
17. Gave in Charity 10.
20. Charity 1.
23. Recd. of bank US. 25.
24. Pd.  Winter for 1. year of Rights of man (gazette) 3.22
26. Gave in Charity 2.D.
27. Gave St. Menin23 order on bk. US. for 29.50. charity 1. do. 1.D.
<Recd. from Washn. bk. US. ord. on bk. US. Phila. for 45.D.>
Daugherty’s accts. forage 47.73 contings. 2.62½ = 50.355 for which gave him ord. on bk. US. small exp. 0.25.
 
30. Recd. from bk. US. 40.D.
Inclosed the 40.D. to James Oldham in Richmd. & I am to answer his order for 20.D. in favor of J.H. Craven.
Paid for a book 2.D.
Dec. 3. Gave in Charity 10.D.
4. Charity 1.D.
5. Discounted a note at bk. US. for 1500.D. = 1484.25.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 4.—Dec. 1.
provns. servts. Pr.’s groceries cont. total meat butter eggs vegetables
H. doz.
Nov. 10.  84.24 4.50   8. 96.75 330.  35. 21.  8.65 51.24  ÷  61  =  .84
17.  89.84 .50  2.55  .91  93.80 330.  51. 28.  7.45 56.84 ÷ 71 = .80
24. 140.96 6.72  2.07  .56  150.31 287.  43. 20.  7.23 56.26 25 ÷ 65 = .865
Dec. 1.  90.28 7.47  .75   8. 2.87  118.54 24 184.  39 21   7.92 57.28 ÷ 63 = .91
amount  405.32 19.19  5.37  16. 4.34  459.40 1131   168 90  31.25 221.62 ÷ 260 = .85
Dec. 5.
Servts. wages to this day 146.
 balance ante Nov. 6. 190.50
795.90
Cr. by check bk. US. this day    600.
 balance remaining due 195.90
Recd. from bk. US. 275.D.
Inclosed to Gibson & Jeff. 240.D. and drew an order on them for 233.33 in favr. of Brown & co. on the ord. of Gabriel Lilly for his wages &c.
6. Paid Frithey 5.25 repd. Mr. Crownenshield26 for fish 4.D.
Pd. Bartolomeo Cosa for sand glasses & weather glass 5.D.
Recd. from bk. US. a draught on do. at N. York for 546.43. Inclosed the same to J. Erick Bollman27 for Hungary wines.
Recd. from do. a draught on bk. US. at Philada. for 132.25. Inclosed the same to Henry Sheaff for wines28 furnished 4. months ago.
 
Recd. from do. a draught on bk. US. at Phila. for 45.D. Inclosed the same to Daniel Trump to pay for Mahogany.
7. Drew ord. on bk. US. in favr. Richd. Cutts for 15.15 for 2 plates glass29 from Boston.
9. Gave in charity 1.D.
10. Gave ord. on bk. US. for 1153.23 in favor of J. Barnes, to wit, 1000.D. to answer my note of 1000.D. to bk. Columbia, ante Oct. 11. & 153.23 on account.
Daugherty’s accts. forage 55.57 smith 2.50 contings. 3.625 = 61.70 for which gave him order on bank.
Gave in charity 5.D.
Recd. from bk. US. 565.D.
Inclosed  to Dabney Carr for Craven Peyton 135.D.
to David Higginbotham for Michael Hope 150.D.

Dec.

10.
D 
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for    Duncan    46.
  Ternan 50.
Old, for W. Stewart 20.
  Price 63. 33
Michael Hope 100.
surplus . 67
280.
Recd. back from Jos. Daugherty 3.50 overpaid under head of contingencies.
Charity 2.D.
11. Gave James Webb30 ord. on bank US. for 14.D. cabinet work.
13. Charity 1.D.—14. Do. 1.D.
17. Charity 10.D.
Recd. from bk. US. 130.D.
Pd. thro J. W. Eppes to L. D. Purviance for a horse31 120.D.
19. Inclosed to Wm. Brown & co. my order on Gibson & Jefferson for 416.D. payable Feb. 14. This is for 150. barrels of corn purchased of T. M. Woodson payable to Richd. Anderson, who assigns to Wm. Brown & co. on a contract with G. Lilly.
20. Charity 1.D.
 
22.
Gave Joseph Daugherty ord. on bank US. for  40.D.  }  50.D. towards ice.
 paid him cash 10.D.
Charity 5.D.
23. Recd. from J. Barnes 260.D.
Daugherty’s accts.  forage 25.625 smith 1. conting. 3.625 =   30. 25
expences filling ice house 93. 45
123. 70
 Cr. by paiment ante 22d. 50.
 now paid him the balance in cash 73. 70
Inclosed to James Dinsmore on account 50.D.
24. Paid cash to bank US. for a draught on Baltimore 83.725 & remd. it to Reibelt books.
26. Pd. for books 3.D.
27. Charity 2.D. 31. Charity 1.D.

72When TJ had first moved to Washington he had made enquiries about its physicians, wishing to know not the public opinion “but merely the facts of their practice.” He then selected Georgetown physician Edward Gantt and was very pleased with his treatment of members of the household at the President’s House from 1801 until about 1806, when Gantt left the area (TJ to Gantt, 19 Feb. 1812; Bryan, National Capital, i, 324 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ; Gantt statement, 28 May 1801, MHi).

73This tobacco crop was sold at forty-one shillings the hundredweight (TJ to George Jefferson, 8 May 1804).

74The worst fire in Norfolk history had occurred on 22 Feb. 1804, destroying over three hundred buildings in the commercial district (Thomas J. Wertenbaker, Norfolk: Historic Southern Port [Chapel Hill, N.C., 1962], p. 128-9).

75 Thomas S. Manning was a Philadelphia printer (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 81 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ). The book has not been identified.

76On this date historical and allegorical painter John Francis Renault evidently showed TJ his drawing of the British officers surrendering to George Washington at Yorktown. This drawing, which Renault wished to dedicate to TJ, was not engraved until 1819 and there is no record that TJ received a print (Renault to TJ, 20 Nov. 1803, 19 Mch. 1804; An Album of American Battle Art 1755-1918 [Washington, D.C., 1947], p. 47-9, 68).

77 Levi Lincoln (1749-1820), TJ’s Attorney General from 1801 to 1805, conveyed TJ’s subscription fees for Massachusetts newspapers. Those not previously identified are: the Salem Register, a semiweekly published at Salem by William Carlton; the Boston Democrat, a semiweekly descendant of the Constitutional Telegraphe established in 1804 by Benjamin True and Benjamin Parks and edited for a short time by John M. Williams; and the National Aegis, a weekly published at Worcester and edited in this period by Edward Bangs (Brigham, History, i, 288, 401-2, 418-19 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

78The Albany Register was a Republican semiweekly newspaper published by John Barber. TJ had been a subscriber at least since 1800 (Brigham, History, i, 539-40 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 587 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

79TJ paid Republican journalist James Cheetham (1772-1810) for Cheetham’s own daily newspaper, the American Citizen, and its distinguished Federalist counterpart, the New-York Evening Post, which was published by Michael Burnham and edited by William Coleman. Deeming it “proper” to know what “our opponents say and do,” but making it “a matter of conscience of not contributing” to their support, TJ had arranged to buy Cheetham’s own copies of the Evening Post. TJ subscribed to the American Citizen and its semiweekly incarnation, the Republican Watch-Tower, throughout his presidency. In 1807, “beginning to retire from paper reading,” he discontinued the Evening Post, which he found he seldom read (Brigham, History, i, 608, 631, 684 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 588 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; TJ to Cheetham, 23 Apr. 1802, 6 Nov. 1807; Cheetham invoices, 24 Apr. 1805, 1 July 1807, DLC; 1 July 1806, MHi).

80 Peter Irving had established the daily Morning Chronicle in New York City in Oct. 1802 (Brigham, History, i, 667 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

81TJ referred here to only one newspaper, the Baltimore American, to which he gave an erroneous secondary title (MB 9 Apr. 1802; TJ Memorandum of “Newspapers to be paid for,” 31 Mch. 1804, DLC).

82 Richard Dinmore and James Lyon had established the Alexandria Expositor, at this time a daily, in Nov. 1802. Dinmore moved the Expositor to Washington in 1807 and was joined as publisher by William Cooper in 1808. The paper, then a weekly, was discontinued in 1809 (Brigham, History, i, 101-2, ii, 1108-9 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

83 John B. Colvin established the weekly Republican Advocate in Fredericktown, Md., in Dec. 1802 (Brigham, History, i, 265 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

84 Nicholas Fitzhugh’s brother Richard lived on the Ravensworth estate at Oak Hill, which is located about three miles southwest of present Annandale, Fairfax County (Nicholas Fitzhugh to TJ, 27 Mch. 1804; Richard Fitzhugh to TJ, 31 Dec. 1808).

85 MJE died at Monticello from complications incident to the birth of her third child on 15 Feb. The Rev. Matthew Maury officiated at her burial in the Monticello graveyard (Malone, Jefferson, iv, 414-17 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

86TJ’s slave Kit (b. 1786), the son of King and Judy Hix, had run away earlier in the year (MJR to TJ, 14 Jan. 1804).

87The duties paid to Benjamin Lincoln (1733-1810), collector of the port of Boston, were for the French wine and foodstuffs paid for in July (MB 19 July 1804).

88 John Henderson was the eldest son of Bennett Henderson. This was the only time during his presidency that TJ bought a portion of the Henderson lands in his own name and without Craven Peyton’s agency. Henderson’s mill at Milton was inoperative and being dismantled at this time. TJ used these French burr millstones, made from siliceous rock, in his manufacturing mill at Shadwell (TJ to Archibald Thweatt, 16 Mch. 1817).

89Richmond lawyer George Hay (1765-1830), whom TJ had appointed U.S. attorney for the District of Virginia in 1803, was employed in a case which had begun in 1803 with Craven Peyton’s injunction to stop John Henderson from digging a canal across land Peyton had bought as agent for TJ. TJ had the issues consolidated in a chancery bill, but attributed its dismissal in 1805 to Peyton’s mismanagement. An appeal failed in 1812. At issue was title to parts of the Henderson estate, especially the mill sites on the Rivanna River. As a consequence of what TJ termed the “mala fides of Henderson” and his “clandestine and fraudulent bargains and deeds,” dispute over title to the riverside lots was continuous and remained unresolved at TJ’s death (TJ to TMR, 11 June 1804, and its enclosure). The court record and other documents relative to Peyton v. Henderson are in ViU. See also TJ’s suit against David Michie, at MB 31 July 1812, which treated the same issues in a different legal form.

90Correctly $3.168. TJ may have added the $9.85 to the $171.08 provisions total in his computations.

91TJ recorded the method of William Hollis, a fisherman from Bushtown, Md., for preparing “gobbed” herring, cured with the entrails removed and the head left on (TJ memorandum, 22 May 1804, MHi; Hollis to TJ, 28 Apr. 1804).

92TJ opened his bank account at the Branch Bank of the United States, located at the corner of F and Thirteenth streets; James Davidson was its cashier (Bryan, National Capital, i, 432 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ). At a time when he was having financial trouble TJ may have wished to ease the burden of John Barnes, with whom he had been usually about $3,000, and sometimes as much as $5,600, behind in his accounts since 1802. His debt to Barnes continued to grow until he began gradual repayment in 1807. In this year (1804) of deteriorating finances TJ began to borrow from the Branch Bank and the Bank of Columbia in Georgetown. His sixty-day notes, constantly renewed and enlarged, required a bimonthly “discount,” or payment of interest at an annual rate of six percent. By the beginning of 1809 his indebtedness to the banks had grown to a total of over $9,000 (Barnes accounts with TJ, 27 May 1803, ViU; TJ to TMR, 5 July 1803; MB 11 Oct., 8 Nov. 1804, 6 June 1807). TJ’s accounts with the Branch Bank, 1 Jan. 1806 to 4 Mch. 1809, as well as other miscellaneous records of his dealings with it, are in CSmH.

93This copying device, which TJ called “the finest invention of the present age,” used the principle of a pantograph for the simultaneous duplication of the writing of one pen by one or more other pens. It was invented by John Isaac Hawkins and developed and produced by Charles Willson Peale. TJ, who used only the two-pen models, had received his first polygraph in March, soon exchanging it for the one paid for here. He bought a second one for use at Monticello and regularly exchanged these two machines for new ones, as Peale, often according to TJ’s suggestions, continued to perfect the design. At least two TJ polygraphs survive, one in PPAP and the other on display at Monticello (TJ to James Bowdoin, 10 July 1806; Malone, Jefferson, iv, 419-21 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ; Silvio A. Bedini, Thomas Jefferson and His Copying Machines [Charlottesville, Va., 1984], p. 31-188).

94TJ reported that he had seen “no wine please more” than the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, a light red Tuscan wine which Thomas Appleton, U.S. consul at Leghorn, continued to send him for many years (TJ to Appleton, 19 July 1804; Appleton to TJ, 15 Mch. 1804; TJ wine list, MB end 1803).

95 William Kirkpatrick in Málaga had sent TJ as a gift this Málaga wine, vintage 1747 (Kirkpatrick to TJ, 23 Sep. 1803).

96The scarcity of fresh fruit during the hot summers had led TJ “to the habitual use of it’s best substitute, called syrop of punch, or sometimes Center, which I believe is merely a mixture of lemon juice, sugar and fine spirit in such exact proportions, that the addition of water only makes it good punch” (TJ to Hugh Lenox, 13 June 1806).

97 Isaac Briggs (1763-1825), appointed by TJ as surveyor of land south of Tennessee in 1803, was about to begin laying out the route for a post road to New Orleans. The instruments TJ received from Thomas Whitney, optician and mathematical instrument maker at 95 South Second Street in Philadelphia, are not known, but probably included the brass rule and scale which TJ had commissioned Briggs to purchase for him (Ella K. Barnard, “Isaac Briggs, A.M., F.A.P.S.,” MdHM , vii [1912], 409-19; Phila. Dir. 1804; Bedini, Scientific Instruments, p. 30-1 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ; TJ to Briggs, 11 June 1804).

98Episcopal minister Andrew T. McCormick (d. 1841) was rector of Washington parish. He also conducted a classical school at his residence near the Capitol (Bryan, National Capital, i, 301-2 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ; Washington National Intelligencer, 23 Dec. 1801, 28 Apr. 1841).

99TJ bought from Isaac Cooper one dozen gilt frames with glass (Cooper invoice, 2 July 1804, MHi). Subsequent framing work done by Cooper for TJ is itemized in Cooper’s invoices in MHi.

1These were probably the weights for the “Great Clock” bought in 1793. It was in this year installed in the rebuilt Monticello entrance hall (MB 27 Apr. 1793; TJ to James Dinsmore, 28 Jan. 1804).

2This was the date of the arrival in Washington of the first delegation of Osage Indians sent to the capital from St. Louis by Meriwether Lewis. TJ thought them the “most gigantic” and the “finest men we have ever seen” (TJ to Albert Gallatin, 12 July 1804; TJ to Robert Smith, 13 July 1804; Jackson, Letters of Lewis and Clark, i, 199-202 description begins Donald Jackson, ed., Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Related Documents 1783-1854, 2d ed., Urbana, Ill., 1978, 2 vols. description ends ).

3In March the young Virginian William A. Burwell (1780-1821) had succeeded Lewis Harvie as TJ’s private secretary. He left in the fall to serve in the Virginia legislature, returning to TJ’s service for the spring of 1805 and the summer of 1806 (TJ to MJR, 3 Dec. 1804).

4This early refrigerator invented by Isaac Briggs’ brother-in-law, the Quaker civil engineer and practical farmer Thomas Moore (1760-1822), was an oval cedar tub inside a tin box covered with rabbitskin and cloth. Moore developed it to transport butter to Georgetown market from his farm Retreat, near Brookeville, Montgomery County, Md. (T.H.S. Boyd, The History of Montgomery County, Md. [1879, repr. Baltimore, 1968], p. 90-1). TJ’s memoranda on the refrigerator, with a diagram, are on Moore’s letter to TJ of 21 June 1802; see also Moore’s permit, 1 June 1805 (DLC), and Sowerby, No. 820 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends .

5TJ was paying for 150 bottles of white Hermitage wine, at four francs the bottle, and for olive oil, nuts, preserved fruits, and other food products of the Mediterranean region. Fifty bottles of the wine, received in Oct. 1803, had included a sample of “white Hermitage Virgin 1795” from the vineyard of M. Jourdan, which was a great success with TJ’s guests. With this payment TJ asked for 100 more bottles of this “most excellent” wine and continued to order Jourdan’s vintages while President (TJ to Stephen Cathalan, Jr., 11 July 1804, 7 Feb. 1803; TJ to Benjamin Lincoln, 19 Aug. 1803; Cathalan to TJ, 31 May 1803, 25 Apr. 1804).

6 Samuel Burruss kept an ordinary at Orange Courthouse (Orange County Court Order Book, 1803-1804, p. 158, Orange County Courthouse, Orange, Va.).

7Correctly $211.30.

8 William Duncan assisted the plasterer Martin Wanscher (TJ to James Dinsmore, 24 May 1804).

9This was a surcharge levied by the Mutual Assurance Society to offset heavy losses by fire in Norfolk and elsewhere in Virginia (see broadside of the Society, 14 May 1804, MHi).

10“Gave” was evidently intended.

11Subpoenaing.

12The rights in the Milton tobacco warehouses, located between the town and the Rivanna River on land owned by TJ since 1801, had been excepted from previous deeds from the Henderson heirs. Craven Peyton and TJ bought up the shares piecemeal from 1804 to 1810 at a total cost of about $1,200. By the time TJ had consolidated his title, the wooden warehouse buildings were in a ruinous state and he was obliged to build a stone shed to receive the tobacco. His profits from tobacco inspection were minimal because of the almost “total discontinuance” of tobacco culture in the area; from 1801 to 1813 the number of hogsheads inspected annually at the Milton warehouse dropped from 1,000 to 100 (TJ to Joseph Hornsby, 21 Apr. 1813; TJ to James Rawlings, 14 May 1820, 13 June 1823; MB 7 Aug. 1813). For TJ’s receipts for the lease of the warehouses to the tobacco inspectors, see his account with Peyton, 1801-1811 (DLC: 34558-9), and payments in MB by inspectors Jacob Oglesby and William D. Fitch.

13 John Speer was a Charlottesville merchant with Baltimore connections. He left the area in 1806 (AlCDB, xv, 586-8 description begins Albemarle County Deed Books, Albemarle County Courthouse, Charlottesville, Va. description ends ).

14Correctly $24.56.

15Correctly $929.23. TJ misread $847.48 for $847.40.

16 John Pernier, Meriwether Lewis’ personal servant at the time of the latter’s death in 1809, worked at the President’s House until the summer of 1807 (Jackson, Letters of Lewis and Clark, ii, 468 description begins Donald Jackson, ed., Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Related Documents 1783-1854, 2d ed., Urbana, Ill., 1978, 2 vols. description ends ).

17TJ received 42 pounds of white and 110 pounds of green bayberry candles (Marrast to TJ, 22 Aug. 1804).

18 J. Philip Reibelt, a Swiss bookdealer who settled in Baltimore in 1804 and moved to New Orleans in 1806, became one of TJ’s major suppliers of imported books for the next four years. Their extensive correspondence itemizing TJ’s purchases is in DLC. This payment was for one of Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond’s geological works, possibly Voyage géologique à Oberstein (Sowerby, No. 658 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; William Fleischer to TJ, 8 Oct. 1804; TJ to Fleischer, 13 Oct. 1804).

19TJ here began eliminating one of the visible steps in figuring the average dinner cost per guest. The weekly cost for feeding the servants was silently deducted from the provisions total. Here it is $30, but from 12 Nov. TJ deducted the usual $33 figure.

20During this year TJ ordered most of the window blinds needed for the exterior of the Monticello house. For double sash windows he combined one pair of blinds with fixed slats with a pair with moveable slats; for triple sash windows a pair with fixed slats was combined with two pairs with moveable slats (see TJ notations on Peter Lenox to TJ, 26 May 1804).

21These six lamps, imported from London, were described in the invoice as “Patent Lamps semi Vase Transparent green Japanned & Gilt with brass glass holders” (Caldcleugh & Thomas invoice, 6 Nov. 1804, MHi).

22TJ was paying a two-year-old bill for the Rights of Man, a weekly published from 1794 to 1800 in Fredericktown, Md., by John Winter (Winter invoice, 11 Sep. 1802, MHi; Brigham, History, i, 266 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

23In a studio in David Shoemaker’s house on F Street, TJ sat for C.B.J. Févret de Saint-Mémin (1770-1852), who traced TJ’s profile with a physiognotrace apparatus. For this payment TJ received a pastel drawing (now in the Worcester, Mass., Art Museum), a small engraved copper plate after the drawing, and forty-eight engravings struck from it (Bush, Life Portraits, p. 67-70 description begins Alfred L. Bush, “The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson,” Jefferson and the Arts: An Extended View, ed. William Howard Adams, Washington, D.C., 1976 description ends ; Norfleet, Saint-Mémin, p. 29-31 description begins Fillmore Norfleet, Saint-Mémin in Virginia: Portraits and Biographies, Richmond, Va., 1942 description ends ; Howard C. Rice, Jr., “Saint-Mémin’s Portrait of Jefferson,” Princeton University Library Chronicle, xx [1959], 182-92).

24Correctly $109.37. The grand total is also $9.17 greater than the sum of the vertical totals, so TJ apparently did not check his figures by adding horizontally.

25Besides the usual $33 for servants’ dinners, TJ deducted from the provisions total an additional $51.70, perhaps for a purchase beyond the customary kitchen expenses.

26 Jacob Crowninshield (1770-1808), Massachusetts congressman and leading New England Republican, had sent TJ dried halibut and pickled cod sounds and tongues (Crowninshield memorandum, 13 July 1804, DLC).

27German-born merchant-adventurer J. Erich Bollman (1769-1821) had imported for TJ 240 bottles of an unidentified Hungarian wine, 36 bottles of Tokay, and 12 bottles of assorted Hungarian wines as samples (TJ to Bollman, 6 Feb. 1803, 6 Dec. 1804; Bollman to TJ, 10 Oct. 1804; TJ wine list, MB end 1803).

28 Henry Sheaff had furnished ninety-eight bottles of claret and a quarter cask of sherry (Sheaff invoice, 16 June 1804, MHi).

29Massachusetts congressman Richard Cutts (1771-1845) had purchased these circular plates of glass for TJ from the Boston Crown Glass Company. Four and one half feet in diameter, they were intended for the oculus in the Monticello dome, but were broken in transit. Replacements were forwarded in the spring of 1805 (TJ to Cutts, 20 June 1804; Cutts to TJ, 16 July 1804, 21 Feb. 1805; MB 5 Feb. 1806).

30 James Webb was a cabinetmaker on Pennsylvania Avenue (“Checklist of Cabinetmakers and Chairmakers of Washington, D.C., 1794-1840,” The Magazine Antiques [May 1975], p. 920).

31The horse was a bay (Purviance receipt, 10 Dec. 1804, DLC).

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